Admiralen class Destroyers

The Netherlands - 1926-1942
HNLMS Evertsen, Korenaer, Piet Hein, Van Ghent (1st gp)
HNLMS Banckert, Van Galen, Van Nes, Witte de With (2nd Gp)

The first Dutch interwar Destroyers

After two naval plans rejections in 1924, the Dutch Navy still had six pre-WWI destroyers in service. However in 1925 was approved a new naval plan to procure eight, to be built in the Netherlands, but based on a British design. The first class, the Van Ghent group, was very similar to the next, the Van Galen group commonly known as the "admiralen class". Up to this day they are associated with the east indies campaign of WW2. They were tailored for the KNIL and saw a fierce fighting in 1942 were all were lost but one: A staggering price to pay to face the IJN at it's mightiest...

Genesis of Development

In 1920, the Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine) had eight destroyers dating back before WW2. They were of local design through and though. The Fret (or Wolf) 510 tonnes class (launched 1910) comprised the HNLMS Fret, Wolf, Jakhals, Bulhound, the 1913 Lynx class (also Hermelijn) and the 1913 Panter class (also Vos) were all of the same tonnage a very close design.


HNLMS Wolf in Vliessingen

From the 1905 naval plan these eight voted destroyers were loosely inspired by British designs and first national destroyers designs ever. These four-funnels fleet vessels shared the same speed and range the "roodfier" class (or "predators") only slightly varied in between them, making for two sub-classes. Of the size of the contemporary 1904 British River class they mixed Yarrow boilers and Krupp-Germania steam turbines. The last four used coasl, but with fuel injection. They were armed however lightly, with four 75 mm/52 guns and four 7.92 mm machine guns and two single 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes. In 1914 were the last was completed they were rather on the "light size" and soon obsolete given the path of destroyer design impovements until 1918. It was not surprising they were discarded as soon as in 1922 (Fret, Wolf), 1925 (Hermelijn), 1927 (Bulhound), 1928 (Jackhals, Lynx, Vos) and 1934 for Panther, which was used for training as the new destroyer classes were completed.

With the wave of pacifism that shook the Netherlands in 1919, drastic budget cuts and program reductions saw the navy discarding its destroyers quite quickly after barely 10 years of service. In 1925 indeed, the Navy only had Five destroyers left, meaning that if two were in maintenance/overhaul, a single flotilla of three was available at all times. A bit to defend of Dutch interests. The argument was there were still sixteen torpeod boats in support. More so, Japanese rise of nationalism in the early 1920 and naval arms race until the treaty of Washington scared the Dutch East Indies Command, which required a naval plan urgently.

In 1920 already a committee for the defence of the East Indies proposed a very ambitious plan of 24 destroyers and 32 submarines. It was rejected outright. Another, dowgraded to 12 destroyers and 16 submarines also proposed in 1923, and also rejected by the diet (Parliament). After much lobbying, negociations, concessions and further reports about the situation in the East Indies, the 1925 plan was at last approved. It was also downgraded, this time to just eight destroyers, but in two batches, FY1925 and FY1926.

Settling on a new destroyer design




HMS Ambuscade, from Yarrow. The base design for the Admiralen class.

At the time, the Navy only had the experience of the small, 1904 era Wolf design, and it was out of question to takae purely national approach and catch up. Instead, the staff naturally turned to the largest navy at the time and it's close neighbour, the Royal Navy. In 1925, the RN had pretty decent designs inherited from WWI to choose from, in particular the large V-W and the leaders of the Scott class and following. They really set up a new worlds's standard. Not only that, but the 1924 "A" class, it's new modern standard.

The latter were 1,350 tonnes standard vessels with quadruple torpedo tubes banks. However the Dutch Navy had different requirements, placing the emphasis on AA while downgrading a bit the anti-ship capability, with triple tubes in instead; The two squadrons needed vessels well suited for the East Indies, and after a commission was sent in UK, touring specialist British yards for destroyers, they settled on HMS Ambuscade laid down since June 1924 in Yarrow, the lead ship of the "A class". They negociated for the blueprints, intended to fit them with national equipmeents and make a redesign for their own needs.

HrMs Piet Hein, launched at Burgerhout's Scheepswerf
HrMs Piet Hein, launched at Burgerhout's Scheepswerf, 2 April 1927.

Eventually, the Dutch lead vessel based on this new design was approved in mid-1926 and ordered at De Schelde, Vliessingen, to be named HNLMS De Ruyter. She was laid down in N°179 yard on 28 August 1925, followed by her three sister ships at Burgerhouts. They were launched in October-Decembeer 1926 and April-June 1927, completed for the last one, Kortenaer, in September 1928. Four yars was quite long for destroyers, especially to Britush standards. But these were major ships to be built in the Netherlands and the first destroyers since twelve years, with an immense technological gap to catch up with.

Design


HNLMS Van Ghent

The design was obtained from the Yarrow & Co yard in Glasgow. Prototypes were HMS Ambuscade and HMS Amazone, the first of the new "A" class. The first postwar British standard destroyer design, built 1924/25. Only minor changes were asked to speed up the process, and the final design was adopted by the Royal Netherlands Navy.

The first group of the Admiralen class started with Hr.ms. DeRuyter, launched in 1925-26. The second group started with Hr.ms.Van Galen, her keel laid down in 1927/28 at Maatschappij voor Scheeps and Werktuigbouw Fijenoord in Rotterdam, as well as Burgerhout`s Scheepswerf en Machinefabriek, Maasstad, like three of the previous group. They arrived in service by 1929/31 and almost identical to the first group but with a 7.5cm gun removed in favor of four 40mm Bofors guns, judged to be faster firing and much more efficient.


Protection and comparitmentation


Hull lines


Piet Hein and Kortenaer in construction at Burgerhout NYd

Hull and general characteristics

admiralen-plans

admiralen-plans

Displacement was 1,316 tonnes standard, and 1,640 tonnes fully loaded for an overall lenght of 93.6 between perpendiculars and 98.2m overall (), for a 9.53 m beam () and a draught of 2.97 m in normal displacement. The general design was "British-standard".

Propulsion & Performances:

HNLMS Piet Hein at full speed
HNLMS Piet Hein at full speed

The powerplant was almost a complete copy-paste of the British A class design: They had two shaft, with Parsons geared turbines fed three Yarrow type boilers for a total output of 23,000 kW (31,000 hp). This was enough for a design speed of 36 knots (67 km/h) and a range of 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h).

It is safe to say that this new Dutch design was successful. The Admiralen-class were very seaworthy, maneuverable and fast. As a trial run was made in Scottish waters, Piet Hein achieved a top speed in excess of 36 knots, 4 knots faster than initially planned (32 knots). However they were lighter armed than the British "A" class which notably had quad torpedo tubes banks. However their strong point were excellent fire control system, entirely Dutch in origin.

Main Guns:


12cm No4 guns in action on HNLMS Kortenaer

This was the main differenciation point with the British design: The ordnance was Swedish-derived but Dutch as the fire control systems. The Van Ghent indeed had four 120 mm (4.7 in) no.4 Bofors guns in single mounts Mark 4 (9.84 tons ,10 mt), the two deck level ones under fontal shields in classic positions at the time, in superfiring pairs fore and aft. The space in between, punctuated by the bridge, foremast and two funnels was occupied by AA, and the torpedo tubes aft. The mounts depressed at -5 and had a +30-35 degrees arc of fire either side.

These were called 12 cm/50 (4.7") W-F Marks 4, 5, 6 and 7 in Dutch service, the Model 1924C having loose barrel construction. The Van Ghent Class had Mark 4 guns and the Van Galen Class Mark 5.
They weight each 2.95 tons (3.00 mt) with a gun Length of 251.6 in (6.390 m), and a bore Length or 236.2 in (6.000 m). Rate Of Fire was 10 rounds per minute. They fired a 52.9 lbs. (24 kg) HE shell. Its propelland charge weight 19.4 lbs. (8.8 kg) and the Cartridge: 18.3 lbs. (8.3 kg) empty. Muzzle Velocity was 2,952 fps (900 mps). At 30 degrees they reached 21,300 yards (19,500 m) but effective fire was much closer. Similar guns were used on the Swedish Destroyers of the Klas Uggla serie.

They were served by Dutch fire control systems that had excellent reputation at the time.

AA Guns:

N°6 75 mm gun
N°6 75 mm gun in action

These were two 3 inches Bofors (75 mm) no.6 AA guns, but i have no more infos for them (nothing on navweaps by the way, the entry does not exist yet). They were completed at least for the Van Ghent group by four 12.7 mm (.5 in) Browning machine guns. These were well known and also used quite lioberally in the US Navy as prime AA HMG. Unfortinately when WW2 broke out they were no longer relevant. This point was improved on the next Van Galen class.

Torpedoes:

According to this source these were all British models, same the British A class destroyers. These were Type II Whitehead, Weymouth models carrying a 300 kgs warheads of trotyl. They had an overall weight of 1,525 kg, a 2 setup range of 4000 m @42 kts/10.000 m @28 kts, were introduced in 1928 and kept in service until the end of WW2. Used by the Admiralen class but also the K-11, K-14 submersibles classes. About 200 had been purchased.

The destroyers also used the rarer Type III (46 purchased), with was slightly heavier and "special" 1935 Type IV, 1,560 kgs models able to reach 46 knots on 3000 m, introduced from 1935. Only 22 were purchased but they were planned for the submarine O-16 only originally.

From the second group the survivor HNLMS Van Galen also used the Mark 8 torpedo: 68 were purchased by the KNIL duing WW2 in 1943, and they were shared with Tjerk Hiddes until 1945.

Mines:

According to this source, the Admiralen class's first group only was fitted by two rails running from the forecastle to the stern, are shown on the original plans as very close to the sides and very narrow. They are ended by two chutes at the stern, which was sloped and ended with a flat bottom. The number of mines carried was 24 but it look liked they could carry more. The second group had none, but was equipped to be fitted as minesweepers. Both also had four depth charge throwers, and a total of 12 in store.

These mines were likely of the 1921 Vickers Mk T 2 Contact models with Horns, Led Hertz chromic acid filled, 441 lbs (200 kg) trotyl warhead, 104 cm in diameter, 2,061 lbs (935 kg) and 82 fathoms (150 m) max mooring wire. In additiont to those purchased, Rijkswerf Willemsoord managed to built 400 for a total of 1351 in 1939.

Aviation:


Van Bertel WA floatplane on HNLMS Java

Quite unique for their time, these destroyers were also fitted to manage a single Van Berkel W-A observation floatplane. This was quite rare on destroyers. Due to stability issue, this WWI Hansa-Brandenburg W.12 model built under licence in the Netherlands in the 1920s only weighted 1,454 kg (3,206 lb) when fully loaded. It was stored onboard but photos showing its use are scarce. 35 W.12s were manufactured under licence, acquired in 1919, by Van Berkel of Rotterdam as the W-A with a Benz engine. They had an autonomy of 3 hours 30 minutes. They served with the Dutch Naval Air Service until 1933. So well before WW2 they were no longer used. However Eversten and Witte de With carried a to aid search operations a more modern Fokker C.VII-W floatplane, also mounted on the same platform over the aft torpedo tubes and lowered by crane.

The Van Galen class differences


The next Van Galen class

Although they had the same hull, displacement, and powerplant, the main variations of the second group was about the armament: First off, they replaced their Bofors by locally-produced no. 5 HIH Siderius guns. These were derivatived of the Krupp 7.5 cm Model 1903 field guns, which licence was acquired in 1905 and 120 were manufactured locally and modernized by a local Dutch subsidiary of Krupp called Siderius. The 1920s improvements over the model led to the long-range 7 veld, which was adopted for the Van Galen class. No more info on these.

Also as said above, one 75 mm AA gun was sacrificed (while the other was no longer a Bofors but the a no.7 (VG, WW) and a no.8 AA HIH Siderius on BK, VN. In place of the missing second, the space was occuppied by four Vickers N°1 2-pdr AA QF "pompom" guns. They also still had their four Browning cal.50 right up to WW2. The crew was also slightly different between the two also: 129 for the 1st, and 120 for the second, possibly because the new armament was less labor-intensive.

Succession: The Callenburgh class



With a new naval plan voted in 1937, resulting of the situation degrading in China (Marco Polo bridge incident and then attack on Shanghai), the Gerard Callenburgh class was ordered. Again, the Admiralty trusted a British design and they were close to the "F" class. Four ships were ordered to various yards: Gerard Callenburgh at Rotterdam on 12 October 1938, Isaac Sweers at KM de Schelde on 26 November 1938, Tjerk Hiddes also at RDM Rotterdam on1 October 1938 and Philips van Almonde at De Schelde. However if they were launched in October 1939 for the two at De Schelde, Swers was only launched on 16 March 1940 and not completed as the invasion troo place in May. She was amazingly towed to England and completed there, fighting in the Mediterranean with the Royal Navy. Callenburgh was scuttled but salvaged and completed by the Germans as ZH1. Hiddes was BU as Van Almonde.


HD Profile of the Van Ghent, 1st Gpe. Both are from warship Intl N°8, art. dedicated to the Kortenaer and the Admiralen class (PDF link in the src section).


HD profile of Witte de With, 2nd Gpe. Note the fokker floatplane aft

⚙ Van Ghent class specifications

Dimensions98 x 9.53 x 2.97 m (321 x 31 x 9.9 feets)
Displacement1,316 tons standard, 1,640 tons Fully Loaded
Crew120-129 wartime
Propulsion2 shafts Parsons turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers, 31,000 hp (23,000 Kw).
Speed36 knots (67 km/h)
Range3,200 nm (5,900 km) @ 15 knots.
Armament4× 4.7-in (120 mm), 2x 3-in (75mm), 4x 0.5 in HMG (12.7mm), 2x3 21-in TTs (533mm), see notes

Dutch Navy HNLMS Van Ghent (1926)

HNLMS_Van_Ghent

Named at first De Ruyter until 1933, she was renamed Van Ghent, as known today. She was ordered at N°179 yard Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde, Vlissingen and laid down on 8.1925, launched on 23.10.1926 and completed in 5.1928. After completed sea trials, being commissioned and make a shakedown cruise, she was with her sister Evertsen away at sea from 27 September 1928 in direction of the Dutch East Indies, her permament assignation.

HNLMS DE RUYTER near Sydney Harbour Bridge
HNLMS DE RUYTER near Sydney Harbour Bridge, 3 October 1930

On 29 July 1929, with Evertsen and the cruiser HNLMS Java, plus the submarines K II and K VII she left Surabaya for Tanjung Priok. There, they greeted the Thai royal yacht, Maha Chakri hosting the king of Siam in a state visit, escorted by the destroyer Phra Ruang. The flotilla left the the submarines there and moved to Bangka, Belitung, Riau, Lingga Islands, Belawan, and Deli. On 28 August they were back to their home base Tanjung Priok. On 31 August was held there a fleet review in honor of the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands born that day. She was still close to Evertsen and Java, both destroyers being assigned as her escort.

While practicing with HNLMS Sumatra and her sister ship Evertsen plus five submarines, she tried to help Sumatra, soon stranded on an uncharted reef off Kebatoe island on 14 May 1931. She was later pulled free by the gunbopat HNLMS Soemba and a tugboat.

Hr. Ms. De Ruijter
Hr. Ms. De Ruijter prior to 1934 (later Van Ghent). Note the identifier "DR"

From 1st October 1934, De Ruyter was renamed Van Ghent as the name was secired for another ship in construction, the light cruiser De Ryuter intended as the future flasghip of the KNIL. North much happened for the remainder of the year, between escorts and exercizes between the east indies and Java sea.

Van Ghent curacao
Van Ghent, Banckert and a gunboat prewar (after 1934) in curacao, Dutch East Indies.

In March-April 1940, before the German invasion took place in their home country, Van Ghent and Kortenaer were escorting five German cargo ships, relieved by HNLMS Java on 26 April 1940. Soon after May 1940 with the state of war with Germany they started patrols in search of possible German vessels in the east indies waters. As the war broke out in December 1941 in the Pacific, both were still in the Netherlands East Indies, assigned to Rear Admiral Karel Doorman's command. She took partr in the salvage of US cargo ship USAT Liberty.

3–4 February 1942, led by HNLMS De Ruyter, she was in ABDA command, taking part in an unsuccessful attempt to attack a Japanese invasion convoy heading allegedly for Surabaya (Makassar in reality). The following battle of Makassar Strait, saw Allied forces driven off and damaged, notably due to air attacks. Doorman later made another sortie on 15 February 1942, located the Japanese them northwest in the Gaspar Strait, east of Bangka Island, but as it happened by night, the escorting HNLMS Van Ghent, at high speed, struck a rock and remained stranded. Anther Dutch destroyer tried to pull her out, but after inspection she was was considered a wreck, evacuated and scuttled by HNLMS Banckert with torpedoes and gunfire, not to fall into Japanese hands.

Dutch Navy HNLMS Eversten (1926)

HNLMS_Evertsen

Eversten (Code "EV") was laid down on 5 August 1925, at the Burgerhout's Scheepswerf en Machinefabriek, Rotterdam. Launched on 29 December 1926 she was completed and commissioned on 12 April 1928. With her her sister HrMs De Ruyter she departed the Netherlands for the East Indies on 27 September 1928. On 29 July 1929, with Java, and the submarines K II and K VII she left Surabaya for Tanjung Priok, waiting for the royal yacht Maha Chakri (Siamese state visit). They later visited Bangka, Belitung, Riau, Lingga Islands, Belawan, and Deli and back to Tanjung Priok on 28 August.

On the 31 she took part in a naval review in Tanjung Priok for the Dutch Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands. She practiced with Sumatra, De Ruyter and five submarines when stranded on an uncharted reef, near Kebatoe, on 14 May 1931. HrMs Sumatra managed to tow her out free, assisted by HrMs Soemba and a tugboat. On 13 November 1936 with Sumatra and Java, Evertsen, Witte de With, and Piet Hein she made a visit to Singapore.

From 1940 she was used as a convoy escort in the Dutch East Indies and around, and by late February 1942 after the Battle of the Java Sea under command of Luitenant ter zee W. M. De Vries, she was ordered to escape from Tanjung Priok, and take redige to Tjilatjap, via the Sunda Strait, escorting HMAS Perth and USS Houston. Both departed in the morning on 28 February, but Evertsen was delayed for two hours. The allied cruisers would soon met the Japanese invasion fleet (two heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, nine destroyers) covering a landing at Banten Bay, east of Sunda Strait, and engaged in a ferocious night action, fatal to both cruisers.

HrMs Evertsen arrived too late to help, only sighting gunfire,and the captan decided to evade, but she was soon spotted by the IJN destroyers Murakumo and Shirakumo in the Strait. An artillery duel started, until Eversten was overhwhelm, loosing her guns one after the others and on fire. Her hull was crippled and she started slowing down and listing. Captain De Vries however spitted a reef near Sebuku Island and managed to steer her ship there, saving the crew which abandoned ship just as the aft magazine exploded. They were all captured and taken prisoner by the Japanese on 9–10 March 1942. Most of them did not survived as POWs.

Dutch Navy HNLMS Piet Hein (1927)

PietHein

HNLMS Piet Hein ship was laid down on 26 August 1925 at Burgerhout's Scheepswerf, launched on 2 April 1927, commissioned on 25 January 1929. She was soon sent to the East Indies after some training and her shakedown cruise in home waters.

On 23 August 1936, Piet Hein, Java and Sumatra, also escort by her sisters Van Galen and Witte de With were showcased at the "fleet days" held at Surabaya. On 13 November 1936 the same, plus Evertsen, visited Singapore and made a goodwill tour of the South China Sea. On 13 October 1938, she collided with Java in the Sunda Strait and the later had to be repaired at Surabaya, herself was less damaged (she rammed Java, not the contrary).

As the war broke out she patrolled the waters of Netherlands East Indies in search of German vessels, and in late 1941, she was at Surabaya. She took part in Battle of Badung Strait in the night of 18–19 February 1942, torpedoed and sunk by the IJN Asashio. She went down with 64 men, including captain J.M.L.I. Chömpff.

Piet Hein in her early years
Piet Hein in her early years


HNLMS Piet Hein departing Soerabaja

Piet Hein, Admiralen class
Piert Hein ("PH")

Dutch Navy HNLMS Kortenaer (1927)

HNLMS Kortenaer

HNLMS Kortenaer, also from Burgerhout's Scheepswerf, launched on 30 June 1927, was commissioned on 3 September 1928 and sailed for the East Indies. On 11 June 1929, she carried a detachment of marines to Curaçao to deal with the Venezuelan coup led by Rafael Simón Urbina on Fort Amsterdam (Willemstad), since 8 June. Not much happened until early 1940, when with Van Ghent she guarded five German cargo ships. Based in Surabaya she took part in the fierce fighting of 1942:

Taking part in Battle of Badung Strait on 18–20 February 1942, she ran aground on a channel shore after losing rudder control and could not return to the formation, waiting for the next morning tide to be free, and moved to Surabaya for repairs. She took part in the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942. At 17:14 the cruiser IJN Haguro fire torpedoes and she was hot at least by one. Captain Alexander Sharp from USS John D. Edwards nearby recorded that she was 700 yards (640 m) away, when struck on the starboard quarter. She blew up and quickly turned over, cut in tow, sinking rapidly with only the bow and stern staying afloat before disappering. Nevertheless, HMS Encounter would later rescue 113 men including Lt. Cdr A. Kroese. They were carried to Surabaya.

Her wreck was rediscovered by a specialist divers team in August 2004 after HNLMS De Ruyter and in December 2002. However despite being classes as war graves, in 2016 a survey showed they had completely vanished, picked up by illegal scavengers, a fate similar to about 200 wrecks in that region.

Dutch Navy HNLMS Van Galen (1928)

Hr Ms Van Galen in 1929
Hr Ms Van Galen in 1929

Laid down on 28 May 1927 at Fijenoord, launched 28 June 1928, commissioned on 22 October 1929 she trained and made her shakedown cruiser until departing fior the East Indies. On 22 February 1932, HNLMS Van Galen was based on Surabaya, leaving for a goodwill tour of the south China sea and arriving in Shanghai, beng back in April. On 16 November 1935, she visited Saigon. On 23 August 1936, with other DDs and HNLMS Java, she took part in fleet days at Surabaya.

On 16 August 1937 she was in Shanghai to safeguiard Dutch citizen's interest due to the rising political tension with the Japanese and landed 150 marines to protect European citizens, evacuating many. On 8 May 1940, she was back in the Netherlands and on 10 May war broke out. When the Waalhaven arifield near Rotterdam was seized, it was close enough for HNLMS Van Galen to shell it; Soon she was attacked by the luftwaffe and she sank near Merwehaven. Raised by the Germans on 23 October 1941 she wreck was scrapped later scapped at Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht.

Dutch Navy HNLMS Witte de With (1928)

Witte de With in 1938
Witte de With in 1938

Witte de With was built at Fijenoord, launched 11 September 1928, commissioned on 20 February 1930. She sailed for the East Indies and on 16 November 1935, with Van Galen, and Sumatra, visited Saigon and in August 1936, participated in the fleet days in Surabaya. On 13 November she visited Singapore after some gunnery and manoeuver practice in the South China Sea.

In December 1941 she was mobilized for war against the Japanese, and after a convoy escort, took part in the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942. As the heavy British cruiser HMS Exeter was badly damaged in action, she was escorted back to Surabaya by HNLMS Witte de With. She was attacked on 1 March 1942 by IJN aviation and crippled, but still afloat. Her captain decided to abandon ship and have her scuttled. Most of her crew survived.

Witte de With in curacao
Witte de With in curaçao, Dutch West Indies (Caribbean)

Witte de With at Den Helder c1935
Witte de With at Den Helder c1935

Witte de With date unknown
HrMs Witte de With date unknown



Dutch Navy HNLMS Banckert (1929)


HNLMS Banckert in 1934

HrMs Banckert was laid down on 15 August 1928 at Burgerhout, launched on 14 November 1929, commissioned on 14 November 1930. She soon sailed for the Dutch East indies and on 20 October 1936, she tried to rescue the cargo ship Van der Wijck (Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij) which capsized in the Java Sea. She was able to save 210 sailors out of 261. On 14 February 1942, Van Ghent was stranded on a reef and she was impossible to set free. Her captain ordered to abandon ships and she was set on fire, the crew taken on board Banckert which finished her off. This was the result of the action at Palembang.

On 24-28 February 1942, HNLMS Banckert was attacked Japanese Aviation while docked at Tanjung Priok. She was so badly damaged that she was scuttled in situ, on 2 March to avoid catpure. On 20 March 1944, the Japanese, which badly needed ships, made the effort of raising her up, repair her at Cavite Naval Base. On 20 April, so just a month later she was reclassified her as Patrol Boat No. 106, but effort were never finished, as the Philippines Fell and Banckert was reacquired by the Dutch Navy after the war, not completed but expended as target ship in the Madura Strait, in September 1949.

Dutch Navy HNLMS Van Nes (1930)

HrMs Van Nes in 1931
HrMs Van Nes in 1931

Van Nes was started on 15 August 1928 at Burgerhout, launched on 20 March 1930, completed and commissioned on 12 March 1931. As her first missions she escorted the submarine K XIII back to Surabaya to be repaired after a battery explosion in Singapore. It was on 21 December 1941 and they arrived on 6 January 1942, while the Japanese were attacking many objectives, and had the Dutch East Indies in their scope.

On 16 February 1942, HrMs Van Nes was ordered to sail to Belitung, meeting there KPM ship SS Sloet van der Beele, and from there they went to Tanjung Pandan, to evacuate the Dutch population to Java. They arrived on 17 February, taking up 400 soldiers and civilians on board. Van Nes stayed away keep patrolling. They were underway to Batavia two hours later when Van Nes spotted an approaching unidentified airplane which turned out to be a Japanese. Van Nes tried to shoot her down with her 75 mm and 40 mm artillery, but the scout took altitude and reported their positions.

After shadowing them for 30 minutes outside AA range, it left and a ship was spotted far away, rhat the staff onboard eventually identified as enemy destroyer or cruiser. Van Nes took the initiative of the fight to cover the SS Sloet van der Beele, going full speed ahead and ordering general quarters. She opened fire at 14,000 meters (8.7 mi) and until the distance fell to 4,000 meters (2.5 mi), after 16 salvos and scoring hits, stopping as the ship was eventually identified as... fellow destroyer destroyer HrMs Van Ghent. The latter, crippled, was scuttled on 15 February, beaching on a reef.

Van Nes resumed her escort of Sloet van der Beele, both at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) until at 13:00, Van Nes spotted a formation of twenty Japanese bombers. She tried to shoot some down with AA guns but this was superfluitous. The bombers soon attacked, framed Sloet van der Beele, which had four near-misses and a direct hit. Exploding, she sank in just five minutes, taking with her 249 people to be bottom. 203 survived but could not be helped by Van Nes, that fought desperately for two hours, dodging bombs and firing at full speed, rudder hard port and starboard. She managed to survive the attack.

At some point these bombers left, while from the other side was spotted another group of aircraft, believed at first to be British. The relief was short as they turned out Japanese. In fact they came from the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryūjō. Althouygh until there she had avoided any direct hit, several near misses had badly shaken her hull and left some damage. A new harrowing fight went on at 15:20 and ten minutes later, she suffered two direct hits, at the stern and amidships. As the result, she broke in two and sunk, carrying with her 68 men. The survivors were picked up by the Japanese and most would later die as POWs. In fact, if the air attack was not sufficient, the Japanese planned to intercept her with IJN Chōkai and the destroyers Shirakumo and Isonami.

On the morning of 19 February, a scout reported survivors at sea 100 miles (160 km) from Tanjung Priok and at 12:15, a British destroyer was ordered there, but found nothing and had to fold back. The Marine Luchtvaart Dienst later launched a broad search in the area, until the evening of 20 February and the minesweeper Ceram managed to rescue some although contact was lost later, presumed destroyed by the IJN. All in all there were 226 survivors from both vessels rescued.

Read more/Src

HNLMS Piet Hein in Soerabaja
HNLMS Piet Hein in Soerabaja

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navweaps 12 cm guns
On uboat.net
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Model Kits: 1/350 Resin Admiralen class Dutch destroyer (1 series) Pacific CrossRoads.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAAnti-Aircraft
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AdmAdmiral
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASAntisubmarine
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASROCASW Rockets
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
BBBattleship
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
ccirca
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
Capt.Captain
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
cmcentimeter(s)
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
CoCompany
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
commcommissioned
compcompleted
convconverted
convlconventional
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
cucubic
CylCylinder(s)
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
cwtHundredweight
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DDDestroyer/drydock
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
D/FDirection(finding)
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
DyDDockyard
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FFarenheit
FCSFire Control System
FFFrigate
fpsFeet Per Second
ftFeets
FYFiscal Year
galgallons
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRPFiberglass
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
hphorizontal
HQHeadquarter
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
inInche(s)
ircironclad
KCKrupp, cemented
kgKilogram
KNC// non cemented
kmKilometer
kt(s)Knot(s)
kwkilowatt
ibpound(s)
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
mmetre(s)
MModel
MA/SBmotor AS boat
maxmaximum
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLSMinelayer/Sweeper
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
minminute(s)
MkMark
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
mmmillimetre
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
Number
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
oaOverall
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
pdrpounder
ppperpendicular
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRadio-control/led
RCRreturn connecting rod
recRectangular
revRevolver
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
sbSmoothbore
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
SGSteeple-geared
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
sqsquare
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
subsubmerged
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TNTTrinitroluene
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
wksWorks
wlwaterline
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
YdYard
Organizations
GIUKGreenland-Iceland-UK
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
JMSDFJap.Mar.Self-Def.Force
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
NATO
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN AMCs
IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Destroyers
Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Minesweepers/layers
Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Cruisers
Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Destroyers
Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Frigates
Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Submarines
Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Coastguard
Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs


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