The Imperial Japanese Navy in WW2

At the service of the Emperor

The Japanese Navy (Nihhon Kaigun) is still a relatively new creation in 1941, she is only 60 years old. Indeed, the milestone in the history of Japan is the moment when Commodore Perry landed in 1853 in Edo to successfully submit a trade treaty between the US and the empire, benefiting by extension to other powers of the moment (including France and Great Britain). This was not the first, but was the only one to succesfully open Japan (by the pressure of a modern fleet).

Since then, Japan experienced a troubled transition and civil war between pro and anti-openness, all declared in the service of the emperor, but also an industrial transformation at a speed rarely matched in history.


WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ryuho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1944)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

The Yamato would remain the largest battleship afloat


By the 1860s there was no proper "navy" but a collection of private fleets of the warring clans, consisting mainly of junks and galleys, many equipped with bronze artillery pieces. The technological gap was such that it took a transition period to industrialization of nearly thirty years. The Meiji Era with the end of the civil war, consecrated the constitution of a homogeneous fleet in the service of the Shogun, with since 1855, the assistance of the Dutch.

Thus are born the first sea going Japanese war vessels. The navy was officially founded in 1869. Germans, French, Americans and British, proposed and obtained various contracts. Subsequently, the French and especially the "young school" under the aegis of Emile Bertin were going to be more and more present in this area and provide Japan with many ships until 1895 and set up some institutions.

But after a few failures (including the mixed battle of Yalu in 1894) and the loss of a cruiser due to a bad design (Unebi), the Japanese turned definitively to Great Britain for the supply of their ships, guns, technicians and training through a new naval academy and tactics refined by learning directly in the Royal Navy as observers, while the army was modelled by the Prussians after the French loosing in 1870.

Global view of the IJN (poster available)

1905, the IJN fleet golden age
Thus the fleet that fought the Russians at Tsushima in 1905 was largely modeled on the British Royal Navy, almost an Asiatic clone. Battleships, cruisers were British-built (with the exception of two French and one German). Destroyers and later cruisers were produced locally, first on adapted foreign plans.

The academy and trainig course included mandatory trips in UK, and at least two generations of officers were trained with the Royal Navy and used RN tactics. Japan continued to build up an ever-growing fleet during the Great War, where a relentless chase against German units took place. Not content to copy, Japanese engineers innovated, as with the Satsuma, the first "monocaliber battleship" preceding by one year the famous Dreadnought, but eventually completed in a more classic way due to lack of equipment, but still quite a poerful secondary battery.

In also, 1918 the Hosho became the world's first aircraft carrier. Out of the great war grandiose naval plans, Japan's authorities bitterly resented the Washington treaty restrictions, as a racist empediment to their dreams of imperialist expansion, which relegated the IJN third behind the US and British navies, both having equal tonnage.

Destroyer Hastusuki Myazu Bay 1942
Destroyer Hastusuki Myazu Bay 1942

With the arrival of a nationalist military junta and the conquest of North China from 1931, international tensions were exacerbated, especially with the United States, the only truly rival fleet of the Japanese navy then. From 1914, the Japanese no longer depended on British construction. Their last ships still from Great Britain's arsenals were the Kongo class battlecruisers. Subsequently, all ships from the largest to the smallest were built locally. Likewise, by building a powerful naval aviation tradition, the IJN developed ad cultivated an aggressive approach, with effective combined tactics that greatly influenced the design of her later ships.

Genesis of an asiatic juggernaut

It's difficult to summup the Imperial Japanese Navy at the eve of 1941, but it was unquestionably, fit to fill the bill of conquering in a few month a huge maritime Empire in Asia, covering more square miles combined than the Axis conquest, German and Italian armies at their peak on land.

This very well trained and well equipped global, "blue water" naval force would feature the largest battleship of all times (The Yamato), arguably some of the best heavy cruisers, destroyers and torpedo models, and probably the world best naval aircraft in the world (The Mistubishi Zero "Zeke") of its time.

It took the bulk of the US Navy and considerable ressources from other allies, British, Dutch, Australian and New Zealand naval forces, dozens of operations to retake major islands, the helped resistance of the Chinese on land and the Soviet coup de grace of August 1945 combined with two atomic bombs drops to eventually defeat Japan.

Recoignisable trademarks

The IJN had many features that are hard to miss, from the characteristic reconstructed battleships of the WW1 era with their huge pagoda-like superstructure, bridge-less aircraft carriers, dark grey livery, unique classes like the only I-400 submarines, powerful destroyers, the first ASW assault ships chasing submarines with autogyros or suicide launches... It was "well-used" on a strictly military side of things, effectively allowing the army on land to conquer and retain most of Asia to create a "new world order", with the supplies to match.

1931-1941: The IJN in the China sea

To ensure rapid domination of China, Japan relied heavily on its naval air arm, helping secure access to larger land resources. The Imperial Chinese Navy, after years of neglect and corruption, was then a collection of antediluvian gunboats and cruisers, survivors of Yalu, with few new ships. In any case it was unable to stand up to the Japanese fleet, which destroyed it in a few weeks in 1937. As such, the attack of the USS Panay and the massacre of Nanjing would put Japan on the bench. The League of Nations and the American opinion were gradually turned against Japan, although ever crossing a line that would make protests effective.

In terms of "classic" naval confrontation, this Chinese conflict was of no use, on the other hand, competition between the army and navy for the conquest of Japan allows him to refine his tactics. The 1937 war played the same role in this respect as the Spanish Civil War (1937-39) for European dictatorships. A vast military exercise "without risks" life-size, to check the application of the latest theories born from the joint-arms strategy.

When in 1941, the war broke out with the USA, most Japanese pilots were veterans who had indeed under the belt more than 5 years of continuous fighting, including against Chennault's "Flying Tigers". The design of their aircraft had thus followed their recommendations and their tactical training was at the pinnacle of what was possible in this part of the world. American pilots fighting for Chang Kai Tchek's nationalist China under the command of Claire Chennault were soon to realize that also, but their voice was seldom heard.

Destroyer Hatusharu at Sasebo

By all means, IJN fighter A6M "Zero" or "Zeke" (here a Model 22) was considered by 1941 the best naval fighter worldwide. Both because of their experience gained in China and unrelentless training, pilots were also the best in their game. It gave the impression of an invincible plane and air force at least until 1943. Americans pilots had to make due with their Wildcats until then.

All the pilots, well trained over China, mastered perfectly the tactics combining fighters, torpedo boats and dive bombers. The IJA air force had a different nomenclature and specifications. The excellent Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighter (Navy) had its counterpart in the army, the least known but equally agile Nakajima Ki-43 "Oscar". In 1941, the IJN had no less than 4 models of heavy and medium bomber specifically based on land, as well as a dozen models of seaplanes of all types and range. She was also the sole user of a fighter seaplane a "Zero" mounted on floats, the Nakajima A6M2-N "Rufe", and later the excellent N1K1 "Rex".

The concept of nomenclatures applied to Japanese planes was born from this period beginning in 1937, with the withdrawal of the League of Nations. Common identifier names linked to letters were used to quickly identify planes, like "Emily" or "Oscar". In 1940, Yamamoto departed from the Taranto attack by the British Navy and was inspired, with the help of pilot-officers, to develop Operation Z. Target: Pearl Harbor.

December 1941: The world at War

And it was the Japanese fleet that opened the hostility with an attack perpetrated with great boldness, some cheating, and a lot of careful planning. Diplomatic talks were still going well the same night that force took off from the aircraft carriers, more than a hundred miles in front of Hawaii, and remarkably undetected until that point. Yamamoto's formidable "gamble" - against the opposition of other more traditional admirals like Ozawa, was supposed to shatter American public opinionand force the Govt. into negociation.

It was exactly - as Yamamoto had foreseen - shortly after the announcement of his success, the opposite happened. After the shock, the outrage, and famous president "day of infamy" talk, that quiet Sunday in paradise where more than 4,000 sailors and staff of the base were brutally pulled out of their sleep to die soon after, shook a waving American public to the core. Without going back on the details of the operation (see the attack on Pearl Harbor), the air assault was conducted in two waves (and not three, the last being canceled by Ozawa, too happy with the success achieved so far and in a hurry to return) was apparently a definite success.

For traditionalists, all the american battleships, spearheads of the Pacific fleet has been put out of action for at least a year or more, and two definitely, time for Japan to consolidate its empire in the Pacific.

The IJN "battleship row" in the Yellow sea in the 1930s: Battleships Nagato, Kirishima, Ise and Huyga.

But what had not escaped the attention of historians and specialists, especially in light of the events that followed, was that Pearl Harbor had been a partial failure: On the one hand, none of the aircraft carriers of the fleet was sunk (By chance, being absent), but moreover, the oil tanks of the fleet remained intact, giving these same aircraft carriers the means to operate without delay. This error was dearly paid.

For a year, these few carriers, with a handful of cruisers, were going to hold firm, by tooth and nails in front of the Japanse armada, and even inflict a serious defeat at Midway, just the miracle that was needed for the American industry to catch up and eventually weigh down Japan.

Blitzkrieg in the Pacific

Yamamoto The Japanese Empire demonstrated that in terms of combined tactics, it had nothing to learn from its Nazi ally: In a few weeks, following Pearl Harbor, The Japanese Imperial Forces were going to capture all the important islands for strategic control of the Pacific.

To the west, it was going to carry the war to Indonesia and crush the weak Dutch navy assisted by British and Commonwealth ships (the ABDA force), then permanently disable the Royal Navy in the area by destroying in a stroke the flagship of the Singapore fleet, just arrived. A battle cruiser and an ultra modern battleship, recently illustrated against the Bismarck, and later, the only aircraft carrier dispatched to the scene (Hermes).

Singapore soon fell, as did the Philippines, Indonesia and Java. Then it was new guinea's turn, and finally the Solomon Islands, the last wall protecting Australia. While the marines were distinguished by their tenacity despite a desperate situation at Guadalcanal, the IJN showed by its undeniable success that it had overall tactical mastery, both on land and at sea.

Mutsu forward deck
Crew training on Mutsu's deck. The low-angle photo gives an idea of ​​what will remain the largest "classic" warship of all time. This ship displaced 73,000 tons at full load. For comparison nothing came up close until the USS Enterprise of 1960 at 84,626 tons. Nowadays the USS Gerald Ford (100,000 tons) is the largest warship afloat.

In Santa Cruz, the IJN won a victory that was "Pyrrhic" in essence. At Midway, the swift and uncertain course of the naval air warfare - new for everyone, coupled with unfortunate decisions, the undeniable courage of pilots, as well as chance on the American side, turned a desperate situation into a true miracle. Japan lost not only many veteran pilots, but also four valuable aircraft carriers, while the American lost just one in the aftermath.

This was the key moment of the pacific war. It turned the tables in favor of the Americans, who took from then the initiative. This also started a long attrition war throughout the pacific. Japan was fighting to defend its island possessions, including precious raw materials supply lines vital for its industry, like oil and rubber... While on the American side it was seen as a grinding serie of landing operations bound to retrieve Japanese possessions close enough to bomb Japan, and the sine qua non condition for a total victory over such opponent.

Japanese fanaticism also set in motion the furious, savage, no-quarter given character to the fighting in the pacific until the end, with hatred from both sides. This was also probably the only conflict so spread out geographically that the last Japanese soldier, Hirō "Hiroo" Onoda was forced to surrender in 1974, until then hiding in the Philippine forest and waiting for orders.

Colorized photo by Hirootoko Jr. of the IJN cruiser Takao. Not respecting Washington treaty's clauses, Japanese Cruisers of the time were more strongly built (japanese steel), better armed, had better torpedoes (the famous "long lance"). The also had, crucially, better trained crews for night fighting and officers that were willing to apply overall complex tactics, asking for excellent coordination and seamanship. The "ironbottom sound" off Savo Island near Guadalcanal was emblematic of this.

IJN Kongo during the interwar

A gigantic attrition war

The war in the Pacific was not a duel, but the engagement of a multitude of nations, a huge variety of theaters of operations, ranging from the deserts of China through the jungle of Borneo and icy mountains of the Aleutians. Next to the clash of infantry in Burma, Malaysia, New Guinea and China, it over all was the clash of two navies, with specialized infantry, US Marines and Japanese Navy troops. That was a contest of aircraft carriers, seaplanes, cruisers and destroyers.

But another side of this war is less known: The total was led by American submersibles against the IJN supply lines, from its centers of extraction of the south pacific to the metropolis. Submarines, freighters, tankers and vital escorts practiced a very different war, without large scale battles, but instead like the Atlantic, a long attrition process. It strangely mirrored German U-Bootes war against the British convoys, on reverse. In the same way, American units operated in packs and obtained prodigious successes during the war.

In addition to the aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers and countless destroyers they sank, these submariners decimated the trade fleet, sending by the bottom dozens of tankers and hundreds of cargo ships loaded with precious resources, in effect starving Japanese industry. The last stage in this total was was to be close enough to home island for a relentless, merciless bombing campaign against civilian populations.

Momi II
The momi II, Matsu-class escort destroyer. Despite laying the keel of some 150 escort destroyers from 1942, Japan never matched the American industry capabilities and ultimately would lost its ASW war and supplies.

The Japanese navy caught off-guard for ASW warfare, developed from 1943 a massive shipbuilding plan of escorts, simplified destroyers, corvettes and submersible chasers, as well as a very unique and innovative ASW autogyro carrier, the ancestor of ASW helicopter carriers. With the turn of events, this carrier tested a light reconnaissance autogyro equipped with 60kgs depht-charges, the Ki-1 model.

Also a number of civilian ships were converted into escort carriers like the Akitsu Maru and Ninjitsu Maru, former liners which became escort aircraft carriers. But their action was derisory compared to the mass of US submarines engaged: The "Gato" and its subclasses Balao and tench counted in all 77 units. This was small compare with the hundreds of U Bootes engaged (more than 1100 built during the conflict), but they were much larger (twice the tonnage, much roomier), had twice the radius of action and were in general much more succesful. Less spectacular however, this aspect of the Pacific War was just as important as amphibious operations.

Japanese K-1 type autogyro. These were used for reconnaissance, artillery-spotting, and anti-submarine uses. A squadron was operational on board Akitsu Maru, an Army-operated escort carrier which served from August to November 1944 when she was sunk.

Leyte: The mother of all naval battles

The largest naval battle since Trafalgar and Aboukir perhaps, and Jutland in ww1, was a massive engagement spanning several day and comprising several sub-battles generally assimilated as the "battle of Leyte". It has been said that the combined and somewhat unexpected attack of the Japanese fleet during the operations of the Marianas and the Philippines in 1944 could compared to a naval version of the battle of the bulge or even a "naval kursk". It was indeed a massive gamble, led this time by old school admirals. The Marianas and Palau, outposts protecting the east flank of the Philippines were now targeted. These were the last great stronghold of the Japanese Pacific forces. The air war was a fatal blow for the IJN aviation, which literally threw in its last strength, rare veterans but many young, inexperienced pilots who had succeeded them.

Opposite were American veteran pilots and now excellent fighters, the Hellcats and Corsairs. By the time of the Battle of Leyte, Japan had gathered the rest of its available forces in a gigantic pincer manoeuver resting on three fleets: A spearhead, the "hammer" consisting of heavy units (the central force of Kurita, arriving north of Palawan), the "anvil" represented by the combined forces of Shima and Nishimura attacking from the south, north of Mindanao, and finally the bait force commanded by Ozawa, arriving from the north and composed mainly of aircraft carriers (without aircraft) intended to divert the attention of the formidable 3rd fleet commanded by "Bull" Halsey, covering the amphibious operations.

St Lo destroyed at Leyte Fact is, this risky operation for the IJN nearly succeeded. As expected, Halsey fell for the bait, and driving north in pursuit of Ozawa, while the formidable "hammer" of Kurita, very skillfully maneuvering between the islands, fell without warning on the feeble Taffy 3 which was then left protecting the American landing: A handful of escort aircraft carriers or "jeep carriers" and their close guard, destroyers and escort destroyers.

But the Japanese did not expected the stubborn resistance of the destroyers, which were all destroyed or damaged in the process, but held enough Kurita to retreat, having lost two major units and having others damaged or out of action. A "David against Goliath" who earned surviving crews a rain of presidential citations. The situation that prevailed at Guadalcanal could have happened again. After this, Japanese troops of the Philippines were also greater in numbers compared to the Americans. But miraculously, the bridgehead supported by the survivors of the Taffy 3, held firm. No new action of this magnitude was repeated on the Japanese side, which definitively lost both interest and assets to conduct another major action. The lack of pilots and fuels played also a vital role in this state of affairs. Then began the last and most desperate phase of the war: The massive use of Kamikaze, human missiles.

Kaiten Type 1 Yushukan at the Tokyo Yasukuni War Memorial Museum. Just like Germany with its midget submarines, the Japanese produced hundreds of midget submarines and human torpedoes to stem the flow of American ships, but with very limited success, if any.

Japanese Auxiliary Fleet

Hokoku Maru class: Two well armed auxiliary cruisers converted from former passenger liners. The Japanese merchant tonnage in 1941 represented 6,384,000 tonnes (in writing). Another source states 5,996,657 tonnes available.
List: Japanese navy losses

Kamikaze and other secret weapons

St Lo destroyed at Leyte From the end of 1944 began the hardest, most bitter and bloody engagements of the Pacific War, getting closer to Japan itself.

Tarawa, Saipan, then Iwo Jima and finally Okinawa. The Japanese aviation, deprived of fuels and experienced pilots was soon able to intervene other than in the form of suicide raids, the famous kamikazes ("divine wind"). These raids that terrified the Americans and actually sank or damaged a lot of ships, not least:

Carriers were indeed a preferred target because of their size and importance. The pilots, from all walks of life and not inexperienced as we have often said, took the sake in honor of the emperor before taking off, ritual ceremony, then sometimes loaded with bombs to maximize the effect of their impact, tried to crash on the deck or hull of American buildings. The escort aircraft carrier USS St Lo was sunk, the USS Enterprise and Bunker Hill, very seriously affected, were put out of action until the end of the war.

I-400 submarine aircraft carrier The first raid, led by Lieutenant Seki was conducted in Leyte in October 1944 and was successful. The largest of these raids occurred in Okinawa during Operation Kikusui, with nearly 400 aircraft. While many aircraft were shot down, the Americans lost 7 ships while 200 were more or less seriously affected.

Kamikaze attacks were often much more effective than conventional attacks. The same operation was followed by the Ohka ("baka"), the first specialized suicide planes with a rocket engine that was lit when the aircraft was deployed in the area from a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" parent bomber. The planes were not the only suicide weapons deployed: The Japanese put into service from the mid-44 several models of "Kaiten" piloted torpedoes, deployed from submersibles and reformed destroyers.

The only tangible success was the destruction of the tanker USS Mississinewa in November 1944. Many Kaiten were however produced and deployed in 1945 on the coast of Japan. Shinyo suicide stars were also deployed, shortly before the atomic bomb was dropped, battalions of "suicide swimmers" loaded with explosives.

rendition of a Kamikaze attack (Wikimedia commons)
From 1944 and particularly after the battle of Leyte, the Kamikaze tactic was systematically used, with sometimes impressive results. Reports was taken in account when designing the first postwar antiship missiles.

The end of the Japanese empire

The deployment of the Yamato in its last "no return" exit destined to fail Okinawa (Ten-go operation) to use its artillery against the US landing force was killed in the egg by naval air in March 1945. This was one of the last serious attempts to counter American operations.

The bulk of the Japanese navy was now permanently anchored in Kure, the large military arsenal in southern Japan, which began to suffer massive US Navy air strikes from January 1945, culminating in July 1945, in preparation for the Olympic operation. For 4 days, uninterrupted raids from the US and British task forces spraying the installations and sinking everything that remained afloat, including aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroyers and countless other buildings. It was a "pearl harbor on the back".

Although the Americans could have chosen as allies at the end of the Great War, depriving Japan of any chance to rebuild an army, the country, then under guardianship, was used as the advanced base of the US Navy in the Pacific , and his naval rearmament carried out under the banner of a "self-defense force". Its strategic position made it an essential ally during the Cold War. The Nippon Navy has since gained importance both by the tonnage of its buildings and their nature.

Symbolically, no aircraft carrier was built, and it was only recently, in March 2009, that the Hyuga class, officially called "helicopter-destroyers", was launched, but their large size and equipment make them apt to implement. AV8 Harrier 2.

Battleship Haruna
Battleship Haruna

IJN production detail

Note: A "real thing" with all known IJN ships poster is in completion.

12 Battleships:

10 in December 1941, 1 completed, 2 in construction -KONGO class fast battleships (1912): 4: Kongo, Haruna, Hiei, Kirishima
-FUSO class fast battleships (1915): 2: Fuso, Yamashiro
-ISE class fast battleships (1917): 2: Isa, Hyuga
-NAGATO class fast battleships (1919): 2: Nagato, Mutsu
-YAMATO class battleships (Yamato in service 16 December 1941, Musashi in completion 5 August 1942, 2 others)

Japanese Battleship Nagato in brunei, October 1944
Japanese Battleship Nagato in brunei, October 1944

32 Aircraft Carriers:

10 in December 1941, 22 more until 1945
-Hosho (1919)
-Akagi (1927)
-Kaga (1928)
-Ryujo (1931)
-Soryu (1935)
-Hiryu (1937)
-Shokaku class (1939): Shokaku Zuikaku
-Zuiho class (1940): Zuiho, Soho.
-Ryuho (1933): Converted supply ship in 1942
-Junyo class (1941): converted liners Junyo and Hiyo
-Taiho (1943): Large tailor-built aircraft carrier
-Chitose class (converted 19343): Chitose, Chiyoda, Mizuho
-Shinano (1944): Large fleet armoured aircraft carrier
-Unryu class (1944): Unryu, Amagi, Katsuragi, Kasagi, Aso and Ikoma.
-Taiyo class (Converted freighters 1944): Taiyo, Unyo, Chuyo.
-Kaiyo (1944)
-Shinyo (1944)
-Yamashio Maru class ASW escort carrier: 1(1)
-Akitsu Maru ASW escort carrier: Akitsu Maru, Kumano Maru
-Ibuki (cruiser conversion Project)

Ibuki, almost completed
Aircraft carrier Ibuki, almost completed.

Cruiser Haguro and Nakajima E8N Type 95 Dave
IJN cruiser Haguro and its Nakajima E8N Type 95 "Dave" reconnaissance seaplane in the yellow sea, 1936. Colorized photo by Hirootoko jr.

43 Cruisers:

38 in December 1941, 5 more until 1945
-Tenryu class (1919): Tenryu, Tatsuta
-Kuma class (1921): Kuma, Tama, Kitakami, Oi, Kiso
-Nagara class (1921): Nagara, Isuzu, Natori, Yura, Kinu, Abukuma
-Sendai class (1923): Sendai, Jintsū, Naka, Kako
-Yubari (1923)
-Furutaka class (1925): Furutaka, Kako
-Aoba class (1926): Aoba, Kinugasa
-Nachi class (1927): Nachi, Myoko, Ashigara, Haguro
-Takao class (1930): Takao, Atago, Maya Chokai
-Mogami class (1934): Mogami, Mikuma, Suzuya, Kumano
-Tone class (1937): Tone, Chikuma
-Katori class (1939): Katori, Kashima et Kashii
----Wartime: ----------------------------
-Agano class (1941): Agano, Noshiro, Yahagi, Sakawa
-Oyodo (1942)

Japanese Cruiser Agano
Colorized photo of the Agano, by Hirootoko jr.

200+ Destroyers:

124 in December 1941, 78 more until 1945
-Minekaze class (1919): 15
-Momi class (1919): 21
-Kamikaze class (1922): 9
-Mutsuki class (1925): 12
-Fubuki class (1927): 19
-Akatsuki class (1932): 4
-Hatusharu class (1932): 6
-Shiratsuyu class (1935): 10
-Asashio class (1936): 10
-Kagero class (1938): 18

Japanese destroyers
IJN destroyers in 1941, colorized by Hirootoko jr.

-Yugumo class (1941): 19
-Shimakaze class (1942): 16
-Akitsuki class (1941): 11
-Matsu class escort (1944): 18
-Tachibana class escort (1944): 14

I-55 submarine

900+ Submarines:

67 in December 1941, 832 more until 1945
-L4 class (1922): 9
-J class (1924): 8 (J1-J3)
-KRS class (1926): 4
-A class (1938): 6 (A1, A2, AM)
-B class (1939): 29 (B1-B3)
-C class (1939): 11 (C1-C3)
-D1 class (1943): 12(+2 D2 incomplete)
-KD class (1942): 35 (KD1-KD7)
-KS class (1942): 18
-K class (1942): 20 (K5, K6)
-STO class (1944): 3
-STS class (1945): 10(16+50)
-ST class (1945): 3(6)
-SH class (1945): 1(2)
-Yu1 class (1944): 12
-Yu1001 class (1945): 14
-SS class (1945): 4(12)
-Midget submarines Ko-Hyoteki: 50
-Midget submarines Kairyu Type: 250
-Kaiten Type human torpedoes: 400

Nomi 1944
Escort ship Nomi, Mikura class 1944

190 Miscellaneous ships:

TBs and escort ships
-Tomozuru/Otori class TBs (1933): 12
-Shimushu/Type A escorts (1939): 4
-Erotofu/Type A (1942): 14
-Mikura/Type B (1942): 8
-Uruku class/Type B (1942): 29(142)
-Type C (1943): 56(300)
-Type D (1944): 67(203)

34 Minelayers
-Shirataka (1929)
-Itsukushima (1929)
-Kamome class (1929): 2
-Yaeyama (1931)
-Nasami class (1933): 2
-Okinoshima (1935)
-Sokuten/Harashima/Ajiro class (1938): 16
-Hatsutaka class (1939): 3
-Kamishima class (1945): 2
-Hatsushima class (1940): 4

41 Minesweepers
-W1 class (1923)
-W5 class (1928)
-W13 (1933)
-W17 (1935)
-W7 (1938)
-W19 (1941)

22 Gunboats
Toba (1911)
Seta class (1913): 4
Ataka (1922)
Atami class (1928): 2
Saga (1932)
Hashidate class (1939): 2
Fushimi class (1939): 2
Kotaka (1940)
Captured gunboats Tarara, nanyo, Nankai, Okitsu, Karatsu, Shima, maiko, Barumi

1400 Amphibious ships
-Kumano Maru assault aircraft carrier (1944)
-Shinshu Maru Landing Craft Depot Ship (1935)
-Type T1 (1944): 21
-Type T101/103 (1944): 70
-SS type landing crafts (1942-44): 22
-Daihatsu class landing crafts (1942): 1300

 Ashizuri on sea trials at Nagasaki
Ashizuri on sea trials at Nagasaki

11 Seaplane carriers
-Notoro (1920)
-Kamoi (1922)
-Chitose class (1936) - converted 1942
-Mizuho (1938)
-Nisshin (1939)
-Akitsushima (1941)
-Shimane Maru class (1944)
-Yamashiro Maru class (1935)

56 Submarine chasers
-CH1 class (1935): 2
-Ch3 class (1936): 10
-CH51 class (1936): 2 -CH13 class (1940): 42

Japanese Motor torpedo boats
-19 metre class (1940)
-T1 class (1941)
-T23 class (1943)
-T14 class (1944)
-T15 class (1944)
-T51 class (1942)
-H class gunboat launches (1942)
-19/15m class launches (1936)
-Type 25t class launches (1940)
-Shinyo class suicide boats (1944)

Links & resources

J.Standard.Classes.Japanese.Merch.Ships hyperwar
Merchant fleet on
FR archive


Layton, Edwin T. (June 1976). "24 Sentai – Japan's Commerce Raiders". USNI Proceedings.
Conway's all the world fighting ships 1922-1946

3d Corner

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs

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