Siamese Ships of World War I

กองทัพเรือไทย - Kong Thap Ruea Thai - The Royal Thai Navy in 1914-1918



In 1860 the first modern ship of the Siamese fleet was bought from France: The steam Formosa, converted into a gunboat, and followed 5 years later by a corvette, 4 other gunboats and other light ships. It is a Dane of Huguenot origin, the admiral of Richelieu, who commanded the Siamese fleet until 1903. The fleet was thus constituted and trained by Danish and Norwegian officers, and this until 1914.

The Chaoh River Praya was defended by three forts, which meant access to the port and the arsenal of the fleet by enemy forces. The Bangkok Arsenal was reinforced with work to build new units and was comprehensive enough to accommodate and maintain an impressive fleet. However, in 1914 the Siamese fleet was of low military value because it consisted of units of civilian origin with little heavy weaponry. The training of the crews, however, was excellent, and local officers were trained in a naval academy founded in 1920.

Neutral until 1917, Siam declared war on the central empires and took advantage of it to integrate a number of German merchant ships.
3 Cruisers: Maha Chakri (1892), Thoon Kramon (1866), Makut Rajakumarn (1887). Note: Maha Chakri also served as Royal Yacht. Thoon Kramon was a small mixed vessel used as a training ship. Its value as a cruiser only existed on paper. Both ships were dropped from the lists in 1916.
2 Destroyers: Class Sua Thayan Chon (model Harusame, built in Japan in 1908 and 1912).
9 Miscellaneous: 2 Muratha class gunboats (1900), Theva Sooraram (1898), Suriya Monthon (1907), 4 No. 1 class torpedo boats (1908, Nippon const.), Prap Porapak patrolman (1899).
Postwar Additions: The armed yacht Maha Chakri, built in Japan and launched in 1918 to replace the first, and the destroyer Phra Ruang acquired in 1920 from the Royal Navy.

Maha Chakri

The Franco-Thai war of 1893

With the French operations against China and conquest of Tonkin, future Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia in the 1880s, tensions grew with the Siamese Kingdom, reaching boiling point in 1892. Everything will precipitate at the start of 1893, with the the suicide of Mr. Massie (Luang Phrabang's vice-consulate), encroachments of Siamese troops along the Annamitic range, overlooking Annam. In May 1893 French and Siamese troops skirmished along the Mekong River for the control of Khone and Khong. Captain Thoreux was taken prisoner and in June 1893, the French administrator Grosgurin was massacred along with his Annamese escort, which gradually French opinion. Admiral Humann, Commander-in-Chief of the Far East Naval Division decided after a request from resident governor Auguste Pavie, to set up "a show of force" right in front of the Siamese capital, sending the gunboats Inconstant, Comet and Lutin, to be anchored in front of the France Legation in, Bangkok at the occasion of the National Day.

The French expedition

It was raining on this late afternoon, July 13, 1893, as the ships passed the bar at the mouth of the Menam with a sinister dark sky and creepy, howling wind. With the tide high enough, the three French ships (with the small steamer of the messageries (postal services) Jean-Baptiste Say went on, armed overall with eight medium caliber guns, seven Hotchkiss 37 mm revolver guns. At the end of the day, one Siamese pilot showed up to lead the way while they were spotted and shadowed by a Siamese wheeled Aviso, Akaret. One emissary asked to board the largest French ship, the sloop Inconstant. This was the German Commander Vill, in service of Siam which mission was to dissuade Commander Bory to pass the helm. The pilot was ordered not to send any information, while Time was running out and Commander Bory gave orders to set sail anyway. At 6:00 p.m., J.B. Say was leading the line, followed by Inconstant and Comet at the rear. The flotilla advanced between fisheries and the black buoy when at 6.30 p.m. the guns from the western point fort blazed out. These were modern armstrong guns able to reach 8,000 m.

Siamese fortifications

The Siamese rulers Rama II and Rama III feared earlier in the 19th century the expansionism of Vietnamese and Cambodians and built six military strongholds along the Chao Phaya River, in advance of Bangkok. These forts however were never properly maintained and crumled over time. In July 1856, Charles de Montigny arrived in Siam to sign a trade agreement with France, describing the sight of the mouth of the Menam. Her remarked the Siamese had raised a battery to defend the entrance to the river surrounded by brick walls and hidden from view, by a thick curtain of bamboo and mimosas. Paknam had two other fortresses, on each bank. One of these two islets carried the large chedi and the other the battery dated fom 1852, looking like a fortified temple with a row of cannons facing the river. The pass was extremely well guarded indeed. These were not the only ones, Edmond du Hailly recounts in 1866 trip to deliver letters from the Emperor Napoleon III to the two kings of Siam. He described Paknam as "abandoned, but not ruined". Elisée Reclus in his geography of 1883 also indicated "fortresses and their grazing batteries" controlling the pass, he assumed for formerly Dutch, masters of the mouth, known by the British as 'Dutch Follies'.

It was King Rama V Chulalongkorn worried about demonstrations from local colonial powers, to rehabilitate this essential line of defense and two forts were entirely rebuilt, Phra Chulachomklao (mouth western point) Phi Seua Samout, a little higher up the river, right bank close to Samut Prakan. In 1893, so just before the French launched their expedition, the king had these two forts equipped with a formidable, modern battery purchased to Vickers. These were brand new Armstrong 8-inches (21 cm), breech-loaded, with hydraulic return arms allowing a quick return in position and hiding them completely. They were indeed installed at the bottom firing well which negated anything but almost vertical shrapnel fire. All was done in brick masonry. When reloaded, their swing arm mount allowed them to be sheltered from standard, stright ar slight parabolic counter-battery fire. This system was proven and trigerred a wave of modern fortifications equipped the same way around the world.

Siamese-fortress-paknam
Paknam Fortress as described in the 1880s.

Thai guns were locally compared to "tiger crouching before pouncing on its prey". They were manufactured in 1886 and perfectly well maintained with a supply of rounds but the crews seldom practiced. Seven were installed at the the southern fort (Phra Chulachomklao) and 3 at the island fort (Samut Prakan). By an astonishing coincidence, Dartige du Fournet recounted his visit three months earlier on April 11 from the gunboat Comet at Paknam, witnessing King Chulalongkorn's inspection of the defenses paid 800,000 ticals from his own cassette. He describe as "brand new European fort armed with eight large Armstrong calibers". Of course a demonstration was held with blank rounds, all eight fired, and at each detonation, Dartige du Fournet recalled the Comet vibrating under his feat... He would certainly had adviced against any expedition going through.

The Siamese fleet in 1893:

royal-yacht-maha-chakri

To him, the new cruiser Maha-Chakri carrying the head of staff seems equally formidable, with twenty Armstrongs and Hotchkiss revolver guns, dwarving the Comet, and he remarked also the modern "cruiser" Makut-Rajakhuma nearby. The King surrounded himself with specialists from Europe and his fleet manned or adviced by Danish and German sailors. On July 13, 1893, European officers saw the fleet in the Chao Phaya estuary, the gunboat Han Hak Sakru (Captain Smeigloff), the gunboat Monkut Rajakumar (Guldberg), the gunboat Coronation (Christmas) and two more gunboats, Nirben and the Maïda plus the armed rowboats Ko Si Chang, Gladys and Fylla. The southern fort was under command of Danish officer Carl Von Holck. However Siamese artillerymen never had the opportunity to fire yet, and sailors were requisitioned peasants more accustomed to their paddy fields, and often Cambodians of dubious loyalty. European Officers which rarely spoke Siamese had an ambiguous status and had a hard time maintaining discipline and motivating their crews. The whole fleet was under orders of a Frenchman, Commodore Armand du Plessis de Richelieu, which received the title of "Phraya Cholayuth Yothin". The whole force amounted 2,000 men.

Operations

Plan of the French Sloop Inconstant
Plan of the French Sloop Inconstant, admiral ship of the expedition

Dartige du Fournet related the way it unfolded: French vessels were targeted by the southern fort, Inconstant was the only really powerful French vessel at the time: The Toulon-built 1886 vessel was the lead ship of her class (also comprising Fulton and Papin), and a masted sloop, with a dislacement of 887 tons standard. She was capable of 12 knots with her HC compound engine with six cylindric boilers for 1,100 ihp. Armament was limited to three 5.5 inches/30 M1881 guns (140 mm) and a single 3.9 inch (100 mm) plus five 1-pdr Hotchkiss revolver guns (37 mm). She was outranged by the fort's guns and matched by the cruiser Maha Chakri. She replied to the fort.

The southern fort of Phra-Chula was soon covered in lightning and smoke but its fire was accurate and the recoil system had them effectively eclipsed into their masonry shafts in between fire. French sheels bounced harmlessely on the thick masonry walls, until the captain order its cannons to be loaded with grape-shot an fuses rounds. The shrapnel exploded right above the heads of the servants, both killing or injuring them and disrupting the guns mechanisms. Meanwhile, the French were still not hit, and continued to close in while still travelling silently.

However Suddenly Jean-Baptiste Say came to port, just after receiving a shell, and had to beach on the left bank. Another shell burst aboard the Inconstant, killing the master carpenter instantly and Commander Bory decided to steer straight through the middle of the estuary and took position for a broadside at 6:43 pm. Navigation was difficult since the 600-800 meters passage was obstructed by Siamese obstacles, from old sunken junks, stakes driven into the mud and linked by chains, leaving only a free channel of about 80 meters wide. The two remaining French ships charged through while Siamese ships on either side of the channel started to open fire as well. Behind this, the Danes had installed the ultimate obstacle, a line of torpedoes setup and managed by engineer Westenholz, director of Bangkok's electric trams. However when they approached, the French ships were engulfed in smoke and were close enough now to hear the distinct crackle of machine guns and crash of cannonade and point-blank gunfire explosions. However eventually it seemed the Siamese panicked, the Europeans officers had to man the guns themselves, loosing time, loading and pointing the guns while lending a hand to the steering on the ships.

Evetually everything calms down, as the French ships have passed at around 7:00 p.m. Inconstant lights turn on as the darkness fell, and the two ships speed up towards Bangkok, fearing another ambush. But there was none. The fight only lasted half an hour and inhabitants from Bangkok heard the explosions. Eventually as planned, the two ships, Inconstant and Comet, drop anchors in front of the Royal Palace. "Gunboat Diplomacy" was about to do its job, again. The crossing was not really a "naval batte" in the sense it was really unequal, the servants indigenous being of no use, and officers obliged to do their job, quickly overworked, loosing accuracy and rate of fire. The ships were almost useless, but not the fort. Better disciplined, they fired well, but accuracy was poor, just just two hits. The lack of training was a crucial issue. In the end, this crossing of the Mekong was the only French-Thai naval action of that era. Never again the Thai Navy was tested, that is... until 1941 against its old foe again.


The destroyer Phra Ruang (acquired 1920), stil active in WW2.

Maha Chakri
The Armed Yacht Maha Chakri (1918). She resurrected the name of the previous cruiser, ordered after a public subscription was raised. She reused the previous cruiser's steam engines and fittings, dismantled from 1916. The new ship was built in Kawasaki Yard, Kobe, completed after WWI. She was re-rated as a transport in 1936, then a depot ship for submarines, renamed Angthong, and she was active in WW2, stricken in 1952.

Tonnage 1914: Cruisers: 3 -  Destroyers: 2 - Various: 9

Read More

Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1860-1905
Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1906-1920
Dr. Stephen S. Roberts, Warship International, N°3, 1986
https://victoriantrail.co.uk/chulalongkorn-rama-v/
https://www.le-souvenir-francais-thailande.com/le-conflit-franco-siamois-de-1893
http://www.thailandshistoria.se/artiklar/17/21/bangkok,-%3Cbr/%3Erama-i-rama-vii/kung-chulalongkorn/krisen-1893-och-handelserna-i-bangkok
https://siamrat.blog/2020/08/05/the-day-king-chulalongkorn-met-queen-victoria/
https://laststandonzombieisland.com/2019/08/07/warship-wednesday-aug-7-2019-the-muddy-seabird-of-manila-bay/htms-makut-rajakumarn-nh-94239/
https://stefsap.wordpress.com/2015/12/07/the-thai-navy/
https://pantip.com/topic/34415129
https://www.le-souvenir-francais-thailande.com/le-conflit-franco-siamois-de-1893/

The Thai fleet in detail


Maha Chakri - src thaifighterclub.org
It might be surprising, but Siam had the third largest Asiatic navy on paper, with three cruisers, six gunboats (incl. one armoured ordered, but delivered after the war), two destroyers, four TBs, one armed yachts and one dispatch vessel. Two of these cruisers were all sub-par and glorified gunboats, and the armament was standardized to the 4.7 inches Armstrong guns.

Cruiser Maha Chakri (1892)


Maha Chakri, src thaiseafarer.com

Ordered to British yard Leith, this steel-hulled protected cruiser was given a ram bow, two masts and two funnels. She was armed with four single Armstrong 120mm guns (4.7 inches) placed in the upper deck sponsons amidships. Protection was limited to a 51 mm protective deck, probably flat. Maha Charki was completed in 1893 and fitted out as Royal Yacht in peace time, but protected cruiser in wartime (fixtures were to be removed, equipments, supplies added). She did not took part in WWI under neutrality status and in 1917, both her engines and fittings were taken out. She was indeed discarded and scrapped in 1917, most of her being recycled and reused into the next Japanese, Kawasaki-built yacht/cruiser of the same name in 1918.



Specifications
Dimensions88.4 x 12 x 4.19 m (520.16 x 54 x 21 ft)
Displacement2,500t; 2,900 t FL
Crew318
Propulsion2 shaft VTE 5 cyl. Boilers 3000 hp, 15 kts, 280 tons coal
ArmamentFour 120mm/40 (4.7 in), ten 57mm/40 Hotchkiss (6 pdr)
Armor51 mm (2 in) armoured deck

Cruiser Makut Rajakumarn (1887)



Photo by G.R. Lambert & CO. of Singapore, received by ONI in May 1892 from USS PETREL; probably at Bangkok. NH 94239

HTMS MAKUT RAJAKUMAR was Built in Whapoa yard in Hong Kong in 1887-88, at first to be sold to Spain, for her Philippines colony as "Filipinas". She failed to make the contract speed and was rejected. Instead she was resold to to Siam in 1891. She was a steel schoner-rigged 650 tons vessel, 175 feet long, 14 knots armed with two 40pdr, five 20-pdr. She had two mainmasts with fighting tops, one funnel, one ram bow. Her armament was classic but heavy for a 700 ton ship with four different calibers and even included a torpedo tube. By 1905 she was not capable of more than 11 knots in service. Due to her heavy armament she was classed alternatively as cruiser and gunboat. She was extant in WWI but discarded in the 1930s.

Specifications
Dimensions53.34 x 7.16 x 3.35 m (175 x 23 x 11 ft)
Displacement700 tons standard
Crew100 (est.)
Propulsion2 shaft VTE, 2 Boilers 800 ihp, 14 kts, 90 tons coal
ArmamentTwo 120mm/40 (4.7 in), four 57mm/40 Hotchkiss (6 pdr), 3x 3-pdr, 1x 14 in TT
ArmorUnknown

Cruiser Thoon Kramon (1866)



This fully-rigged barque ship belonged to the King of Thailand. This was a former trader with Europe, sailing her first, profitable trade trip after her purchase under the Danish captain H. N. Andersen in 1884. Her walls and main battery deck were backed by teakwood but not steel-armored. Her 1884 trip was considered the beginning of the Danish East Asiatic company, the captain establishing on site a trading business. Built 1866 in Bangkok, her displacement was 475 tons, and she measured 151 feets x 28 x 15. Owned by the Siamese Government she had as port of registry, Bangkok. Although there was conflicting evidence over her armament, but she was indeed listed as "cruiser", with Danish officers and Siamese crews.

Sua Thayan Chon class destroyers (1908)

Sua Thayan Chon, Sua Khamron Sin.

Sri Thayan Chon 1919 (src navypedia)

The only modern destroyers of the Thai Navy in 1914. Bith were Japanese-built, in Kobe, launched respectively in 1908 and 1912. A great gap, possibly to secure enough funds. Both were based on the Harusame class and were typical of the time, with a low freeboard, turtleback forward, four funnels, two masts, a single 3-in and fve 6-pdr, all Vickers, two MGs, and two centerline single torpedo tubes, 18-in caliber (357 mm). They also had pure oil-fired boilers. Both were discarded before WW2: The first was sold on 22.8.1939 and the second on 17.1.1937.

Specifications
Dimensions69.2 x 6.6 x 1.8 m (227 x 21.6 x 6 ft)
Displacement375 tons standard
Crew75
Propulsion2 shaft VTE, 4 Kampon Boilers 6,000 ihp, 29 kts, 75 tons oil
Armament76mm (3 in), 5x 57mm (6 pdr), 2x MGs, 2x 18 in TT

Thai gunboats


Ubon Borahit, dispatch vessel


Armed Yacht Akaret Ratthanak

In the 1870-90s Siam operated the masted gunboats Yong Yot, Nirbben, Han Hak Sakru, Maida (discarded 1906-1910), Ran Ruk (1870), Kohe si Chang and Udhai Rajakich (1890), discarded in 1908 for the first, but possibly during WWI for the two others so they will be treated there. Maha Pichiaiathep (1867, 580t, 46x7.6x3.5, 1x70pdr, 4x 12pdr), Regent (1868, 660 tons, 50.6x7.92x3.2, 8x 12 pdr), the floating battery Siam Mougkut (1870, 950t, 64m, 2-1/2 in iron hull, 8x12-pdr) and the gunboat Ran Ruk (1897, 700t, 38.4x7.92x3.51, 4x4.7 in, 1x6-pdr, 3 TTS) were all discarded between 1912 and WWI. They could have still been active under some menial task.

Mongkut Rajakumarn (1887)



A steel-hulled gunboat, rigged as a schooner, two masts with military tops, one funnel and a ram bow. She was built in Whampoa for Spain (Philippines) and would have been named Filipinas, but was resold to Siam after failing to comply to the required speed. She was later reclassed as a cruiser (see above) despite she was way too small for one.

Muratha class gunboats (1900)



Muratha, Bali, Sugrib, were all steel-hull boats built in Hong Kong with a ram bow, two masts, one funnel, flush deck, one single 4.7 in BL mounted on the forecastle and five 6-pdr on sponsons amidships and four 1-pdr for quick firing mounted on a raised plateform close to the funnel. Quik specs: 530 to 580 tons, 44-49 m x 7 x 3 m (162 x 23 x 10 ft), 500 ihp CP engine, 11.4 kts, crew 83. They served until the 1930s.

Theva Sooraram (1898)

115 tons gunboat, running on coal, active in WWI, stricken June 1919. Little info available.

Suriya Monthon (1907)



Sri Monthon was built in Thornycroft, Southampton, 1907-1908. Two masts, single funnel, low, flush deck, armed with two 6-pdr (57mm/40) Hotchkiss guns. Quickspecs: Displacement 225t, 39.6/41.8 x 5.50 x 2.00m, 2 shafts VTE, 1 Thornycroft boiler, 7,500 shp 15.5 kts, 66 tons coal, crew 34. Used for customs and board guard services. She was active during the interwar, stricken in June 1935.

Torpedo Ships

4 No. 1 class torpedo boats (1908)



These four small 2nd class ships were built in Kawasaki, Kobe, in Japan, three laid down in 1907 and another in 1912, at the same time as a second destroyer. These were of the Normand-Kawaski design, close to the Hu-Peng class, oil-fired. They had a low freeboard and were seen as coastal vessels, based on the Mekong. Quick specs: Displacement 89/100 tons FL, 40.1/41.1m oa x 4.90 x 2.10m, 2 shafts, 1 VTE, 2 Kampon watertube boilers, 1200 shp, 23 kts, 19 tons oil, 1x 57mm/40 Hotchkiss, 1x 47mm/40 Hotchkiss, 2x 450 mm TTs (18 in), crew 24-29. In active service in WW2 they were still extant in the 1930s, sold 1933-37.

Siam also had a second class 45 tons TB built in 1888-89 but discarded after 1905. Built in Bangkok DYd she was called Moradoph. 22x 2.8 x 1.5m, 1 HDA, 1 locomotive boiler, 35 hp, 10 kts, she was wooden hulled and propelled a 1 spar torpedo.

Misc. Ships

Prap Porapak patrol boat (1898)

Built in Hongkong and Whampoa yards, this dispatch vessel launched and completed in 1898 displaced 210 tons. She was reclassed later as patrol boat, saw WWI and was stricken in 12.1929.

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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