Lütjens class Destroyers (1965)

Bundersmarine Bundesmarine (1962-70) - 3 ships: Lütjens, Mölders, Rommel

Called the class 103/103A/103B or more commonly Lütjens class, these were the main guided missile destroyers of the Bundesmarine (German Navy). The ships ships were built in 1966-1970 in the United States for the Federal Republic of Germany, based on the the American Charles F. Adams class. This was a sub-class called Mod.14 (Tartar-Guided Missile Destroyers SCB 155). At that time they were 10 years old, within which many defaults and limitations has been ironed out. Lütjens referred to the German Kriegsmarine great admiral Gunther Lütjens, Werner Mölders about a Luftwaffe ace, and Rommel of course referred to the German General of North Africa fame, Erwin Rommel. The destroyers served until the 1990s, assuming the bulk of the Bundesmarine defence during the late cold war era.

Rommel in 1970

Genesis of the 103/Lütjens class

The Lütjens ships were envisioned as missile destroyers in early 1960s, notably to replace the old class 119 destroyers (Fletcher class). To gain time, the admiralty decided to look after existing designs. The large USN destroyers were roomy and well-tested so in 1963 the decision was made, after approaching the USN, to opt out for examples of the well proven Charles F. Adams type. Negotiations started to study a tailored version ended in 1964, and three ships were eventually ordered by the federal government on May 11, 1964.

By April 1, 1965, Bath Iron Works received the official order, and keels were laid down under the pennant DDG 28, 29 and 30. DDG 28 was laid down on March 1, 1966, later christened Lütjens at launch, by August 11, 1967. She was operational by March 23, 1969. Mölders was the second (DDG 29), to enter service, by September 20, 1969. Last DDG 30 Rommel was in service by May 2, 1970.


Mölders, - stern view

They were the first guided missiles ships of the Bundesmarine, equipped with a command and weapon deployment system (SATIR). Contrary to the regular American destroyers of the class, they received different radio equipment and electronic guidance systems. Externally they also had a different mack arrangement (mast-stack) and the sonar dome was different while crew quarters were improved. The class 103 were also the largest German warships in service, outside the versatile schoolship Deutschland.

Design of the Lütjens class

In their great lines, these destroyers were still very close to the Adams class: A long, roomy flush deck hull, a tall bridge and macks (two funnels and Macks). In total 23 destroyers of this class has been made since 1958-61, completed in 1964 for the last. Outside the USN they also served with Greece and Australia and were deemed the last "classic" USN class before the revolutionary Spruance. The contemporary Coontz/Farragut was slightly larger but presented the same general characteristics.

D185 Lütjens
D185 Lütjens

Machinery and performances

These destroyers were given two high pressure steam turbines in separate rooms. They each developed about 25,750 kW (35,000 hp). Steam was generated by four high pressure boilers working at a pressure of 1271 psi. These boilers were separated in two boiler rooms. The turbines drove two shafts, ending with four-bladed fixed propellers 4.12 m in diameter. In these turbine rooms electric generators were also found, which fed among others the fresh water generators. Top speed observed ion trials was 35 knots and the radius of action was 4500 nautical miles at the economical cruise speed of 20 knots.

Close view of the Lütjens main bridge in 2001
Close view of the Lütjens main bridge in 2001 - battle honors to the US Fleet

Armament

The armament changed over time and the two modifications. The 103 class configuration (original) comprised :
-2× 127 mm/54 Mk 42 Mod 7 in single turrets fwd and aft
-1× Tartar SAM mount RIM 24 B Mk 13
-1× ASROC MK16 Mod.4 ASWRL
-2× triple UTR 324 mm Mk 32 Mod 7 ASW TTs

103A/103B:
-2× 127 mm /54 Mk 42 Mod 10 in single turrets fwd and aft
-1 Mk 13 Mod 1 Standard & Harpoon SSM
-1× ASROC MK16 Mod.4 ASWRL
-2× triple UTR 324 mm Mk 32 Mod 7 ASW TTs

Final redit mid-1990s
-2× RIM-116 MK 49 x 21 vectors*
-2 SRBOC Mk36**
-2 × 20 mm Oerlikon Guns + optional MGs
These weapons are US standard, so they don't need extra references.
*RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile: Standoff standard USN short range SAM, also in service with the Braunschweig class corvettes and other Bundeswehr ships.
**SBROC: BAE Systems Mark 36 Super Rapid Bloom Offboard Countermeasures Chaff and Decoy Launching System.

Electronics

The Lütjens class was equipped with the Radars AN/SPS-52-3D, AN/SPS-40, AN/SPS-67, RAY RP, and a sonar DSQS 21 B. Various fire control systems and sensors were installed during during their service. The GFCS MK-86 Mod.8 fire control system artillery was installed for the 127 mm turrets, but the main array was the MFCS MK-74 Mod.6 fire control system coupled with 2 AN/SPG-51 against air targets to feed data to the Tartar launcher. This was completed by a AN/SPG-51C FK guiding radar, AN/SPG-60 radar illuminator for the fire control system Mk.86, the AN/SPQ-9A Track-While-Search Radar for Mk.86, the DSQS-21B active/passive bug sonar, the AN/SPS-67 medium-range maritime surveillance radar, the AN/SPS-40 2D airspace surveillance and early warning radar, medium range and the AN/SPS-52 3D long-range airspace surveillance radar. Also ws added during service a Raypath RAY RP 1225 navigation radar, with the AN/WRN-6 GPS, the URD-4 UHF direction finder, replaced later by a SFP 7200.1 in 1996, the FL 1800 electronic warfare system and the AN/URN-20 TACAN facility, for tactical air navigation.

Moelders_engines-control_station
MÖlders engines control station

Accomodations

A great difference with the USN ships, German accomodations, as requested before construction in USN yards, comprised significant changes: The officers, non-commissioned officers and crews were divided lived in four main sections close to their tasks area onboard. These main sections contained certain areas of responsibility, subordinated to a main section manager.

The main section 100 was the most staffed, comprising the deck service (maritime guests, also called “11er”, “deck goats” or “Picasso Bottles”), the nautical service (navigation guests), telecommunications and signals. It was led by the SEO or Ship Operations Officer. The main section 200 for ship technology was responsible for tasks related to propulsion and the supply of energy. It was headed by the STO or ship's officer working with the L.I. (civilian shipping assistant). This section was colloquially called the "cellar children", "stoker" or "black feet". This was constantly on alrt to maintain the ship's energy supply critical for all systems. They worked in close coordination with the staff of application series 41 or steam technology section 42 or engine technology and section 43 or electrical engineering, also section 44 for the ship operating technology.

The main section 300 conerned the ship electronics and weaponry, operation and maintenance of the telecommunications, computer, radar and weapon systems. They escaped the shift work and these members were called the "hobbies" or "day laborers". Only the operator of the central computer system was on duty in a shift.

The main section 400 concerned the supply and central services, comprising the areas of personnel management, cash register and accounting, spare parts management, catering and sanitary area. Cooks prepared five meals a day including the breakfast, second breakfast, lunch, dinner, and middle guard night shift meal). They were assisted by the supply office and the supply item catalog center. The ship's hospital was staffed by a ship's doctor. A dentist was carried for longer sea voyages. For internal 'police' the duty officer's work was completed by the ship's watchdog.

127 mm gun Molders
127 mm gun, Mölders

Service modernizations

The class 103/A/B made the 1st destroyer squadron in Kiel. They regularly participated in NATO operations and exercises in the Atlantic (STANAVFORLANT) and Mediterranean (STANAVFORMED). They would be decommissioned until 2003, replaced by the class 124 frigates.

103A Modifications: included the 127 mm Mod.7 turrets replaced by Mod.10 guns, and for the powerplant, the boiler system switched to light heating oil. The tartar fire control system was also upgraded, with a digital computer. The tartar missiles themselves were exchanged for a lighter standard missile system, and these modifications took the name of 103A.


Rommel on 1st September 1986, after the 103B modifications, passing by the USS Iowa in the Atlantic.

103B Modifications: In the 1980s the three destroyers received a new deck house housing the Mk 86 artillery fire control system, replacing the ageing Mk 68. The deckhouse receive a new antenna for air targeting and radar AN/SPG-60. The front mack received an extra radome platform supporting an AN/SPQ-9 maritime target radar. Other radar systems were modernized as well. Two RIM-116 RAM systems were also installed to provide for for close-range defence, and SRBOC decoy launchers for antiship missiles and two 20 mm Oerlikon guns. The ASW weapons suite was also modernized, with an uprated combat guidance system. In the late 1980s, another modernization of the whole weapon system was planned but never carried out, it was in the context of budget reduction, personnel and the high maintenance costs, notably the ageing propulsion system.


Illustration of the Mölders - Wikimedia CC

Characteristics of the Lütjens class (103 class, as of 1970)

Displacement:4,720 tons (full load)
Dimensions:133.2 m (437 ft) x 14.3 m (46 ft 11 in) x 6.1 m (20 ft)
Powerplant:2 steam turbines 70,000 shp (52 MW); 4 × 1,275 psi (8,790 kPa) boilers
Top speed:33 knots (61 km/h)
Range:4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h)
Crew:337
Armament:(See Notes) - 2 x 127mm, Tartar SAM, ASROC, 2x3 TT ASW
Electronics:See notes

Career of the Lütjens (D 185)

On March 1, 1966 at the Bath Iron Works shipyard in Bath, Maine the keel of DDG 28 was laid down. This was the first of the German order, a modification of the Charles F. Adams class, construction number 351. Gerda Lütjens, daughter-in-law of the namesake christened her before the launch on August 11, 1967. A speech was given by Karl Carstens, State Secretary of the Federal MoD. When completed she was moved to Boston for final verifications and to be handed over to the Bundesmarine.

She made a transatlantic crossing to Friedrichsort, Kiel. However due to US mresurements confusion the ship's keel hurt the bottom, destroying the sonar. This was a bad omen for the rest, but fortunately the most serious incident so far. Frigate captain Ansgar Bethge took command and Lütjens entered service in March 22, 1969, the first in the newly created 1st destroyer squadron in Kiel. Her NATO immatriculation was D 185 and her proper radio call sign was DBYB changed in 1981 to DRAE.



From August 1976 to August the next year, she was modernized as 103A and modernized again under the class 103B from April 1985 to March 1986 and in 1995 RAM launchers were installed on board. In September 14, 2001, a few days after the attacks, Lütjens passed the Churchill bridge, paying homage to the Americans with a Stars and Stripes running at half mast and 'We stand by you' banner was shown. In tital Lütjens stayed in service with the Bundesmarine for 34 years, travelling over 800,000 nautical miles. She was the staple of Bundesmarine participation in numerous NATO exercizes. She also took part in permanent NATO operations in the Atlantic (STANAVFORLANT) and Mediterranean (STANAVFORMED). She also took part in Operation Active Endeavor.

Lütjens underway in 1988
Lütjens underway in 1988

Lütjens was decommissioned at Wilhelmshaven on December 18, 2003 and March 16, 2006, was handed over to the Defense Technical Service 71 in Eckernförde to be demilitarized. She was used as a target in the Baltic Sea and from December 15, 2006, was returned to Wilhelmshaven and by August 24, 2011, she was sold for scrapping by Vebeg for 1.255 million euros. She was purchased for scrapping by the Aliağa yard on the Turkish Aegean coast, starting in August 2012.


Lütjens demilitarized in February 2012

Career of the Mölders (D 186)

Lütjens and Mölders at Bath Iron Works 1969
Lütjens and Mölders at Bath Iron Works 1969

Her keel was laid down at Bath Iron Works slipway (Maine) like the Lütjens on April 12, 1966, as DDG 29. She was chistened in April 13, 1968 Mölders, by the pilot's mother, Anna Maria Mölders. She enetered service on September 20, 1969 in Boston under command of frigate captain Günter Fromm, 1st destroyer squadron in Kiel, receiving the identifier D 186, radio call sign DBYC, later DRAF. In November 1977-April 1978 103A modernization took place, followed by 103B in April 1982-January 1983 and by 1995 the RIM-116 RAM was installed.
Mölders took part in many NATO exercises, and was part of STANAVFORLANT and STANAVFORMED.


Mölders and USS Iowa in 1985

Incident: A major fire broke out on the return trip from the Mediterranean, while in the English Channel during the night of December 15, 1987. As shown by the enquiry made later, this started in the galley and spread through cable and Exhaust ducts, being so fast it was difficult to get under control. However the accompanying ships being support and the fire could be contained and eventually extinguished on early morning. She was able to reach Kiel on her own.


Kampfkraft durch Elektronik (1970) - Bundeswehr

In 1992, Mölders intercepted an East German freighter carrying loaded with Czechoslovak T-72 main battle tanks bound to the Mediterranean. Mölders also was part of Operation Sharp Guard, enforcing a weapons embargo against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.


Mölders at the Kiel week 1976

After 34 years of service, Mölders was decommissioned on May 28, 2003 at Wilhelmshaven, althiugh she was already out of service from November 21, 2002. She was versed to the federal defense technology study group in Koblenz and was loaned to the German Naval Museum in Wilhelmshaven, opened to the public after some modifications as a floating museum exhibit since June 24, 2005. Since no Charles S Adams has been preserved, she is a unique living example of this 1960s class of early guided missile destroyer in Europe, but not worldwide, as the original USS Charles F Adams was preserved too.

Career of the Rommel (D 187)

Rommel off Maine, 31 March 1970
Rommel off Maine, 31 March 1970

Destroyer DDG 30 keel was laid down on August 22, 1967 at the Bath Iron Works. She was launched in the presence of MoD Gerhard Schröder on February 1, 1969, christened a day before bt by the widow of Erwin Rommel, Lucie Maria Rommel. She was moved to Boston after completion to be handed over to the Federal Navy on May 2, 1970. She was commissioned under frigate captain Klaus-Karl Stange command, the last ship to enter the 1st destroyer squadron in Kiel.

Rommel was given the identifier D 187, radio call sign DBYD (1981: DRAG). She was modernized to the 103A standard in 1979-80 and 103B in 1985-1986. by early 1996 she was given the same RAM system in replacement for the old ASROC.

Rommel in March 1970
Rommel in March 1970

Rommel served for 30 years, taking active part in many NATO exercises as well as her station in STANAVFORLANT and Standing Naval Force Mediterranean in 1992-1993. In October 12-16, 1989, Rommel was in the very first German fleet after 77 years entering a ex-Soviet, now Russian port of Leningrad (St Peterstburg). She sailed with the supply ship Coburg and the frigate Niedersachsen.


Rommel at Kiel in the 1980s

Rommel was eventually out of service on September 30. One of the motivation was... the expiring operating license for the boiler system ! Yet she was the last of the three to enter service. In November-December 1998, she was disarmed and demilitarized in Kiel and transferred on April 26, 1999, through the Canal to Wilhelmshaven for a final official decommission on June 30, 1999. She served as a spare parts warehouse for her two remaining sister ships still in service. She was eventually for scrap by the VEBEG broker company for € 600,000 to Eisen & Metall of Hamburg and tugged on 8 October 2004 in Aliağa in Turkey.


Marine-Schule - Model of the Rommel

Sources/Read More

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klasse_103/103A/103B
https://www.d187.de/weitere/
https://www.d187-zerstoerer-rommel.de/bg187forum/wcf/
http://www.seaforces.org/marint/German-Navy/Destroyer/Type-119-Z-1-class.htm
http://www.navypedia.org/ships/germany/ger_dd_z1.htm
//web.archive.org/web/20040410163531/http://www.destroyersonline.com/usndd/classflet.html
//heinzalbers.org/z_1.htm
//www.schwiebert.lima-city.de/als-die-uss-claxton-zum-zerstrer-4-wurde/
//destroyerhistory.org/fletcherclass/
//www.patriotfiles.com/archive/ussclaxton/miscpics.htm
//onlinesales.randghomecare.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=20534 (cardboard kit)
Gerhard Koop/Siegfried Breyer: Die Schiffe, Fahrzeuge und Flugzeuge der deutschen Marine 1956 bis heute.
Wolfgang Harnack: Die Zerstörerflottille der Deutschen Marine von 1958 bis heute.
Dieter E. Kilian: Elite im Halbschatten. Generale und Admirale der Bundeswehr.
Die Webseiten der Bordgemeinschaft D 187.

Model Kit:
Charles F Adams class DDs
Dragon kits - Charles F Adams class 1/700
-Charles F Adams 1/700 Pit Road DDG 21 USS COCHRANE/Lütjens
-Airfix 1/600 Rommel
-Revell Rommel 1/700
-Peddinghaus 1/700 Lutjens (Markings only)
-Lütjens Class 1966 1:1250 Ixo
-Skywave 1/700 USS Charles F Adams/HMAS Perth
-Bigblueboy photo-etched 1/700 Charles F Adams

Naval History

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USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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