Iranian Navy

The Navy of Islamic Republic of Iran or in Farsi: نیروی دریایی ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎ is today the naval branch of the Islamic Republic, nowadays Iranian Navy. (Poster of the Iranian Navy in preparation)

Timeframe of the Persian Navy

The Persian Empire created by the Achaemenids (Cyrus the Great, 550 BC) was a landmass with few accesses at first to the sea. Only its maximum extension under the rule of Darius I (522 BC to 486 BC), so the Empire reaching the Caspian sea, encompassing the black sea, the red sea and part of the Indian ocean, but also the eastern Mediterranean.

This huge coastal area was controlled by various civilizations that actually did have maritime traditions, like the Phoenicians and Egyptians, lending their fleet and crews in Persian operations. Later on, under the Parthian rule, and a long Hellenistic era, "Persia" was again mostly a landlocked entity with riverine areas nearby Iraq and the Persian Gulf. Under the Sassanid rule, it controlled some eastern areas but not the Black sea of the Mediterranean, both were controlled by the Roman Empire.

Babr Iranian Sloop
Babr, Persian Navy Sloop in 1941

The Persian Navy in WW1
At the eve of WW1 the Persian Empire comprised only a token fleet, comprising the 1885 Persepolis, a 1200 tons "gunvessel" iron-hulled ships, mixed (rigging and steam), with a ram bow, one funnel and a three-island hull and built at Bremen in Germany, discarded circa 1925. A small river vessel, Susa added on, also from the same AG weser yard of Bremen, and based a Mohammera in the Tigris-Euphrates delta. Both were manned by German crews but maintenance soon proved a problem, and both ships ended without their crews and their machines in total disrepair, moored permanently.

The latter Susa in 1906 was still reported armed with a 4-in BL gun, two 30 pdr also breech-loading guns (BL), and two light revolver guns. There was also the gunboat Muzaffer, a 1899, 400 tons ship and the Royal Yacht Selika brought in 1902.

Muzaffer actually saw service with the British Navy in WW1, was reconditioned at Bombay yard and returned to Persia, being stricken in 1936. Also in use was the customs steamer Azerbaidjan, based at Muscat, from 1918 in used with the Royal Indian Marine and returned in 1919, and the armed steamer Perebnoia, seized in 1920 by the Soviets at Enzeli on the Caspian sea, fate unknown.

Politics of the interwar
This was during the Qajar dynasty era (until 1925). After the great famine of 1871 there was a period of gradual reforms, culminating with the King granting a limited constitution in 1906. The Country was no longer an absolute monarchy. Discovery of petroleum by the British in 1908 also set new relationships with the British Empire, but also Russia, which ended in the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907.

After a failed British attempt to create a protectorate, the Constitutionalist movement of Gilan actually ended the Qajar rule and the Palhavi house raised to power, through a military coup by a Persian Cossack. Rezha Khan introduced many reforms but set up in place an authoritarian government that valued law and order, nationalism, militarism, secularism and anti-communism.

There was deep resentment in the population over excessive "westernization" in a repressive police state. After a German influence attempt and British-Soviet invasion, the Tehran Declaration of 1943 guaranteed a postwar independance to Iran. However with Soviet backing both the Azerbaijan People's Government and the Republic of Kurdistan were created in 1945 but did not last long.

Iranian ships articles

The Persian Navy during WW2

Sunken sloop Babr on 25 August 1941at Khorramshar

In 1922 Persia purchased the German minesweeper FM24 of 1918, 170 tons, renamed Fatiya and later Palhavi in 1926, then Shahan in 1935, discarded in the 1940s. Two sloops, four MTB and six motor gunboats were purchased from Italian yards, the Royal Yacht Chahsever in 1936, and the tug Neyrou.

The Azerbaidjan class patrol motor launches were 30 tons, 2088 x 3.81 x 1.07m boats propelled by two Krupp diesels of 300 hp. The class also comprised the Gehlani, Mazendern, Babolsar, Gorgan, Sef Indreude, all from CNR Palermo, and all discarded in 1935. The Babr class sloops were 950 tons ships, 63 x 9 x 3 m, propelled by two Fiat diesels rated for 1200 hp total and a top speed of 15 knots, with 120 tons of oil in reserve.

Also from the same yard, launched in 1931, they were armed with three 102mm guns and two MGs. The four Charogh class motor boats were 331 tons, 52 x 6.7 x 1.83m ships equipped with two Fiat diesels rated for 900 hp, top speed 15.5 knots and armed with two 75 mm and two 37mm dual purpose QF guns. All were launched in 1931.

The fate of Persia mirrored the fate of its fleet: First there was a German influence phase in 1940-41, both for strategic reasons (with both the Afrika Korps and Herresgruppe Sud in Russia advancing steadily) and of course the rich petroleum deposits, vital for the british Empire. In addition to an increase of German "tourists", Axis ships also regularly visited Persian ports.

However to prevent the Empire to fall in the Axis sphere of influence, a double attack was launched in August 1941 by elements of the Red Army from the north and British Army from the south. The small Persian army was quickly routed and brushed aside, and during the following weeks the fleet was either sunk or captured: Three Azerbaidjan class boats, the two Babr sloops, were sunk while the four Charogh were captured and incorporated into the RIN, rearmed by modern AA and returned in 1946, reverted to their original names.

The Iranian Navy during the cold war

Palavhi's era
From these humble beginnings, cold war Iran emerged, still as a regional power with important assets and a strategic position, more so, being in the souther sphere of influence of the now hegemonic and seemingly unstoppable USSR, from the NATO point of view. Gradually Iran experienced an economic growth thanks to internal reforms and American help, especially during the latter Palhavi's reign period. History of modern Iran could be resumed in several phases:

1- The early constitutional monarchy, under Reza Shah Palhavi rule, and a more powerful but unstable Parliament.
2- The setup of the Senate of Iran in 1949 and Prime Minister Mohammed Mosaddeq nationalizations campaign from 1951
3- BP concerns and UK-US intervention: The failed military coup of Colonel Nematollah Nassiri, and 1953 overthrown of Mosaddeq by allied agents of the CIA and MI6.
4- Return of an autocratic regime from 1952, backed by the US from 1961 and a set of reforms introduced
5- 1970s Public discontent, especially from the Clergy and traditionalist population, fierce repression, and degradation of relations with Iraq over the bordering Shat-El-Arab waterways.
6- 1979: Return of the Ayatholla Khomeini from exile, and Revolution: The Shah is exiled
7- Iran became an Islamic Republic, with a public officers purge and deep army reforms (and Navy)
8- Iran-Iraq war
9- New reforms and modern Iranian Navy

Creation of the Iranian Islamic Republic of Iran Navy

The Shah's Navy
Iranian DD Artemiz (A battle class destroyer - src navypedia)

The previous regime received a considerable help allowing to acquire a sizeable Navy, related to the maritime area to cover. These were in 1975 three destroyers, nine frigates, two LSTs, three landing ships, 15 assault and hovercrafts by the time of the iran-Iraq war (This was the largest fleet of operational Hovercrafts worldwide). As well as many other lighter ships and boats. Major acquisiton was the Destroyer Artemiz (after Xerxes's Admiral Artemisia), which was a late 1940s British "Battle" class (HMS Sluys) acquired in 1965 (more on this below, see details).

The fleet also inherited three 1930s Patrol Crafts and three Motors Launches. But the Shah's navy also acquired two ww2-era Allen M. Sumner destroyers (in 1971) Babr and Palang, a single Loch class Frigate Babr (ex. Loch Assynt, acquired 1949 but paid off and stricker in 1972), and four Bayandor class Frigates (US PF 103 class), transferred under the Mutual Assistance Programme (MAP) from 1965 and 1969-70 after their completion. But foremost, the Samm class frigates, built by Vosper Thornycroft, Barrow and Newcastle yards, four modern ships launched 1968-69. One was sunk during the Iran-Iraq war in 1988.

IIS Palang
IIS Palang, Iranian DD of the Sumner class, thoroughly modernized in the US, and showing the Standard missile launchers. src via wwiiafterwwii.
Supplies were British (most ships and hovercrafts), American (Many Transfers, especially in later period) and French (former LSIL and LCU, Kaman class FACs. With conflict looming with Iraq, transfer plans, especially from the US became more extensive and many orders were placed. Probably the most outstanding ones were the Kouroush class AA destroyers. These were in essence four Spruance class missile destroyers initially ordered in 1974 as modified version tailored for Iranian needs, six ships originally but two were cancelled in 1976 and the four others started at Ingalls in April 1978, to be cancelled in February 1979 because of the Revolution.

These became the Kidd class in the USN. These would have been the only Spruance-class ever sold to a foreign country and a formidable addition to the Navy, if delivered.

Rendition of the Kourosh class DDs (1979). These would have been the most formidable ships in the Persian Gulf and the whole middle east area if transferred in the early 1980s. All four were incorporated in the USN as the Kidd class, and transferred to Taiwan eventually in 2005-2006.

Other cancelled orders includes four Bremen-built NATO frigates (probably of the standard MEKO design, type 122), and six Kortenaer-class, 3500-3800 tons with CODOG, armed with 42 Harpoon SSMs and Mk.13 launcher, Sea Sparrow, one 127 mm gun and Vulkan-Phalanx CIWS and ASW torpedoes, plus two ASW helicopters (not precised at this point). These were unnammed in 1978 when the order was passed, all intended to serve in the Persian gulf. For submarines, the first ones would have been West-German type 29 units (six, in 1978), three Tang Class (1951) cancelled en route, in UK in 1979. Submarines did take a hold in Iranian naval policy, but under the new regime.

In addition to the Hengam and Larak landing ships (ex French, ex-US LSIS) transferred in 1957-58 and Queshm LCU (1964), the Shah's fleet was to be bolstered by six Iran Ajr LSTs built in Japan (acquired in 1980 and used as minelayers by the new navy) and four British-built (Yarrow, Clyde yard) Hengam class LSTs (only two delivered before 1979, two more cancelled in 1979 but released later in 1985 and unarmed "hospital ships". Interesting also were the 14 British-built Hovercrafts of the Wellington and Winchester types delivered before the revolution, for coastal defence and logistic duties. They were perfectly suited to the wide marshy wetlands of the Shat-al-Arab.

Ghadir class submarine
Iranian Ghadir class midget submarine (Times of Israel).

Alborz Frigate
Iranian missile Frigate Alborz, Alvand class Frigate (Times of Israel).

Day one for the new Islamic Republic Navy
Outside an officers purge, the Navy inherited a considerable fleet, well able to deal with any threats in the Persian Gulf, especially with tension raising with Sunnite Iraq. Most ships described above were still extant by 1995, and most participated in the Iran-Iraq war. When an US-led arms embargo was imposed on Iran before and during the the Iran–Iraq War, the Navy was no longer capable to maintain and equip its navy previously made with Western equipments.

The Iranian Government therefore seeked for other sources both for equipment and weaponry, logically on the opposite side: Soviet Union (and Russian today), China, and North Korea. It was visible in the replacement for example of old British missile systems like the Sea Cat by Soviet-built twin 23 mm AA guns, judged more reliable. But this also triggered a domestic armament industry which is now thriving, with a destroyer and two frigate classes on order plus many midget submarines tailored for the Persian gulf, in some cases reverse-engineering some equipments or acquiring for example Chinese missiles.

The Iran-Iraq war (1980-88)

One of the fiercest war in middle-eastern history and often overlooked in the west, with by then an Iraqi army backed by the West and direct confrontation in 1988 between the USN and the Iranian Navy. The IRI Navy played a role in this war, with battles fought both with Iraq and the United States as stated above, which degraded its conventional naval assets.

Operation Morvarid was a combined Navy and Air Force strike against the Iraqi Navy and aviation on 28 November 1980, targeting radar stations at Al-Bakr and Khor-al-Amaya oil rigs. This was a successful attack, destroy both oil rigs and the bulk of the Iraqi Navy, with in addition heavy damage to Iraqi ports and airfields.

Operation Praying Mantis: On 18 April 1988, there was a famous clash with the U.S. Marines operating within Iranian territorial waters. They destroyed Iranian naval and intelligence facilities on two oil platforms in the Persian Gulf. Doing these operations that also had to sink defendng crafts, three speedboats but also an Iranian frigate, a fast attack gunboat, and another frigate. Most of it was a retaliation for an American warship hitting an Iranian mine in the Persian gulf. This put strong pressure on Iran to agree to a ceasefire with Iraq, eventually ending the long conflict.

However this operation and the one in 1987 (Operation Nimble Archer) was criticized in 2003 by the International Court of Justice. The institution ruled that it cannot be justified as measures necessary to protect the essential security interests of the USA, dismissing however Iran's claim it was a violation of the 1955 Treaty of Amity between the two countries.

A starboard beam view of an Iranian Alvand class frigate underway.

Ships during the Velayat 94 naval exercises
Ships during the Velayat 94 naval exercises
Above: Ships during the Velayat 94 naval exercises by Mbazri.

Video extract of the official ceremony - Iranian Sahand-class Frigate as of 2018 at Bandar Abbas.

Read More/Sources

ONI Iranian Navy, Posters of Leadership Structure and IRIN/IRGCN Recognition Guide 2009 (pdf) Iranian Navy - From Guerilla Warfare to a Modern Naval Strategy (pdf)

Nomenclature of the Iranian Navy


Davamand (ex-Artemiz, 1965)

HMS Sluys - Battle class DD
The original HMS Sluys (D60)

This Battle class destroyer, built in the early cold war on ww2 plans at Cammell Laird, was named HMS Sluys (D60). She was taken in hands in 1962 and completely rebuilt and modernized at Vosper Thornycroft to be transferred in 26.1.1965 to Iran, according to the Shah's request. In 1965 she has been fitted with a new bridge, new radar, passive sonar and a new aerial was fitted on a rear mast, aft of the funnel. Armament was only kept forward, the same original twin turrets, 114 mm dual purpose QF Mark.IV in semi-automated mountings;

Artemiz - Graeme Andrews
Destoyer Artemiz at Freo - Graeme Andrews

The rear turret was sacrificed to make room for a triple Squid ASW mortar at the stern while a seacat SAM launcher was installed on the superstructure. In addition she had four single 40 mm/60 Bofors installed either side in positions beneath the rear aerial radar mast and of the funnel. Some records says she was armed with twin mounts, therefore eight 40 mm/60 Bofors in the early 1970s. She underwent a major refit in South Africa in 1975-76 where she received four standard SSM launchers, for eight anti-ship missiles standard, and AA was reduced to the two 40 mm aft. She received a Plessey AWS-1 surveilance radar and IFF, plus two Contraves Sea Hunter fire control radars, a Plessey MS-26 sonar and a DECCA RDL-1 ESM suite.

In 1985 Artemiz was renamed Davamand, a more fitting name after the revolution. She had her Sea Cat system removed, and received two 23mm/80 AA guns (Soviet built) instead. By the time she was frequently spotted at sea during the Iran-Iraq war she was credited for a speed of 23 knots; Extant in 1990, inactive but still listed in the mid-1990s she was broken up as a new frigate took her name, of the Moudge class, since lost in the Caspian sea in 2018. Src She has been replaced since by the current 7000 tons Khalije Fars-class destroyer, first Iranian-built destroyer in 2013, undercover of a training vessel.

rendition of the Artemiz in 1975
Conway's rendition of the Artemiz in 1975

Babr class destroyers (1971)

Babr ('Tiger') and Palang ('Leopard') were the former Allen M. Sumner Zellars and Stormes from Todd Pacific Yard. They had been already converted in the FRAM II standard. However both differed in their FRAM arrangements: Babr for example ha its main deckhouse widened during a refit as far forward as admidships but half as long as on Palang. In 1974 the government choosed them to be sold to Iran, and they were sent for a refit in Philadelphia Nyd: The air conditioning was modernized and improved, the old 100 KW generators were replaced by new 500 KW units, the B-turret was removed along with its magazine, replaced by storage rooms. Also accommodations were altered, and a Knox-class helicopter hangar, of the Canadian foldable model was installed to house an AB-204 ASW helicopter.

Four universal launchers (for eight SSM missiles but usable to fire SAMs as well) were situated on a platform between stacks. VDS was installed on the first level deck, forward of the bridge, and two Hedgehogs on B position. Babr also diverged by having SQS-43 sonar including a SQS-31B hull-mounted sonar and SQA-10 VDS. Palang had its own VDS removed for spares, to Babr. New torpedo storage was also fitted between the funnels. The landing platform was widened out to the ship's sides and the old hangar removed.

Rendition of the Babr class destroyers

Babr also had the small ECM house and mast atop the hangar while palang had a large one and its house was transferred to Babr, further advanced and due to completion first. A new house and masts were later built for Palang, accentuating the differences between the two ships. In the end, this updated panoply made both ships far more advance than usual FRAM USN conversions. Two more ships of the class, DD713 and 881 (USS Kenneth D Bailey and Bordelon of the Gearing class were purchased in 1975 and 1977 for spares.

After some service with the Iranian Navy, both ships had their old VDS and Hedgehogs removed and a twin 23mm/80 AA Soviet gun was installed in place of the VDS. In 1992, apparently the second digit of their pennant number ID was painted to forbid identification. As a note, the Iranian Navy already operated a frigate name Babr, from 1949 to 1972 when she was stricken. This was the ex-Derby Haven, a Loch class Frigate called originally Loch Assynt, acquired in July 1949 but only used as depot ships for landing crafts. She was paid off in 1969.

IIS Palang
IIS Palang - credits >

USS Stormes
USS Stormes DD-780 off Hampton Roads in 1968, before modernization and transfer.


Bayandor class Frigates (1963)

A Bayandor class in the background, deployed on the black sea during an exercise - credits

These ships were of the PF 103 class Frigates, built in two batches at Levingston SB, Texas they were orignally laid down in 1967, as PF 103, 104, 105 and 106, but renamed for MAP transfer (Mutual Assistance Program), and received in 1968-69 as Bayandor, Naghdi, Milanian and Kahnamuie (all officers killed during the 1941 invasion or Iran). They were derived, and closely based on the Indonesian Pattimura class built by an Italian yard, also on US funds provided under MAP. Note these ships were reclassified as Corvettes in the 1980s.

Their specifications were changed (see specs) but originally both ships had two 76 mm/50 DP guns Mk.34, two 40 mm AA guns, one hedgehog and four DCT, plus two DC racks and 60 deep charges in all. So basically they were specialized ASW vessels, but all this ws deposed during the Iran-raq war. Their electronic suite comprised the SPS-6 radar by Raytheon, SPG-34 and SQS-17 Sonar and for complement between 113 and 140 officers and sailors. In 1988 Naghdi was reconstructed, accomodations and main engines replaced. Their Iranian 23 mm AA guns were replaced by two 20 mm Oerlikon guns GAM BO1 in 1990. Milanian and Khnamuie were sunk during the war with Iraq in 1982. The two others were still in service by 1995 but scrapped in the 2000s.

Bayandor class Corvettes - IRNA archives 21/03/1392 on the Islamic calendar, if well red it would be 1971.

On 11 June 2013, Bayandor emerged from a a 20-month refit and overhaul: The main engines were overhauled as well as heat converters and fuel systems. Monitoring systems were also upgraded and a new fire control system and radar were installed. A Fajr-27 76 mm dual purpose Oto Melara RF cannon was installed at the front and reinforced by a twin 40 mm AA in addition to two twin Noor AS missile launchers SSMs.
Specifications (1985)
Displacement: 9000/1135 tons standard/Fully loaded
Dimensions: 83.8 x 10 x 3 m
Machinery: two shaft Fairbanks-Morse 38D81/8 diesels 6000 hp and 20 knots, oil 110 tons range 3000 nm
Armament (as revised): 2x 76 mm, 2x2 23 mm AA, 2 DC racks

SAAM (Alvand) class Frigates

A starboard beam view of an Iranian Alvand class frigate underway.

In 1966 Vosper Ltd at Portsmouth received an order for four "destroyers" which were modelled on the Vosper Frigate, a considerable export success. Indeed engineers, working with Iranian specifications came to the conclusion a Frigate cold carry a much more powerful, yet still light and manageable armament, coupled with a much more powerful yet compact powerplant. On this latter part, British engineers found a way to cram into such limited space powerful yet compact Olympus marine gas turbines which were rated for 22.500 hp, becoming the main source of power instead of the traditional "booster" coupled with conventional steam turbines.

Also diesels could be added for cruising making a perfect CODOG combination. An acronym that was epoch-making and soon imitated by many other shipyards for military grade vessels. As a reminder, previous turbines were rated for 7500 shp at best. This was triple the power. Gearing was simplified thanks to the new combined arrangement. In addition, more powerful and automated armament, combined with the reliable and easy maintenance required for CODOG allowed to lower the crew and to crown it all, the Vosper design called for added modularity, not only for the engines, but also for the electronics compartments, making upgrades or taylorisation easier.

It was known as the Mark 5 "destroyer" project until receiving official Persian names: Saam, Zaal, Rostam and Faramaz. The first and last were launched at Vosper Thornycroft in 25 and 30 July 1968-69 and the two others at Vickers, Barrow and Newcastle respectively on 4.3.1969.

Ships of the classs at the 1994 Velayat naval exercize, by Mbazri

These ships, privately funded by the yards and researched, were 2/3 cheaper than equivalents using usual methods based on official requirements. Vosper engineers lowered the quality standards a bit, and part of this came through a revision of official specs for near-miss shock resistance, and engines assembly. In theory the ships were noiser, but compensated by their greater speed and agility. In addition to KaMeWa CP propellers they had also retractable Vosper stability fins and high grade air conditioning. Saam and Zaal returned to HM Devonport yard during the summer of 1975 for a refit completed in May 1977. They received a Mk 8 114 mm gun, retractable hull sonar, computerized electronic room for central operations of armaments and detection, and a similar control room was created to manage the engines.

After the Islamic revolution, the ships were renamed in 1985 Alvand, Alborz, Sabalan and Sahand, islamic figures or symbols whereas the previous names were based on a classic Persian epic. One of these ships was sunk in th persian gulf by the US Navy in April 1988, Sahand, by a combined attack from USS Joseph Strauss (three harpoons hits) and cluster bombs from USS Enterprise planes. Sabalan was badly damaged too loosing her back due to a smart bomb. However she was towed to safety and repaired, returning into service in 1991. Still in 1988, the Iranian admiralty decided to get rid of the British Sea Cat system and installed instead a Soviet-built twin 23 mm/80 and later, still on the three ships, three 20 mm Oerlikon GAM BO1 guns instead in 1990. The remaining three ships are still active in today under the name of Alvand class.

IS Sabalan and Alvand in the 1980s (Persian Gulf)

IS Sahand in 1977
Specifications (as of today)
Displacement: 1250/1545 tons standard/Fully loaded
Dimensions: 94.5 x 10.5 x 3.5 m
Machinery: two CODOGs Rolls Royce Olympus TM3A (46,000 hp and 40 knots)
2 Maxman 16 cyl. Ventura diesels (3,800 hp and 17.5 knots) - 250 tons of oil, range 5000 nm
Armament (as revised): 1 Sea Killer Mk2 SSM, 1x 114 mm/45 DP, 2x 35mm/90 Oerlikon-Bührle GDM-A, Limbo Mk10 ASW mortar, 3x 20 mm Oerlikon AA.

NATO standard unnamed Missile Frigates (1979)

Unnamed Iranian Frigate
Six standard NATO frigates to be built, four by Bremer-Vulkan and eight more at Rhine Schelde Verolme in Holland. They would have been a mix between the Kortenaer and German Type 122 Frigates. Iran specified in 1978 than it should be the same as NATO Frigates, for full compatibility with US systems and integration within a USN-led task force in the region. This was also in orer to reduce costs, training and maintenance. The hull was a copy of the Kortenaer, and propulsion came from the Type 122 (Bremen class).

However most alteration were tailored for the Persian gulf, with air conditioning anf facilities, but also operational requirements, extended radius of action, out of range of air cover and far from operational bases. They were to carry an extensive AA armament (127 mm/54 DP Mk45, 2x6 Vulcan-Phalanx Mk15 CIWS, SM1-MR launcher assisted by two Mk86 Lockheed FCS, SPG-60, SPS-48C) and substantial EW system (The SLQ-32). SSM were standard US Harpoon systems (42 in store) in a Mk13 Mod4 system. In alternative to the SM, a sea sparrow SAM Mk.29 was also studied in a modular fashion. ASW warfare relied on two twin 324 mm TTs for Mk46 torpedoes, and two helicopters SH60B LAMPS III or WG13 Sea Lynx/Puma. ESW electronic suite relied on a German bow sonar 80 set and VDS aft. These 3,000 tons standard ships were powered by a CODOG system and cruise diesels, 30 knots and 50,000 hp. In addition they carried a satcom, NTDS, Tacan, Navigational radar, chaff launchers, and Link 14, 11 and 4A.

The 1979 revolution doomed the contract, which was cancelled. But one can imaging what would had resemble an Iranian fleet comprising, in addition of the above, twelve standard NATO Frigates and six Spruance type destroyers in the 1980s.

Hamzeh class corvettes (1965)


This Imperial/government yacht Shahsavar was built in the Netherlands at Boele Yard, Bolnes. Launched in 1936 she first served as Hamzeh has been modified to carry C-802 anti-ship missiles and light defenses. It is currently part of the Iranian Navy Caspian Sea fleet of warships. She displaced 580 tons and was 54 x 7.65 x 3.25 meters in size, capable of 15 knots. In 1964 when she could have been discarded, she was taken in hands for modernization, and serve on the Caspian sea.

She was renamed Hamzeh, modified to carry C-802 anti-ship missiles and light defenses: Four C-802 anti-ship missiles completed by 1 x main gun (20 mm), 2 x 12.7 mm manned heavy machine guns. This corvette is still today in service, flagged as the "oldest ship in service in the middle east".

Post-cold war additions

Frigate Jamaran (2010) - See the model presented by the C-in-C in a TV interview, Iranian TV: //

Khalije Fars ('Persian Gulf') class destroyers (2016)

Persian Gulf class
Showcase of four Iranian classes in constructions: The closest to us is likely the new Persian Gulf class, still bare at this stage and indeed relatively wide for a destroyer. (Credits Mohsen Ataei for FARS news agency)
A single ship, 7,500 tons fully loaded, 5000 standard as designed, 145 m x 16 m x 7 m and propelled by two 18 megawatts gas turbine engines, and two 4 megawatts diesel engines, plus six megawatt electric generators, to produce an overall speed about 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) as designed for a planned autonomy of 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi). Each would be equipped by an Asr Radar as understood from the exhibited model and armed with an estimated combination of a RF 76 mm (3 in) DP auto-cannon, reverse engineered version of the OTO Melara, a CIWS (also Iranian made), eight Qader anti-ship missiles, two 20 mm Oerlikon cannons and two Anti-torpedo system, likely copies of the triple 324 mm ASW and Mark 45 torpedoes, and a hangar for a Bell helicopter.

This ship is a major undertaking for Iran to say the least. It has been planned by the Marine Industries Organization, with six on order. Technically this is a "training warship", which does not tell really about the whole program, but a conventient and believable cover story. More:

'Moudge'/Moje class frigates (2010)

Jamaran, Davamand (2013), Dena (2017?), Moudge 4 (2015?), Sahand (2012), Moudge 6 and 7 in construction. They are domestically produced Iranian light frigates, likely a development of the Vosper-designed Alvand-class design in the 1970s. They were indeed quite similar but heavily armed with four Noor or Qader anti-ship missiles, a 76 mm Fajr-27 naval gun, 40 mm Fath-40 AAA, two 20 mm cannons Oerlikon, four Mehrab Missiles (SM-1 SAM copies) or Raad SAM Missiles, two triple 324 mm TTs and two 12.7 mm heavy machine guns.

Sahand class Frigates (2018)

A successor of the Jamaran (Moje/Moudge class), apparently launched in 2012 but completed only in 2018, and first estimates and official specs shows a 2,000 tons ship, 100 x 12 x 3.5 meters in size, propuled by two shafts diesels (four) rated for 70,000 hp ? for a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h). They carries four C-803 (Ghader) anti-ship missiles, one 76 mm Fajr-27 naval gun (similar to the OTO Melara model), four Sayyad-2 SAM, a single 40 mm AAA, Kamand CIWS, and two triple 324 mm ASW torpedoes, plus two 12.7 mm machine guns.

They are much improved and larger, apparently with a hangar large enough to accomodate a single Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopter in alternative to two AB-212 helicopters. Currently in service for the Persian Gulf fleet from Bandar-Abbas. The name honoring the sunken frigate during Operation Praying Mantis on 18 April 1988. Others on order, details unknown.

"This picture released by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard on January 13, 2016, shows detained US Navy sailors’ boats in custody of the guard in the Persian Gulf. (Sepahnews via AP)" (Via Times of Israel)
See also: Iranian Submarine force as of 2019 (Poster by HI Sutton)

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
WW2 British submarines
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries
naval aviation USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)
Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Blackburn Backburn (1923)
Blackburn Dart (1924)
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Blackburn Shark (1931)
Blackburn Baffin (1934)
Vickers Vildebeest (1933)
Blackburn Ripon (1934)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)
Gloster Gladiator (1938)
Fairey Albacore (1940)
Fairey Fulmar (1940)
Grumman Martlet (1941)
Hawker sea Hurricane (1941)
Brewster Bermuda (1942)
Fairey Barracuda (1943)
Grumman Tarpon (1943)
Grumman Gannet (1943)
Supermarine seafire (1943)
Fairey Firefly (1943)
Blackburn Firebrand (1944)
Hawker Sea Fury (1944)
Supermarine Seafang (1945)
De Havilland Sea Mosquito (1945)
De Havilland Sea Hornet (1946)

Supermarine Channel (1919)
Vickers Viking (1919)
Saunders Kittiwake (1920) Supermarine Sea King (1920)
Fairey Pintail (1920)
Short N.3 Cromarty (1921)
Supermarine Seal II (1921)
Vickers Vanellus (1922)
Supermarine Seagull (1922)
Fairey N.4 (1923)
Supermarine Sea Eagle (1923)
Vickers Vulture (1924)
Short S.1 Stellite/Cockle (1924)
Supermarine Scarab (1924)
Fairey Fremantle (1924)
English Electric Ayr (1924)
English Electric Kingston (1924)
Hawker Dantorp (1925)
Blackburn Velos (1925)
Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Saunders A.3 Valkyrie (1927)
Blackburn Nautilus (1929)
Saro A.17 Cutty Sark (1929)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Saro A.7 Severn (1930)
Saro A.19 Cloud (1930)
Saro Windhover (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Short S.15 (1931)
Blackburn Sydney (1931)
Short Sarafand (1932)
Short Knuckleduster (1933)
Saro London (1934)
Short Seaford (1934)
Short S.19 Singapore III (1934)
Fairey S.9/30 (1934)
de Havilland Hornet Moth (1934)
Blackburn Perth (1934)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Supermarine Seagull ASR-1 (1936)
Airspeed AS.30 Queen Wasp (1937)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Supermarine Sea Otter (1938)
Short S.30/33 Empire (1938)
Short S.20 Mercury (1938)
Short S.21 Maia (1938)
Saro A.33 (1938)
Blackburn B-20 (1940)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Supermarine Spitfire Seaplane (1942)
Short Shetland (1944)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
British Aicraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

British Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs

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