The Hellenic Navy in the Cold War

Introduction: NATO's fulcrum in the Aegean

Greece, the Hellenic Fleet took an important part of the defense of the eastern Mediterranean, even growing in the 1970s as the Soviet black sea fleet frequently made trips in the Mediterranean and red sea. At its peak in 1960, there were no less than two Cruisers, the Helle (ex-Eugenio di Savoia) and the old Averof acting as flagship, eight destroyers, 12 ASW Frigates (Hunt & Flower), a sub-chaser, 32 minesweepers (BYMS/MMs type), 20 patrol crafts (ML/HDML types), three LSTs and two submarines, all from WW2. But the internal situation was quite tense and almost unmanageable until 1949. Indeed, after a brutal occupation by the Germans until 1945, the communists tried a takeover and a civil war raged from 1947 and until 1949, leaving the country at edge, devastated, and impoverished. The prewar fleet had been sunk or captured, and the fleet has been entirely re-equipped by the allies, on loan, mostly by the British as the Hellenic navy fought well under supervision of the Royal Navy. This navy could not do much during the civil war, mostly an inland, mountaineers partisan war. From 1947 the US government took over, and stakes were heigh as the White House, weary of the progresses of the communists in Europe, committed itself to support the government. The navy was gradually re-equipped with US ships. In 1951, this started with two Gleaves class destroyers, and in 1959, four Fletcher class. They were financed under the MDAP. Greece joined NATO in 1952.

HS Kanaris, lead ship pf the Kanaris class, Gearing FRAM II destroyers in service from the 1970s to the 1990s. The Turkish fleet had the same.

But Greece had a problem with another member of NATO joining the same year: Collaborating with its old natural enemy, Turkey, which fleet was also essential to the defense of the Western Mediterranean. Both fleet never practiced exercises side by side, or even through NATO exercises. They were both equipped the same way with modernized US Ships, which led to friendly fire during the war on Cyprus. The Hellenic fleet was reinforced in the 1960s, 70s and 1980s, when her last destroyers arrived (modernized Fletcher types!). But this fleet was ageing and Greece, now also part of the EU, turned to Europe for its modernization: Germany, France and the Netherlands. Nowadays, its almost a clone of the Bundesmarine, with even more submarines in service than Germany.

Feats of glory: The destroyer RHN Adrias back to Alexandria after the destruction of her bow in 1943
Feats of seamanship: The destroyer escort RHN Adrias (Hunt III class) back to Alexandria after the destruction of her bow in 1943

Hellenic Navy articles

Situation in 1947: The wartime fleet

New acquisitions of the Hellenic Navy during the war:

Due to numerous recruits as Greeks were fleeing their occupied countries, the Royal Navy provided several destroyers and submarines to the RHN. The most notable Greek destroyer was the Vassilissa Olga, although sunk in Leros on September 23, 1943, and possibly one of the most successful Allied destroyer in the Mediterranean. The RHN Adrias's prow was blown off Kalymnos in October 1943 by a mine, but she managed to return to Alexandria after a dangerous 400-mile (640 km) trip and summary repairs, quite a feat for any captain. Two Greek destroyers also participated in Operation Overlord.

British transfers:
-The Destroyers Navarinon and Salamis transferred in 1944, returned in 1951 or discarded 1956.
-4 Flower-class Corvettes: Apostolis, Kriezis, Sakhtouris, Tompazis, lent from 1943, discarded in 1961.
-5 Algerine class corvettes (1947)
-6 Submarines: Amfitriti, Xifias, Pipinos, Argonaftis, Delfin, Triaina of the U and V class (lent 1945), discarded 1952-59
-12 BTMS (ASW crafts, US-built, ex-British) of the MMS Tinos class. Discarded in the 1960s.
-The Sub-chaser Vasilefs Giorgios II (ex. PC622)
-32 Minesweepers (BYMS/MMS), in 1945-47 and discarded in the 1960s.
-6 Ex-US PGM9 Patrol vessels (1947)
-2 MMC class minesweepers (1953)
-4 LSTs Khios, Lemnos, Lesvos, and Samos in 1944 (ex. LST-35-33, 36, 37). The latter were still extant in the 1980s (one purchased back by the US Navy for preservation).
-6 LST(3) in 1947, discarded 1964-69, 12 LCT(4) 1946, discarded prior to 1968
It should be added that Greek crewmen also served in a large array of small British auxiliaries, drifters, trawlers and whalers converted as ASW and patrol vessels. All returned to their civilian duties after 1945.

The 1950-60s: NATO's Hellenic fleet

The Greek Cruiser Elli, the ex-Duca D'Aosta obtained in 1951 as war reparation from Italy. It was specified it came in compensation for the Helle, sunk by an Italian submarine in 1940. The Elli was used as flagship. She made sense in the 1950s with a fleet largely made of conventional WW2 destroyers. But at the time, this was the largest vessel Greece ever had, and she drained a lot of technicians, manpower and maintenance for little service so her role as flagship ended in 1964. In her place, the old Giorgios Averoff, now retired, retook its role as flagship she still hold today. The Elli received no significant modernization, but a radar, installed at the end of a sturdier lattice mast aft of the tower bridge. Modernization as an AA cruiser was shortly considered but dropped due to cost issues.

After the Hellenic Navy was significantly strengthened by the leasing of British ships, its organisation was changed to match modern naval doctrines pursued after its entrance into NATO in 1952. US military aid formed the basis of of the country's armed forces, for aviations, tanks and army equipments at large, but its also deeply changed the face of the the Royal Hellenic Navy, receiving a new set of Fletcher-class destroyers, withdrawing the older British destroyers. The 1960s only saw a reinforcement of the tendency, always helped by the MDAP program.

There is an aspects which is not obvious for an external observer of NATO: Since its independence, Greece maintains a healthy antagonism towards Turkey, and even after 1952, constant quarrels about some Aegean islands and off the Turkish mainland, compounded by the economical crisis. Since the 1970s, the bottom of these seas are rich with petrol and minerals. Greece revendicated an EEZ going straight to the islands off the coast of Turkey; which seemed disproportionate compared to actual size of the Turkish landmass, but conform with the area calculated from a myriad of islands; This makes the Greek EEZ one of the most important in the world, effectively out of proportions in that case with the needs of Turkey.

The second main problem in this rivalry was of course Cyprus. It is linked the complicated past of the Island, under British protectorate since WW2. The EOKA struggle for independence was supported by Greece, which favoured Enosis or the union with the rest of Greece, but the large eastern population was supported by Turkey. This eventually boiled over after the proclamation of the republic of Cyprus in 1960 and the two sides claiming for a better political representation. This degenerated in a "soft" civil war, which only grew in intensity until the UN intervened and separated by force the two parties. Turkey however invaded Cyprus in 1974 and the distance meant the Greek were never able to dispatch troops in time. The Hellenic navy was sent here, however, while NATO barred Greece for any intervention, which in turn, made Greece leave NATO entirely. That was indeed the only time two NATO countries were openly at war with each others. The political situation previously was tense also with the military regime of the "colonels", supported by the US, to contain communism and socialism in the country. Greece will maintain many ties with NATO however, and eventually came back as full member in 1981.

The fleet's composition reflected the nature of the restricted waters around the Aegean islands, with a fleet of MTBs, FACs and landing crafts and ships, more important than Turkey. The great problematic of the Navy in 1980 was a difficult financial situation, which made impossible de development of a local shipbuilding industry, and only the Chios class landing ships were built locally, at Eleusis SY in the late 1980s to early 1990s. The large variety of naval assets, from different countries, did not facilitated maintenance as well. The most ambitious program of the late 1980s had been an attempt to built Greek copy of the NATO standard Frigate (Dutch Kortenaer type). The admiralty would have to wait until the end of the cold war to purchase second-hand destroyers and frigates now surplus and pending disarmament and scrapping. Another aspect is still the dependency in the 1990s of Greece towards the US, leasing the base of Suday Bay in Creek to the US Navy, an agreement signed in 1991.

1950-60s MDAP Acquisitions:

The Hellenic navy took a definitive USN savour when re-equipped by the USA:
-Two Gleaves class destroyers, four Fletcher class in 1951.
-Six fletcher class: Four in 1959, Two 1962, all modernized.
-3 ex-GATO class: Amfiriti and Poseidon, transferred in 1957-58, one more in 1965 (Triaina), stricken 1972-82
-6 Escort destroyers Adrias, Krite, Miaoulis, Pindos, Kanaris, Themistocles in 1951, all of the Cannon/DET type.
-1 LSD in 1953 (Nafkratoussa)
-6 LSM 1 (1958), 2 LST 511 (1960)
-8 LCU 501 class (1961)
-2 LSSL patrol vessels (1957)
-6 Norwegian Tjeld class MTB (1965)
-1 Brave class, 1 Ferocity class MTB 1957
-5 Silbermöwe class MTBs 1968
-2 Adjutant class minesweepers (1969)
-5 KFK class CPBs (ex-German, 1969)

1970s acquisitions:

The next significant devolution in the early 1970s concerned the coastal force, as Greece was the first country in the Mediterranean to order the missile fast attack craft (FAC) of the Combattante II, a Franco-German design, and the German designed Type 209 submarines, until then only used by the Bundesmarine. US military aid went on with the delivery of FRAM II type destroyers, mich more capable that earlier units. In 1979, the Hellenic Navy also purchased Netherlands two modern Standard-class frigates (Kortenaer), as the Elli class, also bolstering its capabilities. Instead of US second-hand ships, the Hellenic Navy gradually moved towards recent, missile-armed European ships.

HS Mitilini of the Norwegian Tjeld class in the 1980s, Greek coastal defence rested on around 20 MTBs until the late 1970s.

-The destroyer Miaoulis, of the Allen M. Sumner class in 1971
-Five Kanaris class destroyers (Gearing FRAM class), acquired 1971 to 1977, discarded in the 1990s
-The support ship Aegeon (ex-German Weser, acquired 1976)
-2 Balao/Tench GUPPY IIA and Guppy III respectively (Papamikolis, Katsonis) in 1972-73
-8 Glavkos class submarines (German built) in 1971-80
-1 LSD in 1971 (Nafkratoussa, replacing the former)
-2 Terrebone Parrish class TLS in 1977
-4 La Combattante II class FAC 1971
-7 Jaguar class MTBs 1976
-2 Kelefstis Samos class FAC (1974)
-10 La combattante III class FAC (1976)
-17 Falcon class minesweepers (1976)
-4 Dilos class CPBs (1977)
-4 Goulandris, 4 Panagopulos class CPBs (1975)

The war in Cyprus (1974)

There was a Cypriot navy, distantly supported by Greece, which took a heavy toll in several actions, one, limited, in 1964, and the 1974 war. In 1964 Cyprus clashed with Turkey over militias action. On 6 August 1964, Cyprus National Guard forces attacked the Turkish Cypriot enclave of Kokkina, NW Cyprus. Greece supported this action as a necessary interdiction against a threat by the Turkish Cypriot militia, using Kokkina as a beachhead and supplying its forces from Turkey. The Cyprus National Guard forces (General George Grivas) had the blessing of Athens and made a combined land and sea attack using two Cyprus Navy R-151 Group patrol boats, HS Phaethon and Arion, the latter with Greek navy personnel. They bombarded the enclave in conjunction with land-based 25-pounder artillery. But on 8 August, the Turkish Air Force launched air attack. Phaethon was struck by rocket fire and ran aground near Xeros Harbour. Arion was attacked too and reported struck by strafing fire, but escaped to Paphos while a Turkish F-100 Super Sabre was hit by 40mm AA fire and shot down.

A P-4 MTB (Here, with Bangladesh Navy)

The situation stayed tense in Cyprus in the 1950s even after the Zurich agreements which was tripartite in 1959 (Greec, Turkey, UK). Cyprus had a new constitution and independent state on 16 August 1960 and its defense and internal security was shared and guaranteed by Turkish, Greek and British bases, but arrangements like a Greek president veto-capable Turkish vice-Pdt, still made "ultras" among the greek unhappy with Turkish privileges. However when the colonels junta came into power in Greece, Eneusis (Greek overseas unity) became a priority and in July 1974 there was a brief Greek-backed coup d'état in Cyprus. Turkey claimed under the Treaty its Guarantee to intervene militarily while the legality of the invasion depended on whether common or concerted action between the tripartite was proved impossible. In 1963 the violence escaladed to a new level, with hundreds of dead and wounded in a serie on on-going riots. Villages were attackes and populations displaced. This cumlminated with the 1964 events (see above) fateful for the Cypriot navy. In 1974, the Junta backed AIOKA and the Makarios government fall and the coup d'etat saw officers at the head of it, electing hard-liner Nikos Sampson as the new president. The Turkish demands, necessary to preserve the tripartite arrangements were rejected by UK, compelling the later to intervene.

In 1974 the Cypriots deployed a its First squadron (Boghazi) with T-4, T-5, T-6 MTBs (Soviet origin) and PB sqn with Leventis, Dedalos, Kyrenia (T-1, T-2, T-3), supported by four radar stations (45 nm range) and naval station Famagusta, Xylophagos, Limassol, and Paphos plus an underwater Demolitions Unit at Boghazi naval base. This was a mix of ex-German R-Boats, Yugoslav Type 108s, French PBs (Esterel Fast Patrol Craft (PCF)) and six Soviet P-4 Skinhead (Type 123K) MTBs were certainly its most famous asset. One T108 was probably sunk 14 August 1974 by own crew, and one German R-Boat sunk 14 August 1974 by own crew at Naval Base "Chrysulis" while six P-4 boats were sunk between 20-21 July (the first two trying to oppose the landings) and August 1974 or captured by Turkish forces. As of 2014, Cyprus has 462 personnel strong for 10 warships including 6 patrol boats and 2 attack craft and 2 speedboats.

LST Lesvos When the Turkish invasion started on the 20th of July 1974 (Operation Attila 1), with a landing at Kyrenia. In total 45,000 men supported by 180 tanks were landed, backed by the Navy and air force. The Hellenic Navy ordered the LST Lesvos sailing off Rhodes to change course and return to Cyprus to disembark its troops under command of Lt Cdr Eleftherios Handrinos the day of the landings. The ship arrived at Paphos and disembarked soldiers from class 103, part of which manned the ship's AA guns and shelled the Turkish Cypriot forces there for two hours. They surrendered to the Cypriot National Guard. The Hellenic navy was basically too far away to counter-attack rapidly. Cyprus was far close to Turkish coast that of the Aegean. The closest Aegean base still was not equipped with long range ships and there was the problem of two "allies" within NATO clashing over a sovereign territory, Cyprus at the time. UN pressured both sides and quickly resolved to sent troops for interposition. Another problem, and a major one, was visual recoignition, as Turkish aviation soon intervened, and the Turkish fleet had the same origin destroyers as the Hellenic fleet.

The Turkish air strike comprising F-100D Super Sabres and F-104G Starfighter equipped with bombs avoided several friendly destroyers with large Turkish flags painted on the ships but mis-identified and sank the Kocatepe, taking a bomb down the funnel. This was the result of a Greek Cyprot deceiption. The Greeks themselves suffered friendly fire when one of their Noratlas transport planes, carrying patatroopers, was shot down by Greek Cypriot AA. A single batallion was sent as a reinforcement, meanwhile a second landing intervened on July 22, notaly bringing tank and Mechanized Companies. In August, UK tried to renew negociations without success, whereas the Greek Junta collapsed. Turkey asked for the federalisation and populations separation. on August 14, to put pressure on negociations was launched Attila 2, landing two more infantry divisions whereas the Greeks constituted the troodos line to bar the southern part of the island on Gonyeli-Nicosia. The war ended with arounc 4,000 vs 6,000 dead on the Turkish and Greek sides respectively.

1980s acquisitions:

The arrival of the Hydra class, first German-built MEKO 200 HN frigates and two more Standard-class, missile corvettes and Poseidon-class (Type 209) submarines plus modern naval helicopters completely renewed the poential of the Greek Navy, helping retire its classic US composition quite similar to Turkey.
In the 1980s the Navy acquired:
-Two more Kanaris class DDs (1980-81), discarded in the late 1990s
-Five Chios class TLS (1988) in construction, completed 1990s
-2 Asheville class FAC (1989), comp. 1990

1990s acquisitions:

HS Nearchos, one of the three missiles destroyers of the Hellenic Navy today, in services fir about a decade, scrapped in the 2000s

The end of the cold war saw the delivery of four ex-US Navy missile destroyers of the Charles F. Adams-class from 1991–1992, alongside second-hand Knox class frigates. They were however decommissioned after ten years of service, using large crews, with high maintenance, and having obsolete electronics. Greece ordered also new Type 214 submarines using for the first time an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system, giving them an unprecedented range only accessible to SSNs.

Its naval air group was also extended and modernized wit the acquisition of a fleet of new Sikorsky S-70B-6/10 "Aegean Hawk" helicopters. But its most unusual acquisition post-cold war, unthinkable before, was the delivery of Zubr-class hovercraft from Russia and Ukraine. The Standard-class frigates were completely upgraded with new electronics and radar systems and the Glaukos and Poseidon-class submarines with new sonars and electronics, and were drydocked to receive also an air-independent propulsion engines (Neptun I/II program), also giving them unprecedented range. Quite an argument to deter and spy along the Turkish coast and in the aegean sea.

Frigate Hydra
Frigate Hydra (F 452), Meko 200 Mk.3

HS Psara
HS Psara (F-454), a Meko 200 frigate

-Four Charles F Adams class missile DDs in 1991-92
-Four MEKO 200 Mk3 Frigates (Launched 1991-95)
-Three more Kortenaer class Frigates in 1993-94
-Three Knox class Frigates from 1992*
-Four Niki class corvettes: Ex-German Thetis class (1960), transferred 1991-92 with ASW TTs modified to fire the Mk48 acoustic ASW torpedoes.
-Two S41 class FACs from the bundesmarine (Iltis, Storch), transferred 1992
-Two P100 large patrol crafts (Pryopolitis, Polemistis)**.
-2 Osprey 55 class FAC (1990)
-4 Thetis class corvettes (ex-Bdmarine) (1991)
-2 ex-German S41 FAC (1992)
-2 P100 class FPC (1993)

*Leased from July and August 1992, pennants F456, 457, 458, and named Ipiros, Thraki and Makedonia, all ancient provinces of Greece. They were formally commissioned on 30 April 1993; They were not yard-condition (as 1960 ships) but have been drydocked and modified, fitted with spray strakes and new bow bulwarks for seakeeping and had modified ASROC launchers to fire the Harpoon SSM. They carried each an AB212 helicopter. All three only served for ten years, decommissioned in 1999, 2001 and 2003.

**Modified versions of the Osprey 55 FAC design (see in the FAC section) in 1992, planned for Harpoon missiles but restrained to guns only. 555 tonnes, 56.5 x 10 x 2.5m, 2 shafts MTU 24 kts, 2200 nm. Arled with a 76mm/61 OTO compact, 2x 40 mm Bofors, 2x 20mm Rheinmetall, mines. Fitted with a navigation radar Decca, triton, Selenia RTN-10X. In addition to the crew of 36 they carried 25 spec ops, operated from onboard inflatables.

P61 Polemistis (ex-P21), a modified Osprey 55 design built in Greece at the Hellenic shipyards Skaramanga, in 1993.

HS agon
HS Agon, Niki class corvettes

2000s acquisitions

Roussen class
Roussen class FACs: Built 2005-2020 at Eleusis shipyards. Aklso called Super-Vita, these FACs comprises the HS Roussen, Daniolos, Krystallidis, Grigoropoulos, Ritsos, Karathanasis, and Vlahakos. These nearly 700 tonnes vessels propelled by MTU 16V595 TE90 diesel engines which procures them 23,500 hp for 35 knots are armed with the usual compact Oto Melara 76 mm/62 but also eight MM40 Block 2/3 exocet SSMs and a Mk31 21-cell RAM Block 1 SAM plus two Oto Melara 30mm cannons, so they are almost Frigates in reduction, and certainly ones of the most powerful Fast Attack Crafts in the world.

HS Aittitos (P-268) of the Machitis class (2003)

The Machitis class are large patrol vessels (LPV) built on the Osprey HSY-56A design at the Hellenic shipyards, Skaramanga in 2003-2004. The class comprised the HS Machitis, Nikiphoros, Aittitos and Krataios. They are 575 tons FL ships, 56 x 10 x 3.6 m propelled by two Wärtsilä Nohab 16V25 diesels for 10,000 hp, 22–23 knots, armed like the Osprey 55 but with in addition FIM-92 Stinger portable personal missile launchers and a modernized electronics suite comprising a Thales Variant two-dimensional (2D) MSMR surveillance radar, Mirador electro-optical target tracker, a Scout MkII LPI navigation radar, a Sperry Marine Bridgemaster-E navigation radar, a Raymarine RL80C MARPA secondary navigation radar, a Thales LIROD Mk2 fire control tracking system, ICMS Tacticos, Aeromaritime IFF Mk12, ICS 2000 integrated communications system, DR 3000 ESM system and MK36 SRBOC decoy launcher. papamikolis kiel
The Type 214 Mark 3 built for the first in Germany (Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft) and the rest in Greece, at the Hellenic Shipyards Co. It is currently an advanced closed-loop system perfect for roaming the shallow waters of the Aegean sea. They are all in service since the 2000s and the class comprised the Papanikolis (Comp. 2010), Pipinos (2015), Matrozos (June 2016) and Katsonis (June 2016). The current Okeanos upgrade includes AIP capabilities very similar to Type 214, and it is planned for the earlier 209/1500 AIP models. They are nominally still of the type 209 but much closer to the Type 214.

HS Evropi
Minesweepers: The Hellenic Navy operates the Evropi class (ex-Hunt class vessels, Evropi, Callisto (1986) transferred in 2000-2001.) and the Evniki class (Eviniki, Kalysto) of 1994-1995, sold to the HN in 2007.

HS Prometheus
HS Axios
Hellenic support ships:

-HS Prometheus (top) (same as Italian Etna, 13,500 replenishment oiler), acquired in 2003
-HS Axios (bottom) of the Axios class (Axios, Aliakmon) support ships built by Blohm and Voss in 1969 on the 701C class (Lüneburg) model, commissioned to the Hellenic navy in 1991.
-HS Atlas and Herakles of the DP2 Support ship type donated in 2019-2020.
The fleet also operated the oil tankers HS Zeus, Ouranos, Hyperion and Orion and the water tankers Kalliroe, Trichonis, Doirani, Kerkini, Prespa, Stymphalia from Olida shipyards. The fleet also operates the Personnel ships Pandora and Pandrosos built in Perama Shipyard.
-The Hellenic Navy also operates the HS Arachthos, Evrotas, Nestos 430/430A class torpedo retrievers, the Oceanographic & Scientific Research Nautilus, Pytheas, Strabon and Akatos and the lighthouse tenders Karavogiannos and Lykoudis.

HS Cephalonia
HS Cephalonia class: (Cephalonia, Ithaca, Kerkyra, Zakynthos) Assault Hovercrafts of the Zubr class, one purchased and modernized from Russia, and the remnants built in Ukraine and Russia in 2005-2009.

Greek special operative also operates an undisclosed numbers of Mark V Special Operations Craft acquired in 2020.

Next Generation (2020-2040)

Turkey as of 2018 was started to rearm fast. The country now has a domestic naval industry capable of building an assault carrier (LHD), and had a plan for three Destroyer/Frigates/Corvettes ships classes in the near future. What Greece is about to make about it ?

As of today, the Hellenic Navy represents a staff of about 30,000 active personnel, 120 warships & auxiliary boats: The fleet counts no destroyer, but 13 frigates, 11 submarines, 19 missile boats, 10 "gunboats" (Large Patrol vessels), 9 tank-landing ships, 6 patrol boats, 4 SOC (Special Ops) ships, and 48 fleet support & other auxiliary ships. Its naval aviation comprised 27 aircraft, under the Navy Aviation Command: Four Lockheed MartinP-3B Orion (entering the fleet from 2016), 13+ Sikorsky S-70/B-6 Aegean Hawk (Seahawks), and about a dozen older Aérospatiale Alouette IIIs, and unknown number of Agusta Bell AB-212 ASWs.

Hellenic Navy S-70B-6 Aegean Hawk
Hellenic Navy S-70B-6 Aegean Hawk

Currently, Greece is negotiated the acquisition of four new US Freedom class frigates as replacementfor older classes, assorted with a package of upgrades and future coproduction opportunities. The latter concerned the brand new Constellation class frigates recently approved over a Fincantieri design and developed for mass production. The seclecton process in still ongoung and was to end in 2021, after examination of French, German, British and Dutch proposals, which went through the selection process.

Meko 200 F147, German proposal for Greece

FTI class corvette by DCNS, French proposal to greece

Read More/Links

John Gardiner, Conway's all the worlds fighting ships 1947-1995

The 1960s fleet:

circa 45 ships in 1965, 30 in 1990.
Here are following the ships transferred to Greece from loaned vessels in 1943 to US transfer in the 1950s. The dates are in brackets and have nothing to do with the ship's launching dates. All were of WW2 vintage and had a rather long service.

Cruiser Elli (1951)

Acquired in 1951, this was the 1935 Eugenio di Savoia. New pennant C94. She was left unmodified but a lattice mast installed, to support a British SO-8 radar and a few 20 mm AA Oerlikon guns. The large flagship basically absorbed all skilled technicians and specialists in Greece at the time, no longer available for the US destroyers that will came afterwards. Giving nothing of relevance in NATO defensive scheme for the region, it was decided to discard the cruiser in 1964. More on the Elli in

Niki class Destroyers (1951)

Niki, Doxa: These were two Gleaves class destroyers transferred in April and May 1951. They were refitted in 1962: Six 20 mm oerlikon guns removed, and quintuple 21-in TT bank. Tripod foremast installed to support a more modern radar.

Sfendoni class Destroyers (1959-81)

Nearchos, Kimon
Nearchos and Kimon (DD-65, 42), ex German Z3, Z2 (1981).

This class of Fletcher class destroyers was transferred in three batches:
Sfendoni, Aspis, Lonchi, Velos in 1959; Navarinon, Thyella in 1962, Nearchos and kimon in 1980-81, ex German Z3, Z2 respectively. The transfer was performed under MDAP. They were lent to Greece, but the loans were renewed in March 1970 and purchase was made on 25 April 1977. At thet time, they were obsolete, despite an electronic modernization and new AA. The 1962 batch ships had their original five 5-in guns, two quadruple and a twin 40mm AA, no TTs while the others were refitted four 5-in and two triple 3-in AA guns and a single quintuple TT bank but also two triple 12.75 in ASW TTs. The ex-Bundesmarine Z1 of the Zestörer class was acquired in 1979 for spares, as well as Z4 in 1981 and Z5 in 1982. So basically the whole class was transferred to Greece. For the Z class specs, see the german Zestörer class. The latter were much more modern and in pristine conditions, which explains the gap between discarding the 1962 batch in 1981, 1990-93 for the others (Kimon was the last). The ex-German ships had 21-in TTs. The lead ship Sfendoni was used as a stationary training ship in the 1980s, Nearchos was versed in 1981 to the logistics command.

Kriti class Frigates (1943)

Kriti, Aegeon, Themistocles, Adrias, Hastings, Kanaris, Miaoulis, Pindos
Hunt type escort destroyers rerated as ASW Frigates, initially launched 1941-42 and lent in 1943-44, of the Hunt class type 2 and 3. Adrias and Hastings were lent from 1946. They all discarded in 1959 and BU in 1960.

Kriezis class Frigates (1943)

Kriezis, Apostolis, Sakhtouris, Tompazis
Standard Flower class corvettes, lent in 1943. A fifth ship was sold later, St Mikoudis was sold later but ended in civilian service as a lighthouse tender. All but Apostolis were discarded in 1951-52 and the latter in 1961, BU 1952-63.

Aetos class Frigates (1951)

Aetos, Hierax, Leon, Panthir
Ex-US Cannon class destroyer escorts, reclassified as ASW Frigates in Greek service, which was very long for wartime emergency program vessels: They were retired in 1991. Modernization details are not known. Their sole triple 21-in TT bank was removed, while two smaller 324 mm (12.75 in) triple ASW banks were fitted instead, firing Mk24 ASW acoustic torpedoes. Retirement had been planned in 1980 but budgetary problems forced their maintenance for ten more years.

Amfitriti/Argoauvtafis class submarines (1943)

Amfitriti, Xifias (U), Argonauvtafis, Delfin, Pipinos, Trainia (V)
U and V class British submarines from ww2 lent from 1945. The U class were discarded in 1952, mothballed and sunk as targets in 1957. The V class lent earlier in 1943, 1944 and 1946, discarded in 1957-58, BU 1958-59.

Afromessa class minesweepers (1947)

Ex-British BYMS transferred 1945-47. The class comprised the Afromessa, Simi, Ithaki, Zakynthos, Kalymnos, Aura, Karteria, Andromeda, Kefallinia, Kleio, Kerkyra, Lambadias, Lefkas, Pigassos, Leros, Prokyon, Papalos, Thalia, Patmos, Ariadne, Paxi, Vegas, Salaminia. They were discarded 1966 to 1975.

Andros class minesweepers (1947)

Ex-British MMS class minesweepers, comprised the Andros, Mikonos, Argyrokastron, Syros, Chimara, telepeni, Kortytsa, Tinos. They were all discarded in the 1960s.

Patrol Crafts (1947)

Doliana class (Fairmile B type): Called Doliana, Karpenissi, Drama, Kassos, Elefteron, Kastelorizon, Halki, Ks, Kalambaka, Nissiros, Karpathos, Tilos
Bizani class (HDML type): called Bizani, Karia, Davlia, Kasrtaki, Distraton, Klissoura, Farsala, Portaria. They were all discarded in the early 1960s.

Kanaris class Destroyers (1951)

HS Kanaris (D-212) Class: Kanaris, Kontouriotis, Sachtouris, Themistocles, Toumbazis, Aporstolis, Kreizis.
The Gearing class destroyers originally built in 1944-46 were modernized before transfer to the FRAM I standard, except Themistocles, which had the FRAM II standard radar picket conversion. Transferred first in 1971 she received a modernization in 1976-77, fitted with a aft flight deck operating an Alouette III ASW helicopter in place of the radar picket facilities. In 1980 she received two twin 30 mm superfast cannons in place of her 20 mm Oerlikon guns, and in 1987 received upgraded helicopter facilities, as for Miaoulis. The other ships were transferred in 1972 (Kanaris), 1973 (Kontouriotis, Sachtouris) and 1977 for Tombazis, and a remaining two in 1980-81. Apostolis was initially planned to be used for cannibalisation. They were all upgraded in 1987-88 with a 76 mm OTO-Melara gun, helicopter deck aft, and the 1970s batch received two twin canisters for Harpoon SSNs. The 1980 batch received a single 40 mm Bofors fwd of the bridge. Two more Gearing, the unnamed DD 817 and 880 ex Cory and Dyess were acquired for spares.

In addition, the Hellenic navy acquired the ex-USS Ingraham of the Allen M Sumner class in July 1971, renamed D 211 Miaoulis. She had received a FRAM II modernization and had an Aerospatiale Alouette III helicopter hoperating from her DASH platform. She was taken in hands in 1986 at the Eleusis shipyard for modernization, with a larger platform, and telecopic hangar for a AB-212 helicopter. These destroyers were retired when the new four Charles F. Adams class arrived, in 1992-94.

Frigate HS Aegeon (1976)

Frigate Aegeon
HS Aegeon, acquired in 1976, a Weser class frigate/Support ship hybrid. Built at Elsflether Werft yard, the was the Weser, transferred as Aegeon a Rhein class pecetime depot ship that could be upgraded as Frigate in wartime, with all the facilities needed. In Greek service she was used permanently as frigate, but also doubled as supply ships for FACs and MTBs. She was stricken in 1991.

Elli class Frigates (1981)

HS Themistocles, F-465. ex-Philips van Almonde (F823) in 2004.

Aigaion, Adrias, Bouboulina, Elli, Kanaris, Kountouriotis, Limnos, Navarinon, Nikiforos Fokas, Themistoklis
The acquisition of two Kortenaer ("Standard") class Frigates was a move from the government for less dependency towards the USA. The whole class but two ships (sold to the UAE) were eventually sold to Greece, after their decommission. The first two were acquired in 1981-82, Elli and Limnos, followed in the 1993-95 by Aegeon, Adrias, Navarino, followed by the Bouboulina, Kanaris, Kountouriotis, Nikiforos Fokas and Themistoklis in the early 2000s. The only decommissioned so far has been Bouboulina (F-463), in 2013, all the others are in active service today. There were plans to built these ships at the Hellenic Shipyards, Skaramanga with Dutch assistance but the plan was curtailed becase of budget restrictions. They had lenghtened hangars to house the AB-212 helicopter, but were identical to the Dutch ships at any level. The oldest, Elli and Limnos were rearmed with Aspide SAM, two Phalanx CIWS and twice the number of harpoon missiles.

GATO/TENCH/BALAO class submarines (1958-73)

Five Modernized WW2 vintage Gatao, Tench and Balao class submarines were transferred to Greece.
-HS Amitriti, Poseidon: Streamlined Gato type, acquired 1957-58, loaned under MDAP, Poseidon purchased 1976 for spares. Stricken 1972-76
-HS Trainia: Modernized fleet snorkel Balao type, loaned from 26.2.1965, purchased april 1976, TS 1982, discarded since 1993.
-HS Papamikolis: Balao GUPPY IIa standard. Acquired 26.7.1972, purchased, used for training but ready for wartime, stricken 1993.
-HS Katsonis: Tench GUPPY II, acquired october 1973, purchased, used for training and discarded in 1993.

Glavkos class Submarines (1970)

Glavkos, Nereus, Triton, Poteus, poseidon, Amphitriti, Okeanos, Pontos
HS Proteus (S 113) off Sicily during a NATO Exercise

Greece was the first customer of the West German Type 209 submarines, later a great export success (if not the greatest) and largest submarine production outside the Bundesmarine. They were German-designed and packed many innovation for silent propulsion and long range underwater travel. They were able to dive at 200 m in normal operations (650 ft), with a crushing depht probably beyond 300 m, and had no less than eight bow torpedo tubes, impressive for 50 m long boats. They also had a reduced operatning cost due to great automation and a crew of only 31. They were all built in Germany, at Howaldtswerke Yard in Kiel, in two groups, the second being longer as the first serie was a bit cramped. This second serie in fact was the prototype for the mainstream export version, since sold to Portugal, Turkey and many other countries.

Of this class, all are still operating to this day but the lead boat Glavkos, decommissioned in 2012. They all had been upgraded through an upgrade in 1989 to bring them up to the German 206A standard. Triton was refitted and Kiel and the three others in Salamis. They have now a sub-Harpoon capability, new sonar and electronics, but the crew was augmented to five so they are relatively cramped. The Glavkos class overhauled under the Neptune I program (1993-2000) and the next batch called the Poseidon class (1976-77) by the Neptune II upgrade program, cancelled but for Okeanos (S118). It is called the Type 209 1200 and 1200 AIP for Okeanos. Specifications were tailored and are specific to the Type 209-GC (Grieschen).

The preserved Kiosk of Okeanos, as a Memorial of Fallen Submarine Crew

Poseidon class specifications (1976)

Displacement: 1180/1300 (Glavkos: 1,105 tons st., 1,230 FL)
Dimensions: 55.9(54.4 m) x 6.2 x 5.5 (183 x 20 x 17ft)
Powerplant: 1 shaft, 4 MTU diesels + Siemens electric motor
Performances: Diesels/elect. 2250/3600 bhp, 11/12 kts, range 25/230/400 nm/20/8/4 kts
Armament: 8x 533 mm TTs (21 in), 14 torpedoes, sub-Harpoon SSM
Electronics: Unknown
Crew: 31

Chios (Jason) class Tanks Landing Ships (1988)

Chios class L-173 (commissioned in 1996) was followed by five ships, of which the last was cancelled, and the others were commissioned 1994, 1999 and 2000.
Chios, Samos, Ikaria, Lesbos, Rodos
Started at the end of the cold war, these TLS were entirely constructed in Greece, at the Eleusis shipyards. The wee ordered on 15 May 1986 as replacements for the obsolete WW2 LSTs and their appearance was close to the latter. The program was supposed to be wrapped up in 1990, but economical problems delayed completions. One ship was launched per year, 1988, 89, 90, 91, 92.

Jason class specifications (1976)

Displacement: 4400 tonnes FL
Dimensions: 115.9 x 15.3 x 3.44 (380 x 50 x 11ft)
Powerplant: 2 shafts diesels 10,600 bhp, 17 knots
Armament: 76mm/62 OTO Melara, 2x 40 mm Bofors, 2x2 20 mm AA, Sea king Helcopter*
Electronics: Radar Kelvin-Hugues Type 1007, Thomson-Sintra Triton V, Thomson-CSF castor
Crew: 108 + 303 infantry, 6 tanks or 10-12 light vehicles, 800 tonnes payload.
*Helipad aft but no facility

Ormi class LPV (1989)

HS Tolm
HS Tolm after transfer

These two ex-Asheville class large patrol vessels (LPV) were transferred in November 1989 and renamed Ormi and Tolm. Refitted and recommissioned in June 1990 without their gas turbines. Specs as the original Asheville class in reserve since 1977.

Greek MTBs (1967-76)

From 1965, Greece acquired 13 MTBs of various origins:
-6 Andromeda class: Ex-Tjeld class, Norwegian MTBs, ordered in Mandal, 1965: Adromeda, Iniohos, Kastor, kuykonos, Pigasos, Toxotis; The design was based on the Nasty class. They had two 40 mm Bofors and were delivered in 1967. They were discarded 1972-83. They were all based in the Aegean islands.
-Astrapi, Aiolos (P20 and P19), ex-German Brave and Ferocity class MTBs (Vosper design), strahl and Pfeil. Acquired 1967, discarded 1976-79.
-Delphin class (1968): A serie of five ex-Simbermöwe class MTBs, called Delphin, Drakon, Polikos, Polideflkis, Foinix, P15-P18. All discarded by 1974.
-Hesperos class (1976): Seven ex-German Jaguar class MTBs. Hesperos, Kataigis, Kantauros, Kylon, Laiaps, Scorpios, Tyfon. Three more were transferred in 1976-77 for spares. In 1980 they were renumbered P50-P56. kataigis was discarded in 1981, Kentauros in 1985 and the others in 1995-98. Note: This is contradicted by Wikipedia. More info

Greek FACs (1974-76)

16 FACs were acquired by Greece, ranging from 80 to 400 tonnes and varying widlly in capabilities.

Diopos Antoniou in 2007 (src navypedia)

-Kelefstis Stamou class: Two French-built (CN de l'Esterel, Cannes, France) vessels for Cyprus, not accepted by the Cypriot government and instead re-routed to Greece at the time of the invasion. They had a wooden hull and their AA comprised a single 40 mm AA and one 20 mm or two 20 mm AA instead. But they packed quite a punch with their four SS 12 SSM, short range wire-guided missiles. They were equipped with a Decca 1226 radar. Names: Diopos Antoniou (P28 - 286) and Kelefstis Stamou (P29 -287)

Kelefstis Stamou class src navypedia
Specs: 8/115 tonnes, 32 x 4.8 x 1.6m, 2 shafts MTU 12V331 TC81 diesels 2700shp/30 kts range 1500nm/15kts, crew 17. P287-288 in 1980, in service until the late 1990s.

Anninos class FACs (conways)

-Anninos class: Four French-Built La Combattante II Type FACs from CM Normandie (Cherbourg) delivered in 1971-72 as completed, ordered in 1969. Identical to the Israeli Saar types. An order for six more to be built in Greece was dropped in favor of an order for ten La Combattante III models. They were renamed in 1973, Kymothoi (Ipopliarchos Konidis, P53) P16, Kalypso or Ipopliarchos Batsis (P54) P17, Evniki (then Ipopliarchos Arliotis, P55) P15, Navsithoi (then Ipopliarchos Anninos, P56), initially P14.

Specs: 234/255 tones FL, 47x7.1x2.5m, 4 shafts MTU MD872 diesels, 12,000 shp, 36.5 kts, range 8500 nm/25kts. They were armed with four MM38 Exocet, two twin 35 mm guns and two 533 mm TTs. They were fitted with a Decca 1226, Thomson Pollux and Triton radars and the DR-2000S ECM suite. Discarded 2002-2004.

Simaioforos Xenos in 1988

-Laskos class: Ten La Combattante III type FACs from CMN Cherbourg. Built in two groups, four ships (Laskos, Blessas, Troupakis, Mykonios P20-23) and six ships (Kalavoudis, Kostakos, Deyiannis, Xenos, Simiztopoulos, Starakis, P24-29). They reached 430 tonnes for the second group, fully loaded. Specs: 359/425-430 t FL, 56.2x7.9x2.5m, 4 shafts MTU diesels 18,000 bhp 36.5 kts, range 700/2000 nm 32/15 kts. They were armed with four MM38 or six Penguin SSM, two 76 mm OTO and two twin 30 mm, two 533 mm TTs. Their were fitted with a Decca 1226, Triton, and Castor radars, two Panda e/o systems, a DR-2000S ECM suite, and two Mk 36 SRBOC decoy RL, omitted in the second group. They were also partly armoured, with 2.5 in (64 mm) of Kevlar over vital spaces.

Ordered in 1974, delivered 1976, and the six of the second group were built in Greece, at the Hellenic shipyards in Skaramanga under French supervision, completed in 1980-81. This batch had less expensive missiles an delectronics. Today this is known as the Simaioforos Simitzopoulos class (P20-P29). Apart Antipliarchos Kostakos sunk in a collision in 1996, they are all in service today, modernized in the 2010s: Simaioforos Starakis for example had in addition to its Penguin Mk 2 mod.3 SSMs two twin Harpoon SSM (4 RGM-84C) and a Scout Mk 2, LIROD Mk 2 radar, MSP-500 Mirador e/o system, two Alex decoy RL and a TACTICOS CCS.

-Armatolos class: These two FACs, HS Armatolos and Navhamos based on the Osprey 55 type licenced from Frederickshaven Vaerft from Denmark. Ordered in March, 1988 they were built in 1989 and delivered, commissioned in 1990. They were initially planned to carry four Harpoon SSM but because of budgetary constraints, delivered without. They served as patrol vessels.
Specs: 515 tonnes, 54.7x10.5x2.55m, 2 shafts MTU 1163 TB 93 diesels, 9870 bhp, 24.37 kts, 500 nm/22kts, armed with a 40mm Bofors, 2x20 mm Rheinmetall AA and mines, and they could carry 25 infantry to be operated from inflatables. There has been discussions to rearm them with SSMs from decomm. Gearing class DDs.

Mine warfare vessels of the Hellenic Navy (1953-70)

Three classes for a total of 14 minesweepers and two minelayers over the years, only the last class was active in the 2000s.
-Aktion class: US MMC type minesweepers transferred in 1953 under MDAP (sister ship HC Amvrakia). Former LSM1 type lading ships converted, armed with 4x2 40 mm AA and 6x 20 mm AA, carrying 130 mines handled by a pair od derricks fore and aft. Discarded in the late 1990s

-Atalami class: (Atalami, Antiopi, Faedra, Thalia, Niovi) Adjutant class coastal minesweepers, transferred under MDAP in 1969, still in service in the 1990s.
-Aedon class: (Aedon, Klio, Aigli, Alkyon, Avra, Dafni, Kichli, Kissa, Pleias). Ex Falcon class coastal minesweepers built by Petereson, with a large enclosed bridge and wooden hull. Still active in the 1990s.

The post-cold war fleet:

Kimon class Destroyers (1991)

HS Nearchos

Kimon, Nearchos, Formion, Themistocles
First Hellenic missile destroyers (not counting ASROC on previous classes). Four Charles M. Adams identical to the ships discarded in the US. The ex DDG-18 was renumbered DD-218 in Greek service, leased from 13 September 1991, the other three came from San Diego and were acquired in 1/10/1992 but recommissioned on 30 April 1994. They were the ex-USS Semmes, Waddell, Joseph Strauss and Berkeley. It is not sure that they were equipped with Harpoon missiles, possibly transferred later. They were in 1995 prospects to upgrade their electronics, with a new combat system, sonar and SAM but it was never realized. Instead, they were scrapped in the 2004-2005s, after a ten year service. In addition Richard E. Byrd (DDG-23) was sold for parts (never recommissioned) and ended as target.

Hydra class Frigates (1991)

Hydra, Spetsai, Psara, Salamis HS Spetsai
HS Spetsai (F-453)

The Hellenic order was one of the numeruous export success of the MEKO brand, a product from the Blohm and Voss Yards. It was a german portmanteau meaning "Mehrzweck-Kombination" for "multipurpose combination". The company made already ships for Nigeria, Argentina, before launching the very successful 200 family. Before Greece, purchased by Turkey (1987, 4) and Portugal (1991, 3). Therefore the Greek version was called MEKO 200 Mark 3 as they were the third evolution of the type. The Greek MOD plan however was to acquire knowhow by building these vessels locally with German assistance. Aside the MEKO type, other designs has been considered and competed, like the Italian Lupo class or the British Leander class. The contract with B&V was announced on 18 April 1988. The contract stipulated the first ship was to be built in Germany and the remainder three in Greece at the Helenic SY, Skaramanga. They were tailored for the Hellenic needs, hence the specs table below. The ships were to be equipped by US Armament and electronics, including the Sikorsky Seahawk helicopter. HS Hydra was launched in December 1990, so barely a "cold war" vessel, although started before the fall of USSR. She was completed in 1992 but formally commissioned in April 1993, after repairs as a devastating fire broke out in january that year. The three remaining ships were plagues with difficulties and financial issues delayng the launching in 1992 and 1993, 94, completion in 1996 and 1998. Entire sections of the ships were shipped to greece for assembly and speed up the process. All four are in service today.

MEKO 200 Mk.3 overview (Conways)

Hydra class specifications

Displacement: 2710/3200 (updated: 3,360 tons st., 4,000 FL)
Dimensions: 109.5 pp/117.5 oa x 14.8 x 6 (385 x 48 x 19ft)
Powerplant: 2 shaft CODOG: 2 GE LM-5000-30 Gas Turbines, 2 MTU 20V956 TB82 diesels
Performances: Gas Turbines: 60.650 bhp, 31 kts, Diesels 10,400 bhp, 21 knots, range 4100 nm/18 kts
Armament: Mk48 VLS Sea Sparrow (16), 2x4 Harpoon SSM, 5-in/54 Mk45 gun, 2 Phalanx CIWS, 2x3 324 mm TTs, 1 Helicopter
Electronics: Radar Decca 2690BT, HSA MW-08, DA-08, STIR-18, sonar SQS-56, ECM Argo AR 700, APECS-II jammer, 2 decoy launchers
Crew: 173, including 22 officers

-Pezopoulos class FACs:
These were former 1974 Type 148 (La Combattante II A4L) craft of Bundesmarine, built in Lürssen, Vegesack and CMN Normandy, transferred in 1994-95 and 2000. Six ships of the Jaguar class. Armed with 2x2 MM38 Exocet MM38 SSM, 2x 76/62 OTO-Melara Compact, 1x 40/70 Breda-Bofors 564. Electronics: 3RM20, Triton-G, Castor-II radars, 2x Hot Dog, 1x Wolke decoy RL, PALIS CCS.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)

Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)
Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Norge class (1900)
Haarfarge class (1897)
Norwegian Monitors
Cr. Frithjof (1895)
Cr. Viking (1891)
DD Draug (1908)
Norwegian ww1 TBs
Norwegian ww1 Gunboats
Sub. Kobben (1909)
Ml. Fröya (1916)
Ml. Glommen (1917)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 US Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 USN destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 US Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1944)
Majestic class (1945)
Centaur class (started 1945)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST
LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class
British ww2 Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)
WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)
WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)
WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)
WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs
Cold War Naval Aviation
Carrier planes
(to come)
  • Grumman Mallard 1946
  • Edo OSE-1 1946
  • Short Solent 1946
  • Chetverikov TA-1 1947
  • de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver 1947
  • Grumman Albatross 1947
  • Hughes H-4 Hercules (completed & first flight, prototype)
  • Saunders-Roe SR.A/1 1947 (jet fighter seaplane prototype)
  • Short Sealand 1947
  • Beriev Be-8 1947
  • Martin P5M Marlin 1948
  • Supermarine Seagull ASR-1 1948 (prototype successor to the Walrus)
  • Nord 1400 Noroit 1949
  • Norsk Flyindustri Finnmark 5A (interesting Norwegian prototype)
  • SNCASE SE-1210 French prototype flying boat 1949
  • Beriev Be-6 1949
  • Convair R3Y Tradewind USN patrol flying boat 1950
  • Goodyear Drake (proto seaboat) 1950
  • de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter 1951 (RCAN)
  • Saunders-Roe Princess 1952 (RN requisition possible)
  • Beriev R-1 turbojet prototype seaplane 1952
  • Convair F2Y Sea Dart Prototype delta jet fighter seaplane 1953
  • Martin P6M SeaMaster strategic bomber flying boat 1955
  • Beriev Be-10 1956
  • Ikarus Kurir H 1957
  • Beriev Be-12 Chaika 1960
  • Shin Meiwa UF-XS prototype 1962
  • Shin Meiwa PS-1 patrol flying boat 1967
  • Canadair CL-215 1967 water bomber, some operated by the RCAN
  • GAF Nomad patrol australian land/floatplane 1971
  • Harbin SH-5 Main PLAN patrol flying boat 1976
  • Cessna 208 Caravan transport flotplane (some navies) 1982
  • Dornier Seastar prototype 1984
  • Beriev Be-40/A-40 Albatross prototypes 1986

Patrol Planes
(to come)
Navy Helicopters
    Chinese PLAN:
  • Harbin Z-5 (1958)
  • Harbin Z-9 Haitun (1981)
  • Changhe Z-8 (1985)
  • Harbin Z-20 (in development)
  • Italy:
  • Agusta Bell AB-205 (1961)
  • Agusta Bell AB-212 (1971)
  • Agusta AS-61 (1968)
  • India:
  • Hal Dhruv (Indian Navy)
  • France:
  • Alouette II (1955)
  • Alouette III (1959)
  • Super Frelon (1965)

  • Cougar ()
  • Panther ()
  • Super Cougar H225M ()
  • Fennec ()
  • MH-65 Dolphin ()
  • UH-72 Lakota ()
  • Germany:
  • MBB Bo 105 (1967)
  • NHIndustries NH90
  • Japan:
  • Mitsubishi H-60 (1987)
  • Poland:
  • PZL W-3 Sokół (1979)
  • Romania:
  • IAR 330M (1975)
  • United Kingdom:
  • Westland Lynx (1971)
  • Westland Scout (1960) RAN
  • Westland Sea King (1969)
  • Westland Wasp (1962)
  • Westland Wessex (1958)
  • Westland Whirlwind (1953)
  • Westland WS-51 Dragonfly (1948)
  • USA:
  • Gyrodyne QH-50 DASH
  • Hiller ROE Rotorcycle (1956)
  • Piasecki HRP Rescuer (1945)
  • Bell UH-1N Twin Huey (1969)
  • SH-2 Seasprite (1959)
  • SH-2G Super Seasprite (1982)
  • CH-53 Sea Stallion (1966)
  • SH-60 Seahawk (1979)
  • Sikorsky S-61R (1959)
  • MH-53E Sea Dragon (1974)
  • USSR:
  • Kamov Ka 20 (1958)
  • Ka-25 "Hormone" (1960)
  • Ka-27 "Helix" (1973)
  • Ka-31 (1987)
  • Ka-35 (2015)
  • Ka-40 (1990)
  • Mil-Mi 2 (1949)
  • Mil Mi-4 (1952)

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