Kresta II class cruisers

10 cruisers: Khronstadt, Admiral Isakov, Admiral Nakhimov, Admiral Makarov, Admiral Voroshilov, Admiral Oktyabryskiy, Admiral Isashenko, Admiral Timoshenko, Vasily Chapayev, Admiral Yumashev
The Kresta II class missile cruisers (Project 1134A, or Berkut A) were like the Kresta I anti-ship cruisers re-evaluated as ASW cruisers when the design was still ongoing. Their armament, to differentiate themselves from the first Kresta I, consisted in 8 new SSN-9 short-range anti-ship missiles. But what was originally planned was not realized due to lack of technical maturity, and they were replaced by 8 SSN-14 "Flint" ASW systems (with optional tactical nuclear warhead of 10 Kt), with many other alterations. They were all built by the Zhdanov Shipyard in Leningrad and distributed in the Baltic (2), Arctic (5), and Pacific (3). In 1990, all ten were active: They were removed from service in 1991, 1992, and 1993.

A Kresta II class cruiser, Admiral Yumashev, in January 1982.

Design development

Context: ASW first

In the 1960s Soviet domestic shipbuilding there was a shift in priorities for subjective reasons. At that time, the construction of surface ships was carried out in two general directions: "anti-ship" and "anti-submarine". The deployment of the Polaris A1 system in the United States naturally, raised the need to strike potential enemy's SSBNs. In this regard, even political and state leaders far from naval affairs, knew the "anti-submarine" had a positive understanding which almost at every turn guaranteed the "green light" to any program.

By 1964, a program was implemented to build missile cruisers, called Project 58 Grozny (Kynda class), which, for their indisputable merits, had many drawbacks. Way too cramped by their displacement and dimensions, requirements for improving the crew's living conditions as well as improving "combat service" became impotant. As well as reinforcing Air defense, and increasing their operational range. In the end, advances in missile made complex and cumbersome rotary launchers obsolete. Practice shown this reloading was rather laborious and protracted, unsuitable in real combat conditions. The temporary helicopter spot also was unusable in heavy seas and the helicopter was soon compromised by seawater corrosion.

Start of Proyekt 1134

Based on these observations, the formal basis for the development of a new project numbered 1134 (later awarded the code "Berkut", for "golden eagle") was adopted by the Central Committee and Council of Ministers under the No. 1180-510 decree on 12/30/1961. Shortly before its release however, the Main Shipbuilding Directorate ordered the Northern Ship design bureau the development of a new air defense cruisers immediately from the technical design stage, bypassing the conceptual phase entirely. Chief designer of proyekt 1134 was V.F. Anikiev, later chief designer of the future Kuznetsov. Navy staff Observation were translated in the design by Captains A.A. Maiorov, and O.T. Safronov.

When designing the new Pr.1134 Berkut, the aforementioned requirements were largely taken into account, as the newly designed, enlarged hull had boiler and turbines essentially similar to the Kynda class, while a second Volna air defense system was fitted with the anti-aircraft missiles increased two folds with the introduction of conveyor storage. Composition of the electronic suite was changed accordingly, and instead of a second Angara radar, a new Kliver radar and a Gurzuf active jamming station were installed.

Also a permanent aft hangar for the Kamov Ka-25RT helicopter was fitted, ensuring they would be well protected from the elements. The looser of this rearrangement was the ship's (anti-ship) strike capabilities: Four P-6 in paired launchers with no proper guidance and without reload was installed on the inital design. The Shtorm air defense missile system which was planned was never ready in time so the Pr.1134 Berkut was given the older Volna air defense system (SA-N-1). Instead of the 76-mm AK-726 gun mounts, faster-firing new AK-725 twin AA guns with individual control (Bars radar) were installed.

From the very beginning, Proyekt 1134 Berkut received an external target designation system for the P-6 missile. To control the ship and establish datalink, it was assisted by a combined GKP-FKP-BIP system exhanging mutual information and other necessary equipment. It was complex but very advanced at that time;

The new Pr. 1134-A (Kresta II) were classified as "large anti-submarine" cruisers. In this regard, composition of their ASW suite was somewhat strengthened. Instead of triple torpedo tubes, quintuple models PTA-53-1134 with anti-submarine torpedoes "Raccoon-2" were installed. Two more RBU-1000 medium-range RLs were installed, but firing rockets with larger warheads. In addition, RBU-6000 rocket provision was increased and during a design revision it was decided to abandon spare anti-ship missiles, further specializing the ships for anti-submarine warfare. Eletronically, the Titan all-round radar and Vychegda target designator were installed as well as a more specialized anti-submarine helicopter which could carry five PLAT-1 torpedoes and 54 RGAB depht-charges (with optional nuclear warhead).

Despite all of these alterations, the first four Pr.1134 Berkut turned out to be a "step in place", and although at the end of the 1970s they were retrained as missile cruisers, they could not be considered as such by their limited capabilities and initially their fire control system only guided two anti-ship missiles simultaneously. Their anti-submarine capabilities were limited, due to the old, weak sonar and limited anti-submarine suite. Nevertheless, the "Berkut" class became the founders of the largest family of large anti-submarine ships of Soviet Navy with 14 vessels, before the Kara class.

Design of the Kresta II class

Hull and general arrangements

Having the same dimensions, the Kresta I and II were also very close in displacement: 5,600 tons standard and 7,535 tons fully loaded and about the same for the Kresta I. The machinery was the same, as well as the internal cmpartimentation and double hull. The ship had no armour. Machinery, speed, and range were about the same. What made these cruisers different was their main missile armament (with larger quad launchers) and new radar systems. The best recoignition tip was their large "Top Sail" air search radar used for the new SA-N-3 long-range launchers. The bow rake was also different was as the sonar and other systems.


The machinery space received two TV-12 sets of steam turbines, with high-pressure boilers. Basically this was the same powerplant as for the Kresta I class. The steam turbine were fed by four watertube boilers, for a total output of 91,000 up to 100,000 horsepower with forced heat. This was enough to procure these ships a top speed of 33 knots (61.1 km/h, 39 mph) up to 34 knots on trials. Their operational range was up to 10,500 nmi (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph), down to 5,200 nmi (9,600 km; 6,000 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). They carried in peactime 1,830 tons of fuel oil.


Alongside their antiship missiles, the other innovation was their new surface-to-air missiles (SA-N-3), and advanced sonar. For Conway's only the first three ships of the class were to be fitted with SS-N-9s, however a change in naval doctrine placed a greater emphasis on anti-submarine warfare.

Marshal Timoshenko in 1986
Marshal Timoshenko in 1986

Anti-submarine missiles

The main weapon system was not anti-ship but anti-submarine: Two quadruple launchers, installed on either side of the main bridge, framed by the open bridge legs. In total, eight SS-N-14 Silex, known in the Soviet Navy as the Metel Antiship complex. Conrary to the common RBU rocket launcher systems, the Metel was far more precise and had a mych greater range. Weight: 3,930 kg (8,660 lb), length 7.2 m (24 ft) overall.
Warhead: ASW torpedoes/nuclear depth charge. Late versions: Multi purpose torpedoes/185 kg shaped charge warhead in antiship role.
Propellant: solid fuel rocket, range 5 – 50 km in anti-submarine role. They could reach a depht of 500 metres. When flying, top speed was Mach 0.95, 290 m/s (650 mph), and they used a Radio command guidance, via helicopter and an IR seeker for the final approach.
In addition to the Kresta II, this weapon system was also used on the Kara, Burevestnik 1 & 2, Udaloy I and Kirov classes. It proved a dependable weapon until the end of the cold war.

Admiral Oktyabrsky Hormuz 1990
Admiral Oktyabrsky Hormuz 1990

Long Range Anti-Air Missiles

The SA-N-3 "Goblet" missile launchers were two twin mounts, fore and aft, like for the Kresta I. They were assisted by a new 3D search radar and new fire control radars. The SA-N-3 was much improved compared to the previous SA-N-1 "Goa": Known in the Russian navy as M-11 Shtorm, it was tested on the pair of Moskva class helicopter cruisers, but officially accepted into service until 1969.

Carried in pairs, on rotating twin rail launchers they flew to their targets between Mach 2 and Mach 3. 6.1 m (20 ft) in lenght, and weighting 845 kg (1,863 lb) they carried a 80 kg (180 lb) warhead. Effective altitude was up to 25,000 m (82,020 ft) allowing them to shot down strategic bombers. Engagement range could be as low as 3 km, up to 30 km (1.9–18.6 mi) and up to 55 km (34 mi) for the late version. It was guided is via radio command, with the "Head Lights" radar, working in conjunction with a large "Top Sail" search radar. The Kresta II carried 72 of these.

Short Range ASW:

The Kresta II relied on the combination of two weapons systems: Rocket launchers, of two types, and torpedo tubes.
-Two RBU-6000 12-barrel anti-submarine rocket launchers, mounted at the prow, with 144 in reserve.
-Two RBU-1000 6-barrel anti-submarine rocket launchers, mounted on either side of the hangar aft, with 60 in reserve.
-Two quintuple torpedo tubes banks, of the standard 533 mm (21 in) antiship/ASW model.

Admiral Yumashev, 1982
Admiral Yumashev, 1982

Close AA/AAM defense

AA Guns: The Kresta II had two twin 57-mm/70-cal AK-725 anti-aircraft guns mounted on either side of the aft radar tower on the superstructure bridge.
CIWS: The ships received four 30mm AK-630 CIWS guns mainly for anti-missile defence. They were placed on two raised platforms on either side of the superstructure, in between the bridge and main radar mast, located just behind the fire deflector of the Silex missile launchers.

Admiral Yumashev in 1985
Admiral Yumashev in 1985

On Board aviation

The presence of a permanent helicopter since the Kresta I as acquired, with a single hangar and spot aft. This was a Ka-25 Hormone B used for missile data link, ASW patrol and strike and SAR (Search & Rescue).


Radars: One Don Kay, a Don-2, a Top Sail (main tower), Head Net. The MR600 air search radar MR-310 Angara was coupled with a Don and Volga navigational radars.
FCS radars: Two Grom SA-N-1 fire control "Head Lights", two MR103 AK725 "Muff Cob", and two Drakon RP33 "Bass Tilt".
Sonar: MG-322 NATO 'Bull Nose', a more advanced sonar than the MG-312/MG-26, also leading to a redesign of the bow, which was more sharply raked. Later were added 8 CME Side Globes to guide the missiles, seven Bell Series FCS.
They had also the MG-26 communications outfit and a MG-35 Shtil system. Th first four had to manually target the AK-630 CIWS, but the rest of the class called for the MR-123 Vympel fire control radar.

Replenishment oiler Berezina and aircraft carrier Kiev
Replenishment oiler Berezina and aircraft carrier Kiev and Kresta in escort, 1985

Kresta II
Kresta II author's illustration

Proyekt 1134A Berkut Specifications as completed

Dimensions159 x 16.8 x 5.32m (522 ft x 56 ft x 20 ft)
Displacement5600t, 6556t FL Fully Loaded
Propulsion2 shafts DGC turbines, 4 boilers, 91,000 hp, 32 knots.
Range1830t fuel, 10,500 nmi/14 kn, 5,200 nmi/18 kn
Armament: Missiles2x4 SS-N-14, 2x2 LM SA-N-3
Armament: Rockets2 RBU 6000, 2 RBU 1000
Armament: Guns & others2x4 SS-N-14, 2x2 LM SA-N-3, 2x2 x 57mm, 2x5 TT 533mm
Onboard aviationKamov Ka-25 ASW helicopter
Electronics: RadarsDon Kay, Don-2, Head-Net C, Top Sail
Electronics: FCS2 Head Lights, 2 Peel Group, 2 Muff Cob, 2 Bass Tilt
Electronics: Sonars & JammingSonar Bull Nose, 8 CME Side Globes, 7 Bell Series.

Marshal Voroshilov 1990
Marshal Voroshilov 1990

Src/Read More
Model Kit: Missile Cruiser Admiral Zozulya Project
1/1250 model 1/700 model on shapeways

Averin, A.B. (2007). Admirals and Marshals: Ships Project 1134 and 1134A, Moscow: Voennaya Kniga.
Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995.
Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995) Same. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
Hampshire, Edward (2017). Soviet Cold War Guided Missile Cruisers. New Vanguard 242. Osprey Publishing.

Vasiliy Chapaev
Vasiliy Chapaev and Nikolai Vilkov in 1990, Vladivostok

Vasiliy Chapaev in 1983
Vasiliy Chapaev in 1983

The Kresta II class in service


Built under serial no. 721 on 30.11.66, launched on 10.2.68 she was completed 29.12.69. From September 1970 she was attached to the 120th Missile Ship Brigade, Northern Fleet). She was sent to Sevastopol for testing the missile systems Metel and Shtorm-M in the summer, and from 15 may next year to 22 july she was back to Severomorsk after taking part in operations in the Mediterranean. In September-October she shadowed NATO, observing and tracking the exercise "Iron Knight". In February-March 1972 she took part in a rescue operations, to try to find survivors from K-19 in the North Atlantic. In May 1973 she took part in the exercise "Laguna", in search of NATO submarines in the Northern Atlantic. Admiral Nakhimov sailed with her. From 22 June, she conducted her first SS-N-14 launch in the Northern Fleet area.

In September-October 1974 she took part in Northern Atlantic manoevers with the fleet. In April 1975 she took part in the "Okean-75" exercise. On 16 june, she collided with the missile cruiser Smyshlennyy and was damaged, so she sailed to Kronstadt, her namesake port, arriving on 19 July 1975 to undergo repairs until January 1980 as well as a modernization later at KMOLZ in Kronstadt, took over by the 95th Battalion of Construction and Overhauls. She was fitted with the new fire control system "Vympel-A". In May 1980 she was back to Severomorsk in the northern fleet, arriving on 21 may to join her old unit, the 120th Missile Ship Brigade. In July 1981 she took part in the "Sever-81" exercise, in the Barents Sea and also cruiser Norwegian waters with the Kirov, Admiral Isakov and the destroyer Smyshlennyy.

On 12 February 1982, she was transferred to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. She took part in rescue operations after the "K-123" submarine was reported missing. Kiev and Marshal Timoshenko took part, and she escorted the rescue vessel Altay but return early on due to machinery problems. In April-May 1982 her powerplant was completely revised at SRZ-35, Rosta. On 30 December that year her fire control system "Grom-M" was accidentally damaged. It will happen again in March 1984 and she was repaired at SRZ-35, in Rosta. September-October 1984 saw her in operations along the Faroe-Iceland, famous GIUK gap submarine barrier. In November 1985 she underwent a new overhaul, lating until June 1986 at SRZ-35 Rosta. In March 1987 she took part in a command staff exercise with the Kirov and Vitse-Admiral Drozd, Marshal Ustinov, Admiral Nakhimov, Admiral Makarov, Admiral Yumashev, and the destroyers Soobrazitelnyy, Otlichnyy, Otchayannyy and the Sovremennyy. The exercize of fleet cooridnation was a success, and it was her last large deploymenent. Soon the USSR collapse started and on 24 june 1991, after a long mothballing period in 1987-1991 she was ultimately decomissioned. In 1993 as funds were lacking for a modernization, she was sold to an Indian shipbreaker.

Admiral Isakov

Admiral Isachenkov 1985
Admiral Isachenkov underway aerial port quarter view, 1985

Built under the serial no. 722 from 15.1.68 to 22.11.68 and completed 28.12.70 the new cruiser underwent tests in Sept.-Oct. 1970 in the Baltic. In April 1971 she sailed from Kronshtadt to Severomorsk but suffered a boiler issue on 19.4.71. She was attached to the 120th Missile Ship Brigade and took part in the fall to tracking operations againt the US Navy in the Barents Sea and Norwegian Seas. Until June 1972 she trained in the Mediterranean, visiting Annaba (Algeria) and showing support to Egypt. She experienced another boiler failure in the Norwegian Sea on er way back. For most of 1973 she was in the Atlantic and took part in the exercise "Laguna". In August, visited Havana (Cuba) and in April 1974, took part in the exercise "Okean-75". In 1975 she alternated between the Central Atlantic and Mediterranean. In 1976 she was attached as an escort to the Kiev during her main missile systems tests off Kolguyev Island. In 1977 she took part in the "Sever-77" exercise.

From June 1977 to April 1980 she underwent a long overhault and modernization in Rosta, receiving the new FCS "Vympel-A" and retunred in operations in May in the Barents and Norwegian seas. She collided with HMS Glasgow ubut without much gravity and participated in the summer in the "Sever-81" exercise with Kirov and Kronshtadt. In 1982 she was attached to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade and trained in the Central Atlantic and Mediterranean with Kiev/ She made two training exercises in the Greeland Sea, "Natyag" and "Atoll" and later "Shschit-82" and was repaired in November 1982 at SRZ-13, Sevastopol. By December she was back in Cuba, visiting Havana and Cienfuegos.

By early 1983, she was in the Northern Atlantic and arrived at Severomorsk to escort Novorossiysk on her way to the Pacific, from Severomorsk and off Gibraltar. In 1984 she took part in the "Atlantika-84" exercise and from late 1986 to 1990 was sent foa major overhaul and modernization at SRZ-35 in Rosta, receiving the Rastrub-B (SS-N-14B) missile system and satcom R-790 "Tsunami-BM" and ADK-3M Sluz automated launch system. In 1991 she was attached to the 44th Anti-Submarine Warfare Division until June 1993, whe she was decommissioned, sold the next year to India.

Admiral Nakhimov

Admiral Nakhimov 1979
Admiral Nakhimov 1979

Laid down on 15.1.68, launched 15.4.69 and completed 29.11.71 Nakhimov was attached from 13.12.71 to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade in Severomorsk. In 1973 she was in operations in the Central Atlantic and Mediterranean and took part in the exercises "Ladoga" and "Duet". In the Med, she was anchored in the Bay of Sallum, Egypt, to show support to the regime. However one sailor defected and she was ordered back to Severomorsk: Both the captain and political officer were demoted and reassigned. She was visited by the Soviet Navy Commander admiral Gorshkov and in 1973 took part in the exercise "Laguna".

In March 1974 she was visited by Marshal Moskalenko and until the fall of that year was in operations in the Mediterranean and Central Atlantic. In July she evacuated Soviet citizens from Limasol in Cyprus during the Turkish invasion. She visited Havana in September and took part in 1975 in the exercise "Okean-75" with Admiral Makarov. Until the end of the year, she alternated between the Mediterranean and Central Atlantic, notably tracking the USS Nimitz. In 1976-77 the routine repeated without notable event. She took part in the "Sever-77" and "Estafeta-77" air defence exercises and visited Conakry (Guinea) and Luanda (Angola). Until late 1979-1980, same routine, and from February 1981 to May 1982 she underwent her major overhaul and modernization at KMOLZ, Kronshtadt (95th Battalion), receiving the "Vympel-A" and ADK-3M ALS.

She returned to Severomorsk and return to her routine of exercises in 1983 in the Central and Southern Atlantic, but was based at Luanda for a time, as flagship of the 30th Operational Brigade and then Conakry for two weeks. She took part in the "Atlantika-84" exercise and escorted Frunze to the Pacific from Severomorsk. On 14 Feb. 1986 she collided with K-255 and was repaired at SRZ-35 Rosta. In 1987 took part in a very large command staff exercise. In 1989 she was sent to SRZ-35 Rosta for another overhault and modernization, never completed. Mothballed in 1991 she was decomissioned and sold for BU in 1993.

Admiral Makarov

Admiral Makarov 1985
Admiral Makarov 1985

Laid down on 23.2.69, launched 22.1.70 and completed 25.10.72, Makarov started her sea trials and training in the Baltic in 1972 and in 1973 she was attached to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. She sailed from Kronshtadt to Baltiysk, visited by the Soviet Minister of Defence Grechko and commander of the Soviet Navy Gorshkov. She left for Severomorsk but collided in heavy fog with the Czechoslovakian "Sladno" in the Fehmarn Belt, returning to Baltiysk for repairs at KMOLZ, Kronshtadt. Back to Severomorsk she took part in the exercise "Laguna" and in 1974 received another visit from Gorshkov. In 1975 she was in operations in the Central and Southern Atlantic and visited Havana and Cienfuegos, later Casablanca and took part in the "Okean-75" exercise.

The routine resumed in 1976 and she was based for some time in Luanda (Angola) to ensure safe passage of Cuban transports duing the war. She also visited Conakry and in 1977 was attached to the 120th Missile Ship Brigade. In 1978 she trained in the Norwegian and Barents Seas, tracking NATO "Northern Wedding-78". In 1979 she took part in a large command staff anti-submarine warfare exercise "Rasbeg-79". In 1982 she was attached to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade and in 1983-1985 received her major overhault (same as the others). In 1986 she was back in the Mediterranean, test-firing her SS-N-14 missiles and in 1987 took part in another command staff exercise. Until 1988 she operated in the Mediterraneanand was based in Tartus, Syria. On 20.2.88 there was a fire onboard, but limited damage. She also visited Latakia (Syria) and tracked USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. From October 1991 she attached to the 44th Anti-Submarine Warfare Division but decomissioned in 1994 and sold for BU.

Marshal Voroshilov

Soviet cruiser, Marshal Voroshilov 1983 Central Pacific
Soviet cruiser, Marshal Voroshilov 1983 Central Pacific

Voroshilov was laid down on 20 March 1970, launched on 8 October and completed in September 1973. She sailed from Kronshtadt to Vladivostok for basic training and made her shakedown cruise in the Indian Ocean until 1974, and the east african coast, visiting Port Louis (Mauritius) Malabo (Mozambique), Berbera (Somalia) and in June was attached to the 201st Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. In 1975 she returned in the Indian Ocean. Same in 1976 and until the end of 1977 she underwent an overhault at Dalzavod in Vladivostok. She was hit by a storm in the Sea of Japan, and suffered some damage. In Aprol 1978 she took part in a large exercise observed by General Secretary Brezhnev and Minister of Defence Ustinov onboard Admiral Senyavin. From July 1979 to March 1980 she was in operations in the Indian Ocean and Hormuz Strait and tracked USS Nimitz there. She also visited Victoria (Seychelles) and Massaua (Ethiopia), Maputo (Mozambique) and Colombo (Ceylon).

From November 1980 to March 1986 she underwent her major modernization at Dalzavod (Vladivostok) receiving the SS-N-14B, R-790 satcom, ADK-3M chaff launcher. In 1988 she took part in a lage ASW exercise in the Sea of Okhotsk with Tallin. Until May 1989 she was operations in the South China Sea and Indian Ocean, based at Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam. On 20 December 1990 she collided with the frigorific ship Gorets in the eastern Bosphorus Strait, was renamed "Khabarovsk" in 1991 but in 1992 she was placed in reserve, decomissioned in Vladivostok, and almost destroyed by a fire, BU in place.

Admiral Oktyabrskiy

Cruiser Admiral Oktyabrsky 1990
Cruiser Admiral Oktyabrsky 1990

Built in Zhdanov under serial no. 726 from 2.6.69 to 21.5.71 and completed in 28.12.73, Admiral Oktyabrsky started training in February 1974 and was attached to the 201st Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. She sailed to Vladivostok and started operations in the Indian Ocean. In East Africa, she visited Berbera (Somalia), Aden and Colombo (Sri Lanka) and underwent Suez canal operations off Cape Guardafui until 1975. She made her first fire trial of the SS-N-14 in the Pacific Fleet. Until May 1977 she took part in the ASW exercise "Piton" with Strogiy, Gordyy, Gnevnyy and Razyashchiy in the Philippine Sea. Back in the Indian Ocean for he second part of the year and trained with Chapaev and another exercise observed by General Secretary Brezhnev and Minister of Defence Ustinov onboard Admiral Senyavin.

Until late 1978 she was back in Indian Ocean, making the ASW exercize "Piton" with Chapaev and Razyashchiy in the Philippine Sea. Until late 1979 she underent her major overhaul at Dalzavod, Vladivostok and in 1980 she was operations in the Indian Ocean, stopping at Tamrida (Sokrota) and South Yemen. She trained with Admiral Fokin and Storozhevoy. She visited Dakhlak and Aden, and returned home for inactivation and a new overhault and modernization from December 1982 to October 1986 in Vladivostok. By mid-1988 she made a post-reconstruction trials, training and firing exercises and in august 1990 to Feb. 1991 she was back to the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf. She was decomm. in 1993.

Admiral Isachenkov

Admiral sachenkov supplied by Dubna, 1985
Admiral Isachenkov supplied by Dubna, 1985

She was laid down on 30.10.70, launched 28.2.72 and completed 5.11.74. From the 27 Sept. until November 1974 she trained in the Baltic and later sailed from Liepaya to Severomorsk. She was attached to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. In March 1975 Admiral Isachenkov was visited by Minister of Defence Grechko. She took part in "Okean-75" as flagship and trained in the Norwegian Sea and Northern Atlantic, also tracking USS Independence. She took part to "Osen-76" with Admiral Timoshenko and tracked USS John. F. Kennedy and HMS Ark Royal. In 1977 she took part in "Buer-77" in the Barents Sea, and Northern Atlantic. After escorting Kiev to the Mediterranean, she met Kerch and participated in Northern Atlantic exercizes until the fall of 1978. She had a short overhault at Rosta and from Dec. 1979 to April 1980 she was back in the Mediterranean with Kiev and Marshal Timoshenko.

Until june, she took part in the "Atlantika-80" exercise and until late 1981, went on more Mediterranean training with Kiev and Marshal Timoshenko, visiting Rieka (Yugoslavia). From 3 December 1982 to August 1986 she underwent her major overhault and modernization at KMOLZ, Kronshtadt by the 95th Battalion. Until 24 june 1987 she was back in the Northern Atlantic and Mediterranean, in alternance, still with Kiev, also tracking USS Nimitz. She visited Split and Tripoli. On 22 April 1988 she had an accidental firing malfunction from one of her 30mm AK-630M guns during an AA exercise. From October 1991 she was attached to the 44th Anti-Submarine Warfare Division but decomm. on July 1992 and sold for BU next year.

Marshal Timoshenko

Marshal Timoshenko and Il-38
Marshal Timoshenko and Il-38 in 1985

Laid down on 2.11.72 and launched 21.10.73, Marshal Timoshenko was completed on 25.11.75. Until November that yeat 75 she trained in the Baltic and in 1976 sailed to Severomorsk to be attached to the 120th Missile Ship Brigade (Northern fleet). Untm Sept. 1976 she certified in weapons testings in the Barents Sea with Kiev also taking part in the exercise "Osen-76" with Admiral Isachenkov, and tracked USS John. F. Kennedy and HMS Ark Royal. In April 1977 she took part in "Sever-77", a large command staff exercise followed by the air defence exercise "Estafeta-77". At the fall of the year she was attached to the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade and until April 1978 she trained in the Northeastern Atlantic, also searching for fragments of crashed Tu-16R at Svalbard Island in Norway. Based in Severomorsk until late 1979 she took part in another command staff ASW exercise, "Razbeg-79". She departed in December for the Mediterranean and trained there unyil April 1980 with Kiev and Admiral Isachenkov.

June saw her in the "Atlantika-80" exercise, as flagship. Until late 1981 she trained in the Mediterranean with Kiev and Isachenkov, visiting Rieka but on 24.10.81 was stranded on the bottom in Kandalaksha Bay and damaged, repaired at SRZ Severodvinsk. In Feb. she took part in rescue operations for the K-123. Until December 1982 she was n the Southwestern Atlantic and visited Conakry (Guinea), Pointe Noire (Congo) and Sao Tome and Pricipe, Luanda and Mosamedish in Angola. In late 1983 she took part in "Magistral-83" and "Okean-83" with Aleksandr Nevskiy and Admiral Zozulya, Admiral Yumashev. Until June 1985 she trained in the Mediterranean and Red Sea and tracked USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. She passed the Suez Canal to the Red Sea and visited Aden and back in the Med, Dubrovnik. The same year she was in the command staff exercise with Kirov and Kiev and fired SS-N-14 and SAMs. In June 1987 she sailed to Kronshtadt and from 27 October 1988, underwent a major overhaul and modernization at KMOLZ by 95th Battalion, but work stopped in 1991 due to lack of funds and she was decomissioned and sold in 1994.

Vasiliy Chapayev

Vasiliy Chapaev in 1983
Vasiliy Chapaev in 1983

Vasiliy Chapaev was laid down 22.12.73 and launched in 28.11.74. After a completion on 30/11 1976 she was attached to the 12th Missile Ship Division and in 1978 sailed to Vladivostok, for Southwestern Atlantic operation with Admiral Oktyabrskiy. She visited Havana and Cienfuegos, and back on the Western African coast, Luanda, Maputo, passed the cape, stopped in and Aden, Bombay in late 1977. From late march 1978 she was attached to the 201st Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade and took part in the ASW exercise "Piton" with Admiral Oktyabrskiy in the Philippine Sea, while alater operating in the South China Sea with Admiral Senyavin and Admiral Fokin, showing support for Vietnam during the Sino-Vietnamese border war. In 1982 she was in operations in the Indian Ocean visiting many ports including including Victoria (Seychelles) and Sokrota Island, Dakhlak and Maputo in Mozambique and Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam or Aden and Indian cities.

In 1983 she in drydock in Dalzavod, Vladivostok for an overhaul and was back until May 1984 for operations in the Philippine and South China Seas. She visited Wonsan in NKA. She also took part in the ASW exercise "Dlinnaya Osen" in the Okhotsk sea with Novorossiysk and Nikolayev, and performed tactical exercise off Hawaii with the same and Tashkent, Tallin and other destroyers. In 1986 she was in operations in the South China Sea and Indian Ocean and took part in the first Soviet/North Korean exercise with Tashkent, Gordelivyy and five Tarantul class missile corvettes and other operations in the Indian Ocean in 1987. Nothing notably happened until 1990, where she was mothalled, then put in reserve in 1992, decommissioned 1993 and sold 1994.

Admiral Yumashev

Admiral Yumashev
Admiral Yumashev

Laid down under the Serial no. 730 on 17.4.75 and launched on 30.9.76, Admiral Yumashev was completed 30.12.77 and made her sea trials and training in the Baltic. In 1978 she was visited by Commander of the Navy Gorshkov and later sailed to Severomorsk, joining the 170th Anti-Submarine Warfare Brigade. In 1978-79 she was in operations in the Mediterranean and the Central Atlantic with Kiev. She crossed the Suez Canal and sailed to the South China Sea to bring support to the Vietnamese furing the 1979 conflict. She was back in the Med with Minsk as well as escorted Kiev and taking part in exercises "Razbeg" and "Safari". She shadowed also the NATO exercise "Ocean Hunt-79". In 1980 she was in the Northern and Central Atlantic and in 1981-1982 in the Mediterranean. She was overhauled at SRZ-13 Sevastopol that year.

Back at sea, she tracked USS Dwight D. Eisenhower and this was featured in the Italian press when she refused to aid a sinking Italian fishing vessel. She also visited Bizerta in Tunisia. In March 1983 she took part in an AA defence exercise with Kirov and four DDs. She also took part in the "Magistral-83" and "Okean-83" command staff exercises with Aleksandr Nevskiy, Admiral Zozulya, Sovremennyy, Otchayannyy, Admiral Timoshenko and Stroynyy. She later tracked NATO exercise "Team Work.84" in the Norwegian Sea but suffered storm damage at this occasion and had to be repaired. Until the fall, she was operations in the Southern Atlantic, stopping at Luanda (Angola) and Conakry in Guinea, passed the equator and dropped anchor at Pointe Noire in Congo and Praya (Cape Verde) as well as Kotona in Benin, Sao Tome and Pricipe and returned to Luanda to escort Cuban transports there.

From June 1986 she underwent an overhault at SRZ-35 Rosta and in 1986 she tracking a NATO exercise in the Barents Sea and in the Norwegian Sea. After another storm damage she was repaied. In 1987 she took part in a command staff exercise with Kirov, Vitse-Admiral Drozd, Marshal Ustinov, Admiral Nakhimov, Admiral Makarov and four missile DDs. In 1987 she was drydocked for a major modernization in SRZ-35 Rosta stopped in 1989 for budgetary reasons. Left here she was attached to the 44th Anti-Submarine Warfare Division but decomissioned in 1992 and sold for BU in 1994.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs

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