Gneisenau (Type 138) class Frigates (1958)

Bundersmarine Bundesmarine (1958-68)
FG 212, 217, 218 Gneisenau, Raule, Brommy

Bundesmarine's modernized British Hunt Frigates

As part as the rearmament of the newly created Bundesmarine in 1955, as West Germany was now part of NATO, ex stock WW2 allied ships were transferred (purchased with the help of MDAP funds), and among these, a number of British Frigates: Namely three Hunt-class vessels, and four Black swan class vessels (Graf Spee, Scharnhorst, Hipper, Scheer). Despite their short career they were extensively modernized in Germany, and used a bit as floating laboratories for the latest electronic equipments, and superstructures, to the point they probably were the most complete and exhaustive conversions of British frigates during the cold war, ever. But despite of this they only served for ten years.


F214 Hipper in 1960, note the two-tone north sea livery.

In this post, we are going to see how these ships are going to be overhauled and gradually modified and their short active service in the Bundesmarine. Gneisenau was quite different than Raule and Brommy, but by convenience since they were based on the same ships, we are seeing them in one go.
About the names: Count August Neidhart von Gneisenau (1760-1831) was a famous Prussian general during the Napoleonic wars and his name was already given to another Frigate, in 1879 and a 1906 armoured cruiser sunk in the Falklands. Of course the name was famously taken by the Kriegsmarine's fast battleship of 1937, sister-ship of KMS scharnhorst. Perhaps too much linked to the third reich, for political reasons in the new West Germany, this name was not given to a first rank vessel, like a missile destroyer, but rather to a more modest frigate.
-"Raule", however honored Benjmain Raule (1634-1707), a shipowner and naval director, a more surprsing choice.
-"Brommy" honored Rear Admiral Karl Rudolf Brommy (1804-1860). From November 1937 to 1944 there was a ship in the Kriegsmarine also called Brommy: The minesweeper M 50 commissioned for the Imperial Navy in 1916. She which was still used to clear minefield until 1921 and in 1933-1936 was back in service for the Reichsmarine, in 1938 a flotilla minelayer escort, lost in June 15, 1944 in an air raid off Boulogne-sur-Mer.

The Tyoe 138 school Frigates: context


F213 Scharnhost

On May 16, 1956, the Department VII, forerunner of the later naval command staff in the Federal Ministry of Defense located in Bad Godesberg, asked Department X (Defense Management and Technology) to procure seven British "Corvette type schoolships" for the German Navy, that needed to be conversed into school frigates. The British Admiralty offered the sale of frigates after the West Germany joined NATO in May 1955, so seven frigates in service with the Royal Navy between 1939 and 1946, veterans (but one Black swan vessel) all participated in World War II, were purchased, in November 1957.

In August 1959, the MoD determined the exact total procurement costs, including modifications for all seven frigates (at DM 70,050,000). From 1964 to 1968 however all these school ships were decommissioned and scrapped until 1990, some seeing other roles in between or being mothballed.

The seven Type 138 were quite different, almost on a per-unit base. Most authors separate them into four sub-classes. As a result, their technical data is also divergent. There were three Hunt-class escort destroyers already belonging to different types: HMS Oakley was a Hunt II while HMS Albrighton and HMS Eggesford were of the type III. Also the four Black Swan class sloops, HMS Flamingo being of the first version and HMS Hart, HMS Mermaid and HMS Actaeon were of the improved late war type. Technical differences further increased as a result of various modifications during their service, ending in an interesting but complex subject.

From October 1958 to May 1959, after conversion in British shipyards, the frigates entered service in the German Navy under a misleading, but easier, generic term of "class 138 school frigate" ("Schulfregatte Klasse 138"). They were named after former members of armies and navies of Prussia and Germany. In service these seven vessels were subordinate to the Naval Artillery School in Kiel. They worked also with the Naval Underwater Weapons School in Flensburg-Mürwik, and the Naval Locating School (MOS) in Bremerhaven. For the Bundesmarine as a whole, these seven ships nevertheless brought the required training to numerous Bundesmarine sailors and officers, until the Deutschland appeared on the scene, with its much larger dimensions and much larger armament, taking the task way better. At the end of the day, it's on the technical standpoint that these vessels were quite intertesting, as radical upgrades of thse WW2 vessels.


HMS Eggerton in 1944, after transfer she became the FGS 218 Brommy

FGS Gneisenau




In May 1956, HMS Oakley was one of seven frigates selected for transfer to the new West German Navy, to be used specifically as training ships. They were the HMS Oakley, two more Type II Hunts and four Black Swan class, all to be redesignated Type 138 frigates by the Bundesmarine. HMS Oakley was purchased on 11 November 1957. She however was refitted at Harland and Wolff, Liverpool yard, before transfer on 2 October 1958. Re-commissioned as Gneisenau she was given the pennant F212, the designation being "FGS". The ceremony took place at Bremerhaven on 18 October 1958.

Gneisenau therefore served as part of the Naval Gunnery School with Scharnhorst (ex- HMS Mermaid). Early changes were made at that point: The fitting of stabilisers, a more modern radar, a new cowling cap for her funnel, plus two more modern 40 mm Bofors guns (see later);

Purchase of Gneisenau

What makes this class interesting, and not a mere mention in the Bundesmarine page, was the extensive range of modification they received, in particular the first, Gneisenau. As she arrived in 1958, Gneisenau was a British Hunt Tyupe II class escort destroyer. Forme HMS Oakley was laid down in august 1940 in Yarrow, Scotstoun, launched 1942 and active during WW2 and post-war as well, until put on the disposal list, purchased in 1957, renamed and designated Type 138 on 18.10.1958 for the Bundesmarine, after many adaptation and training, when commissioned.

In 1958 she was in "stock" conditions. Apart the radar and HFDF antennae which were modernized, in 1959 she kept the same general appearance and armament: Three twin 102mm/45 Mark 19 (4 inches), two forward and one aft, a single quadruple 40mm/39 Bofors behind the funnel, two 20mm/70 Oerlikon guns in single mounts, and two 40mm/60 Mk 7 Bofors, plus 2 Depht Charge Throwers, and three Depht Charge Racks with 60 depht charges in store and in the racks total.

1961 Modernisation of Gneisenau

On October 28, 1962, Gneisenau was decommissioned for conversion with the latest weapons systems of the German Navy. Modernization took place at Howaldtswerke Yard, Hamburg. In 1961 she had the aft superfiring 102 mm main gun (4 in/45 Mk19) removed and replaced by a single Breda-Bofors 40 mm/70 Type 107 while a second one was placed aft of the funnel, in place of the former short range quadruple 40 mm Bofors of WW2 pattern. Her mast was modified and she carried a new radar (unknown type) and communication suite. Her funnel was completely rebuilt and equipped with a new funnel cap, equipped at its aft end with two antenna cable structures. The ASW equipment was eliminated entirely at this point, freeing space. She became a training ship at this point, but in 1962 it was found she needed more modern accomodation, and moreover, more modern equipments and armaments to become a proper training vessel. Modernization plans for a partial rconstruction was drawn up and ready in early 1963. New armaments were purchased, as well as new sensors, to reflect more modern ships entering service in the Bundesmarine and properly train gunners on recent weapons systems and guidance. She had received a brand new forward superstructure bridge, quartedeck superstructures entirely modified, a new lattice mast to supper heavier radars of the DA02 model (main air warning radar) and the M40 radar aerial on the aft lattice extension, plus modernized navigation equipments. Her former armament was completely removed, to the exception of the two Breda-Bofors;

Details of Gneisenau in 1964

100mm/55 Mle 1953: The 100 mm/55 (3.9") Modele 1953 was French, it was also adopted for the training frigate Deutschland, the Hamburg and Köln classes. More on navweaps

Breda-Bofors 106/107: As modernized, Gneisenau was given a twin Breda-Bofors 106 aft of the quaterdeck, replacing the former dual purpose 4-inches (102 mm/45 Mk 19), and the former two single 40mm/70 Breda-Bofors 107 under mask which kept their former positions.

Late career

As rebuilt, she was recommissioned on March 5, 1964 and from 1965 she was relegated as stationary training ship, until decommissioned on June 30, 1966. Assigned to the reserve flotilla in 1968, she was mothballed. On September 30, 1972, Gneisenau was stricken from the Bundesmarine list. From November 20, 1972, she was stationed at the naval arsenal Wilhelmshaven as a spare parts reserve for the others. In October 1976, she was sold for scrap. In January 1977 she was broken up in the Netherlands. Parts survived, like her main ammo supply computer, which is now in the computer science collection of the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg.

⚙ Specifications: Gneisenau 1965

Displacement1,070 long tons, 1,450 long tons FL
Dimensions85,3 oa x 9.6 x 2.51m (280 x 33 x 11 feets)
Propulsion2 shafts Parsons geared turbines, 2 admiralty 3-drum boilers, 19,000 shp (14,000 kW)
Speed27 knots (50 km/h; 32 mph)
Range3,600 nmi (6,700 km) Type II, 2350 nmi (4350 km) - Type III
Armament100mm/55 Mle 1953, twin 40mm/70 Breda-Bofors 106, two 40mm/70 Breda-Bofors 107
ElectronicsDA02, M40 radars
Crew168

FGS Raule


F217 Raule in 1960

The German Navy obtained HMS Albrighton, a Hunt Type III, which became as recommissioned the school frigate FGS Raule (F217). She entered service on May 14, 1959, assigned to the Naval Underwater Weapons School. From the autumn of 1961, Raule became a cadet training ship. From January 8 to March 17, 1962, she made a training cruise to the Mediterranean with her sister ship F218 Brommy. The latter was damaged in Dover, taking refuge here after being battered by a heavy storm. She stayed behind for repairs in Gravesend. Raule meanwhile carried on via Brest, then Gibraltar, Messina and Piraeus. Both vessels would be reunited off Saloniki. They sailed together via Malta, Gibraltar and Brest, back home (Flensburg), until March 17, 1963.

Raule was decommissioned in May 30, 1962. She was rebuilt until November 2, 1964, at the Howaldtswerke Yard in Hamburg. She received a forward four-tube 375 mm Bofors ASW rocket launcher, and a more modern Breda-Boford 40 mm/70 for self-defence. Her torpedu tubes were also shared by the class 101/101A destroyers, and class F120 frigates and Type 209 submarines. Recommisioned, she became a specialized ASW training ship operating from the western Baltic Sea, alternating between the Kattegat and Skagerrak. She made a cruise to Ireland, Norway and also the Netherlands in between. On December 20, 1967, Raule was decommissioned for good, mothballed then used as a target ship for a short time in 1970-1971. She was scrapped in Hamburg after being almost completely destroyed.


Bofors anti-submarine rocket launchers




F217 Raule underway

Armament (1960)

FGS Brommy


F218 Brommy in 1959

HMS Eggesford was one of the seven destroyer escorts of the Royal Navy purchased by the Government for the Bundesmarine to serve as training ships. She was, like Raule, of Type III and became after recommission in 1959 the school frigate Brommy, assignd to the ASW weapons school in Eckernförde.

Brommy made cruises abroad from Norway to the north to Crete in the Mediterranean. For her first cruise she sailed with the school frigate Scharnhorst from January 16 to March 24, 1961. They went through Portsmouth and Cadiz to Messina via Gibraltar, also stopping in Porto and Le Havre when back home. In August 1961, she made a second trip in replacement for the school ship Bremse. She operated with the schoolship Biene, ex-M 205, and the Brummer, ex-M 85, meeting in Seville. The squadron was back to Kiel on September 22, 1961, stopping on the way to Bayonne, Liverpool, Edinburgh and Calais.

From January 8 to March 17, 1962, Brommy made a spring cruise to the Mediterranean Sea, arriving in Saloniki, Greece, with her sister ship Raule. In this particular trip she was delayed by repairs after a storm doing some damage onboard. She made two others, shorter cruises in 1963-1964, notably to Norway and the Netherlands. On April 30, 1965, Brommy was eventually decommissioned. However unlike the two other Hunt-based Type 138 Frigates, it was decided not to modernize her. She was used instead directly as a target ship for the new Bundesmarine's Fast Attack Crafts, in the Bay of Biscay from 1972 to 1977. In 1979 she was eventually scrapped in Wilhelmshaven.

Read More/Src

Günter Kroschel, Klaus-Jürgen Steindorff: Die Deutsche Marine 1955–1985, Schiffe und Flugzeuge (1985)
J. Gardiner, Conway's all the worlds fighting ships
Hans H. Hildebrand, Albert Röhr, Hans-Otto Steinmetz: Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe: Biographien – ein Spiegel der Marinegeschichte von 1815 bis zur Gegenwart.
(Pdf) Comparison between the Bundesmarine and GDR navy
https://www.seaforces.org/marint/German-Navy/Frigate/Gneisenau-class.htm
https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/europe/
http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNGER_Main.php
https://www.navypedia.org/ships/germany/ger_es_gneisenau.htm
https://www.navypedia.org/ships/germany/ger_es_raule.htm
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schulfregatte_Klasse_138
https://www.bordhunde.com/html/bordhunde6_raule.html
On Bundesarchive (archived page)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hunt-class_destroyer
Video: https://www.ardmediathek.de/video/schulfregatten-brommy-und-raule-stechen-in-see/ndr/Y3JpZDovL25kci5kZS9lY2NhODkwZS0xN2JmLTQxY2QtYWNiZS05NDE0MjE0YTc4YTM/

Model Kits:
None found ! If you purchase a Hunt class and did some "from scratch" additions and modifications, thanks to contact me !

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HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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