Brazilian Navy in WW2 - Marinha do Brasil

Brazilian Navy

Marinha do Brasil WW2

Already imposing in the great war, the Brazilian Naval forces were still a major player of South America during the second, one of the three fleets with a blue water navy. By then she was arguably the second naval force behind Argentina, the eternal rival, and in front of Chile. Brazil had an embryo of local maritime industry, enough to laid down several destroyers during wartime, but not yet the financial means to lay down major units. In 1939, Brazil was neutral, aligned with the isolationist positions of the northern "big brother", but the relentless U-boat warfare of the Pacific eventually pushed the country to declare war on Germany in 1942. From then on, Brazil became took part actively in the conflict.

The heritage of WW1

Sao Paulo in 1917
A camouflaged Sao Paulo in 1917

The Brazilian Navy in WW1 was arguably the largest and best-equipped in South America. The 1905 naval plan allowed the construction of no less than two Dreadnoughts, two cruisers, ten destroyers, and three submarines. The Minas Gerais was even more powerful than the HMS Dreadnought and the British press soon claimed this was a disguised order for another nation, namely Germany as German investors were present in strength in Brazil.

A third, even more impressive battleship was ordered as soon it was learned the Argentines ordered the Rivadavia. This was the superlative Rio de Janeiro, an amazing "battle wagon" bristling with no less than twelve 305 mm guns. No yet completed she was canceled and the company tried to resell it to Turkey when the war broke out, and she was requisitioned as HMS Agincourt.

Brazilian Navy Ships

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Brazilian cruiser Bahia as built

However this strength was not to be used in anger: In 1914, Brazil was reeling from a poorly digested economic crisis and topped by the isolationism doctrine inherited from US Monroe policy. Brazil was neutral but from 1916 onwards U-Boats started to attack Brazilian merchant traffic, and losses amounted to a total blockade on coffee exports. In 1917, the unrestricted submarine warfare intensified this, and Brazil eventually declared war on Germany on October 24, 1917.

From then on, a squadron was set up to operate in northwestern Africa, with 2 cruisers, 4 destroyers and support ships only on site for operation three months before the capitulation. In southern Atlantic the fleet took part in convoys escort missions while the battleships were sent for modernization in the USA in order to be integrated into the British Grand Fleet.

Strength in 1939

The "blue water navy" fleet included valuable but aging units, starting with two dreadnought battleships, 2 light cruisers, 8 destroyers, 4 submersibles, 3 gunboats (and a dozen lighter, riverine ones), and two tankers. A shipbuilding plan was underway to replace the old-fashioned Para class destroyers (1906). In 1938, in fact, six class H destroyers were ordered in Great Britain, while six minelayers were under construction. But reinforcements in WW2 were even more impressive, making the fleet largely ahead of South American rival Argentina, due to Brazil's declaration of war on Germany and contribution to the war effort.

https://youtu.be/G1GjeSpo_4o

Brazilian Navy Details

Cruiser Rio Grande do Sul

In detail, battleships such as cruisers and destroyers were originally from UK, while submersibles were ordered in Italy. The battleships of the Minas Gerais class had been in their time the most powerful warships in the world. A supremacy that once made Brazil believe that it was working behind the scenes for another great naval power or was becoming a major naval force. In reality, from the dream to the country's finances, quickly undermined by an unprecedented crisis, there was only one step. The initial program of 1908 was quickly abandoned. Apart from the submersibles and the acquisition of a British destroyer in 1920, there were only brief modernizations carried out between the two world wars. The navy also knew the Lieutenants Revolts (1922–27) and Constitutionalist war (1932), in the context of the 1930 revolution.

1939 Brazilian Naval plan

In 1939, the Brazilian fleet was in the midst of a major new naval plan, as most of its forces were composed of obsolete ships. Even the two Minas Gerais were lightyears away from the latest battleships deployed by the Axis.

The plan was quickly amputated from the British H-type destroyers, requisitioned (see Royal Navy), but this did not prevent the local Iha das Cobras shipyards from delivering in time 3 destroyers inspired by the "Mahan" in 1943-44, then 6 more modest ones in 1949-51 (they had been under construction since 1942).

An important point is that these ships were foreign-built. Pre-ww1 units were British-built, Interwar submarines were Italian, and WW2 transfers were North American while new constructions clearly denoted a strong USN design influence. Yards with holds large enough for battleships existed, however no project of modern battleship or cruiser existed to replace the 1910 Dreadnoughts, nor rebuilding programme like for Italian or British battleships.

New wartime aquisitions

The US Navy transferred 8 escort destroyers and 16 PC-type submarine hunters, so that Brazil, which declared war on the Axis in 1942, could participate in escort missions in the South Atlantic. For her part, the Royal Navy sent to the Brazilians six armed trawlers for extra ASW coverage in 1942. The only loss "in combat" of the Brazilian Navy was the cruiser Bahia, which served as a rescue ship for American pilots in the South Pacific, and exploded for a reason still unsolved to this day (torpedo?) in July 1945. This late engagement was not conclusive, but Brazil was the only one of the major South American industrial nations to effectively engage resolutely her forces (naval, air and land) against the axis.

The Brazilian Navy at war

Obsolete in terms of assets and unable to guarantee security on the Brazilian coast by early 1942, with the new threat of U-Boats roaming the American east coast, the Brazilian Navy was forced to subordinate itself to the US Navy. Several naval bases were established in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil, creating the Allied Command of the South Atlantic.

Even so, within its limitations and with some reorganization with ships transfers from the US, the Brazilian Navy actively participated in the ASW war in the South Atlantic and Central Atlantic zone. Brazilian ships would also patrol the Caribbean, and escorted convoys to North Africa and in the Mediterranean at large. The Brazilian Navy in all was responsible for conducting 574 escort missions, protecting 3 164 merchant ships of many nationalities.

During this, U-Boats only claimed three vessels. The Brazilian Navy made 66 reported attacks (By Kriegsmarine own accounts) against U-Boats. Losses amounted to 1,100 Brazilians, with the 32 ships of the Merchant Navy sank and a single Navy vessel. Among the merchant navy deads, 470 were crewmen and 502 passengers. When the Brazilian Navy Vital de Oliveira sank, 99 men went with her. 350 more were lost when the corvette Camaquã sank on July 21, 1944 and on the cruiser Bahia on July 4, 1945, added 333 further victims.


The escort steamer SS Campos (1895)

The escort vessel NHi Vital de Oliveira, sank by an U-Boat in 1944.
The escort vessel NHi Vital de Oliveira, sank by an U-Boat in 1944.

Battle of the Atlantic

The navy was largely obsolete when Brazil entered the war. It happened gradually as German U-boats accentuated their pressure on Atlantic merchant traffic. In early 1942, German submarines sank gradually more tonnage in both the North and south Atlantic. After the country declared war on Germany after many losses, the Navy received full support of the USN to take part of her share of operations, notably to cover the South Atlantic, with American resources. Brazilian ships also gradually covered the Central Atlantic and the Caribbean, guarding Allied convoys bound for North Africa and the Mediterranean. In all, the Marinha do Brasil executed 574 convoy missions, protecting 3,164 merchant ships. Only three vessels were ever sunk while German documentation report 66 U-boats had been attacked.

For more support, the USN installed several naval bases in the North and Northeast of Brazil. The headquarters of the Allied Command Atlantic South was installed also in Brazil. Brazilian report in 1945 alleged a total of nine U-boats destroyed along the Brazilian coast, the U-164, U-128, U-590, U-513, U-662, U-598, U-199, U-591, and U-161. In total 1,100 Brazilians died during the Battle of the Atlantic alone, since during the war a total of 32 Brazilian merchant vessels were sunk, plus the cruiser Bahia (still in mysterious circumstances, 4 July 1945). Auxiliary ship Vital de Oliveira was attacked and sunk by a German submarine. Not related, the corvette Camaquã also on 21 July 1944 capsized during a storm while escorting a convoy.

The Brazilian expeditionary force

The Brazilian navy also operated overseas, to be more precise, in the Mediterranean, with the Força Expedicionária Brasileira (FEB). However the bulk of these forces were ground forces under Brazilian air support. The Navy own role was limited to convoy escort bound to Gibraltar, while the allies took charge of conveying ships to the coast of Italy. The South Atlantic road to Gibraltar comprised 614 wartime convoys, 3,164 merchant and transport troop ships. Thanks to USN transfers, Brazilian frigates and submarines used mines and depth charges and sank twelve Axis submarines (one Italian and eleven German). The Italian submarine was Archimede.

Order of battle

Brazilian Navy WW2

Brazilian Battleships:

-Class Minas Gerais. (1908: Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo, only the first was modernized). Rio de Jaineiro was canceled.

Brazilian cruisers:

-Class Bahia (1909. Bahia, Rio Grande Do Sul)

destroyers:

-Class Para (1908-10, originally 10 units of the English River type, 7 in 1939, 6 in 1942);
Maranhao (British Type P, 1913, acquired in 1920);
-Classe Marcilio Dias (from 1943, 3 units)
-Acre class (May 1945 and beyond, 6 units)

transfers:

-Escort DDs Beberibe class (8 units type DET transferred in 1944-45).
-Gioana class subme hunters (PC type, 16 units transferred in 1942-43).
-Armed trawlers class Henrique Dias (6 units ex-British, transferred and completed on site in 1942).

submersibles:

-Humaita (1927, oceanic)
-Tupi class (3 units, 1936-37, Coastal)

Miscellaneous

-Carioca class mine destroyers (6 DDs, 1938-39)
-Pernambuco (1910 riverine gunboat)
-Parnaiba (1937 riverine gunboat)
-Paraguacu (1938 riverine gunboat).
-Ceara (1915 Submarine depot ship, workshop).
-Belmonte (Destroyers supply ship, 1912).
-Rio Pardo (sub hunter, 1943).

Brazilian Navy's own ships in detail

Minas Gerais class battleship (1912)

Minas Gerais class
Minas Gerais in Salvador, 1945

Certainly, the most famous Brazilian ships were the two battleships Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo. They had a long career (1910-1953) and are seen remembered with nostalgy today. They were ordered in Great Britain, like Chile a little later for its two "Almirante". Brazil was the first of three major South American naval powers to purchasing of this new type of battleship, imposing a new standard, but also taking a huge strain in terms of budget. They were the heart of the ambitious new program of 1904, and were to be followed by two other units for 1914: The Rio de Janeiro (requisitioned, completed as HMS Agincourt) and the Riachuelo, never built.

These two Dreadnoughts were so powerful (the most powerful in the world at their completion) that the press was thinking this was a disguised command of another great naval power, possibly Germany. In truth, these two ships antagonized Argentina which promptly passed orders of two dreadnoughts to American shipyards, the Rivadavia and Moreno. This was the start of the South American "dreadnought race", joined by Chile.

Minas Gerais after refit in the 1930s

De facto with these ships, Brazil became a naval ally of weight in the Atlantic, and the US Navy soon integrated the Brazilian navy in common exercises. In embassies, talks of "Panamericanism" were backed by these. But this ambitious program was shortened in 1910: A mutiny broke out in Minas Gerais shortly after her commissioning in November 1910, while Brazil went through a serious economic crisis and a recession. The program was interrupted and the Rio de Janeiro, barely started, resold and temporarily purchased by Turkey.

On a technical level, the Minas Gerais class were largely inspired by the HMS Dreadnought, launched just a year ago, but with an additional turret forward, giving a total of 8 main guns in hunt or retreat and a broadside of ten guns, which was really exceptional at the time. The secondary artillery was not forgotten, with a full array of 120-mm artillery pieces in barbettes and a comfortable tertiary artillery. Their armored citadel was made with Krupp steel, but assembled at Armstrong-Withworth and Co.

Line drawing of the Minas Gerais class

In 1917, on October 24, according to the big brother of the North, Brazil declared war on the central powers and the Brazilian navy was engaged alongside the Royal Navy and the US Navy. Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo were based at Scapa Flow and integrated into the Grand Fleet. But their original sighting equipment began to date, and Sao Paulo, which was lacking in maintenance, reached the New York gate in 1918, wiping a serious damage in the process of crossing, ending her trip pulled by an American battleship.

She remained for two years in the port for important transformations, as was Minas Gerais later. In 1932, these two ships had once again changed their appearance, adopting a modified footbridge, new boilers with turbines instead of their old coal propulsion, their chimneys being grouped together, also gaining new telemetry, and light AAA.

Minas Gerais aerial view

During the Second World War, these two ships saw little service, Brazil not committing itself against the axis until 1942. They were never deployed in distant operations, unlike other ships of the fleet, but escort missions, not camouflaged it seems. In 1945, they had reached retirement age, but they remained until 1950 as training ships, before becoming floating pontoons, to be stricken and broken up in 1951 and 1953.

Minas Gerais

Specifications Displacement: 19,280t, 21,200t FL
Dimensions: 165 x 25.3 x 8.5m
Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE Vickers engines, 18 Babcox boilers, 23,500 hp, 21 knots max.
Armor: Decks 75, Turrets 305, Belt 230, Casemate 254, Blockhaus, CT 305 mm
Crew: 900
Armament: 12 x 305 mm, 22 x 120 mm, 8 x 37 mm AA.

Bahia class cruisers (1908)

Bahia 1944

The only Brazilian cruisers active in 1939, the Bahia and Rio Grande Do Sul had been part of the large naval plan of 1905. They had been ordered in Britain, at Laird shipyard, and were typical of the style of light cruisers of that time. 122 m long, they were given five turbines, and carried 150 t of coal, up to 650 tons in wartime, for a top speed of 27 knots (50 km/h, 31 mph) on trials and designed speed of 25 knots (46 km/h, 29 mph) at full load. They could cover 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 23.5 knots and up to 3,500 nautical miles at 10 knots. Armour was light, just 19 mm (0.748 in) of her decks and 76 mm (3 in) for the Conning tower.

They were started in 1907 and completed in 1909, with the standard artillery of 6-in (152 mm) guns. They stealthily participated in the operations of the Brazilian fleet in the Grand Fleet in 1917-18, and spent the rest of their operational life without major changes, before a refit and part overhaul in 1925-26 in Rio, including the reduction of their masts, and the addition of AAA, new oil boilers and new turbines from Thornycroft.

Their operational life during the Second World War was quite active: They patrolled from 1943 in the South Atlantic, escorting convoys, then reached the Mediterranean. It was there that Bahia sank, because of a probably accidental explosion in 1945. She then served as rescue and resting ship for pilots stressed by combats in the Pacific. The Rio Grande on her side survived as a training ship until 1948.

Bahia 1945

Specifications
Displacement: 3100t, 3420t FL
Dimensions: 122.3 x 11.9 x 4.75m
Propulsion: 5 Parsons steam turbines, ten Yarrow boilers, 27 knots
Armor: Decks 19 mm, CT 76 mm
Armament: 10× 120 mm (4.7 in)/50, 6× 3-pdr (47 mm)/50, 3x 20 mm (0.79 in) Madsen guns, 7 mm (0.28 in) Hotchkiss MG, 4x 533 mm (21.0 in) TTs

Para class destroyers (1908)

Amazonas 10 destroyers ordered in Great Britain, but were finally built in Rio, on the "River" mode. These were the first high seas model with a forecastle. With 650 tons and a light armament, they were already obsolete in 1917, and even more in 1939 despite some limited refits and symbolic upgrades. Some were removed from service in 1931, the Amazonas and later in 1933, para and Parana. In 1939, the Alagoa was in turn withdrawn from service, but the others served until 1944. The new Dias and Acre were to replace them. With a limited radius of action, they served mainly in territorial waters, armed with some ASW grenades and two light AA guns.

Para class line drawing

Para 1942

Specifications
Displacement: 650t, 800t FL
Dimensions: 78 x 8 x 2.10 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts Parsons turbines, 4 boilers, 18,000 hp. 31 knots.
Crew: 80
Armament: 2 x 102 mm, 2 x 20 mm AA, 4 TT 533 mm, 2 ASW DC racks.

Destroyer Maranhao (1913)

Maranhao

This was basically a K-type destroyer, declared surplus and acquired in 1920. A former British Acasta-class destroyer built 1912–1913, in commission until 1923. 980 ton ship, capable of 32 knots thanks to 2-shaft Parsons steam turbines and Yarrow-type oil-fired boilers. Armed with three QF 4-inch (101.6 mm) L/40 Mark IV guns, on P Mk. IX mounts and one QF 2-pounder pom-pom Mk. II plus two single tubes for 21 inches (533 mm) torpedoes. The HMS porpoise was decommissioned, sold 23 February 1920 back to Thornycroft for resale to Brazil. She became Brazilian Alexandrino Deaenca, later renamed Maranhao, in service during WW2 despite her age. She patrolled along the merchant traffic convoy lines and was discarded in 1945.

Maranhao 1940

Specifications
Displacement: 650t, 800t FL
Dimensions: 78 x 8 x 2.10 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts Parsons turbines, 4 boilers, 18,000 hp. 31 knots.
Crew: 80
Armament: 2 x 102 mm, 2 x 20 mm AA, 4 TT 533 mm, 2 ASW DC racks.

Marcilio Dias class destroyers (1940)

Greenhalg
A camouflaged Greenhalg in 1945.

These ships were decided when the war broke out in Europe. They successively succeeded the ancient Para, and were built at Ilha da Cobras (Rio de Janeiro) yards, modeled on the plans of American destroyers of the Mahan class, with the same armament. A disguised way for the US to "sell" destroyers in Brazil.

The "M" class included the Greenhalg, Marcilio Dias and Mariz E Barros. They were launched in 1940-41, but not operational until 1943-44. They successfully performed their escort duties in the South Atlantic, although none claimed authenticated victory over a U-Boote. These were rare in this sector at that time... They remained in service long after the war, in 1966 for the first two and 1972 for the Barros.

Marcilio Dias 1944

Specifications
Displacement: 1500t, 2200t FL
Dimensions: 108.81 x 10.61 x 2.99 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft General Electric turbines, 4 boilers, 42,800 hp=36.5 knots.
Crew: 190
Armament 4 x 127, 4 x 40 mm (1x4), 4 x 20 mm AA, 2x2 TT 533 mm, 2 ASW DCT

Acre class destroyers (1943)

Acre postwar

These 6 destroyers (Acre, Ajuricaba, Amazonas, Apa, Araguary and Araguaya), or class "A" were decided during the war, to reinforce the Dias and to replace the 6 class H destroyers ordered in Great Britain before the war and requisitioned. They had been inspired by American destroyers, borrowing their equipment, and built at the site of Ilha da Cobras shipyards in Rio. They were launched in November 1943 for the first two, May 1945 for three others and July 1946 for the last. But they were not completed until 1949 (Araguaya) and 1951 (Ajuricaba), making a consistent cold war career.

Acre 1945

Specifications
Displacement: 1340t, 1800t FL
Dimensions: 98.45 x 10.67 x 2.59 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts 2 Parsons turbines, 3 boilers, 34,000 hp. and 35.5 knots max.
Crew: 150
Armament: 4 x 127, 2 x 40 mm (1x2), 4 x 20 mm AA, 2 DC ASW Throwers.

Babitonga class escort destroyers (1943)

Babitonga ex USS Algiers

In 1943 the Americans decided to rent to the Brazilian navy ill-equipped escort units so that she could take charge of these missions in the South Atlantic. No less than 8 units of the standard type "DET" diesel-electric turbines were transferred in late 1944 and early 1945, the Beberibe, Babitonga, Baependi, Bauru, Benevento, Bertioga, Bocaina and Bracui. They played their part zealously, even though the U-Bootes did not venture into their sector, and then were transferred to the Pacific where they hardly had the opportunity to shine. They began to retire in 1968, until 1975.

Babitonga 1945

Specifications
Displacement: 1253t, 1602t FL
Dimensions: 93,27 x 11,15 x 3,20 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft electric diesel turbines, 6,000 hp. 21 knots max.
Crew: 186
Armament: 4 x 76, 4 x 40 mm (1x4) AA, 8 x 20 mm AA, 3 x 533 mm TTs, 1 ASW DCT, 2x10 DCR ASW.

Gioana class sub hunters (1942)



Sub-chasers of the standard PC type, 16 units transferred in 1942-43. The PC-boats were the famous WW2 mass-producedn cheap submarine hunters of the USN. They were deployed on all fronts. Specifications as the American PC type. There was also a properly Brazilian sub-chaser called Rio Pardo in WW2, a 132 ton ship, 36.58 m long fitted with three diesels which developed together 1890 hp for 20 knots. She was apparently armed by a 20 mm cannon and was launched 29.11.1943 at Ilha das Cobras, Rio de Janeiro shipyard. She served at the end of the war and was converted as a transport ship in 1952.

Henrique Dias class armed trawlers (1942)

In order to cope with its involvement in the war and its role ASM escort in the South Atlantic, Brazil recovered the 6 armed trawlers ordered urgently by the Royal Navy at the site Henrique Lage of Ilha do Viana in 1941. On August 24, 1942 they were retroceded by the Royal Navy (a compensation for the 6 destroyers requisitioned on his side). Directly derived from deep-sea fishing trawlers, charcoal-powered, these vessels were well suited to prolonged U-boat hunting. They were completed in 1942-43 and participated actively in the defense of convoys and the patrol until 1945. They were removed from military lists in the 1950s and served for many years in their natural role of trawlers. The class comprised the Barreto de Menezes (F 6), Felipe Camarao (F 2), Fernandes Vieira (F 1), Henrique Dias (F 3), Matias de Albuquerque (F 4)and Vidal de Negreiros (F 5).

Henrique Dias 1943

Specifications
Displacement: 813t, 920t FL
Dimensions: 45.80 x 8.53 x 4.88 m
Propulsion: 1 shaft TE engine, 2000 hp. and 12.5 knots max.
Crew: 28
Armament: 2 x 76, 4 x ASW DCL mortars.

Humaita oceanic submarine (1927)

Humaita
The Humaita was commissioned as a "submersible cruiser", with a large radius of action and great depth, to Italy in 1925, modeled on the Balilla, but with some technical innovations and 8 wells mines. Built in OTO Muggiano, she was operational in 1929 and served in the South Pacific and Atlantic until 1945. She will be stricken and broken up in 1951.

Humaita 1943

Specifications
Displacement: 1390t/1884t FL Surf./Sub.
Dimensions: 87 x 7.80 x 4 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts Ansaldo diesels, 2 electric motors 4900/900 hp. 18.5/9 knots surf./sub.
Crew: 61
Armament: 1 x 76 mm, 6 x 533 mm (4 bow, 2 stern) TTs, 16 mines.

Tupi class coastal submarines (1936)

Tupi class
Faithful customer of Italian shipyards, Brazil bought in 1938 three submersibles to replace those of the type F, dating from 1913. These coastal units (Tupi, Timbira, Tamoio) were those of the Adua class, of the coastal type Bernadis, were the former Ascianti, Gondar and Neghelli. In particular, they had to restore balance with Argentina and its three Santa Fe, of the same type and the same manufacturer. Their coastal nature did not prevent them from crashing into the Mediterranean, adding to the Humaita. They were back in France in 1945 and remained in service until 1960.

Tupi 1942

Specifications
Displacement: 620t, 853t; surf./Sub.
Dimensions: 60 x 6.40 x 4.60 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft diesel FIAT, 2 electric motors 1350/800 hp, 14/7.5 knots surf./sub.
Crew: 42
Armament: 1 x 75, 6 x 533 mm (4 bow, 2 stern) TTs, 2 x 13 mm AA MGs.

Carioca class minelayers (1938)

Bz Camocim

This specifically designed class, with the help of the Americans, included Cabedelo, Camaqua, Camocin, Canadela, Caravelas, and Carioca. They were operational in 1941-42 and were sent to the Mediterranean, where the Camaqua was lost in 1944, jumping on one of its own mines. The others survived until 1960.

Carioca 1942

Specifications
Displacement: 552t, 580t FL
Dimensions: 57.50 x 7.62 x 2.44 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft TE, 4 boilers, 2200 hp. 14 knots max.
Crew: 97
Armament: 2 x 76, 4 x 20 mm AA, 50 mines.

Ceara submarine tender (1915)

This specialized ship had been built during the Great War to assist the F-type light submarines deployed by Brazil at that time, especially to see them operate in Europe. In 1939, it had been modernized, opting for oil-fired machines, and its DCA enhanced by two AA machine guns. She assisted the Tupi and Humaita in the Mediterranean from 1943 and survived the war. Ceara was withdrawn from service in 1946. There was another submarine tender, called the Belmonte. She was a former German auxiliary merchant cruiser (AMC), captured in 1917. She was known before as SS Valeria and was launched in Rostock in 1912. She displaced 5227 tons GRT, was capable of 12 knots and was armed with four 4.7 in and six 6-pdr guns.

Ceara 1943

Specifications
Displacement: 4100t, 5200t FL
Dimensions: 90 x 12 x 4.30 m
Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 4 boilers, 8000 hp. and 18 knots max.
Crew: 180
Armament: 2 x 102 mm, 2 x 20 mm AA.

Riverine Gunboats

Paraguacu

Paraguacu. These were the Pernambuco (1910), Belmonte (1912), Parnaiba (1937), Paraguacu (1938), and Rio Pardo (1943). It should be noted that three armoured gunboats were ordered in UK priot to the war in 1913, the Javari class, bearing names of former monitors (Javari, Solimoes, Madeira). All three were seized when the war broke out and became the Mersey class.

-Pernambuco was a 470 ton river monitor, 44.5 m long, armed with three 4.7 in guns and ten machine guns. Propelled by a triple expansion engine rated for 800 ihp she reached 11 knots. She was well armoured: 102 to 168 mm on the belt, 152 mm on the turrets and 100 mm (4 in) for the decks, 89 mm for the conning tower (3-1/2 in). She served in both world wars and was stricken in 1953.

-There were also four lighter ships (200 tons) like the Acre (i) class gunboats, 36.6 m long, one 15 pdr howitzer and 6 pdr plus four Maxim MGs. The class comprised the Acre and Missoes, both from 1904, but they were retired apparently during or before the war. Lighter still, there were also the older Jutohy and Teffe of the 1890s, also retired during the interwar.

-Parnaiba: Built at Ilha das Cobras and launched 2.9.1937, she was a 595 ton ship, 54.33 m long, fitted with two sets of Thornycroft triple expansion engines rated for 1300 ihp, which gave her a top speed of 12 knots. She was armed with a single 4.7 in gun, two QF 47 mm guns and six 20 mm guns. Her siedes and decks were partially armoured but details are not known. She was refitted in 1960 and rearmed with a 3 in gun, two 40 mm and six 20 mm AA guns.

-Paraguacu: A 430 ton ship, 44.6 m long, launched 22.12.1938 at Ilhas das Cobras, Rio. She was generally similar in armament, and machinery but will less power (reciprocating engines, 1100 hp for 13 knots). Sides and decks were also partially armored and she was rearmed and modernized in 1960, discarded in 1972.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAAnti-Aircraft
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AdmAdmiral
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASAntisubmarine
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASROCASW Rockets
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
BBBattleship
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
ccirca
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
Capt.Captain
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
cmcentimeter(s)
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
CoCompany
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
commcommissioned
compcompleted
convconverted
convlconventional
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
cucubic
CylCylinder(s)
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
cwtHundredweight
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DDDestroyer/drydock
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
D/FDirection(finding)
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
DyDDockyard
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FFarenheit
FCSFire Control System
FFFrigate
fpsFeet Per Second
ftFeets
FYFiscal Year
galgallons
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRPFiberglass
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
hphorizontal
HQHeadquarter
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
inInche(s)
ircironclad
KCKrupp, cemented
kgKilogram
KNC// non cemented
kmKilometer
kt(s)Knot(s)
kwkilowatt
ibpound(s)
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
mmetre(s)
MModel
MA/SBmotor AS boat
maxmaximum
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLSMinelayer/Sweeper
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
minminute(s)
MkMark
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
mmmillimetre
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
Number
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
oaOverall
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
pdrpounder
ppperpendicular
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRadio-control/led
RCRreturn connecting rod
recRectangular
revRevolver
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
sbSmoothbore
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
SGSteeple-geared
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
sqsquare
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
subsubmerged
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TNTTrinitroluene
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
wksWorks
wlwaterline
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
YdYard
Organizations
GIUKGreenland-Iceland-UK
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
JMSDFJap.Mar.Self-Def.Force
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
NATO
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN AMCs
IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Destroyers
Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Minesweepers/layers
Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Cruisers
Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Destroyers
Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Frigates
Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Submarines
Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Coastguard
Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs


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