London Class Battleships (1899)

HMS London, Bulwark, Venerable, Queen, Prince of Wales

The London class comprised five pre-dreadnought battleships. They were planned in mid-1890s and, built and commissioned in the early 1900s. The class was basically a repeat of the preceding Formidable class with incremental changes, in that case the armour layout. Artillery was the same as before and by contract, top speed was always 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). For some authors, their similarity with the Formidable class made them a sub-class and the last two sometimes called the "Queen class" due to also some design differences. They came from the Portsmouth, Devonport, and Chatham Dockyards.

All five ships of the class served with the Mediterranean Fleet like most pre-dreadnought, a less contested sector. While peacetime was uneventful but some collisions, from 1907, they were transferring back to home waters and spread between the Home Fleet, Channel Fleet, and Atlantic Fleet. By 1912–1913 they were all in the 5th Battle Squadron, Home Fleet and escorted the British Expeditionary Force to France in 1914. They eventually returned to the Mediterranean for the 1915 Dardanelles Campaign, at Anzac Cove, but later withdrawn to bolster the Italian fleet's Austro-Hungarian Navy blockade. They were all discarded in the early 1920s.

Design development

The London class found its origin in the 1898 construction programme. Three additional battleships to counter the Russian navy back then. They became the first of the London class. To gain time, they were very closely based on the preceding Formidable class, to start construction asap. The new design engineers worked on needed more time to be refined and ended as the later Duncan class, delayed to concentrate on the Londons. Londons and the Formidables were very close, but mostly differed by their armour: The former had a thinner deck armour, revised belt armour arrangement and bow protection, plus minor detail changes in the general scheme. In the end, this produced a heavier displacement.

Two more ships repeats of the London class were ultimately ordred, HMS Prince of Wales and Queen. They were identical except their open 12-pdr gun batteries relocated on the upper deck amidships, and a slightly lower displacement. In the end, they together formed a full group of eight battleships to the same standard, together with the Formidable class. Queen and Prince of Wales were laid down after the Duncan-class which were the successors of the Formidable/London classes. They were also completed afterwards. Some authors seems list them as a separate Queen class.

For the anecdote, HMS Prince of Wales was the last ships desifned under the direction of Naval Construction Director Sir William Henry White. She was also the last of the 29 battleships of the Majestic, Canopus, Formidable, London, and Duncan classes (1895-1904) derived from the early "template" that was the Majestic design, closing a long evolution path with gradual innovations. The following King Edward class (1903) was a brand new breed, a transitional "semi-dreadnought class", confirmed later by the Lord Nelson class of 1906. See the whole lineage for clarity.


Hull & general characteristics

A very close design to the other series, the London class had a 400 feet long hull between perpendiculars, up to 431 feet 9 inches (131.60 m) overall. They were 75 ft (23 m) in width, with a draught of 26 ft (7.9 m) deep. Displacement 14,500 long tons standard, 15,700 long tons fully loaded. HMS Queen and Prince of Wales were lighter at 14,150 long tons/15,400 long tons. General appearance was respected as standard, a ram, stern galley, central superstrcuture and two bridges for and aft, two pole masts, two axial funnels, fighting tops with searchlight, and four additional searchlights on the forward and aft bridges.

The crew was 714 strong, but varied depending on their various transformations over time. In reality complament varied between 724 and 768, up to 803 as flagship with a command staff, down to 361 or less as depot ship. They were equipped also with the Type 1 wireless telegraphy set, later upgraded to Type 2 sets in 1909–1910. The small boats carried included steam and sail pinnaces and launches, two cutters, galleys and whalers as well as three gigs, dinghies, and rafts. The largest could be combined with the field gun and machine guns for landing parties.


Protection agains ASW threats was of course limited, and their hulls were divided with longitudinal bulkheads usrd for counter-flooding, but with limited equipment. There was no double hull also. Below are listed figures for each armored part of the ships and respective armour thicknesses. These ships (and the Queen class) mixed Krupp armour, Harvey armour, nickel steel and mild steel (for unarmoured superstructure and internal compartimentation). The arrangement was incrementally improved and already integrated researches made for the Duncans with with thinner figures than the latter. However contrary to previous practice, there was no transverse bulkhead on the forward citadel, but one aft only. It was omitted to save weight, used instead to extend the belt armour for the whole lenght, with reduced thicknesses at both ends.

Forward of the barbette, the belt was in four successive thicknesses from 7 to 2-in. Another change was the use of turrets which were not curved by with flat-face, as a result of the adoption of Krupp armour, easier to manufacture than Harvey steel. The forward conning tower was the best protected part of the ship, less so for the aft CT, and armored decks were two-layared, notably for stability reasons, with a main waterline deck 2.5 times thickerthan the casemate deck. The lack of a forward bulkhead, leaving an uprotected citadel when facing forward was a calculated risk. At that time, broadside formations were still found ideal so that sacrifice was deemed possible.


The London-class had a repeat of the Formidable powerplant: Essentually two 3-cylinder, triple-expansion engines driving two inward-turning screw propellers. They were fed by twenty Belleville boilers. The Queen sub-class however had thirteen more modern Babcock & Wilcox boilers. These boilers were isolated in three boiler rooms, trunked into two funnels. Return of experience with Belleville boilers on the Formidable-class was still not there when decision was made for the London class, but this altered the next Queen class. Decision was made as the Queen and Prince of Wales were under construction. This required many alterations in the boiler rooms of HMS Queen, but Prince of Wales was too advanced for this and retained her Belleville. Only HMS Queen, of the whole serie of eight battleship, had the new boilers.

The London-class ships like their predecessors were contracted for 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), based on 15,000 indicated horsepower (11,000 kW). On sea trials, they all exceeded this design speed, using slight force heating and reaching 18.04-18.4 knots (33.41 to 34.08 km/h; 20.76 to 21.17 mph) and up to 15,660 ihp (11,678 kW). For their range, normal load was 900 long tons (910 t) of coal, which could be extened in wartime or long travels to 2,000 long tons by filling many void compartments, notably underwater. Cruising radius therefore reached 5,550 nautical miles (10,280 km; 6,390 mi) at 10 knots. HMS Prince of Wales's boilers were less efficient and she was estimated at 5,400 nmi.

Formidable class line drawing (brasseys), the London class was very close.


The recipe was intangible: Two pairs of main guns in turrets for and aft, twelve 6-in guns in casemated guns, six per side on two levels, a light battery for anti-torpedo boat warfare with 3-in and 3-pdrs, and the usual submerged fixed torpedo tubes.

Main guns:

Four 12-inch (305 mm) 40-calibre, Mark IX in twin turrets, fore and aft. Used BVI mountings allowing loading in any elevation or traverse angle, with the exception of HMS Venerable: She received BVII mountings. 80 shells were provided fr each of these guns, so 320 total, HE and AP types. Elevation range from -5° to 13.5°, and max 4.5° to be loaded. However Venerable'q BVII mounts allowed any angle. Muzzle velocity was 2,562-2,573 fps(781 to 784 m/s) deping of the type. The AP type was capable of penetrating 12 in of Krupp armour at 4,800 yards (4,400 m). Max range was 15,300 yards (14,000 m), only useful in shore bombardment.

Secondary battery

The twelve casemated individual 6-inch (152 mm) 45-calibre Mark VII guns were placed on the main battery level four of them per side, under deck level, with recesses fore and aft. In case of heavy weather, their usefulness was limited. So they also had the four remainder placed at the upper level, on each corner of the main superstructure. They all received 200 shells per gun, so a total of 2,400 generally of the HE type to deal with cruisers and lighter ships or damage battleship's superstructures. They had a muzzle velocity of 2,536 ft/s (773 m/s) and were proven able to defeat 6 in Krupp armour at 2,500 yards (2,300 m). Elevation reached 14° allowed a maximal 12,000 yards (11,000 m) range.

Light Battery

For close-quarter defence, London, Venerable and Bulwark had sixteen 12-pdr guns, all in pivot mounts, and all provided with 300 rounds. Three per side were in recesses in the upper hull level, the rest placed along side the upper casemate deck behind walls (8). Four more were placed over the main turret's roofs. The following HMS Queen and Prince of Wales were given fourteen guns, not sixteen. On the Duncan it was ten (none of the turret's tops and two less in the less). The last line of defense was procured by six 3-pounder guns located in the armored tops. But the ships also carried two 12-pounder field guns and two machine guns intended for the steam boats used in a landing party. The four 18-inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes were submerged and broadside, abreast each barbette fore and aft.

Author's illustration of HMS London

⚙ Specifications

Displacement14,500 long tons, 15,700 long tons FL
Dimensions131.6 m oa x 22.9m x 7.9m (431.9 x 75 x 26 feets)
Propulsion4x 3-cyl VTE, 20 Belleville boilers, 15,000 ihp (11,900 kW)
Speed18 knots (33 km/h; 20.7 mph)
Range5,500 nmi (10,300 km; 6,400 mi) at 10 knots
Armament2x2 12in, 12x 6 in, 16x 3in, 6x 3pdr
ArmorBelt: 9 in, Bulkhead 9–12 in, Barbettes 12 in, Turrets 10 in, Casemates 6 in, CT 14 in, deck 2.5 in

Read More/Src

Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1860–1905
Burt, R. A. (2013) 1988. British Battleships 1889–1904. Seaforth Publishing
Corbett, Julian Stafford (1920). Naval Operations: To The Battle of the Falklands, December 1914.
Also from The Battle of the Falklands to the Entry of Italy Into the War in May 1915. and The Dardanelles Campaign.
Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One: Guns, Torpedoes, Mines and ASW Weapons of All Nations
Gibbons, Tony (1983). The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships and Battlecruisers, Technical Directory
Halpern, Paul G. (1995). A Naval History of World War I.
Pears, Randolph (1979). British Battleships, 1892–1957: The Great Days of the Fleets.
Willmott, H. P. (2009). The Last Century of Sea Power (Volume 1, From Port Arthur to Chanak, 1894–1922).
Dittmar, F. J. & Colledge, J. J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. London: Ian Allan.
Parkes, Oscar (1990) [1957]. British Battleships. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
Dittmar, F. J. & Colledge, J. J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. London
Parkes, Oscar (1990). British Battleships. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press

PoW pending crapping 1920
On navypedia
London class on wpd

The models corner
HMS Queen, Prince of Wales - Kombrig 1/700

The London & Queen classes in action

HMS London

London painting 1890s


HMS London built at Portsmouth Dockyard between 8 December 1898, her launch on 21 September 1899 and completetion in June 1902. Commissioned on 7 June 1902 after her sea trials, she was sent to the Mediterranean, under command of Captain James Goodrich. Before this, she served as flagship for King Edward VII's Coronation Review at Spithead in June 1902, but as the latter fell ill it was pushed back for August 1902 and London sailed south. She arrived in Malta on 14 July and in September cruised the Aegean and took part in combined manoeuvres off Nauplia, followed by a short Malta in 1902–1903 and another in 1906. Her 3-pounder guns were removed each time. In March 1907, she joined Nore Division (Home Fleet) and Channel Fleet from 2 June 1908 as Flagship for the Rear Admiral. After another refit at Chatham in 1908 seeing notably a flying bridge installed aft, she was later recomm. on 19 April 1909 for another refit, with the removal of her flying bridge. She sailed on 8 February 1910 to be used as Second Flagship Atlantic Fleet. On 1 May 1912 her unit was now part of the Second Home Fleet, Nore. Her crew was reduced and she was sent to the 3rd Battle Squadron.

She collided with the merchant steamer SS Don Benite on 11 May 1912, but damage was light. She joined the 5th Battle Squadron and started tests of aircraft taking of from an improvized platform May 1912-1913. A ramp was installed on the forecastle, formerly tested on HMS Hibernia. Commander Charles Rumney Samson formerly conducted there the world's first takeoff from a moving ship back in May from Hibernia (Short S.27) and also from HMS London on 4 July 1912. Newt year saw her anti-torpedo nets removed.

Wartime operations

London painting 1890s By August 1914 she was part of the 5th Battle Squadron, Channel Fleet (Portland). She escorted the British Expeditionary Force across the English Channel and right away, experimental paint schemes were tried on her hull, quickly abandoned as battleship grey was adopted for all ships in the navy. She was transferred to Sheerness on 14 November 1914, in prevision of a possible German invasion, seeing first hand the terrifying explosion of her sister-ship HMS Bulwark, her crew joining the rescue. The enquiry later took place onboard London. They were back to Portland on 30 December 1914. By January 1915 however an operation was planned in the estern Mediterranean, and the 5th Battle Squadron was mobilized.

London in Malta, 1915

Dardanelles campaign & Otranto

In late January London, Queen, Prince of Wales and Implacable escorted by the light cruisers Topaze and Diamond were assembled at Portland, but only prepared to depart in March 1915, scheduled to attack on 18 March under overall command of Admiral Sackville Carden. The latter requested HMS Implacable and HMS Queen to be transferred as a reserve, but after loosing two battleships, the Admiralty disbanded the 5th Squadron and London, Prince of Wales were to join the fleet, with new 3-pounder AA guns installed on their quarterdecks and anti-torpedo nets refitted.

London was off Lemnos by 23 March and prepared for the landings at Cape Helles and Anzac Cove as part of the 2nd Squadron (Rear Admiral Cecil Thursby), and she supported the landings at Gaba Tepe and Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. With Queen and Prince of Wales she covered the 3rd Australian Brigade, London herself given the left beach sector. Thery hammered trenches and supposed Ottoman positions as well as suppressed Ottoman artillery. She was later transferred to the 2nd Detached Squadron sent at Otranto, at the mouth of the Adriatic Sea. Later she sailed to Gibraltar in October 1915 for a refit and returned.

Home waters

HMS London in dazzle camo as a minelayer, 1918 In October 1916 she was sent back to the UK to be paid off at Devonport, freeing crews for much needed ASW escorts. A refit took place evertheless in 1916–1917, her main deck 6-in guns, upper deck 12-pounder removed, and four lower 6-in moved on the upper deck battery. Nothing much happened until February 1918 until the dmiralty decided she would be useful as a minelayer, and she was moved to Rosyth for conversion: Her 12-in guns were removed, anti-torpedo nets, aft turret remived and replaced by a 6-in gun, minelaying equipment installed on her quarterdeck (240 mines rails), canvas screen for concealment and the finishing touch, an experimental dazzle camouflage. She was ready in April 1918, recomm. at Rosyth in May 1918 and she laid 2,640 mines for the Northern Mine Barrage as the war ended. She was reduced to reserve in January 1919 at Devonport, then depot ship, 3rd Fleet. Disposal list in January 1920, sale list on 31 March, sold to Stanlee Shipbreaking on 4 June, then resold Slough Trading Company, and then a German firm, towed to Germany and scrapped by April 1922.

HMS Bulwark

HMS Bulwark 1899


Despite her name oozing strenght, she was lost in one of the most dramatic accidental explosion in British naval history, making her wartime career fairly short. In peacetime, launched at HM Dockyard in October 1899 she was commissioned by Captain Frederick Hamilton on 18 March 1902 and sent to the Mediterranean Fleet (Admiral Sir Compton Domvile, Commander-in-Chief) made her his flagship. Fro Gibraltar sh sailed to Malta where she was based. She headed the squadron visiting the Aegean Sea for combined manoeuvres with he sister-ships and visiting Lemnos and Nauplia but later suffered from a collision with HMS Formidable while under tow. She took part in combined manoeuvers with the Channel Fleet off Greece and Italy. She visited Cagliari in Sardinia. From 18 April 1903 she hosted King Edward VII for a fleet review. She was also visited in Portugal later by King Carlos I. She also hosted in Malta Kaiser Wilhelm II in April 1904, even assuming temporary command as honorary Admiral. The Mediterranean Fleet was recalled to Malta in October after the Dogger Bank Incident with Russian Baltic Fleet heading for the pacific (Risso-Japanese war) as they mistook trawlers for Japanese TBs. The War preparations were cooled down on 2 November after the Russians showing good will in the affair. On 10 December, HMMS Bulwark was paid off in UK, refitted, recommissioned on 3 January 1905 (Edward Philpotts), returning two day after to Malta.

There, she was again flagship, admiral Domville. In June she visited Genoa and was back to Malta with a new fleet commander, Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. She underwent a new refit at Malta from October 1905 to February 1906. She notably received new spotting tops with 4-ft 6 in (1.37 m) Barr & Stroud coincidence rangefinders. She sailed to Lagos in Portugal and met with the Channel and Atlantic Fleets for combined manoeuvres , then the annual manoeuvres from 24 June off Portugal. On 19 January 1907, she sailed to Portsmouth, paid off and recommissioned (Captain Bertram Chambers) as flagship, Rear-Admiral Frank Finnis, Nore Division (Home Fleet). She visited Trondheim, Invergordon and aprticipated in the Cowes fleet review. She ran aground twice near Lemon Light, North Sea, while trying to avoid Dutch fishing ships, slightly damaged, repaired in drydock at Chatham in October. She sailed again from 9 March 1908, making torpedo and gunnery training, eventually recommissioned with a small crew from HMS Majestic, transferred to the Channel Fleet, Plymouth Sound. Her worn-out gun barrels were replaced later at Dovonport until 3 March 1909. Her Channel Fleet unit was versed to the 2nd Division, Home Fleet. She took part in another fleet review at Spithead in June.

She was refitted at Devonport until December, paid off in February 1910, recommissioned into the reserve (Devonport). Under Captain George Hope in March she participated in the annual manoeuvres. She was later recomm. as aprivate ship for Vice-Admiral Prince Louis of Battenberg, present during the Coronation Fleet Review of King George V. She underwent another refit betwee 1 September 1911 and 1 May 1912, seeing notably her 3-pounders removed or repositioned on the bridge. The battleship started to show her bad luck when during her sea trials she grounded twice on Barrow Deep. After repairs she joined the 5th Battle Squadron, Second Fleet, and briefly as flagship in August-September. She was refitted at Portsmouth until June 1913 and participated in annual fleet manoeuvres. She was visited by King Christian X of Denmark in May 1914. Refitted at Chatham until 9 July she was prepared for test mobilisation (July Crisis), finally ordered on 15 July.

Wartime service

With the 5th BS, HMS Bulwark was in Portland, Channel Fleet. She escorted the British Expeditionary Force but remained afterwards in Portsmouth and Portland. She hosted the court martial of Rear-Admiral Sir Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge (failed pursuit of SMS Goeben and SMS Breslau). She was transferred to Sheerness, like London (see above), but at this occasion, at about 07:53 on 26 November, she suffered a dramatic explosion while moored at Number 17 buoy, Kethole Reach west of Sheerness, River Medway estuary. All officers were killed and all but 12 ratings in the crew, a total of 741 men. This even included members of the band of the gunnery school HMS Excellent playing aboard at that time. The shattering effect of the explosion was such that only 30 bodies were recovered afterwards. This was the second most catastrophic accidental explosion with the dreadnought Vanguard later in 1917. There was an enquiry from 28 November, which ruled out external attacks (torpedo/mine) based on eyewitnesses accounts. A flash was spotted near the aft turret and possible explosions against the outer hull. The board concluded that cordite charges were stowed against one of the boiler-room bulkheads which grew hot as the boilers were fired up, igniting the cordite. Nearby shells soon exploded in turn and this spread into the aft 12-inch magazine exploding in turn in a monumental reaction chain.

HMS Venerable

HMS Venerable Malta 1915

HMS Venerable (Chatham Dockyard) was commissioned on 12 November 1902 (Captain George Edwin Patey). She became Second Flagship, Rear Admiral of the Mediterranean Fleet, leaving Chatham on 20 November. In 1903, she tested a new fire control system. She later ran aground off Algiers but hull damaged was light, swiftly repaired at Malta in 1906–1907. In August that year she was replaced by HMS Prince of Wales and left on 6 January 1908, paid off at Chatham, recommissioned on 7 January 1908 for the Channel Fleet. New refit in February 1909, 3-pounder guns removed, rangefinder installed on her foremast, recommissioned on 19 October 1909, Atlantic Fleet. May 1912: Second Home Fleet, Nore, 5th Battle Squadron, with reduced crew. 1913 anti-torpedo nets removed, 2 searchlights added on her forward bridge.

When WWI broke her unit the 5th Battle Squadron joined the Channel Fleet from Portland. On 25 August 1914 she covered the Portsmouth Marine Battalion in Ostend and in October took part in Dover Patrol bombardment missions. She shelled German piositions between Westende and Lombardsijde and the Battle of the Yser. She became flagship of the Dover Patrol (Rear Admiral Sir Horace Hood). Her patrol was threatened later by German field guns moved up close to shor and later a spotted German U-boat. Venerable operated later with the gunboat HMS Bustard and three monitors and ran aground on an uncharted sandbank, later freed herself. Venerable was recalled as the situation changed. On 3 November, she joined the East Coast Patrols (and was there during Yarmouth's raid). Her Battle Squadron was moved to Sheerness and back to Portland in December 1914. She shelled German positions near Westende in March 1915 (Battle of Neuve Chapelle).

In May, she was ordered to the Dardanelles in replacement to HMS Queen Elizabeth, sailing with HMS Exmouth. In August she shelled Ottoman positions at Suvla Bay. In October she retired at Gibraltar for a refit. Back in December 1915, she was sent to the Otranto fleet, stationed here until December 1916. Back to Portsmouth she was laid up and in February-March 1918 refitted as a depot ship, in Portland for minelaying trawlers. She brofly took part in the Northern Patrol until August 1918, Southern Patrol September-December and paid off at Portland, disposal list in May 1919, sold to Stanlee Shipbreaking Co. in June 1920, Slough Trading Co. 1922, and in Germany in 1922, towed there to be BU.

HMS Queen


HMS Queen was built at Devonport, launched and named by Queen Alexandra on 8 March 1902, in the presence of King Edward VII, completed in March 1904 and commissioned on 7 April 1904 for the Mediterranean Fleet. She stayed at Malta in 1906–1907 as flagship and fleet flagship from 20 March 1907 for the Vice Admiral. By December 1908 she was sent with the Atlantic Fleet and collided with the Greek merchant steamer SS Dafni off Dover (1 February 1909) taking only light damage. After her Devonport refit in 1910–1911 she was from 15 May 1912 transferred to the Second Home Fleet. In April 1914, she was 2nd Flagship (Rear Admiral), 5th Battle Squadron (Second Fleet) like her sisters, used as a gunnery training ship at Portsmouth.

HMS Queen with Trawlers and drifters at Taranto

By August 1914 her Battle Squadron was tasked to the Channel Fleet from Portland. With HMS Implacable she joined the Dover Patrol by late October, shelling German positions along the Belgium coast until this was n longer possible. She also brought a vital support to French positions east of Dunkirk. She was affected for a short time to the Harwich Force in high alert of a German cruiser counterattack. Her Battle Squadron was transferred to Sheerness and was back to Portland in December. She was prepared in March to sail for the Dardanelles requested by Admiral Sackville Carden, her and HMS Implacable. She arrived in Lemnos on 23 March 1915 and joined the 2nd Squadron, flagship, Rear Admiral Cecil Thursby. She was mobilized for support missions on Cape Helles, covering the ANZAC landings at Gaba Tepe on 25 April 1915, in particular the 3rd Australian Brigade, right side of the beach.

HMS Queen Spithead 1902

With Implacable, London, and Prince of Wales (2nd Detached Squadron) she was sent to the Italian Navy blockading the Otranto strait, arriving on 27 May 1915. By December 1916, until February 1917, she was refitted as depot ship for Otranto Barrage personnel, her crew reduced and the rest sent back home. This was a small care-and-maintenance crew while she was partially disarmed. Most of her 6-inch guns had has all been removed by April 1917 followed in October 1917 by her main guns, used by the Italian Army on the Isonzo front. HMS Queen was nevertheless the flagship and naval HQ of British Naval Forces in Taranto, until February 1918. She left for home in April 1919, and was placed in reserve at Chatham in May. Removed from the lists, she joined Pembroke as accommodation ship. She was sold for scrap on 4 September 1920, BU in Preston on 5 August 1921.

HMS Prince of Wales

PoW in Malta, 1915

HMS Prince of Wales was launched at Chatham Dockyard in a ceremony attended by the Royalty, notably the Princess of Wales (later Queen Mary) on 25 March 1902, and of course the Prince of Wales (later King George V). Completed in March 1904 in Chatham she was commissioned on 18 May, Mediterranean Fleet. There, she collided with SS Enidwen off Oran (French North Africa) on 29 July 1905. Her main deck plating was damaged by an anchor. On 16 April 1906, this was more serious: She suffered from an engine-room explosion (3 killed, 4 injured). On 28 May, she was back to Portsmouth and in refit June-November. On 8 September 1905 she returned to the Mediterranean Fleet as flagship, second-in-command by August 1907, followed by a refit in Malta in 1908.

HMS Prince of Wales was then transferred to the Atlantic Fleet, as flagship in February 1909. A rather unlucky ship like Bulwark, she was damaged by an explosion in one of her stokeholds, on 2 July 1909. By December the newt year, she hosted Rear-Admiral(then) John Jellicoe as flagship. She was refitted in Gibraltar in February–May 1911 and back in the Home Fleet on 13 May 1912, flagship of the 3rd Battle Squadron, First Fleet, private ship in May, and flagship, second-in-command, Second Fleet in Portsmouth (5th Battle Squadron). In June 1913, she was rammed by HMS C32 during exercises (light damage). In May 1914, she was flagship of the 5th Battle Squadron.

Pronce of Wales in 1912, IWM

Her service with the 5th Battle Squadron is about the same as her sister ships (see above): Channel Fleet (November) Portland, British Expeditionary Force escort, Channel patrols, Portsmouth Marine Battalion escort to Ostend, Sheerness ad back to Portland. In March she was schduled to depart for the Dardanelles. She covered the landing of the 3rd Brigade at Gaba Tepe and Anzac Cove in April. Then, she was affected to the Taranto blockade. On 22 May 1915, with Implacable, London, and Queen she formed the 2nd Detached Squadron, as flagship from March until June 1916. Refit to Gibraltar and back, and in February 1917, she stopped on her way home to Gibraltar until mid-March 1917. Placed in reserve, she became an accommodation ship, then stricken on 10 November 1919, sold on 12 April 1920, and BU in Milford Haven (Wales) in June 1920.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or ".php"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola
Numancia (1863)
Tetuan (1863)
Vitoria (1865)
Arapiles (1864)
Zaragosa (1867)
Sagunto (1869)
Mendez Nunez (1869)

Spanish wooden s. frigates (1861-65)
Frigate Tornado (1865)
Frigate Maria de Molina (1868)
Spanish sail gunboats (1861-65)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Ironclad Kaiser (1850-70)
Drache class BD. Ironclads (1861)
Kaiser Max class BD. Ironclads (1862)
Erzherzog F. Max class BD. Ironclads (1865)
SMS Lissa Ct. Bat. Ships (1869)

SMS Novara Frigate (1850)
SMS Schwarzenberg Frigate (1853)
Radetzky class frigates (1854)
SMS Helgoland Sloop (1867)

Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Lindormen (1868)

Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Basileos Giorgios (1867)
Basilisa Olga (1869)
Sloop Hellas (1861)

Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)

French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870
Formidabile class (1861)
Pr. de Carignano class (1863)
Re d'Italia class (1864)
Regina maria Pia class (1863)
Roma class (1865)
Affondatore turret ram (1865)
Palestro class (1865)
Guerriera class (1866)
Cappelini class (1868)
Sesia DV (1862)
Esploratore class DV (1863)
Vedetta DV (1866)
Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Ruyjo (1864)
Ironclad Kotetsu (1868)
Frigate Fujiyama (1864)
Frigate Kasuga (1863)
Corvette Asama (1869)
Gunboat Raiden (1856)
Gunboat Chiyodogata (1863)
Teibo class GB (1866)
Gunboat Mushun (1865)
Gunboat Hosho (1868)
Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine
Prinz Adalbert (1864)
Arminius (1864)
Friedrich Carl (1867)
Kronprinz (1867)
K.Whilhelm (1868)
Arcona class Frigates (1858)
Nymphe class Frigates (1863)
Augusta class Frigates (1864)
Jäger class gunboats (1860)
Chamaleon class gunboats (1860)
Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot
Ironclad Sevastopol (1864)
Ironclad Petropavlovsk (1864)
Ironclad Smerch (1864)
Pervenetz class (1863)
Charodeika class (1867)
Admiral Lazarev class (1867)
Ironclad Kniaz Pojarski (1867)
Bronenosetz class monitors (1867)
Admiral Chichagov class (1868)
S3D Imperator Nicolai I (1860)
S3D Sinop (1860)
S3D Tsessarevich (1860)
Russian screw two-deckers (1856-59)
Russian screw frigates (1854-61)
Russian screw corvettes (1856-60)
Russian screw sloops (1856-60)
Varyag class Corvettes (1862)
Almaz class Sloops (1861)
Opyt TGBT (1861)
Sobol class TGBT (1863)
Pishtchal class TGBT (1866)
Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Ericsson class monitors (1865)
Frigate Karl XIV (1854)
Frigate Stockholm (1856)
Corvette Gefle (1848)
Corvette Orädd (1853)
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
Skorpionen class (1866)
Frigate Stolaf (1856)
Frigate Kong Sverre (1860)
Frigate Nordstjerna (1862)
Frigate Vanadis (1862)
Glommen class gunboats (1863)
⚑ 1890 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class (1873)
La Plata class (1875)
Pilcomayo class (1875)
Ferre class (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Custoza (1872)
Erzherzog Albrecht (1872)
Kaiser (1871)
Kaiser Max class (1875)
Tegetthoff (1878)

Radetzky(ii) class (1872)
SMS Donau(ii) (1874)
SMS Donau(iii) (1893)

Erzherzog Friedrich class (1878)
Saida (1878)
Fasana (1870)
Aurora class (1873)

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy

Hai An class frigates (1872)
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)
Skjold (1896)
Cruiser Fyen (1882)
Cruiser Valkyrien (1888)

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne

Gunboat St Michael (1970)
Gunboat "1804" (1875)
Gunboat Dessalines (1883)
Gunboat Toussaint Louverture (1886)
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun
Ironclad Fuso (1877)
Kongo class Ironclads (1877)

Cruiser Tsukushi (1880)
Cruiser Takao (1888)
Cruiser Yaeyama (1889)
Cruiser Chishima (1890)
Cruiser Tatsuta (1894)
Cruiser Miyako (1898)

Frigate Nisshin (1869)
Frigate Tsukuba (acq.1870)
Kaimon class CVT (1882)
Katsuragi class SCVT (1885)
Sloop Seiki (1875)
Sloop Amagi (1877)
Corvette Jingei (1876)
Gunboat Banjo (1878)
Maya class GB (1886)
Gunboat Oshima (1891)
German Navy 1898 Kaiserliche Marine

Ironclad Hansa (1872)
G.Kurfürst class (1873)
Kaiser class (1874)
Sachsen class (1877)
Ironclad Oldenburg (1884)

Ariadne class CVT (1871)
Leipzig class CVT (1875)
Bismarck class CVT (1877)
Carola class CVT (1880)
Corvette Nixe (1885)
Corvette Charlotte (1885)
Schwalbe class Cruisers (1887)
Bussard class (1890)

Aviso Zieten (1876)
Blitz class Avisos (1882)
Aviso Greif (1886)
Wacht class Avisos (1887)
Meteor class Avisos (1890)
Albatross class GBT (1871)
Cyclop GBT (1874)
Otter GBT (1877)
Wolf class GBT (1878)
Habitch class GBT (1879)
Hay GBT (1881)
Eber GBT (1881)
Rhein class Monitors (1872)
Wespe class Monitors (1876)
Brummer class Arm.Steamers (1884)
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot

Petr Velikiy (1872)
Ekaterina class ICL (1886)
Imperator Alexander class ICL (1887)
Ironclad Gangut (1890)
Admiral Ushakov class (1893)
Navarin (1893)
Petropavlovsk class (1894)
Sissoi Veliky (1896)

Minin (1866)
G.Admiral class (1875)
Pamiat Merkuria (1879)
V.Monomakh (1882)
D.Donskoi (1883)
Adm.Nakhimov (1883)
Vitiaz class (1884)
Pamiat Azova (1886)
Adm.Kornilov (1887)
Rurik (1895)
Svetlana (1896)

Gunboat Ersh (1874)
Kreiser class sloops (1875)
Gunboat Nerpa (1877)
Burun class Gunboats (1879)
Sivuch class Gunboats (1884)
Korietz class Gunboats (1886)
Kubanetz class Gunboats (1887)
TGBT Lt.Ilin (1886)
TGBT Kp.Saken (1889)
Kazarski class TGBT (1889)
Grozyaschi class AGBT (1890)
Gunboat Khrabri (1895)
T.Gunboat Abrek (1896)
Amur class minelayers (1898)
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Lima class Cruisers (1880)
Chilean TBs (1879)

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen
Monitor Loke (1871)
Svea class CDS (1886)
Berserk class (1873)
Sloop Balder (1870)
Blenda class GB (1874)
Urd class GB (1877)
Gunboat Edda (1885)
Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Lindormen (1868)
Gorm (1870)
Odin (1872)
Helgoland (1878)
Tordenskjold (1880)
Iver Hvitfeldt (1886)

Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Centurion class (1892)
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
N3 class (1920)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
WW1 British Monitors
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Cruiser Nadezhda (1898)
Drski class TBs (1906)
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Skjold class (1896)
Herluf Trolle class (1899)
Herluf Trolle (1908)
Niels Iuel (1918)
Hekla class cruisers (1890)
Valkyrien class cruisers (1888)
Fyen class crusiers (1882)
Danish TBs (1879-1918)
Danish Submarines (1909-1920)
Danish Minelayer/sweepers

Greek Royal Navy Greece
Kilkis class
Giorgios Averof class

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Eversten class (1894)
Konigin Regentes class (1900)
De Zeven Provincien (1909)
Dutch dreadnought (project)

Holland class cruisers (1896)
Fret class destroyers
Dutch Torpedo boats
Dutch gunboats
Dutch submarines
Dutch minelayers

Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway
Almirante Grau class (1906)
Ferre class subs. (1912)

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal
Coastal Battleship Vasco da Gama (1875)
Cruiser Adamastor (1896)
Sao Gabriel class (1898)
Cruiser Dom Carlos I (1898)
Cruiser Rainha Dona Amelia (1899)
Portuguese ww1 Destroyers
Portuguese ww1 Submersibles
Portuguese ww1 Gunboats

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania

Elisabeta (1885)
Spanish Armada Spain
España class Battleships (1912)
Velasco class (1885)
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Cataluna class (1896)
Plata class (1898)
Estramadura class (1900)
Reina Regentes class (1906)
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Torpedo Boats
Spanish Sloops/Gunboats
Spanish Submarines
Spanish Armada 1898
Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden
Svea classs (1886)
Oden class (1896)
Dristigheten (1900)
Äran class (1901)
Oscar II (1905)
Sverige class (1915)
J. Ericsson class (1865)
Gerda class (1871)
Berserk (1873)
HMS Fylgia (1905)
Clas Fleming class (1912)
Swedish Torpedo cruisers
Swedish destroyers
Swedish Torpedo Boats
Swedish gunboats
Swedish submarines


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)
WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)
WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)
WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British Gunboats

WW2 British Sloops
WW2 British Frigates
WW2 British Corvettes
WW2 British Misc.
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1934)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933)
Hiyo class (1941)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Taiho (1944)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral Navies

✈ Naval Aviation

Latest entries WW1 CW
naval aviation USN aviation
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)
Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)
Ryan FR-1 Fireball (1944)
Douglas XTB2D-1 Skypirate (1945)
Douglas AD-1 Skyraider (1945)

Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1945)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

⚔ WW2 Naval Battles

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Cold War Aircraft Carriers
Centaur class (1947)
HMS Victorious (1950)
HMS Eagle (1946)
HMS Ark Royal (1950)
HMS Hermes (1953)
CVA-01 class (1966 project)
Invincible class (1977)

Cold War Cruisers
Tiger class (1945)

Daring class (1949)
1953 design (project)
Cavendish class (1944)
Weapon class (1945)
Battle class (1945)
FADEP program (1946)
County class GMD (1959)
Bristol class GMD (1969)
Sheffield class GMD (1971)
Manchester class GMD (1980)
Type 43 GMD (1974)

British cold-war Frigates
Rapid class (1942)
Tenacious class (1941)
Whitby class (1954)
Blackwood class (1953)
Leopard class (1954)
Salisbury class (1953)
Tribal class (1959)
Rothesay class (1957)
Leander class (1961)
BB Leander class (1967)
HMS Mermaid (1966)
Amazon class (1971)
Broadsword class (1976)
Boxer class (1981)
Cornwall class (1985)
Duke class (1987)

British cold war Submarines
T (conv.) class (1944)
T (Stream) class (1945)
A (Mod.) class (1944)
Explorer class (1954)
Strickleback class (1954)
Porpoise class (1956)
Oberon class (1959)
HMS Dreanought SSN (1960)
Valiant class SSN (1963)
Resolution class SSBN (1966)
Swiftsure class SSN (1971)
Trafalgar class SSN (1981)
Upholder class (1986)
Vanguard class SSBN (started)

Assault ships
Fearless class (1963)
HMS Ocean (started)
Sir Lancelot LLS (1963)
Sir Galahad (1986)
Ardennes/Avon class (1976)
Brit. LCVPs (1963)
Brit. LCM(9) (1980)

Ton class (1952)
Ham class (1947)
Ley class (1952)
HMS Abdiel (1967)
HMS Wilton (1972)
Hunt class (1978)
Venturer class (1979)
River class (1983)
Sandown class (1988)

Misc. ships
HMS Argus ATS (1988)
Ford class SDF (1951)
Cormorant class (1985)
Kingfisger class (1974)
HMS Jura OPV (1975)
Island class OPVs (1976)
HMS Speedy PHDF (1979)
Castle class OPVs (1980)
Peacock class OPVs (1982)
MBT 538 class (1948)
Gay class FACs (1952)
Dark class FACs (1954)
Bold class FACs (1955)
Brave class FACs (1957)
Tenacity class PCs (1967)
Brave class FPCs (1969)
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
Cold War Soviet Cruisers (1947-90)
Chapayev class (1945)
Kynda class (1961)
Kresta I class (1964)
Kresta II class (1968)
Kara class (1969)
Kirov class (1977)
Slava class (1979)

Moksva class (1965)
Kiev class (1975)
Kusnetsov class aircraft carriers (1988)

Cold War Soviet Destroyers
Skoryi class destroyers (1948)
Neustrashimyy (1951)
Kotlin class (1953)
Krupny class (1959)
Kashin class (1963)
Sovremenny class (1978)
Udaloy class (1980)
Project Anchar DDN (1988)

Soviet Frigates
Kola class (1951)
Riga class (1954)
Petya class (1960)
Mirka class (1964)
Grisha class (1968)
Krivak class (1970)
Koni class (1976)
Neustrashimyy class (1988)

Soviet Missile Corvettes
Poti class (1962)
Nanuchka class (1968)
Pauk class (1978)
Tarantul class (1981)
Dergach class (1987)
Svetlyak class (1989)

Cold War Soviet Submarines
Whiskey SSK (1948)
Zulu SSK (1950)
Quebec SSK (1950)
Romeo SSK (1957)
Foxtrot SSK (1963)
Tango class (1972)
November SSN (1957)
Golf SSB (1958)
Hotel SSBN (1959)
Echo I SSGN (1959)
Echo II SSGN (1961)
Juliett SSG (1962)
Yankee SSBN (1966)
Victor SSN I (1965)
Alfa SSN (1967)
Charlie SSGN (1968)
Papa SSGN (1968)
Delta I SSBN (1972)
Delta II SSBN (1975)
Delta III SSBN (1976)
Delta IV SSBN (1980)
Typhoon SSBN (1980)
Victor II SSN (1971)
Victor III SSN (1977)
Oscar SSGN (1980)
Sierra SSN (1982)
Mike SSN (1983)
Akula SSN (1984)
Kilo SSK (1986)

Soviet Naval Air Force
Kamov Ka-10 Hat
Kamov Ka-15 Hen
Kamov Ka-18 Hog
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone
Kamov Ka-27 Helix
Mil Mi-8 Hip
Mil Mi-14 H?
Mil Mi-4 Hound

Yakovlev Yak-38
Sukhoi Su-17
Sukhoi Su-24

Ilyushin Il-28 Beagle
Myasishchev M-4 Bison
Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun
Tupolev Tu-142
Ilyushin Il-38
Tupolev Tu-16
Antonov An-12
Tupolev Tu-22
Tupolev Tu-95
Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-16
Tupolev Tu-22

Beriev Be-6 Madge
Beriev Be-10 Mallow
Beriev Be-12
Lun class Ekranoplanes
A90 Orlan Ekranoplanes

Soviet MTBs/PBs/FACs
P2 class FACs
P4 class FACs
P6 class FACs
P8 class FACs
P10 class FACs
Komar class FACs (1960)
Project 184 FACs
OSA class FACs
Shershen class FACs
Mol class FACs
Turya class HFL
Matka class HFL
Pchela class FACs
Sarancha class HFL
Babochka class HFL
Mukha class HFL
Muravey class HFL

MO-V sub-chasers
MO-VI sub-chasers
Stenka class sub-chasers
kronstadt class PBs
SO-I class PBs
Poluchat class PBs
Zhuk clas PBs
MO-105 sub-chasers

Project 191 River Gunboats
Shmel class river GB
Yaz class river GB
Piyavka class river GB
Vosh class river GB
Saygak class river GB

Soviet Minesweepers
T43 class
T58 class
Yurka class
Gorya class
T301 class
Project 255 class
Sasha class
Vanya class
Zhenya class
Almaz class
Sonya class
TR40 class
K8 class
Yevgenya class
Olya class
Lida class
Andryusha class
Ilyusha class
Alesha class
Rybak class
Baltika class
SChS-150 class
Project 696 class

Soviet Amphibious ships
MP 2 class
MP 4 class
MP 6 class
MP 8 class
MP 10 class
Polocny class
Ropucha class
Alligator class
Ivan Rogov class
Aist class HVC
Pomornik class HVC
Gus class HVC
T-4 class LC
Ondatra class LC
Lebed class HVC
Tsaplya class HVC
Utenov class
US Navy USN (1990)
Aircraft carriers
United States class (1950)
Essex SBC-27 (1950s)
Midway class (mod)
Forrestal class (1954)
Kitty Hawk class (1960)
USS Enterprise (1960)
Nimitz Class (1972)

Salem Class (1947)
Worcester Class (1948)
USS Norfolk (1953)
Boston Class (1955)
Galveston Class (1958)
Albany Class (1962)
USS Long Beach (1960)
Leahy Class (1961)
USS Bainbridge (1961)
Belknap Class (1963)
USS Truxtun (1964)
California Class (1971)
Virginia Class (1974)
CSGN Class (1976)
Ticonderoga Class (1981)

Mitscher class (1952)
Fletcher DDE class (1950s)
Gearing DDE class (1950s)
F. Sherman class (1956)
Farragut class (1958)
Charles s. Adams class (1958)
Gearing FRAM I class (1960s)
Sumner FRAM II class (1970s)
Spruance class (1975)

Dealey class (1953)
Claud Jones class (1958)
Bronstein class (1962)
Garcia class (1963)
Brooke class (1963)
Knox class (1966)
OH Perry class (1976)

Guppy class Submarines (1946-59)
Barracuda class SSK (1951)
Tang class SSK (1951)
USS Darter SSK (1956)
Mackerel class SSK (1953)
USS Albacore SSK (1953)
USS X1 Midget subs (1955)
Barbel class SSK (1958)

USS Nautilus SSN (1954)
USS Seawolf SSN (1955)
Skate class SSN (1957)
Skipjack class SSN (1958)
USS Tullibee SSN (1960)
Tresher/Permit class SSN (1960)
Sturgeon class SSN (1963)
Los Angeles class SSN (1974)
Seawolf class SSN (1989)

USS Grayback SSBN (1954)
USS Growler SSBN (1957)
USS Halibut SSBN (1959)
Gato SSG (1960s)
E. Allen class SSBN (1960)
G. Washington class SSBN (1969)
Lafayette class SSBN (1962)
Ohio class SSBN (1979)

Migraine class RP (1950s)
Sailfish class RP (1955)
USS Triton class RP (1958)

Amphibious/assault ships
Iwo Jima class HC (1960)
Tarawa class LHD (1973)
Wasp class LHD (1987)
Thomaston class LSD (1954)
Raleigh class LSD (1962)
Austin class LSD (1964)
Anchorage class LSD (1968)
Whibdey Island class LSD (1983)
Parish class LST (1952)
County class LST (1957)
Newport class LST (1968)
Tulare class APA (1953)
Charleston class APA (1967)
USS Carronade support ship (1953)

Mine warfare ships
Agile class (1952)
Ability (1956)
Avenger (1987)
USS Cardinal (1983)
Adjutant class (1953)
USS Cove (1958)
USS Bittern (1957)
Minesweeping boats/launches

Misc. ships
USS Northampton CS (1951)
Blue Ridge class CS (1969)
Wright class CS (1969)
PT812 class (1950)
Nasty class FAC (1962)
Osprey class FAC (1967)
Asheville class FACs (1966)
USN Hydrofoils (1962-81)
Vietnam Patrol Boats (1965-73)

Hamilton class (1965)
Reliance class (1963)
Bear class (1979)
cold war CG PBs

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