France (1891-95)
Brennus, Charles Martel, Jauréguiberry, Carnot, Masséna, Bouvet

Charles Martel class Battleships (1891)

"A navy of prototypes"

Prior to 1890, France, still Britain's main naval rival at that point, paused its battleship construction because of the influence of the Jeune Ecole doctrine. The latter blindly and radically favoured torpedo boats and torpedo-carrying ships in general, at the expense of traditional Battleships.

After the Ironclads era of the 1860s (Gloire, the famous precursor, followed by the Couronne, Magenta, Provence and Gauloise classes) the 1870s saw transition to central battery ships with barbettes (Ocean, Colbert, Devastation classes and Friedland, Richelieu, Redoutable, Alma and La Galissionnière classes).

Then came the barbettes ships of the 1880s: The single Amiral Duperré (1879) and Hoche (1886), Amiral Baudin & Marceau classes and their "coast guard" equivalents, the Bayard and Vauban classes.

With one exception, Marceau (1887), they were all scrapped before WW1 began. Noxious Jeune Ecole's influence gradually faded, but nonetheless the 1890s French battleships (starting with Brennus, in 1889) were known for their individual ships as opposed to the homogeneous classes in the Royal Navy.

Their arrangement of heavy guns was also unusual, with single barbettes/turrets of larger caliber 13.4-inch (340 mm) for example rather than 12-inch (305 mm) and later two 12-inch and two 10.8-inch, still in single turrets arranged in a lozenge.

The Charlemagne class however (1894–1896) were the first to standardize four 12-inch (305 mm) in two turrets and put real efforts for the first time in standardization.

Jaureguiberry and other reserve Sqn Mediterranean battleships
Jaureguiberry and other reserve same class Sqn Mediterranean battleships, Carnot, Masséna and Bouvet. 05-04-1924 Source L'Illustration

The Field flotilla (naval program of 1890)

This program emerged for a response to the British Royal Sovereign class, and comprised a "prototype", the Brennus, followed by a class with the same specifications, using, according to the Young School theory, the same blueprints with a lozenge-arrangement and various specifications, Charles Martel displacing 11,693 tons, Carnot (1894) 11,954 tons, Jauréguiberry (1893) 11,637 tons, Masséna (1895) 11,735 tons and the heaviest, Bouvet (1896) 12,007 tons.

These ships never left their mark in French design in positive ways. Contrary to British yards, French relative inefficiency ensured they were commissioned long after being laid down, and therefore already obsolescent in 1900.

Their mixed main artillery was noted for a relatively higher rate of fire and range, a distribution that allowed three guns in pursuit and retreat which was better than the Brennus. However the side sponsons 10.8-inch guns (to save weight and improve stability) lacked hitting power, barely compensated by the advantage of a gun.

Plus, with six different calibers, ammo management was nightmarish. There were some quality construction issues also like the welded tubes for Lagrafel d'Allest boilers on Jauréguiberry, perhaps the unluckiest French battleship in history. The tumblehome presented well-known advantages of a sloped armour over standard flat armour, and was supposed to help stability, however these generations of ships had limited or absent compartmentalization in case of underwater hit.

The Bouvet made this dreadful experience when hitting a single mine in the Dardanelles, which was fatal. This was a 176-pound (80 kg) explosive charge and the ship capsized and sank in two minutes, which left little chance to the crew, carrying with her 660 of 710 men.

There is some confusion about another Charles Martel class, barbette ships 10,600–10,650 tons, which were basically slightly enlarged Marceau types designed by Admiral Aube.

The class comprised the Charles Martel, laid down 1883, but construction was suspended 1886 just like the Brennus laid down 1884, but and construction suspended the same year, in the same yards. The the next same namesake were built at their place, hence the origin of the confusion.

But the situation was dire at the end of the 1890s: The Jeune Ecole retained a strong influence and had many partisans in French naval staff deciding of strategy, and government walz, frequent budget revisions, largely inefficient yards with sometimes ten years of construction, bureaucratic meddling and corruption made the price of the battleships soar.

By all means, France had abandoned competition with Britain in battleship numbers, and consequently suffered the most from the dreadnought revolution, accusing a five years gap in construction in that area when the great war broke out.

It was fortunate in a sense that her main fleet actions were confined to the Mediterranean, because she was no match for the Kaiser's Hochseeflotte, having no battlecruisers, a collection of obsolete pre-dreadnoughts, equally obsolete cruisers, a large fleet of torpedo boats confined to coastal waters and small, short range destroyers, unfit to serve in the Atlantic.

Author's illustration of the Battleship Charlemagne of the next generation

The precursor: Battleship Brennus (1891)

Battleship Brennus
Battleship Brennus - Line drawing.

She could be summup as the first with modern Belleville watertube boilers. She was the first "turret ship" after the long list of barbettes pre-dreadnoughts of the 1880s, of which none was operational when WW1 broke out. The Brennus was launched in October 1891, well before than the Charles Martel (August 1893) but like Jaureguiberry (October 1893).

She was laid down on 12 January 1889 at Lorient dockyard. The name came from a title given to at least two famous Gallic Chieftains, the first sacked Rome in 380 BC and the other Delphi (Greece) in 279 BC. Rampant Nationalism of that era made adoption of these a fitting response to German nationalism, it was not long after a statue of Vercingetorix war erected, facing Arminius on the other side of the Rhine.

To add some confusion, another Brennus was previously registered, a design by Admiral Théophile Aube and improved Marceau, this first Charles Martel class was cancelled after he passed out. This first ship was laid down in 1884 at the same Lorient yard, but the blueprints were completely redrawn and the keel was laid down a second time four years later.

Battleship Brennus
Battleship Brennus, old author's illustration


The Brennus innovated at least in two ways: She was the first French turret battleship (no more barbettes), also the first to use model Belleville watertube boilers, and the first with twin turrets. It looked like at least France went on the right path, but in fact if this precursor led to a more or less homogeneous class of five battleships, they all reverted to the of Lozenge-type artillery configuration in single turrets with unequal caliber.

Battleship Charles Martel (1892)

The Charles Martel was the first of the heterogeneous "class" of five battleships built to a broadly similar design. All differed enough to be considered unique, all had similar Design specifications but different engineers, yards, and lack of overall control were responsible for this diversity.

The Martel, like the four others was based on the previous Brennus, but crucially, used the famous French lozenge arrangement seen already on the older Magenta. Main battery guns were therefore separeated in individual, smaller and lighter turrets moved on the wings. And these ships were supposed to answer the British Royal Sovereign-class battleships. In the design, aspects also of the older Marceau-class designed by admiral Aube were took, but after his departure, plans were redrawn.


The Charles Martel was 115.49 meters (378 ft 11 in) long band displaced 11,639 tonnes (11,455 long tons), with a pronounced tumblehome and long forecastle giving her a high freeboard forward, but lower aft. Her heavy military masts were used for optics and small guns.

Her crew comprised 644 officers and enlisted men, part of which served two vertical triple expansion engines fed by the steam supplied by twenty-four Lagrafel d'Allest water-tube boilers. This powerplant gave 14,900 designed horsepower (11,100 kW), giving 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) and she carried 650 t (640 long tons; 720 short tons) of coal, and up to 980 tons in wartime.

Her armament comprised Charles two Canon de 305 mm Modèle 1887 guns in single fore and aft turrets and two Canon de 274 mm Modèle 1887 in wings single turrets on sponsons over the tumblehome. Secondary armament comprised eight 138.6 mm Modèle 1888 guns, in single turrets, at the superstructure corners, four 65 mm (2.6 in) QF guns , twelve 3-pounders, eight 1-pounder revolver guns in the superstructure and masts.

For close quarter she also had two 450 mm (18 in) submerged side torpedo tubes. Armor comprised nickel steel plates, 460 mm (18 in) on the belt, down to 250 mm (9.8 in) on a lower level and reduced both sides of the central citadel to 305 mm (12.0 in) down 250 mm (lower edge).

Above the belt, sides were 101 mm (4.0 in) thick. The main turrets fore and aft and in sponsons were 380 mm (15 in) while the corner ones, secondary turrets were 101 mm thick. The main deck was 69 mm (2.7 in) thick and the conning tower had 230 mm (9.1 in) walls.


The Charles Martel was completed and commissioned in June 1897. Her boiler tubes were replaced with safer models in mid-sea trials (a consequence of Jauréguiberry's accident with welded tubes boilers). She joined the Mediterranean Squadron, became the flagship of Rear Admiral Roustan (Second Division). She made a large scale exercise with the Northern Squadron in June–July 1900, and a Grand presidential Review in Cherbourg in the fall of July.

She reached the press in the 1901 manoeuvers, after which having being mocked-torpedoed by submarine Gustave Zédé. In 1902, she joined the Reserve Squadron, and missed the annual fleet manoeuvers of the next summer. The reserve was renamed Second Squadron in 1906, the Second Division under the command of Rear Admiral Germinet.

This was a state of reduced readiness with minimal crew and full commission for three months yearly, until 1914. By that time, she had been laid up in Brest along with Carnot. She saw little service, maintained onlyas a stopgap until the completion of the Normandie-class battleships, but she was stricken in 1922 and sold for scrap.

The unlucky Battleship Jauréguiberry (1892)

She was ordered on 8 April 1891, laid down at Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée, La Seyne-sur-Mer in November 1891, launched on 27 October 1893 and Completed 30 January 1897, and Commissioned 16 February 1897 at a global cost of 23,385,000 F. She was generall similar to the Charles Martel, with its pear-shaped sections (important tumblehome) and the turrets uncomfortably close to the extremities.

The Jaureguiberry was 111.9 metres (367 ft 2 in) long overall, 23 metres (75 ft 6 in) wide for a 8.45 metres (27 ft 9 in) draught and 11,818 tonnes up to 12,229 tonnes (12,040 long tons) fully loaded displacement. Her captain described her as an excellent sea-boat, stable and well laid-out but with a weak secondary armament.

Author's illustration of the Battleship Gaulois


She had vertical triple expansion steam engines also from Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée which developed 14,441 indicated horsepower (10,769 kW) for 17.71 knots (32.80 km/h; 20.38 mph). However their twenty-four Lagraffel d'Allest had famously welded water-tube boilers working at 15 kg/cm2 (1,471 kPa; 213 psi) which proved troublesome to say the least.

She carried 750 tonnes of coal in peacetime and up to 1,080 tonnes in times of war for a 3,920 nautical miles radius at 10 knots. Jauréguiberry armament comprisedtwo 305-millimetre fore and aft (arc of fire of 250°, depression −5° +15°). They fired a 340 kg (750 lb) shell at 1 rpm at 780 mps (2,600 ft/s), on a 12,000 m (13,000 yd) range.

Her sponson guns were also 274-millimetre (10.8 in) Canon de 274 mm models and thirdly she had 45-calibre 138 mm Canon de 138.6 mm mounted in manually operated twin turrets at the corners of the superstructure (160° arc of fire, 4rpm, -10° +25° depression/elevation, firing 36.5 kg (80 lb) AP shells at 725 mps (2,380 ft/s) and 15,000 m (16,000 yd) range.

Her light armament comprised, according to various srources, four 50 cal. 65-mm (2.6 in) guns firing 4.1-kg (9.0 lb) shells at 715 mps (2,350 ft/s), about 13-18 QF 3-pounder Hotchkiss 47 mm (1.9 in) 40-cal Modèle 1885 mounted in the fighting tops and superstructure, firing a 1.49-kg shell at 610 mps (2,000 ft/s) and 4,000 m (4,400 yd) and 7-14 rpm.

8x 37 mm (1.5 in) Hotchkiss 5-barrel revolver guns mounted on the fore and aft of the superstructures, with a 1.1 lb (0.50 kg) shells fired at 2,000 ft/s (610 m/s) at 30 rpm but a range of 3,500 yards (3,200 m).

The original planned six 450- mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes initially fitted above water, bow, stern and broadside underwater. After the 1906 refit only the latter were kept. The armour scheme was about the same as with the Charles Martel, representing 3,960 tonnes (3,897 long tons) of nickel steel armour, 33.5% of her displacement.

A Career marked by bad luck

The Jauréguiberry suffered two accidents in her early life: A welded boiler tube exploded burst on 10 June 1896 during sea trials, killing six and wounding three. She suffered another accident during firing trials and after commission in 1897, suffered a torpedo's air chamber explosion on 30 March.

She was only sent in May 1897 in the Mediterranean, but this was not yet finished: On 20 January 1902 the air chamber of another torpedo exploded. She was transferred to the Northern Squadron in 1904, and struck a reef off Brest in the fog on 18 July 1904.

Repaired, she returned in the drydock following her propellers damage and steering compartment flood caused by torpedo air flask burst during an exercize in 1905. While visiting Portsmouth (14 August 1905) she ran aground in the outer harbour.

She was sent to the Mediterranean in February 1907 for the reserve, then third division in 1908. Two years later she was sent in the new reformed 2nd Independent Squadron to the Atlantic. When the war broke out she has joined the Training Division as flagship.
Jauréguiberry 1915
Battleship Jauréguiberry during the war in 1915, in grey livery. Imperial War Museum collection.

She escorted troop convoys between North Africa and France for some time, and also a convoy of Indian troops in the fall of 1914. Stationed at Bizerte until February 1915 she joined Port Said as flagship of the Syrian Division and departed on 25 March for the Dardanelles, replacing the Suffren and Bouvet.

She became flagship of Admiral Guépratte from then on, covering operations and especially landings on 25 April and until 26 May, lightly damaged by Turkish artillery twice. She sailed back to Port Said on 19 July , shelling Haifa on 13 August, participated in the occupation of Rouad Island on 1 September and eventually transferred to Ismailia in January 1916 for the defense of the Suez Canal.

She was refitted at Malta and on 26 December 1916 returned to Port Said. After some of her guns were landed to defend the Canal in 1917 she went into reserved in 1918 and joined Toulon in March 1919, decommissioned, and became Engineer's Training Schoolship and later an accommodation hulk, stricken on 20 June 1920, but still part of the Engineer's School until 1932, and sold for scrap on 23 June 1934.

The Battleship Carnot (1894)


Carnot was the second in the line of five battleships derived from the Charles Martel, which formed the basis for Carnot and three other ships with identical specifications, but different engineers design. She was 114 meters (374 ft 0 in) long, 21.4 m (70 ft 3 in) for a displacement of 11,954 tonnes (11,765 long tons) but her superstructure were cut down to save weight contrary to other ships, in order to reclaim stability.

She was propelled by two vertical triple expansion engines fed by twenty-four Lagrafel d'Allest water-tube boilers rated at 16,300 indicated horsepower for 17.8 knots. As customary the main single-piece turrets were placed for and aft near the ends and the secondary main turrets on side sponsons, making a lozenge arrangement and pronounced tumblehome.

The light secondary armament was placed also in sponsons turrets, on the four corners. The lighter armement was placed in the military masts and superstructure, about four 65 mm (2.6 in) QF guns, twelve 3-pdr (37 mm), eight 1-pdr revolvers (20 mm). She was also given two 450 mm (18 in) submerged torpedo tubes. The armour ranged from 460 mm (18 in) for the belt, 230 mm (9.1 in) for the conning tower walls and 380 mm (15 in) for the turrets.

An absentee in the Great War

The Carnot, named after Marie François Sadi Carnot, French president elected in 1887 and assassinated by an anarchist when the ship was in construction, was launched at the Toulon NyD in July 1894 and completed and later commissioned in July 1897. By that time, personal and doctrine already started to change and the ship was obsolescent.

The Carnot alternated between the Northern and Mediterranean Squadrons. In January 1900 she was transferred to the Northern Squadron (Vice Admiral Ménard) to replacing the Charlemagne, conducting annual training exercises and in 1901 joined the Mediterranean Squadron for combined fleet maneuvers. But she was soon transferred to the Reserve Squadron (Rear Admiral Besson).

Her sister ships there were the same generation Charles Martel, Brennus (flagship), and Hoche. New large scale manoeuvers took place in the summer. In 1906 Carnot returned to the Northern Squadron for the summer maneuvers and in 1907 she was back the Mediterranean Second Squadron, until 1909. She returned to the Northern sqn and was laid up for overhaul at Brest when the war broke out.

She was kept on the effective list only waiting for the completion of the Normandie-class battleships, and stayed inactive for the duration of the Great war, before being stricken in 1922 and sold for scrap.

The Battleship Masséna (1894)

Masséna proceeded from the same basic design but exceeded her design limits especially with weight and consequently suffered serious stability problems. This translated into sever roll and inaccurate firing, and was considered the last unsuccessful design of the serie. She served as the others in the Northern and Mediterranean Squadrons but was withdrawn from service just before World War I.

Hulked at Toulon in 1915 she was later towed to Cape Helles on 9 November 1915 and scuttled as a a breakwater to allow less rough sears for the Allied expeditionary force re-boarding and evacuating at the end of the Gallipoli Campaign.

A bit overweight

In terms of general design, the Masséna was roughly identical to the other ships, but significantly overweight when completed at Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire displacing 11,735 tonnes (11,550 long tons), sitting lower in the water which left her armored belt partially submerged.

She also had a pronounced snout bow to improve her buoyancy and was about the slowest of these at 17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) for 13,400 indicated horsepower. Her primary and secondary main armament ws the same as the others, but she carried eight 100 mm (3.9 in) QF guns, twelve 3-pdr QF plus eight 1-pdr guns and four 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes submerged.

Battleship Masséna (By Bougault) (cc), named after André Masséna, Napoleon's Sardinian general and one of his most successful strategist

A short career

Aprt her come-and-back betwen the Mediterranean and Atlantic since her commission in 1898, nothing notable happened. In 1900 however four engineering officers were seriously injured while disassembling too quickly a pipe to repair it. In 1902 Masséna participated in gunnery trials with the Suffren off Île Longue, Brest (Britanny, NW France).

She fired at 100 metres (330 ft) on a 55 centimetres (21.7 in) thick armour plate placed on the Suffren's turret, which was cracked at the fourth and fifth hits, but the turret was still fully operational despite the concussion. However two spinter flew away back, one hitting the Masséna above her armor belt and another near-missed Naval Minister, Camille Pelletan which came as an observer.

Masséna went into reserve squadron from 1908, meaning a "semi-active service" until 1914. Too old to participate to the operations, at least her hull found some use at Galipolli. She is still there, off Sedd-al Bahr, Turkey, near the Aegean islands.

The Fighting Bouvet (1894)

Battleship Bouvet
French Battleship Bouvet, Agence, Rol Hanotaux, Gabriel (1922) Histoire illustrée de la guerre de 1914 (cc)

Launched in 27 April 1896 in Lorient, Britanny and Commissioned in June 1898 she was the last and arguably most famous of the class of five battleships described here. She distinguished herself in the Dardanelles, but also was sunk in a particularly fast and spectacular manner, in an age where underwater compartimentation was not that paramount. For specifications see the table below.

Bouvet (named after François Joseph Bouvet, a French admiral, which served in the East Indies under Suffren in the famous campaign of 1781–83) started by being replaced by battleship Suffren in the Mediterranbean squadronand replaced in turn the old Dévastation of the Northern Squadron (which went into retirement).

During the summer fleet maneuvers 1903, as Admiral Gervais's flagship, she was an observer in the simulated battles. However off Golfe-Juan, she was rammed accidentaly by the Gaulois on 31 January 1903, but both ships only took light damages. In1906 in the Mediterranean she passed under command of Vice Admiral Touchard and assisted populations in the Mount Vesuvius eruption in Naples in April 1906, with Iéna and Gaulois. In the following summer manoeuver, she nearly missed battleship Gaulois again. In Second Squadron by 1908 (reserved) she served with a reduced crew. Bouvet Dardanelles
Battleship bouvet in the Dardanelles - src Collier's Photographic History of the European War (New York, 1916)

When the war broke out, Bouvet escorted Allied troop convoys in and out of Africa until November and then scrambled to the Dardanelles. She was to catch the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben emerging from Dar-Es-Salaam but missed her. Admiral Souchon successfully joined the Turkish fleet.

She shelled the Turkish fort of Kum Kale on 19 February and assisted battleship Suffren own fire by providing firing corrections by radio. Meanwhile Gaulois was teamworking by provided an efficient counter-battery fire against threatening coastal batteries.

On March, 19, Bouvet, Charlemagne, Suffren, and Gaulois under command of Admiral Émile Guépratte started the Dardanelles campaign's main attack series over the Turkish fortresses, with a preparation of six British pre-dreadnoughts at longer range, the French would "finish the job" at close range.

This force which recalled the "days of the Crimean campaign" was under overall command of Rear Admiral John de Robeck, under orders of Admiral Sackville Carden.

The ships were aligned abreast in three rows and Bouvet was in the center, second row when she entered the straits at 11:30. Soon Çanakkale was shelled, then the fire turned to the Fortress Hamidieh and secondary fortifications until 13:30. Forts were pummelled then gun batteries were dealt of individually, with guided fire.

But the Turks did not remained impassible. One fort after many near-misses hit the Bouvet eight times, badly comndemning her forward turret (propellant gas extractor broken, crew evacuated). A military masts was also cut down. This was when retiring at about 15:15, that Bouvet famously struck a mine (laid previously in secret by the Nusret) and its 176-pound (80 kg) explosive charge blew just below the starboard 274 mm gun turret creating a massive beech in which water poured in, making the ship capsize and sink on this 18 March 1915, in the matter of minutes and with a great loss of life.

Author's illustration of the Battleship Bouvet

Authors lengthy debated over the circumstances of the event later. The fact that the area was supposed cleaned previously by minesweeper, the presence of mines came as a schock. But the Nusret apparently went all lights shut down, using the cover of the dark at the foot of the cliffs to do its job.

This was a feat in itself, but a discreet allied picket submarine could have spotted her without exposing too much of her to Turkish fire. In any case, Nusret's crew became war heroes. The little converted ship indeed not only got Bouvet, but also Ocean and Irresistible and badly damaged the battlecruiser Inflexible.

Bouvet just before sinking
The Bouvet just before capsizing

The fact Bouvet capsized and sank so rapidly could be explained by its poor condition after so many years of service at the time (and the absence of efficient submarine compartmentation, lessons learned in 1905 with the Russo-Japanese conflict) and some speculated that her nearby sponson turret ammunition magazine blew up, only accelerating the process. For the Allies this first and brutal loss came as a total schock and surprise. Being totally unaware of the minefield the allies suspected a rogue submarine or a shell hitting ammunition.

Torpedo boats and other smaller vessels rushed to pick up a few survivors, but 660 drowned over 710. in the following hours the Suffren and Gaulois were also both badly damaged by coastal artillery. The engagement result was so bad on this 18 March attack that De Robeck's naval strategy was dropped altogether and Constantinople stayed out of reach. Instead the allies opted for the Gallipoli land campaign, for the results we know...

Bouvet Specifications

Dimensions117.81 x 21.39 x 8.38 m (386.5 ft x 70.2 ft x 27.5 ft)
Displacement12,007 t (11,817 long, 13,235 short tons)
Crew710 wartime
Propulsion 3 TE steam engines, 32 Belleville boilers for 15,000 ihp (11,000 kW)
Speed18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Range 8,870 nmi (16,430 km, 10,210 mi) 19 knots (35 km/h, 22 mph)
Armament 2 × 305 mm/45, 2 × 274mm/45, 8 × 138mm/45, 8 × 100 mm, 12 × 3-pdr, 2 × 450 mm (18 in) TTs
Armor Belt: 460 mm (18 in), Turrets: 380 mm (15 in), Conning tower: 305 mm (12.0 in)

Sources/Read More PDF about the Dardanelles operations, US Navy report CDR William Hines NAVAL WAR COLLEGE Newport, R.I. 2010 Bouvet on Turbosquid, HD model

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)

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