Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939)

USN aviation USN Dive Bomber 1938-1944 (5,936 built)

Fearless Dauntless: USN' legendary dive bomber

sbd diving
The image is clear now, since the river of history went by, nearly 80 years ago. On 4 June 1942, in a remote corner of the Pacific with no land in sight for hundred of miles, an epic clash turned the tide of the pacific war. It has been told and retold as such, and books tried to moderate the claim, but in the end it still stands strong. No battle was so decisive in its long-term effect. And it was a complex one, with a grand Japanese strategy, a desperate US Navy hang by its fingernails to its last aircraft carriers... and hundreds of courageous pilots. Among these, none but those onboard a handful of Douglas SBD Dauntless had such decisive action at Midway.

The Douglas Dauntless is fondly remembered until now, in particular for this battle. When introduced in 1940 it presented a set of precious qualities: It as an excellent naval scout plane, accurate dive bombing characteristics, long range, good manoeuvrability, defensive armament, and ruggedness. The U.S. Army Air Force equally loved it, and it was also adopted as the A-24 Banshee. In the end, it out-shined its designated replacement, the Curtiss Helldiver. Probably as much because of its historical significance and role during the crucial years of 1942-43, but because of the problems of its designated replacement. The battle of Midway was certainly not the most important in scale, nor the last, and it would take the long grinding match of Guadalcanal to really take the decision and eliminate the Kido Butai -still the best naval air force at the time- for good. During all this time, the Dauntless was there, hammering the Imperial Japanese Navy until its overdue retirement in 1945. It was also mass produced to an extent of nearly 6,000 until 1944, still flying in the late 1950s.

Development of the Douglas SBD (1939-40)

Northrop XBT-2 in 1937. Its airframe was a production Northrop BT-1, but it was heavily modified and redesignated by Douglas XSBD-1.

As we saw in the preceding article, the Douglas Dauntless was basically an evolution of the 1935 Northrop BT. As in 1937, the Northrop Corporation was taken over by Douglas, its local projects went on under Douglas supervision (Jack Northrop meanwhile created his own company). BT-1 modifications asked by the Navy from November 1937 made the basis for the BT-2, later standardized as the SBD. Eventually this model entered service in mid-1939, with the team in charge considered it could be improved.

Northrop BT-1 1942
Northrop BT. Despite its deficiencies, it was still in service in 1942.

Ed Heinemann's team of designers wanted to fit to the BT-2 a 1,000 hp (750 kW) Wright Cyclone. The new model was developed at the same El Segundo plant in California, and the latter started production of the SBD-1. However that facility was soon found too cramped for a mass production, so Douglas Oklahoma City plant came in line for mass production which was setup in 1940. The latter in fact built almost all the SBDs in wartime.

Cutaways of the Douglas SBD (Official ordnance documentation)

Both the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps placed orders for promising SBD dive bomber, which received production designated as SBD-1 and SBD-2. The latter was improved, having increased fuel capacity and a new armament. The main asset was still their perforated split flaps, also called "dive-brakes" which eliminated tail buffeting during diving manoeuvrers. However the hydraulic system made it impossible to fold the wings. That was an unusual and grave trade-off for carrier aircraft use, but it was traded for structural strength, which was greatly appreciated in combat. The Dauntless indeed proved to be capable of near-impossible manoeuvres for a dive bomber and high-G forces, allowing dives from a greater altitude, at greater speed, with a delayed resource. All this greatly improved accuracy. Other modifications concerned detailed modifications of the wings and tail, and structural changed, but the main fuselage was still riveted over an aluminium frame.

Gone was the engine ventral cowling and roadwheels carriage fairings of course and the cockpit had now straight framing. It was still divided into three sections in which the pilot sat at the front, its wind-shield being retractable backwards on rails, as the gunner's aft position. His tail cockpit section could be retracted forward under the central fixed section, rotated down to make room and be kept below the retracted front section. The rest was pretty much the same as for the BT serie. Of course over time, many improvements were brought up, until the main wartime production variant, the SBD-5. The ultimate SBD-6 had a better engine and many improvement but in 1944 the USN considered it already obsolete, putting great hopes in the successor of the Curtiss Helldiver that was supposed to replace it from 1943.

SBD-5 identification by BuAer: 3 view drawing

Specifications SBD-5

Dimensions:10.09 x 12.65 m x 4.14 m (33 x 41 x 13 ft)
Wing area: 325 sq ft (30.2 m2)
Airfoil: NACA 2415 - NACA 2407
Weight: Light6,404 lb (2,905 kg)
Weight: Max take-off10,700 lb (4,853 kg)
Propulsion:Wright R-1820-60 Cyclone 1,200 hp (890 kW)
Performances:Top speed: 255 mph (410 km/h, 222 kn) at 14,000 ft (4,300 m) Cruise speed: 185 mph (298 km/h, 161 kn) Service ceiling: 25,530 ft (7,780 m) Rate of climb: 1,700 ft/min (8.6 m/s) Wing loading: 28.8 lb/sq ft (141 kg/m2) Power/mass: 0.128 hp/lb (0.210 kW/kg)
Range: 1,115 mi (1,794 km, 969 nmi)
Armament - MGs2x 0.5 cal, 2x 0.3 cal
Armament - Bombs2,250 lb (1,020 kg) total
Armament - RocketsFrom 1943, 2x4 FFAR 227 mm

Production of the SBD-5 in Oklahoma Douglas plant, 1943
Production of the SBD-5 in Oklahoma Douglas plant, 1943


SBD-1 (1940)

The SBD-1 was absorbed by the Marine Corps in late 1940. Production: 57, all in California. The SBD-1P was a reconnaissance variant made with the remaining planes in 1942-43.

SBD-2 (1941)

SBD-2 went to the Navy in early 1941. It replaced the SBU Corsair and Curtiss SBC Helldiver biplanes still in service on US carriers. Production: 87. Also declined in the SBD-2P reconnaissance variant in 1943.

SBD-3 (1941)

The next iteration was started manufacturing in early 1941. As requested by the Navy, it had increased armor and self-sealing fuel tanks, plus an armament standardized to four machine guns: Two 0.50 in (12.7 mm) forward-firing synchronized Browning M2 machine guns in the engine cowling and a twin 0.30 in (7.62 mm) flexible-mounted Browning M1919 machine guns in the rear. The bomb load was fixed and standardized to 2,250 lb (1,020 kg) total, with one 1,000 lb (454 kg) Mark 45 or larger under fuselage, and two 116 lb (52.6 kgs) under wings. 854 Produced.

SBD-4 (1941)

The SBD-4 was provided with a 12-volt electrical system, a new 3-bladed Hamilton-Standard constant-speed propeller and fuel pumps. 780 Produced. A few were converted into SBD-4P reconnaissance aircraft. Comparison of the XBT-1 and XBT-2 (SBD)

SBD-5 (1942)

The main standardized version of the Dauntless during the war. It was produced mostly in the Douglas plant of Tulsa (Oklahoma). Its main improvement was a 1,200 hp (890 kW) Wright R-1820-60 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, and increased ammunition supply. Production: 2,400. The Royal Navy evaluated it and some were used by the No. 25 Squadron of the Royal New Zealand Air Force, before replacing them by the Vought F4U Corsair. Others were supplied to the Free French Air Force in Europe in 1944 and were still used in Indochina after the war, as well as Mexico for those sold as surplus after 1945 (many countries purchased it). The SBD-5A was part of the A-24B last batch of 60 intended for USAAF which rejected it. Instead they were delivered to the USMC.

SBD-6 (1944)

This final version, featuring more detail improvements and a Wright Cyclone 1,350 hp (1,010 kW), but production was terminated in the summer of 1944 (450 built). It was already replaced by the Curtiss Helldiver. Many ended in training units.

A-24 banshee: The army Dauntless (1941)

A24 Banshee USAAF museum

The U.S. Army Air Force attack version, which of course lacked the tail hook and its aft pneumatic tire replaced a solid tail wheel. The First were assigned to the 27th Bombardment Group (Light) based in Hunter Field, Georgia for evaluation and training. A-24s took part in the famous large scale Louisiana maneuvers of September 1941. Ultimately two versions were declined of the Banshee in addition, the A-24A and A-24B with a host of modifications: indeed, they were took from the Navy production line: The A24 was the equivalent of the SBD-3, always without arrestor hook (168 built) while the A24A corresponded to the SBD-4 (170 built) and the A-24B to the SBD-5 (615 built). The USAAF used them in limited numbers as only 948 were delivered in all. They all used the Navy maintenance network so stayed in the Pacific exclusively until declared "limited standards". Only the Free French ones -about 50- saw action in Europe, in particular during and after Operation Dragoon for close air support (COS).

One of the few Dauntless Mk.I experimented by the RNAS and RAF in 1942
One of the few Dauntless Mk.I (SBD-5) experimented by the RNAS and RAF in 1942

They saw action in Australia, in the 16, 17 and 91th Bombardment Sqns in preparation of the defense of Java in early 1942. Some scored hits against Japanese shipping but they were still heavy preys. This early version also lacked armor and self-sealing tanks. They soldiered on in new Guinea afterwards. By July 1942, most of the A24s had been lost in action. Still waiting for the A-24 Shrike, the USAAF ordered the A-24A and later A-24B, which did better. The last arrived in December 1943, all based in Australia. However there was a change of doctrine and the USAAF no longer wanted dive bombers. They saw massive use during the Gilbert islands campaign, but started afterwards to be retired. Most ended with the Free French or were mothballed and sold after the war (Mexico and Chile). The US Army "psy-ops" branch also tested a screaming siren as for the Stukas, but it never went into production.

The SBD Dauntless in action with the USN

Affectionately known as the "Slow But Deadly", the SBD showed it was not easy meat for Japanese Zeros. Slow it was, but also agile, very resilient, and well defended.

SBDs in the Pacific

SBD over Saratoga and Enteprise in December 1942
SBD over Saratoga and Enteprise in December 1942

Pearl Harbor:
U.S. Navy and Marine Corps SBD-1/2s were in action at Pearl Harbor: Most of the Marine Scout Bombing Squadron 232 (VMSB-232) was destroyed on the ground, at Ewa Mooring Mast Field. Those Navy SBDs at Pearl Harbor itself were also destroyed on the ground. Those on nearby aircraft carriers were available but cooperation with the rest of the fleet was poor. In any case, after the second wave there was a high risk of friendly fire. However on 10 December 1941, those from USS Enterprise sank the Japanese submarine I-70.

Gilbert, Marshall, Carolines Feb.-May 1942

In February–March 1942, SBDs from USS Lexington, Yorktown and Enterprise raided Japanese installations in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands. Later they took part in the defense of New Guinea, the first raids on Rabaul, on Wake Island, and Marcus Island.

Coral Sea May 1942

The Dauntless saw decisive action for the first time at the Battle of the Coral. In coordination with TBD Devastators they sank the light CV IJN Shōhō and damaged IJN Shōkaku. The latter also lost many planes in the engagement. SBDs were also committed in local combat air patrols (CAP) and scored several kills against Japanese torpedo bombers attacking Lexington and Yorktown. The low flying, mostly immobile "kate" were indeed easy prey for the agile and well armed Dauntless, even if the latter was not very fast. It was well enough and they complemented well the "green" pilots of the Wildcats. In case of encounters with Zeros ad other fighters, the Dauntless also had a nasty surprise: The rear rear flexible-mount .30 in (7.62 mm) AN/M2 machine guns. They stayed effective against the lightly built Japanese fighters, gunners even priding themselves in making scores. Pilots also did not hesitated to used their good agility for aggressive stands. SBD pilot Stanley "Swede" Vejtasa fo example, attacked by three A6M2 Zero shot down two, cut off the wing of the third with his wingtip. This also gives some clues about the SBD sturdiness.

The SBD contribution at Midway

SBD back from bombing the Kaga
SBD back from bombing the Kaga

The SBD's most important contribution by early June 1942 entered the legend of aviation, well beyond the USN history. Four squadrons of SBDs, after quite some luck, arrived just on time, after a disastrous torpedo bomber attack, to caught of guard the Kido Butai. They attacked and sank, or fatally damaging all four Japanese fleet carriers. Three were in flames in six minutes (Akagi, Kaga, Sōryū) and the Hiryū later that day. They also badly damaged two heavy cruisers, sinking Mikuma eventually.

In contrast, SBDs of the Marine Corps which took off from Midway atoll (VMSB-241), poorly trained in dive-bombing and just partially converted from the SB2U Vindicator were content to perform glide bombing techniques on spot. Many were shot down during this glide. Just one survived to tell the tale, new in exhibition in a museum (see below). Carrier-borne squadrons escorted F4F Wildcats were very effective in the end.

Post-analysis of this success alleged that the previous diversion of Zero fighters was a crucial factor. Also, quite miraculously, three squadrons (47 SBDs total from VS-6, VB-6, and VB-3) plus a squadron of 12 VT-3 TBD torpedo aircraft and the six F4F from VF-3 all arrived simultaneously, and thus, despite VS-6 and VB-6 arriving from different directions. -The lack of central fighter direction for the Japanese, meaning all 40 or so Zeros were all hunting down TBDs, of the few F4Fs covering theses. SBDs arrived unhindered and make a perfect approach.

Guadalcanal 1942-43

Midway was not a strictly decisive battle as if indeed the Kido Butai was decimated, it did not counted its main strenght. Veteran carriers and new CVs entering service plus a surface fleet fleet largely intact made the IJN still a terrifying foe, that woud fight teeth and nails in the south pacific for more than a year. During the Guadalcanal, Solomons and Caroline campaign, a dozen more fierce naval air battles saw the SBDs olaying their part again, with growing experience ad confidence. SBDs also were parked at Henderson Field in support and also played their part. They straddled Japanese shipping off New Georgia in the "slot" by daylight, and sank the carrier Ryūjō on 24 August 1942, badly damaging Three other Japanese carriers, sinking also a cruiser and nine transports during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal alone.

RNZN SBD-4 at Espiritu Santo in 1943
RNZN SBD-4 at Espiritu Santo in 1943

Philippine Campaign 1944

In 1944, SBDs were gradually replaced by the much more powerful SB2C Helldiver. However the first of these were so problematic that pilots called them "pigs" and asked to keep their SBDs until the Navy forced them otherwise. At least on carriers, the Curtiss was imposed, but many ground-based units still operated the SBD until late 1944. At the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944, an extreme long range air strike on the retreating Japanese fleet with just twenty minutes of daylight was performed. Of the 215 carrier-borne planes taking part, only 115 made it back. 20 were lost in action, 80 were ditched into the sea short of fuel and the remainder landed on the carriers by night, some missing. 26 SBDs however made it back, showing their ability to spare gasoline. This Battle was in effect the last time carrier-borne SBDs fought. This from Marine squadrons went on to fly them however until the end of the war. Dive bomber pilots always preferred the SBD over the new Helldiver, as it was lighter, more agile, with excellent low-speed handling characteristics excellent for carrier landings. Not the case of the Curtiss.

The SBC Helldiver which replaced the SBD was almost twice as powerful and much faster, carried more bombs, but was never as popular, to the point CV pilots envied those of the Marines, that still used the Dauntless until the end of the war.

SBDs in the West

SBD saw action during Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa (November 1942), from USS Ranger and two escort carriers. In Operation Leader, SBDs from Ranger again, attacked German shipping around Bodø, in Norway. Many escort carriers were equipped with it, participating in the escort missions, but re-equipped with depth charges, although it was not their speciality.

A VB-4 SBD near Bodø, Norway, 4 October 1943
A VB-4 SBD near Bodø, Norway, 4 October 1943.

The Dauntless ended statistically as the most important and effective non-fighter aircraft in the Pacific War. The very best was the Grumman Hellcat. All in all, for a total of 5,936 SBDs produced, including the USAF A20s until July 1944, these stacked 1,189,473 operational hours, including 25% from aircraft carriers. Battle record included six Japanese carriers, 14 cruisers, six destroyers, 15 transports, many smaller crafts, and about 100+ aircraft shot down. Barrett Tillman wrote a book on the Dauntless he flew, claimed that it had a positive score against enemy aircraft, gaining more aerial victories than its own losses due to fighters, something rare for what was essentially a bomber.

Author's basic rendition of the Dauntless, from technical blueprint

Where to see the Dauntless ?

SBD-3 on display at Air Zoo SBD-3 on display at Air Zoo

As of today about twenty SBDs are displayed moslty in the US, including 3-4 in flying conditions.
-A-24 at the Erickson Aircraft Collection in Madras, Lone Star Flight Museum in Houston, Texas
-A24 in storage at the Golden Hill Storage Facility of Fantasy of Flight in Polk City, Florida.
-Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum in Christchurch.
-Vilu War Museum in Guadalcanal
-Yanks Air Museum in Chino, California.
-One Privately owned in Bellevue, Washington.
-Planes of Fame in Chino, California.
-Commemorative Air Force – Dixie Wing in Peachtree City, Georgia
-National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio.
-Pima Air & Space Museum, adjacent to Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Tucson, Arizona.
-National Naval Aviation Museum at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida.
-Pacific Aviation Museum at Ford Island, Hawaii.
-Air Zoo
-National World War II Museum in New Orleans, Louisiana.
-National Museum of the Marine Corps at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia.
-Air Zoo in Kalamazoo, Michigan, on loan from National Naval Aviation Museum at Naval Air Station Pensacola.
-USS Lexington (CV-16) museum in Corpus Christi, Texas.
-National Naval Aviation Museum at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida
-San Diego Aerospace Museum in San Diego, California, on loan from the NNAM, NAS Pensacola.
-Battle of Midway Memorial at Midway Airport in Chicago, Illinois.
-USS Yorktown (CV-10) Patriot's Point Naval and Maritime Museum in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.
-Palm Springs Air Museum in Palm Springs, California
-National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
-USS Midway Museum in San Diego, California.
-Flying Leatherneck Aviation Museum in San Diego, California.
-Castle Air Museum at the former Castle Air Force Base in Atwater, California.
-Military Aviation Museum in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

FFAR standard 227 m rockets under the wings of an SBD

Read More/Src
PDF patriot point
About Swede Vetjasa, USN ace
Midway report
On (archive)
On Google Books
Virtual Tour of the Dauntless cockpit
More CC photos of the Dauntless

Books: Bowers, Peter M. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1990.
Brazelton, David. The Douglas SBD Dauntless, Aircraft in Profile 196. Leatherhead, Surrey, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1967.
Brown, Eric, CBE, DCS, AFC, RN, William Green and Gordon Swanborough. "Douglas Dauntless". Wings of the Navy, Flying Allied Carrier Aircraft of World War Two. London: Jane's Publishing Company, 1980
Buell, Harold L. Dauntless Helldivers: A Dive Bomber Pilot's Epic Story of the Carrier Battles. New York: Crown, 1991.
Dann, Richard, S. SBD Dauntless Walk Around, Walk Around Number 33. Carrollton, Texas, USA: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 2004.
Drendel, Lou. U.S. Navy Carrier Bombers of World War II. Carrollton, Texas, USA: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1987.
Francillon, René J. McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920. London: Putnam, 1979
Gunston, Bill. The Illustrated History of McDonnell Douglas Aircraft: From Cloudster to Boeing. London: Osprey Publishing, 1999.
Hernandez, Daniel V. with Lt. CDR Richard H. Best, USN Ret. SBD-3 Dauntless and the Battle of Midway. Valencia, Spain: Aeronaval Publishing
Howard, John Jr. A Marine Dive-Bomber Pilot at Guadalcanal. Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA: University of Alabama Press, 1987.
Janowicz, Krzysztof and Andre R. Zbiegniewski. Douglas SBD Dauntless (Bilingual Polish/English). Lublin, Poland: Kagero, 2007.
Jenks, Cliff F.L. with Malcolm Laird and Phil Listemann. Allied Wings No.5: The Dauntless in RNZAF Service. France:, 2008.
Kinzey, Bert. SBD Dauntless in Detail & Scale, D&S Vol.48. Carrollton, Texas, USA: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1996.
Mondey, David, The Concise Guide to American Aircraft of World War II. London: Chancellor, 1996.
Pęczkowski, Robert. Douglas SBD Dauntless. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2007.
Potter, E. B. Admiral Arliegh Burke. Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2005.
Smith, Peter C. Douglas SBD Dauntless. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK: The Crowood Press Ltd., 1997.
Smith, Peter C. The History of Dive-Bombing. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword Aviation, 2007.
Stern, Robert. SBD Dauntless in Action, Aircraft Number 64. Carrollton, Texas, USA: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1984.
Tillman, Barrett. The Dauntless Dive Bomber of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press, 1976 (softcover 2006).
Tillman, Barrett. SBD Dauntless Units of World War 2. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1998.
Tillman, Barrett and Robert L. Lawson. U.S. Navy Dive and Torpedo Bombers of World War II. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: Motor Books Publishing, 2001.
White, Alexander S. Dauntless Marine: Joseph Sailer Jr., Dive-Bombing Ace of Guadalcanal. Santa Rosa, California, USA: Pacifica Press, 1997.
Wildenberg, Thomas. Destined for Glory: Dive Bombing, Midway, and the Evolution of Carrier Airpower. Annapolis, Maryland: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 1998.
Wheeler, Barry C. The Hamlyn Guide to Military Aircraft Markings. London: Chancellor Press, 1992.
Yenne, Bill. McDonnell Douglas: A Tale of Two Giants. New York: Crescent Books, 1985.


On Dark Skies

In the cockpit of a SBD

WW2 educational movie dive bombing

Drachinfels - The Battle of Midway - Myths, Legends and Greatness (with Jon Parshall)

The full monty: Compete history overview in 8 parts by Mark Seven
Parts: 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8

The SBD in 3D:

Model Kits Galore:

Famous as it is, the SBD has inspired many model kit manufacturers since the 1950s. The list is quite exhaustive and embraces many scales. Here are some samples:
Douglas SBD-3 Dauntless, Cleveland Model & Supply 1:16
Douglas SBD-1/2 Dauntless HobbyBoss 1:18
Douglas SBD-3 Dauntless Comet 1:25
Dauntless SBD Scientific 1:28
Douglas SBD-5 Dauntless Matchbox/AMT 1:32
SBD-5 "Battle of the Philippine Sea" Academy 1:48
Douglas SBD-4 Dauntless Marusan 1:50
Douglas SBD-3/5 DAUNTLESS Airfix 1:72
Douglas SBD Dauntless Mitsuwa Model 1:144
SBD-3 DAUNTLESS (Pre-painted) Trumpeter 1:350
F4F/SBD/TBD FlyHawk Model 1:700
More on scalemates


Douglas Dauntless SBD-1 of VMB-2, Marine Air Group 11, 1940
Douglas Dauntless SBD-1 of VMB-2, Marine Air Group 11, 1940

SBD-1 from VMSM-232, USMC, Oahu, Hawaii, 7 December 1941. It was lost like many others on the ground during the attack.

SBD-2 from Sqn. Cdr. Howard Young from CV6 USS Enteprise at Pearl Harbor, December 1941
SBD-2 from Air Group Commander Howard Young, CV6 USS Enteprise at Pearl Harbor, December 1941

SBD-3 onboard USS Enterprise, VB-6, February 1942

SBD-3 onboard USS Enterprise, VB-6
Same, different livery

SBD-3 from VS-2, 7-8 May 1942

SBD-3 onboard USS Lexington, battle of coral sea, May 1942
SBD-3 onboard USS Lexington, battle of coral sea, May 1942

SBD-3 of VS-5, USS Yorktown (CV-5), Midway June 1942
SBD-3 of VS-5, USS Yorktown (CV-5), Midway June 1942

SBD-3 onboard USS Wasp, Guadalcanal, August 1942
SBD-3 onboard USS Wasp, Guadalcanal, August 1942. Note the hastily painted over stars roundels in order to made them more visible

SBD-3 onboard USS Ranger (CV-3), VS-41, Operation Torch, North Africa, November 1942

SBD-4 of VMSB 243, 1st Air Group, Munda airfield, New Georgia, 1943
SBD-4 of VMSB 243, 1st Air Group, Munda airfield, New Georgia, 1943

SBD-5, VB-12 USS Saratoga
SBD-5, VB-12 USS Saratoga (CV-3), November 1943.

SBD-5 of VB-16, USS Lexington
SBD-5 of VB-16, USS Lexington (CV-16), Battle of the Gilbert Islands, November 1943. The tritone camouflage was just introduced.

SBD-5, VMSB-231 Marine Air Group 22
SBD-5, VMSB-231 Marine Air Group 22 working with TF-58, Majuro, 1944

SBD-5, VMS-3, USMC, Caribbean May 1944, Atlantic Theater scheme.

US Marines SBD-6, VBMS-231 "ace of spades" in 1945

SBD-5 N°25 Sqn RNZN, South West Pacific, 1944-45
SBD-5 N°25 Sqn RNZN, South West Pacific, 1944-45

A20 Banshee

Douglas A-24 Banshee USAAF
Douglas A-24 Banshee USAAF, 27 Squadron USAAF at Darwin air base (destroyed, Darwin raid, February, 19, 1942)

In foreign service
French Navy SBD-5
French Navy SBD-5, Aéronavale Flotille 4FB Cognac Base, January 1945

A20 in Chilean service, 1950
A20 in Chilean service, 1950

More Photos:

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class Coast. Def. ships (1892)
Bouvines class Coast. Def. ships (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class CBBs (1918)
Interwar Swedish CBB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
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Swedish ww2 MTBs
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Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
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Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
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Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

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minor navies Minor Navies

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USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935) Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939) Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1946)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

Japanese WW2 naval aviation
Mitsubishi 1MF
Mitsubishi A5M
Nakajima A4N
Mitsubishi A6M "zeke"

Mitsubishi B1M
Aichi D3A Navy Type 99 "Val" (1940)
Aichi B7A Ryusei "Grace" (1942)
Mitsubishi B5M (1937)
Nakajima B5N "Kate" (1937)
Nakajima B6N "Jill" (1941)
Yokosuka B4Y "Jean" (1935)
Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" (1942)
Yokosuka MXY-7 "Baka" (1944)
Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" (1935)
Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" (1941)
Yokosuka P1Y1 "Frances" (1943)

Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan (1943)
Kyushu K10W1 "Oak" (1941)
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942)
Kyushu Q1W1-K "Lorna" (1943)
Mitsubishi K3M "Pine" (1930)
Yokosuka K5Y1 "Willow" (1933)
Yokosuka MXY-7K-1 "Kai" (1944)
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa

Nakajima E4N
Nakajima E14Y
Nakajima E8N "Dave"
Mitsubishi F1M "pete"
Kawanishi E7K
Kawanishi H6K
Kawanishi E11K
Kawanishi K6K
Kawanishi K8K
Kawanishi E15K Shiun
Kawanishi H8K "Emily"
Kawanishi N1K1 "Rex"

Italian WW2 air arm
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano
CANT Z.506 Airone
Fiat RS.14
IMAM Ro.43
IMAM Ro.44
Macchi M5

British Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)

Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Short Shetland (1944)

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US Navy USN (1990)

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