New Mexico class battleships (1917)

US Navy ww2 USA (1917) - USS New mexico, Mississippi, Idaho

Battling vets of two world wars

The New Mexico, Idaho and Mississippi at Pearl Harbor in December 1943.
The New Mexico, Idaho and Mississippi at Pearl Harbor in December 1943

About nine classes of battleships went through both world wars, two from UK, Japan, France and Italy, and five from the USA. In the latter case, the two oldest even saw action under a Greek flag after being sold. The three New Mexico were the last class to enter service and see little action during the closing month of 1918. They were launched indeed in January-June 1917 and of a brand new radical design.
uss_bb_40_new_mexico_1919
New Mexico in 1918

The BB 40 class included the New Mexico - in service in May 1918, Mississippi, in service in December 1917 and Idaho, in service after the war in February 1919. Originally designed at 32,000 tons, they differed from the previous Pennsylvania by their more modern hull with a clipper bow, abandoning the old spur in favor of a more marine and functional shape. However, like the latter, they kept the four triple turrets arrangement allowing to stack a broadside of twelve 15 in (356 mm) guns. The secondary battery used the standard 127mm guns in barbettes. Their silhouette was recognizable by their typical corbelled cage masts, adopted during construction. They would be completely reconstructed in 1931-34 and became new ships at least in appearance, ready to take on another conflict.

wow new Mexico
3D rendition of the USS New Mexico in world of warships

From 1942, they joined the Pacific, replacing the losses of Pearl Harbor and receiving a radar. Outside the Washington and North Carolina classes, they were the most modern BBs in the US Navy, did not suffer any really serious damage in operations while taking their fair share of operations throughout the Pacific campaign. The old vets were eventually withdrawn and stricken in 1948, the last dismantled in 1956.

Development of the second standard battleships

As part of the 1915 naval plan, these battleships were closely modelled on the previous Pennsylvania. The latter introduced a battery of four triple turrets with 14-inch (356 mm)/45 caliber guns. This was the second standard type battleship class to be defined for the US Navy, which included the latter New Mexico and the following Tennessee and California classes.

ONI recoignition BB40

The New Mexico only innovated by a clipper bow, and the class was part of a design concept giving the Navy a homogeneous line of battle. These ships had the same long-range gunnery and a moderate speed of 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph) plus 700 yards (640 m) tactical turn and improved damage control and ASW protection. The second standard were the Nevada and Pennsylvania. The lineage started as a 1911 requirement included in the 1913 naval plan for the Pennsylvania class. They were considered "super-dreadnought" and innovated with the adoption of the"all or nothing" armor concept, oil fuel, and steam turbines with geared cruising turbines.

Design of the New Mexico

New Mexico 1921 - colorized by Hirootoko Jr.
New Mexico 1921 - colorized by Hirootoko Jr.

The New Mexico were 624 feet in length (190 m) with a 97 ft 5 in (29.69 m) beam and 30 ft (9.1 m) draft, traduced into a 32,000 long tons (33,000 t) diplacement as designed. Completed they displaced 33,000 long tons (34,000 t) full loaded, combat-ready.

Powerplant

The New Mexico innovated by adopting four-shaft General Electric steam turbines fitted with a turbo-electric transmission. These were fed by nine oil-fired Babcock & Wilcox boilers. The powerplant was rated at 27,500 shaft horsepower (20,500 kW). Top speed as designed and required was 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph). Range was also defined to be 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). The New Mexico class was also fitted with the "caorbel" masts, typical lattice construction with spotting tops to conduct fore on the main gun battery.

Protection

Armor was based on the "all-or-nothing" scheme of the previous Pennsylvania. The main belt was 13.5 in (343 mm) thick, down to 8 in (203 mm on both ends and upper and lower parts) and the main deck up to 3.5 in (89 mm). The main turrets were given a 18-in (457 mm) thick face, 9 to 10 in (229–254 mm) sides, 5 in (127 mm) top and 9 in (229 mm) rear face. The barbettes were 13 in (330 mm) in thickness and the conning tower was a 16 in (406 mm) cylinder, down to 11.5 in (292 mm). The decks were slightly better armoured than on the Pennsylvania (1.5–3 in or 38–76 mm), and presumably the blukheads were of the same thickness of 13–8 in (330–203 mm).

Forward deck showing the artillery
Forward deck showing the artillery

Armament

The main battery comprised twelve 14-inch (356 mm)/50 caliber guns. They were placed in four three-gun turrets, all on the centerline in superfiring pairs forward and aft. This allowed a complete broadside and six guns in chase and retreat. Also for the first time, the mounts were fully separated, each barrel elevating independently. The secondary battery comprised fourteen 5-inch (127 mm)/51 standard guns. They were all given individual casemates clustered in the superstructure and hull. Four were placed in the upper hull, after and four more forward, and six facing forward in the main superstructure amidship and four more in retreat.

AA artillery

The initial battery was twenty-two, but experience in the North Sea already demonstrated that hull guns were unusable in rough seas which were common. Soon, these guns were removed and the casemates plated over. Also, the superstructure deck received four 3-inch (76 mm)/50 caliber pieces, which were used as dual purpose guns. For close quarters, the three New Mexico ships were also given two 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes submerged in the hull on the broadside.

1931 rebuilding

After the arrival of the "big five" in the early 1920s, they were stationed for their entire peace career in the Atlantic. In 1931, they began a more radical reconstruction than all other American battleships: Their old engines were removed and replaced by modern turbines, their speed went up to 22 knots, despite an increase in weight because their frail masts were removed and replaced by a solid and impressive blockhouse tower and another at the back. Their barbettes hull guns (remaining) were removed and the openings welded shut. They kept only the 6 casemate guns in the front battery. 8 others dual purpose guns were added on the deck of the same battery, in anti-aircraft mounts. Systematic electric lighting and air conditioning helped to eliminate most of the portholes. Their rangefinders were also completely new. The three ships emerged from this yard in 1934.


The BB40 in action:

USS New mexico (BB40), "the Queen of the Fleet"

New Mexico 1919 HD

The New Mexico in the Great war
Only the USS New Mexico (New York, Brooklyn Navy Yard) and Mississippi (Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News) were completed, made their trials, and were commissioned to take part of the 1918 operations of the US Navy in the Atlantic. New Mexico started operation on 20 May 1918. In September, she operated from Boston and was at the New York naval review on 26 December, escorting later the SS George Washington carrying President Woodrow Wilson to France for the Versailles Peace Conference in January 1919.

New Mexico through the Panama canal

The interwar
From July 1919 she operated from Hampton Roads, Virginia and passed to the Pacific Fleet as flagship and passed through the Panama Canal. She was based at San Pedro. In 1922 two of her secondary guns were removed and she went through a limited refit. For the next 12 years exercises followed in a routine with the Carribean, Atlantic and Pacific fleets and some long range cruises. In 1931-33 the ship was at Philadelphia NyD for a massive refit, receiving 5-inch/25 caliber anti-aircraft guns, and many other additions.

New mexico at Pearl Harbor 1935

USS New mexico at Puget Sound in 1942, with the stopped grey camouflage of the time
USS New mexico at Puget Sound in 1942, with the wave grey camouflage of the time

WoW stern rendition - USS New Mexico
World war two New Mexico was based at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii until 20 May 1941 and then joined the Atlantic fleet. She patrolled from Norfolk along the coast, making the week-long "shifts" escort convoys. On 10 December she rammed and sank by accident the SS Oregon off Nantucket and was back to cross Panama in January 1942. She was overhauled in May at Puget Sound with modern AA guns added. She sailed to Hawaii and escorted convoys to the Fiji Islands. She also took part in the Aleutian Islands Campaign and covered the attack on Attu and shelled Kiska, driving out the Japanese a week later. After a short refit at Puget Sound Navy Yard she transited via pearl harbor to take part in assault on the Gilbert Islands. She attacked Makin Atoll and provided anti-aircraft cover for supplies and troops.

Camouflaged New Mexico

In 1944, New Mexico took part in the Marshall Islands campaign on 12 January, shelling Kwajalein, Ebeye, Wotje, New Ireland and Kavieng. She sailed to the Solomon Islands for practice, firing on the Mariana Islands and made a stop in Australia on the way. She also bombarded Tinian, Saipan and Guam. Her AA battery fended off two several Japanese air attacks, and escorted a convoy to the Mariannas, missing the Battle of the Philippine Sea. After a stop at Eniwetok and other escort missions she shelled Guam during july 1944. After a new overhaul at Bremerton (Washington) she sailed to the Leyte Gulf fending off many air attacks throughout the Philippines campaign. Afterwards she escorted a convoy between the Palaus and Mindoro.

USS_New_Mexico_hit_kamikaze_Okinawa_12_May_1945
USS New Mexico hitby a kamikaze off Okinawa, 12 May 1945

In 1945 she was back in the Philippines, covering the assaults on Luzon. Off Lingayen Gulf in January she was attacked by kamikazes. One managed to get through and hit the bridge, killing 87 including Lieutenant General Herbert Lumsden, British representative to General Douglas MacArthur while Bruce Fraser, the commander of the British Pacific Fleet was wounded. She was summarily repaired to continue providing fire support and returned to Pearl Habor for more extensive repairs. She then sailed to Okinawa and started shelling the devil island on 26 March, provided fire support for a whole month of operations, destroying eight incoming Shinyo suicide boats in the process. However she was attacked by Kamikazes again off Hagushi anchorage in May.

She was badly hit and was set on fire with 54 crew dead, 119 wounded, while the fire was contained and extinguished after 30 minutes. She was repaired later and prepared for the planned invasion of mainland Japan. She was at Saipan when the war ended, sailing to Okinawa to cover the occupation force at Sagami Wan and Atsugi Airfield. She also sailed in tile to Tokyo Bay to see the Japanese capitulation signed on 2 September. After the war, she was scrapped in 1948 at Newark.


BB40 in front of Fuji-San, Tokyo bay, August 1945.

The unlucky USS Mississippi (BB41)



She was the first of her class in service in 18 December 1917, commanded by Captain Joseph Lee Jayne. She started in the Carribean for training, in the Gulf of Guacanayabo in Cuba and served from Hampton Roads, Virginia, and cruising between Boston and New York. After 1919 she was transferred to the Pacific Fleet, and in 1923 during an exercise sank the old pre-dreadnought Coast Battleship No. 4 (USS Iowa). She also suffered and accidental explosion in her forward superfiring Gun Turret No. 2. She underwent a major refit at Norfolk Navy Yard that began on 30 March 1931. After her refit she returned to the Pacific, and served there until the war broke out.

Wartime operations
Mississippi after refit late 1930s
Mississippi after refit in the late 1930s

On 7 May 1941, she was ordered to the Atlantic by Admiral Harold Rainsford Stark, like her sister ships, the aircraft carrier Yorktown, cruisers and destroyer squadrons. She took part in neutrality patrols until the attack of Pearl harbor, when she was just in transit between Iceland and San Francisco on the Pacific coast. She started operations from there in 22 January 1942, patrolling and escorting troops to the Fiji Islands. She joined Pearl Harbor on 2 March 1943. She then took part in the liberation of the Aleutian Islands. After this mission she was back to San Francisco for an overhaul. She then departed to take part in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, shelling Makin and suffering a grave explosion in her No. 2 turret, which killed 43.

Mississippi in January 1942
Mississippi in January 1942

After repairs she soldiered at Kwajalein, bombarding Japanese positions at Taroa, Wotje and later Kavieng on New Ireland. She received another ovehaul at Puget Sound and was back in action this time to cover the Marines at Peleliu. In october she was placed under the command of Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf to take part in the invasion fleet for the Philippines. She took part in the epic battle of Leyte Gulf on the night of 24 October 1944, repelling the Japanese Southern Force (Vice Admiral Shōji Nishimura) at Surigao Strait. Helped by their radars, Mississippi and other battleships spotted the Japanese at the entrance and opened fire with full broadsides, crippling the Japanese. This was her only ship-to-ship engagement in both world wars. But this was short as her old radar did not allowed any clear recognition of targets, and she fired just one salvo before being ordered to stop.

After this battle she stayed covering next operations until 16 November, hopped to the Admiralty Islands to resupply and returned to San Pedro Bay and operated around Luzon. During these operations she was attacked by several kamikazes and one get through her defenses. She was hit but apparently with moderate gravity and continued shelling Japanese positions. She then departed to Okinawa, anchoring off Nakagusuku Wan on 6 May and shelling Shuri Castle and other points of the fortified line. She was hit again by another Kamikaze on 5 June 1945. She later departed to Sagami Wan, Honshū, arriving there on 27 August 1945 and was present at Tokyo Bay the day of the capitulation. However she did not remained with the occupation force and steamed back to Norfolk NyD.

Mississippi shelling Luzon in 8 January 1945 together with West Virginia and HMAS Shropshire.
Mississippi shelling Luzon in 8 January 1945 together with West Virginia and HMAS Shropshire.

Postwar: Mississippi as a missile battleship
Indeed, at Norfolk, the battleship was not de-commissioned but instead converted into a gunnery training ship, hull number AG-128 on 15 February 1946. There, she was modified: Her no. 1 turret was replaced by a twin 6-inch (152 mm)/47 cal. dual-purpose turret (Worcester class), No.2 and No.3 turrets were removed and only N°4 was kept. She also received samples of the latest in US Navy secondary armament, three twin 5-inch (127 mm)/38 dual-purpose semi-automatic turrets, two single 5-inch/54 caliber DP turrets of the Midway class type, two twin 3-inch (76 mm)/50, and two quad 40 mm Bofors AA. She served from November 1945 through April 1948 but was only operational from 18 March to 15 May 1947. She was also the flagship of Atlantic Fleet until 14 July 1947 and replaced Wyoming as an anti-aircraft training ship.

BB41 in 1949
BB41 as a training ship in 1949

Then came the last refit of the veteran, in drydock at Norfolk Naval Shipyard. She was reconstructed to be used with the operational development force. She spent her last years making gunnery tests and evaluating new weapon systems. Most remarkable was her fitting of two brand new and untested RIM-2 Terrier missile launchers. These were installed in 1952 in place of No. 4 turret. She, therefore, was the first USN ship to fire the Terrier missile took, in 28–29 January 1953, off Cape Cod. She would also test the Petrel missile assisted by an early radar-homing system in February 1956. She was by then the only missile battleship afloat -and remained so until the rebuilt Iowa class in the 1980s- bridging a gigantic gap in weapons technology spanning two world war, almost a symbol of it. On 17 February, after all these service years, USS Mississippi was eventually decommissioned at Norfolk. She was sold for scrap to Bethlehem Steel and later broken up.

Mississhippi 1955 Terrier SAM cruiser USS Mississippi as a missile cruiser in 1955.
Firing a SAM N7 Terrier, circa 1954

USS Idaho (BB42)

Idaho was the only one in the class to not see service during the Great war. She was indeed commissioned in 24 March 1919. Her first shakedown cruise was made between Cuba and New York. she carried back Epitácio Pessoa, the president of Brazil from a state visit, reaching Rio de Janeiro on 17 July, then went north and passed through the Panama Canal, joining Monterey, California, Pacific Fleet. She multiplied yearly exercises for years, cruising along South America, as far south as Chile and participating in many Naval Reviews. She later toured the southern Pacific, based in Hawaii and joined San Pedro as a regular base.

After her reconstruction in October 1934 she returned to San Pedro and in mid-1940, joined Hawaii amidst tensions with Japan. However she passed the Panama canal once more to join Neutrality Patrols to protect American shipping, from May 1941 operating from Hampton Roads and later Hvalfjörður, Iceland, and was stationed there when the attack of Pearl harbor took place. From then on, BB42 left Iceland on 9 December 1941 to return to the Pacific Fleet, stopping in Norfolk, then Panama and San Francisco in January 1942. She trained however along the coast of California and in October 1942 underwent a refit at Puget Sound, her old guns removed to serve on merchant ships. On April, 7, she steamed to the Aleutian Islands, bombing Attu, covering the assault. She then swapped to Kiska, and later returned to San Francisco to prepare for a major operation in the Gilbert Islands.

She bombarded Makin Atoll on 20 November 1942 USS Idaho and other positions on the Gilberts while also covering the skies with her large A battery. In December, she was sent to the Marshall Islands. In January 1944 she shelled Kwajalein, and afterwards resupplied at Majuro before resuming her attacks on other islands of the Marshalls, then was sent to Kavieng, New Ireland for a diversionary shelling on 20 March 1944. Five days after, she was in the New Hebrides, then Australia to resupply and resting the crew before returning to Kwajalein in June, and then joining the invasion force bound for the Mariana Islands. She shelled Saipan on 14 June, then Guam. She was also present at the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June, and resupplied to Eniwetok in the Marshalls. She resumed shelling Guam to cover assaults and returned to Eniwetok in August, then joined Espiritu Santo floating dry dock.

Modifications
Idaho 1927

In 1921, she was given aircraft catapults, of the Mark II type. From 1831 she underwent her reconstruction, with new geared Westinghouse turbines, six new oil-only express boilers (Bureau of Engineering) allowing to reach of 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) with 40,000 horsepower. The main caliber guns had new mounting allowing 30 degrees elevation for a better range, two barbettes 5-inch removed, eight new 5-inch/25 AA installed on the battery roof. The armored deck receive 2-inch (51 mm) or extra armor, ASW protection was improved with new bulkheads. Masts were replaced by solid blockhouses with a light pole instead. The tower comprised accommodations as a flagship, with a flag bridge for the admiral. However displacement rosed to36,157 long tons (36,737 t) fully loaded. Her third refit occurred in late 1942, with the addition of ten quadruple Bofors 40 mm guns, forty-three 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon guns (total in 1945), only sixteen in 1942, eleven more in January and February 1944. From October 1944 to January 1945, she was the only one of the class to receive ten brand new 5-inch/38 caliber guns in modern dual-purpose mounts, replacing the old models and the new Mark 8 radars.

1945 campaigns
In September 1944 she was at Guadalcanal for amphibious assault training but soon steamed to Peleliu. In close coordination with the Marines she relentlessly shelled well entrenched, fortified Japanese for days. After returning to Washington in October where she was refitted with new 5-in DP guns, she was sent to do training off California. In January 1945, she departed San Diego to Pearl Harbor and then proceeded to the Marianas and then in February took part in the battle of Iwo Jima staying here for a month. In March 1945 she was sent to Ulithi.

USS Idaho shelling Okinawa
USS Idaho shelling Okinawa

Later she joined Rear Admiral Morton Deyo and took part in the Battle of Okinawa shooting down five kamikazes and later left for Guam, repaired and sent back to Okinawa on 22 May. She departed on 20 June for the Philippines and operated in Leyte Gulf until the 15 August surrender. She was also present in Tokyo Bay on 27 August and was later back to Norfolk on 16 October. She was decommissioned on 3 July 1946, sold for scrap on 24 November 1947.

New mexico 1917

Dimensions190,19 m long, 32,40 m wide, 9,44 m draft (624 ft, 97 ft 5 in, 30 ft)
Displacement32,000 long tons (32,514 t) standard
Propulsion4 shafts Curtiss turbines, 8 boilers, 21,000 hp.
Speed21 knots
Armament12 × 14 in (356 mm)/50, 14 × 5 in (127 mm)/51, 8 × 3 in (76 mm)/50, 2 × Mark 15 21 in (533 mm) TTs
Armor8–13.5 in (203–343 mm) Turret (face): 18 in (457 mm), Conning tower: 11.5 in (292 mm), Decks: 3.5 in (89 mm)
Crew800


22 knots

New mexico 1941

Dimensions190,19 m long, 32,40 m wide, 9,44 m of draft
Displacement34,420 t. standard -36 160 t. Full Load
Propulsion4 shafts Westinghouse turbines, 4 Express boilers, 40,000 hp.
Speed
Armament12 x 356 (4 × 3), 14 x 127, 24 x 40 (6 × 4), 16 x 20 mm AA (43 1945), 3 planes
ArmorBelt 350, turrets 400, bridges 152, inner casemate 287-400 mm, CT 400
Crew443

Sources, read more

history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/n/new-mexico.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico-class_battleship
https://www.history.navy.mil/our-collections/photography/us-navy-ships/battleships/new-mexico-bb-40.html
https://www.the-blueprints.com/blueprints/ships/battleships-us/page/2/
http://newmexicohistory.org/people/uss-new-mexico-the-queen-of-the-fleet
https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=338
http://www.steelnavy.com/IS%20New%20Mexico.htm
http://www.researcheratlarge.com/Ships/BB40/BOGP/BOGP_187529_Sheet1.jpg
(in your browser, replace "..._Sheet1.jpg" by "..._Sheet2.jpg" and following to see the original plans
Conway's all the world fighting ships 1860-1905, 1906-1921.

Mississippi 1917
USS Mississippi in 1917, just entering service, (Atlas Editions, weapons encyclopedia)


USS New Mexico in 1944, drawing by the author

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
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Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
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screw sloops
screw gunboats
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Sailing bricks

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Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
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Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
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Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
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Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
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Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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