Macchi M5 (1917-26)

Regia Aeronautica, 148 built

The Italian seaplane fighter of WWI

The first Italian seaplane was built by Nieuport-Macchi in Varese, copying a captured Austrian Lohner L observation seaplane. From the L.1 and L.2 came the M.3 single-seat observation biplane in 1916. It appeared soon performances were impressive enough to convert it into a fighter. The end result was the Macchi M.5 which appeared in 1917 and was mass-produced until the end of the great war. The Macchi M.5 had impressive caracteristics (2000 kph, high altitude and climb rate) which made it probably one of the very best seaplane fighters of WWI, also tested and adopted by the United States Navy and Marine Corps in 1918. For the two years it was use dover the adriatic, it practically ruled the sky and paved the way for Macchi to an unmitigated and long-lasting passion for performances seaplanes and fighters, the "Italian Supermarine".

Macchi, a legend of aviation

Macchi_MC.72

Fratelli Macchi ("Macchi Brothers") was a company founded in Varese, by Giovanni and Agostino Macchi around 1850 for the construction of animal-drawn carriages and omnibuses. Later in the XXth century it became an industrial giant, also producing motorcycles, buses, as well as producing many other mechanical innovations. Of course it's for planes the company is best remembered for, at least worldwide.

The brothers Giovanni, Giuseppe, Enrico and Giulio Macchi decided to set up in June 19, 1905 the "Società Anonima Fratelli Macchi - Carrozzeria, Automobili e Ruotificio" managing to find the massive capital needed to purchase tooling, create a modern manufacture. Funds were provided by investors in Milan and Varese, the Industrial north. However their automotive start brought poor beginnings, but the familial company soon found opportunities in the railway industries, supplying it with many parts, as well as producing wheels for artillery carriages of the army.

Following the Italo-Turkish war the company extended to airplanes, fuelled by the Ministry of Defense October 1912 ordering a competition to supply the first Italian mass-produced military aircraft. Motorsport pioneer Carlo Felice Buzzi convinced Giulio Macchi to set up a joint venture with Nieuport in France, signing an agreement on 1st May 1913 for licence-production in Varese. From there, not only the Nieuport-Macchi Anonymous Company was created, but a new manufacture from the ground up as well. The company delivered 646 Nieuport-Macchi 11 (copy of the Nieuport 11 "Baby") for the young Regia Aeronautica, filling most squadrons in 1915. Alonsgide it also produced 46 Nieuport-Macchi Parasol wing observation models.

Lohner L1
Lohner L (1914)

Origins of the Macchi seaplanes

Macchi L1-L2

Macchi L2

However an interesting event turned the attention of the company to seaplanes: In 1915 soon after Italy entered war against Austria-Hungary, a lone Lohner L observation seaplane was damaged and crash-landed in Italian waters. Captured, this plane (serial L.40) was taken intact near the naval air station of Porto Corsini. Sent to Macchi, it was soon copied by Macchi-Nieuport, and a first prototype flew within a month, called Macchi L.1. Italy at the time did not had any equivalent, and the Government ordered a first bath to be delivered to Italian maritime reconnaissance units based on the Adriatic. In all, 14 were built with a Fiat machine gun and an Isotta-Fraschini V.4a engine. An improved version was developed as the Macchi L.2, improved with an Isotta Fraschini V.4B 119 kW (160 hp) engine (10 built).

Macchi M3

Macchi_M.3

But soon Macchi worked on a much improved version.

The result of these many improvements resulted in 1916 into the L.3, soon renamed Macchi M.3 in 1917 as it was standardized and mass-produced, the letter referring to "Macchi", and no longer Lohner.

This M3 had a new and refined hull, strut-mounted tailplane and it was powered by a single Isotta Fraschini engine, strut mounted between the two wings. This was a pusher, allowing to place a single machine gun on a trainable mount forward, and that could also carry four light bombs. In 1916 one of these won a world altitude record for a seaplane, at 5,400 m (17,700 ft), in 41 minutes.

In all, over 200 M.3s were built and delivered to the Royal Italian Navy, used on a variety of missions: Bombing & strafing, reconnaissance, patrol and escort. It had enough agility and speed to act as fighter on many occasions as well. Some were also used for commando-style operations behind Austrian lines. They notably pioneered the Italian use of aerial photography at the frontline, notably over the isonzo, but also to plan naval operations along the adriatic coast. The type was still used for training as far as 1924. Two M.3s were fitted with a new Fiat A.12 engine and became the Macchi M.4, but the model was soon superseded by the better Macchi M.9 in 1919.

Macchi M5

Macchi M5

The success of the M3 as fighter in 1917 motivated Nieuport-Macchi engineers to devise a tailored seaplane fighter. This became the Macchi M5, probably one of the world's best seaplane fighter of WWI. The first prototype of the single-seat sesquiplane fighter flew in mid-1917, developed by engineers Buzio and Calzavera. Largely similar to the Macchi M.3, it had a revised tail (Ma) and was futher developed as the M bis and Ma bis. When trying to make it lighter and more powerful, yet with better agility and armament model, this gave birth to the main seaplane fighter of the Aviazione per la Regia Marina during WWI, and a grand total of 244 were produced until the armistice.

Design

macchi_m5

MacchiM5-plan

The first prototype "M" in 1917 still had the same single-step hull, open cockpit forward of the wings configuration. The tail was the same as the M3. However agility was still lacking and the engineers revised the tail unit. It was no longer separated, but attached to the fuselage, and stenghtened by struts. This new prototype was designated Macchi Ma.

Others improvements were made to the wings, which were made shorter but with a larger surface, and slightly more camber and inclination for better lifting caracteristics at high speeds. This model was produced in late 1917, but further developed as the Macchi M bis and Ma bis while the production aircraft was ongoing. Designated M.5. Like the prototypes, it was powered by the same Isotta Fraschini V.4B engine, also in a pusher configuration, but with a larger propeller compared to the M3.

Engine & Perfomances

Isotta-engine

The Isotta Fraschini V.4 became the mainstay of Italian aviation during WWI, propelling in addition to the Macchi M3 and M5, the CANT 7, Caproni Ca.3, 30-36, FBA Type H and Macchi M.6, M.8 or the SIAI S.8. It was considered a high performance unit, fit for fighters, bombers and fast attack planes.

It was a straight six-cylinder, water-cooled in-line piston engine with a bore of 130 mm (5.12 in), 180 mm (7.09 in) stroke, and 14.3 L displacement (874 cu in). It measured 1,470 mm (58 in) by 460 mm (18.11 in) and 1,020 mm (40.15 in) high, and a dry weight of 264 kg (584 lb).

It was composed of a an overhead camshaft with Twin carburettors, two six spark magnetos, a forced feed oil system, and Water cooled cylinders in pairs each with steel water jackets. Its power output was 142 kW (190 hp) at 1,450 rpm for a Compression ratio of 4.8. The V.4A evolved into the V.4B and V.4Bb. It was still in use in the 1930s in the civilian market.

The Isotta Fraschini V.4B gave the M.5 a top speed of 189 km/h (117 mph, 102 kn), and endurance of 3 hours 40 minutes and a service ceiling of 6,200 m (20,340 ft). It gave notably the Macchi M5 a very good rate of climb and practical interception altitude of 5,000 m.

Armament:

The Macchi M.5 was designed as a pure fighter and therefore the main difference was the fitting of two Machine guns forward, fixed, instead of a single mone on a flexible as in the M.3. These were fixed forward-facing .303 British (7.7 mm) Vickers machine guns, a well-known model that needs no introduction. Cartridge bands were provided (around 800 rounds) for both, lodged into the nose. The pilot still could access these in case of a jamming. The M5 could have carried bombs, although the combined weight of both machine guns was already important.

Detailed specs

Specs First version M5

Crew: One pilot
Fuselage Lenght6.9 m (22 ft 8 in)
Wingspan8.5 m (27 ft 11 in)
Height3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Empty weight:940 kg (2,072 lb)
Gross weight:1,280 kg (2,822 lb)
Powerplant:Mitsubishi Hi V-8 WC engine, 224 kW (300 hp)
Propellers:2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller
Maximum speed:213 km/h (132 mph, 115 kn)
Endurance:2½ hours
Service ceiling:7,000 m (23,000 ft)
Time to altitude:3,000 m (9,843 ft) in 10 minutes
Power/mass:0.18 kW/kg (0.11 hp/lb)
ArmamentGuns: 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns.

In action

Deliveries commenced in the summer of 1917 to the Aviazione per la Regia Marina (Italian Navy Aviation), and quickly the Macchi M5 was appreciated for its speed and agility, pilots finding it capable of performing more missions, including dangerous inland observation flights. Production improvements at the end of the war had the late model fitted with a more powerful Isotta Fraschini V.6 engine and redesigned wingtip floats arrive, as the M.5 mod. 44 additional ones were built by Società Aeronautica Italiana. The M.5 was operated in all by five Italian maritime patrol squadrons. It was used both as a fighter and convoy escort, or bomber escort.


Naval ace Lt. Carvello posing with his crew and Macchi M5 in 1918.

The 251st Squadron was the first receive them, from September 1917. It was followed quickly by the 253rd, 259th and 258th Squadrons, the later operated from the Vlore jetty and from the Europa seaplane support ship. The 255th Squadron receive these only from November 1917. From 1 January 1918 eight were operated. The 260th Squadron had them from November 1917 and the 263rd Squadron was created with just the first two available also on 10 November 1917. By March 1918 it had only six, while the 261st had the same number in December 1917 and 254th on 1st January 1918, just four.

The 262nd Squadron was created in the winter of 1918 with six, the 256th Squadron in September 1918 had ten of them. The 264th Squadron (1 June 1918) started with 4 seaplanes. The 13th FBA (fighter) Section of the Port of Naples created on 1 June 1918 was given two alongside its land-based planes, and the 101st Squadron created on 4 November 1918 operated five of them. It was not long before naval aces were born:

The M.5 was still used in 1923 when the Regia Aeronautica was formed. In all, 65 M.5s composed several naval squadrons, but after 1926, few were left, replaced by new models, whill still used for training until then. When the Giuseppe Miraglia entered service, the first Italian seaplane carrier, the M5 was its main fighter provision for many years.

US Navy use

In 1918, reports on the performances of the M.5 were such that the USN became interested and some were flown by USN and US Marine Corps airmen in Virginia (Hampton Roads test center). USN air crews dispatched there gain soon victories with it. For his actions on 21 August 1918, U.S. Navy Ensign Charles Hammann received the first Medal of Honor awarded to any United States naval aviator.

Towards the end of the war, some were flown by both the USN and USMC at home but also int he Adriatic as the 263rd Squadron of Porto Corsini from 24 July 1918 was an U.S. Naval Air Station. Aspirant Charles Hazzaline Hammann, (first Medal of Honor) became its ace pilot, and in addition the 307th Squadron from 30 November 1918 had also twelve M.5.

Captured M.3
Captured M.3 by Austro-Hungarian troops

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macchi_M.5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Macchi_aircraft
https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aermacchi_(azienda)
http://www.ilfrontedelcielo.it/files_3/31_1917.htm
http://www.hyperscale.com/2008/reviews/kits/fly48001reviewpm_1.htm
http://www.hyperscale.com/2010/reviews/decals/pheon48010reviewjf_1.htm
https://www.stormomagazine.com/Kits_Fly.htm

260 Sqn, Spring 1918


261 Sqn, Spring 1918


163th Squadron, Ensign Provost, USN, late 1918


Unknown Squadron, late 1918


Unknown Squadron, late 1918






Macchi M5 tested in HAMPTON Roads test center, Virginia (NARA)


Isotta Fraschini V.4B


Ludlow and Hammann, US Navy tests of the Macchi M5


Ensign Provost, USN, 263th Sqn, 1918


Replica of a Macchi M5 in Austrian colors

Naval History

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WW1

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✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class CBBs (1918)
Interwar Swedish CBB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies

naval aviation Naval Aviation
Latest entries

USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935) Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939) Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1946)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

Japanese WW2 naval aviation
Mitsubishi 1MF
Mitsubishi A5M
Nakajima A4N
Mitsubishi A6M "zeke"

Mitsubishi B1M
Aichi D3A Navy Type 99 "Val" (1940)
Aichi B7A Ryusei "Grace" (1942)
Mitsubishi B5M (1937)
Nakajima B5N "Kate" (1937)
Nakajima B6N "Jill" (1941)
Yokosuka B4Y "Jean" (1935)
Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" (1942)
Yokosuka MXY-7 "Baka" (1944)
Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" (1935)
Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" (1941)
Yokosuka P1Y1 "Frances" (1943)

Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan (1943)
Kyushu K10W1 "Oak" (1941)
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942)
Kyushu Q1W1-K "Lorna" (1943)
Mitsubishi K3M "Pine" (1930)
Yokosuka K5Y1 "Willow" (1933)
Yokosuka MXY-7K-1 "Kai" (1944)
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa

Nakajima E4N
Nakajima E14Y
Nakajima E8N "Dave"
Mitsubishi F1M "pete"
Kawanishi E7K
Kawanishi H6K
Kawanishi E11K
Kawanishi K6K
Kawanishi K8K
Kawanishi E15K Shiun
Kawanishi H8K "Emily"
Kawanishi N1K1 "Rex"

Italian WW2 air arm
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano
CANT Z.506 Airone
Fiat RS.14
IMAM Ro.43
IMAM Ro.44
Macchi M5

British Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)

Floatplanes/seaplanes
Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Short Shetland (1944)

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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