Cressy class armoured cruisers (1899)

HMS Cressy, Hogue, Aboukir, Sutlej, Bacchante, Euryalus (1899)

Close copies of the Diadem

Six large battlecrackers were ordered in 1898, taking over the design of the previous Diadems, but with significant protection, superior power to safeguard the speed and armament of the Powerful. The progress came from the adoption of Krupp lateral armor plates, which was stronger because it was thinner and lighter. The ammunition wells and bunkers were also armored and the internal formwork reinforced. The heavy turrets had the advantage of being hydraulic and steerable at any angle (including the rise) while allowing reloading.

Cressy class diagrams Brasseys 1906
Cressy class diagrams Brasseys 1906

These ships had a silhouette and a size corresponding to that of the Diadem and yet the hull was fuller and they accused 1000 tons more, in favor of stability, while having a stern profile better, in favor of maneuverability. They were also good walkers, surpassing their expected speed on paper. On the other hand, their ASM protection was ineffective, as evidenced by the spectacular loss of three of the ships of this class, torpedoed by a single U-Boote in September 1914.


Breech-loading 9.2 inches turret of the Cressy, right elevation

The Cressy in service

On their entry into service, they were broken down between different assignments: the Hogue and Sutlej in sleeve, the Aboukir and Bacchante in Gibraltar, Cressy in Hong Kong, Euryalus in Australia. The latter entered service in 1904 due to numerous machinery accidents. They then gradually returned to the Home Fleet and were there at the beginning of the war. The HMS Aboukir was in reserve and was sent with a crew of reservists in the patrol of the South of the North Sea, the famous Force C, known as the "14 powerful".

She was torpedoed by the U9 on September 4, 1914 and sank with almost all its crew. HMS Bacchante served on the Humber River in 1914 but was transferred as a Force C flagship. He saw fire at the first Battle of Heligoland Bay, and escorted convoys to Gibraltar. He was sent to defend the Suez Canal, and found himself in the Dardanelles in 1915. In 1916 he was back in the North Atlantic. He struck the Achilles in the Irish Sea in 1917, then returned to Gibraltar as a flagship. It was then placed in reserve in Chatham and demolished in 1920.

HMS Cressy served pre-war service in both North America and the East Indies, and was part of Force C at the beginning of the war. He was torpedoed by the U9 the same day as the Aboukir, trying to fish his crew and himself lost 560 men in his wreck.

HMS Euryalus was part of Force C and then escorted convoys to Gibraltar. He then performed in front of Suez, Smyrna and the Dardanelles. He permitted the support of the Arab revolt in the Red Sea, and served in the East Indies. He ended his career in Hong Kong, and returned after the war to the metropolis for a demolition.

HMS Hogue served in Force C, and had the opportunity to fight in the Battle of Heligoland Bay. He towed the heavily damaged HMS Arethusa to the port. He suffered the same fate as Cressy and Aboukir being torpedoed by the U9. Finally HMS Sutlej passed from 1914 to 9th squadron cruisers in Ireland, from 1915 to 1916. She was sent to Santa Cruz, then returned to the Home Fleet within the 9th squadron. It was put in reserve in Rosyth from 1917 and put on sale for demolition in 1919

Links

The Cressy class on wikipedia
Specs Conway's all the world fighting ships 1921-1947.

Cressy specifications

Dimensions160,3 x 25,6 x 8,3 m
Displacement28 000 t, 32 300 T FL
Crew773
Propulsion4 shaft Parsons turbines, 18 Babcock et Wilcox boilers, 23 000 hp.
Speed20.75 knots (41 km/h)
Range 6,680 nautical miles (12,370 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Armament4 x 254 mm (5x2), 16 x 152mm, 3 x 457mm TTs (sub).
ArmorBelt 250, Battery 130, Barbettes 230, turrets 280, CT 280mm, decks 100 mm.

Gallery


Author's profile of the Canada in 1914.

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
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WW2

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MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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