USS Wichita (1936)

US Navy ww2 USA - Heavy Cruiser (1935-39)

The WW2 USN heavy cruisers blueprint

The Wichita directly inspired the wartime Baltimore class design
The Wichita directly inspired the wartime Baltimore class design

Design History

Secretary of the Navy, Curtis D. Wilbur wanted a new construction program for light and heavy cruisers and obtained the Cruiser Act of 1929, authorizing new cruisers, five heavy to the sense of the Washington treaty. In this list, the first four were ordered in 1931-33, of the New Orleans class, and the last was USS Wichita ordered in 1934, as permitted under the London Naval Treaty in 1930: The US indeed was capped to 18 heavy cruisers of 10,000 long tons. The British reached that limit with their County-class and the two York class, dropping the Surrey class because of the same treaty.

Wichita was originally intended as an improved New Orleans class, the design went through several waves of deep redesigns before construction, and she was modelled on the contemporary Brooklyn class "light" cruisers instead. It looked like superficially indeed as a Brooklyn with heavy artillery. But in reality, the ships' hull was given higher freeboard, better stability, and better range.

The Brooklyn class as built, general appearance (author's illustration)

The secondary battery (eight single 5-inch guns) was standard, but arranged in such a way to give them the best fire arc and fields of fire possible. Also, the main battery standardized since the Northampton in triple turrets benefited from a brand new turret design, making the sum of previous problems and fixes detected on earlier turret designs. As the last heavy cruiser, USS Wichita was conceived as the pinnacle of the genre, a provision for new series in case of war. That's exactly what's happened: Wichita is considered in the lineage and the direct forerunner of the wartime Baltimore class, freed from all limitations.

USS Wichita May 1940
USS Wichita May 1940


General characteristics

Wichita was 600 feet (182.9 m) long at the waterline and 608 ft 4 in (185.42 m) overall, versus 185 m oa (606 feets) for the Brooklyn, 61 ft 9 in (18.82 m) in beam versus (19 m (62 feets)), and 23 ft 9 in (7.24 m) draught versus 7 m (23 feets), again, on the Brooklyn. She therefore was shorter and nimbler, but with a higher draft. The hull was therefore certainly not the same despite an overall similar appearance. Both ships had indeed a squarish stem with the hangar and catapult at the rear, two cylindrical raked funnels placed right after the main bridge. The latter comprised two four levels. Two main tubular masts, also raked, were placed exactly like for the Brooklyns.

However USS Wichita displaced 10,589 long tons (10,759 t) standard and 13,015 long tons (13,224 t) full loaded and combat ready, versus 9,767 long tons standard and 12,207 long tons fully loaded, so despite reduced dimensions she was actually heavier. One explanation was the larger and deeper ammunition wells and barbettes fo the main turrets and their heavier weight to be compensated. A clear focus was placed on stability.
Her crew comprised 929 officers and enlisted men.

USS Wichita general appearance in 1940. Note the portholes.

In between she was camouflaged in 1942 with the typical wavy pattern of the time.

Camouflage measure MS-32, wavy pattern three tones, planned for 1944 but never applied

USS Wichita general appearance in 1945 USS Wichita general appearance in 1945.


Wichita was propelled by four shafts, activated by four Parsons steam turbines, fed by eight Babcock & Wilcox oil-fired water-tube boilers. The powerplant was rated at 100,000 shaft horsepower (75,000 kW). Top speed was 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph). Again, compared to the contemporary Brooklyns, this was about the same powerplant, but the latter were slightly slower, at 32.5 knots (60.2 km/h; 37.4 mph), in part due to the slightly narrower hull and better lenght-to-width ratio.

For her autonomy, USS Wichita carried 1,323 to 1,984 long tons (1,344 to 2,016 t) of fuel oil. This allowed them a range of 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 15 kn (28 km/h; 17 mph), the same figures as the Brooklyns.

USS Wichita in Iceland, 1942 - src Reddit


Hull protection at the waterline comprised an armored belt made of Class A hardened steel plates 6.4 in (160 mm) in thickness amidships, reduced to 4 in (100 mm) on both ends. It was backed by a .63 in (16 mm) specially treated steel plating. Class A steel was an improvement on the Class B plates of previous cruisers. Indeed, a heavy cruiser protection was to suffice to defeat a 8-inch round fired from 10,000 yards (9,100 m). Class B armor was only capable of 16,400 yd (15,000 m).

In addition, USS Wichita had a single armoured deck over machinery and ammunition storages, made of a layer of 2.25 in (57 mm) thick plating immune to 8-inch rounds within 22,000 yd (20,000 m). The conning tower was walled by 6 in (152 mm) plates, topped by a 2.25 inches thick roof. The main turrets had faces 8 in (203 mm) thick, 3.75 in (95 mm) sides, and back protected by 1.5 in (38 mm). The turret roof was 2.75 in (70 mm) thick. Their barbettes had walls 7 in (180 mm) thick.

Compared to this, the Brooklyn's protection was significantly lighter: The belt was ranging from 2in (51 mm) to 5 in (127 mm) while the turrets faces were protected by 6 in (152 mm), and the CT had 5 in walls (127 mm), while the armored deck was also thinner at 2in (40 mm). This protection was meant to defeat 6-in rounds.


Wichita's main artillery

comprised nine 8-inch/55 Mark 12 guns. They were mounted in three triple turrets, two superfiring forward, one aft. These Mark 12 models fired a 335-pound (152 kg) shell at 2,500 feet per second (760 m/s) muzzle velocity. They could elevate to 41 degrees, allowing them a maximum range of 30,050 yd (27,480 m). The average rate of fire of these guns was one shot ever 15 seconds (4 rpm). The space between the guns not only allowed individual elevations and fire, but reduced shell dispersion. Both the range and hitting power were superior to the 6-in, limited to 26,100 yards (23,866 m), but the Brooklyns could fire two volleys for one of the Wichita. Their 6-in/47 caliber Mark 16 were indeed able to deliver 10 rpm in sustained fire, a total of 150 rpm.

To bring the best of long range gunnery spotting, and reconnaissance well beyond the range of radars, the Wichita could launch a small squadron of four seaplanes of the Vought OS2U Kingfisher type (likely). They were launched from aircraft catapults located on the sides of the poop aft, lifted by an axial crane at the stern. They were usually mounted on the catapults buy the hangar was large enough to accommodate all four and was fitted with repairs and maintenance workshop.

Secondary battery:

USS Wichita was the first USN ship armed with the new 5-inch/38 Mark 12 dual-purpose artillery. These were eight, all in single mounts, half mounted in enclosed Mark 30 high-angle turrets similar to those of destroyers like the Fletcher class (unlike the Brooklyns) while four remained in open mounts. Disposition was different from the Brooklyns also: To maximize their arc of fire, two of the enclosed turrets were placed on superfiring positions fore and aft, and the two remaining were abreast the bridge also on raised platforms. The remainder four open mounts were placed like the Brooklyns, on the deck, abreast the rear boats deck between the after bridge and funnels.

These 5-in guns fired a 55 lb (25 kg) shell, at 20 rounds per minute and 2,600 ft/s (790 m/s) muzzle velocity. For AA fire, their ceiling was 37,200 ft (11,300 m) at 85° angle, whereas they could engage surface targets distant of 18,200 yd (16,600 m) at 45 degrees. Beyond, fire was inaccurate. And that was it. There was no lighter AA guns, even the 28 mm "Chicago Piano" or 0.5 cal. Browning models for close range.

Anti-aircraft upgrades

During the war, especially towards 1944, sixteen Bofors 40 mm guns were added to the ship, four in quadruple mounts, and eight in dual mounts. The first were placed on elevated platforms either side of the superstructures abreast the mainmast and foremast, while the twin mounts were located either side of the forward superfiring 5-in gun, behind "B" turret, and the remainder two were located right at the stern, to gain the best arc of fire possible.

Also eighteen Oerlikon 20 mm in single mount, shielded, were also mounted wherever space was available, mostly on the deck, two aft, between the aft quad Bofors platform and 5-in, four in a "balcony", platform abreast the two funnels, and on deck, and two more abreast the bridge also on deck, and two forward at the bow deck. The 40 mm Bofors ceiling was 22,800 ft (6,900 m) at 90° and around 160 rounds per minute, largely depending on the skills of the loaders. The 20 mm had a higher, 465–480 rpm rate of fire due to the gun being belt-fed. They could reach a plane 10,000 ft (3,000 m) high, but their main purpose was last-ditch defense, at very close range. In August 1945, many specific fire control systems were added for these, notably the ubiquitous Mark 34 model for fire control and the Mark 13 and Mark 28 FCS radars.

wow wichita
Wow's rendition of the Wichita, with the never applied camouflage.

Specifications 1939

Dimensions608 ft 4 in x 61 ft 9 in x 23 ft 9 in (185,42 x 18.88 x 7.24m)
Displacement10,589 long tons (10,759 t) Full load: 13,015 long tons (13,224 t)
Propulsion4 shafts Parsons geared turbines, 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers, 100,000 shp (75,000 kW)
Speed33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Range10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Armament3x3 8 in (203 mm)/55, 8 x 5 in (127 mm)/38, 4 floatplanes
ArmorBelt 6.4in (160 mm), turrets 8 in (203 mm), CT 6 in (150 mm), deck 2.25 in (57 mm)

Src/Read More

Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922–1946
Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Conways
Cressman, Robert (2000). The Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II.
Garfield, Brian (1995). The Thousand-Mile War: World War II in Alaska and the Aleutians.
Hammond, James W. (2001). The Treaty Navy: The Story of the US Naval Service Between the World Wars.
O'Hara, Vincent P. (2007). The U.S. Navy Against the Axis: Surface Combat, 1941–1945.
Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea, 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two.
Sloan, Bill (2008). The Ultimate Battle: Okinawa 1945—The Last Epic Struggle of World War II.
Terzibaschitsch, Stefan (1984). Cruisers of the US Navy 1922–1962.
Tomblin, Barbara (2004). With Utmost Spirit: Allied Naval Operations in the Mediterranean, 1942–1945.
USS-Wichita Warship-Pictorial

The USS Wichita in action

Launch of the Wichita in November 1937 at Philadelphia NyD: Scr Navsource

USS Wichita was laid down at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard on 28 October 1935, to be launched on 16 November 1937. Completion came in February 1938, and at that ime, she was so close to the 10,000-ton limit that it was decided to complete her with only two of heir eight 5-in guns. Later, this was normalized, and she received all expected 5-inch guns, but she was found top-heavy. 200.4 long tons (203.6 t) of pig iron were welded into her bottom and she commissionedon 16 February 1939, one year after her completion, under command of Thaddeus A. Thomson.

Training on the east coast

For her first service trip, she departed Philadelphia for Houston, Texas, arriving on 20 April 1939 for a memorial service at the San Jacinto Battle Monument. She left for her first shakedown cruise, visiting the Virgin Islands, Cuba and the Bahamas. She was back to Philadelphia for modifications and maintenance, and on 25 September, she joined Cruiser Division 7, Atlantic Squadron at Hampton Roads. Her first neutrality patrol started 4 October, as the war raged in Europe.

She spent some time in drydock in maintenance at Norfolk Navy Yard until 1 December, and departed for Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), to the Caribbean Patrol, teaming with USS Vincennes, 5 destroyers, and two Navy patrol squadrons. For three months, training and patrols in the Caribbean went one, until February 1940, as USS Wichita was back to Norfolk, training until May 1940.

In June she teamed up with USS Quincy to make a goodwill cruise to South America, hosting Rear Admiral Andrew C. Pickens, Cruiser Division 7 commander. Ths cruisers stopped at Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Buenos Aires, Montevideo, and were back in September 1940 to Norfolk. For the next three months, USS Wichita trained the Naval Reserve midshipmen, making gunnery exercises off the Virginia capes, and in January 1941, joined Guantanamo for fleet manoeuvres in the Caribbean, covering a mock landing at Puerto Rico. On 23 march she was back for maintenance at the New York Navy Yard, until 6 April, where she sailed to Bermuda to escort the USS Ranger and cruiser USS Tuscaloosa for a North Atlantic patrol up to the coast of Ireland.

USS Wichita during a winter storm off Iceland, January 1942

Icelandic operations (Summer 1940)

Back to New York Navy Yard in May 1940, she stayed in drydock until 2 July, after which she departed for Newport, Rhode Island. On 27 July she sailed to Iceland (joining Task Force 16) for Operation Indigo II, Iceland occupation by US troops. On 6 August she was in Reykjavik, escorting the carrier Wasp and battleship Mississippi. TF16 landed troops and a fighter Sqn after which the force was back home on 20 August. USS Wichita would make another trip to Iceland in September 1940.

However at that time, the battle of the Atlantic was in full swing and a state of "quasi war" existed with Germany as many US Ships did not hesitated to fire on and sunk U-Boats in their territorial waters and escort ways. USS Wichita therefore was soon assigned to TG 7.5 patrolling Icelandic waters, and this until December 1941. The day after Pearl Harbor, USS Wichita was at anchor in Hvalfjörður, and she left on 5 January 1942 for patroling the Denmark Strait, the back to Hvalfjörður. During her next sortie she was caught on 15 January in a powerful winter storm with winds of 80 knots, gusts up to 100 knots and she was damaged, colliding with the freighter West Nohno and British trawler Ebor Wyke, later running aground off Hrafneyri.

Her crew evaluated the hull and saw she had only suffered minor damage and had some leaks resulting from the grounding. After temporary repairs she sailed to New York Navy Yard in February, and repairs lasted until 26 February. She made a training cruise off Maine in March 1942, and on the 26, assiged to Task Force 39, assisting the Royal Navy.

USS Wichita at Casablanca, 8 November 1942, Operation Torch

North Atlantic operations (April-June 1941)

Wiwhita was based at the British Home Fleet base, Scapa Flow. TF 39 (Rear Admiral John W. Wilcox) also comprised the carrier USS Wasp, battleship USS Washington, and the cruiser Tuscaloosa, in addition of Wiwhita, plus eight destroyers. Wilcox fell overboard in heavy sea and was later replaced by Rear Admiral Robert C. Giffen. He raised his mark on Wichita and TF 39 spend weels training with the British. On 28 April, USS Wichita started her first Arctic convoys escort mission, watching the QP 11 and PQ 15. She was part of TF 99 (Washington, Wichita, Tuscaloosa, four destroyers) and was assisted by the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, battleship King George V, a cruiser and five destroyers. After this, USS Wichita returned to Hvalfjörður in May.

USS Wichita in Scapa Flow, April 1942
USS Wichita in Scapa Flow, April 1942

On 12 May, Wichita relieved Tuscaloosa off the Denmark Strait, later escorting the Murmansk-bound convoy PQ 16/QP 12. On 29 May she was in Scapa Flow, hosting King George VI on 7 June. She left Scapa on 12 June for Hvalfjörður, relieving HMS Cumberland on patrol in the Denmark Strait, spotted and fired (but missed) on two Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condors patrol planes of the Luftwaffe.

At the end of June, she was at Seidisfjord, meeeting Tuscaloosa and three destroyers to escort PQ 17, also escorted by HMS Duke of York. For once, KMS Tirpitz escorted by three heavy cruisers made a sortie, codenamed Rösselsprung, which was known through Swedish intelligence and the admiralty fatefully ordered the convoy to disperse while the Germans aborted the operation. The scattered convoy fell to U-Boats and aviation, loosing 21 of the 34 ships. Both Wichita and Tuscaloosa would also fire Fw 200s, but again, missed. They were just too high to be shot.

In late July, USS Wichita was in drydock at Rosyth in Scotland. This included fixing the shaft vibration. On 9 August, the ship went on trials, showing the problem was still there, and she departed for the United States, New York Navy Yard where she arrived on 22 August, drydocked until 5 September 1942. She then trained in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia Capes and Casco Bay (Maine).

Operation Torch (Nov. 1942)

Duelling with Jean Bart at Casablanca
Duelling with Jean Bart at Casablanca

Fall October, Wichita joined Task Group 34.1 (Rear Admiral H. Kent Hewitt, USS Augusta) also including USS Massachusetts and her old "sea pal", USS Tuscaloosa. This force was to provide cover fire for Operation Torch, the invasion of Vichy-held French North Africa. USS Wiwhita in this occasion was part of the Battle of Casablanca, a gunnery duel which started in the morning of 8 November, trying to silence the coastal artillery at El Hank, tracking and sinking French submarines, and even duelling with the Jean Bart, at anchor in the harbor incomplete.

She had one turret operational and with it, fire on the US Task Force. Wichita and Tuscaloosa silenced El Hank forst, ruined submarine pens in the harbor while USS Massachusetts took car of Jean Bart, but they also soon had to deal also with the cruiser Primauguet. The Vichy French launched two attacks, the first with destroyers. Both Wichita and Tuscaloosa claimed serious hits on the destroyer Milan, which ran aground. The second attack was repelled, and agiain, both cruisers claimed the destroyer Fougueux and Frondeur.

Wichita, Tuscaloosa, and Massachusetts afterwards engaged Jean Bart, and by 11:28, USS Wichita was framed and hit by a 194 mm (7.6 in) shell from El Hank, they believed was silenced. The hit cost fourteen men and captain Hewitt broke off and return at 13:12, to combine fire on French ships trying to exit the harbor. Wichita and Tuscaloosa engaged at this occasion the cruisers Primauguet and Gloire while El Hank redouble fire, forcing both US cruisers to retreat after 15:00. As far as Wichita was concerned, the battle was over and she spent the next weeks patrolling between Casablanca and Fedhala and she returned to New York for repairs on 19 November.

Pacific theater

USS Louisville and Chicago and other ships off Rennell Island as seen from USS Wichita, on their way in the Pacific, 29 January 1943

Shortly after that, the situation in the Pacific was bad enough that the admiralty chose to sent the cruiser to Task Force 18 (Rear Admiral Giffen), straight to Guadalcanal. There, she teamed with USS Louisville and Chicago, light cruisers USS Montpelier, Cleveland, and Columbia, escort carriers Chenango and Suwannee plus eight destroyers.

Night Battle 29-30 January 1943 off Rennell Island:
As Japanese submarines has been signalled by Allied intelligence the force was spread and organised for anti-submarine defense in two columns 2,500 yard apart. Wichita led the column with Chicago, and Louisville and six destroyers formed a 2 miles semicircle ahead, and... the attack came from Japanese torpedo bombers. The Battle of Rennell Island saw USS Chicago hit by airborne torpedoes, sinking. USS Wichita had more luck. She was hit only by one, which was a dud. She next steamed to Efate (New Hebrides) for maintenance and training and on 7 April sailed for Pearl Harbor.

Operations in Kiska and Attu
After taking onboard supplies she sailed to Adak, Alaska uder Giffen's command, TF 52.10. By May, USS Wichita covered the landings in the Aleutian Islands, as flagship, northern force, with USS Louisville and San Francisco. On 6 July she shelled Japanese positions on Kiska and by July the Japanese started to evacuate. On 19 July she was joined by the USS New Mexico, Idaho, and Mississippi for another three days of preparation on Kiska. During this time, early radar caused glitches, leading to the infamous "Battle of the Pips", all the ships present firing a thousand rounds on empty sea, before confirmation by a plane there was nothing there. Meawnhile the Japanese evacuated the island and when the landing came, there was no fighting.

Marshall invasion (January 1944)
Wichita was back in Hawaii for exercises until the end of the year and on 16 January 1944, she was assigned to the Force gathered to invade the Marshall Islands. This was Task Group 58.3 (Rear Admiral Frederick C. Sherman) comprising the USS Bunker Hill, cruisers USS Cowpens and Monterey, the BBs North Carolina, Massachusetts, Alabama, and South Dakota while Wichita, rearmed in between with her full complement of Bofors and Oerlikon guns, was to provide AA support. The carriers launched air strikes on Kwajalein and Eniwetok and in February.

Pacific operations Truk, Saipan, Guam
Wichita sailed to Majuro, transferred to TF 58.2, sailing for Operation Hailstone, a major air raid on the IJN base at Truk, but soon before it was launched during the night of 16 February, USS Intrepid was attacked by Japanese bombers and badly damaged. TF 58.2.4 was detached to escort Intrepid out of harm, and they were in Majuro on 20 February, then Hawaii. on March, 9, USS Wichita became flagship of Cruiser Division 6, which departed Hawaii for Majuro, screening the Fast Carrier Task Force raiding Yap, Woleai, and the Palau islands. Wichita also covered a raid on Hollandia (New Guinea) by 13–22 April and Truk until the end of April, shelling Japanese targets on Satawan Island and Nomol (Caroline).

Wichita underway in the Pacific, in May 1944

On 4 May 1944, USS Wichita was back to Majuro for supply, rest and training. In June she was sent to Kwajalein for an operation against the Mariana Islands with TF 53.10.8. On 13 June she covered landings at Saipan, then Guam and Saipan again, before assignation to Task Group 58.7, west of the Marianas to try to intercept a large Japanese carrier force, which became the Battle of the Philippine Sea. Wichita AA screen claimed two Nakajima B5Ns, and she was detached to escort troop transports and escort carriers off Saipan, a duty maintained until early July, and she later joined TU 53.18.1 bombarding Guam.

On 10 August she escorted a fleet to Eniwetok and later joined TG 38.1., escorting the fast carrier task group on Palau, the Carolines, Philippines, and Dutch East Indies, Palau and Morotai until mid-September. At 07:34, 22 September, USS Wichita was caught in an air attack, and downed two bomber, damaging others and providing AA cover during raids on Cebu, Negros, and Coron.

USS Wichita firing a broadside, 1944

Operations off the Philippines

USS Wichita raided Okinawa on 10 October, and later Aparri on Luzon, Formosa, preparing landing in the Philippines. On 13 October 1944 her task force was attacked by Japanese bombers, which nearly sank HMAS Canberra, towed to safety by USS Wichita and later protected the equally badly damaged USS Houston. By 21 October, USS Wichita was off Luzon with Task Force 34 (Vice Admiral Willis A. Lee), soon engaged in the largest naval battle of WW2.

Wichita in 1942 - Colorized
Wichita in 1942 - Colorized

Battle of Leyte Gulf

Wichita took part indeed in the Battle of Leyte Gulf from 23-25 October. She covered the Fast Carrier Strike Force north, pursuing Jisaburō Ozawa own decoy fleet of empty carriers. USS Wichita covered the carriers which took care of the Japanese carriers and later, USS Wichita and three cruisers sank the light carrier Chiyoda, and her escort the destroyer Hatsuzuki. Her AP shells rained down, 148 rounds expended on Chiyoda, 173 against Hatsuzuki. She later screened for the carriers off Samar. On 28 October, and covered landings on Leyte, fending off two days after a massive Japanese airstrike.

On 31 October, Wichita sailed to Ulithi, reaching the island on 2 November doe supplies and well-deserved rest. She would return to Leyte, until mid-November, but the worn-out engines showed their limits as severe vibrations in the No. 4 engine led to a broken propeller shaft, so she sailed on 18 November for San Pedro, California, she reached on 15 December, repaired at Terminal Island NYd. On 8 February 1945 she left, made a shakedown cruise and some training before she was assigned for a new task late February, reaching Pearl Harbor before joining Ulithi.

Invasion of Okinawa (March-May 1945)

USS Wichita all guns blazing at Okinawa
USS Wichita all guns blazing at Okinawa

USS Wichita joined at Ulithi Task Force 54, the force planned for the invasion of Okinawa, and more precisely she was tasked to protect TFU 54.2.3, minesweepers off operating in the waters of Okinawa from 25 March. A day after she shelled Japanese positions from 13:50 to 16:30, being attacked by aircraft, claiming one. Her shelling missions went on until 28 March, retiring shortly to Kerama Retto for supplies, and later covering underwater demolition teams clearing bthe beach from obstacles. She also targeted the sea wall to create a breach.

On 1 April trooped landed under Wichita close support gunfire, leaving around midday to replenish ammunition and back again, also covering minesweepers. She then joined Task Group 51.19, prepared to shell Tsugen Shima with Tuscaloosa, Maryland and Arkansas, operation cancelled because a Japanese air attack. Wichita instead turn her guns against the shore batteries at Chiyama Shima. On 6 April, an A6M Zero Kamikaze targeted Wichita, and her anti-aircraft gunners soon hit the Zero's tail which dropped its 500-pound (230 kg) bomb only 50 feet (15 m) from the hull, while its wing clipped the deck before chashing. Eleven men were wounded. Wichita was detache dlater to silence a battery at Nakagusuku Bay and went on bombarding Japanese defenses until departing on 10 April for supplies.

On 27 April, the cruiser took a hit (light shell) in her a fuel oil tank below the waterline but was temporarily repaired, then departed for more repairs at Kerama Retto, on 29–30 April. On 12 May, while still covering the landings, she was damaged by friendly fire, a 5-inch round damaging her port aircraft catapult and AA director. She was refitted at Leyte and was back for more operations in June and July, with TF 2. On 15 August, her crew learned the war was over and her crew won 13 battle stars.

Post-War service

Nagasaki, September 1945
Nagasaki, September 1945

Wichita was part of the escort of the occupying force and was by September in Nagasaki with TG 55.7, one on the first large US warships to enter Japanese waters. She was the flagship of a small force comprising destroyer escorts, minesweepers, and the hospital ship Haven. By late September she was in Sasebo and back to Nagasaki, then back again to Sasebo when she was hit by a severe typhoon. Later her crew inspected Japanese ships present and harbor installations.

On 5 November, the cruiser took part in Operation Magic Carpet, repatriation of American military personnel and doing her first trip, from Tokyo to San Francisco, reached on 24 November 1945. She entered drydock at Mare Island, until 1 December, and she resumed the repatriations trips from Pearl Harbor to the Marianas, Saipan and back to San Francisco. The next year she reached Philadelphia via the Panama canal on 14 February, assigned to the Sixteenth Fleet but in reserve by July 1946, and finally decommissioned on 3 February 1947 at Philadelphia. Although there were discussions to convert her as a guided-missile cruiser, in March 1959 she was officially stricken, and sold on 14 August for scrap.

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or "/"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class CBBs (1918)
Interwar Swedish CBB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies

naval aviation Naval Aviation
Latest entries

USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939) Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1946)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

Japanese WW2 naval aviation
Mitsubishi 1MF
Mitsubishi A5M
Nakajima A4N
Mitsubishi A6M "zeke"

Mitsubishi B1M
Aichi D1A "Susie" (1934)
Aichi D3A "Val" (1940)
Aichi B7A "Grace" (1942)
Mitsubishi B5M (1937)
Nakajima B5N "Kate" (1937)
Nakajima B6N "Jill" (1941)
Yokosuka B4Y "Jean" (1935)
Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" (1942)
Yokosuka MXY-7 "Baka" (1944)
Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" (1935)
Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" (1941)
Yokosuka P1Y1 "Frances" (1943)

Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan (1943)
Kyushu K10W1 "Oak" (1941)
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942)
Kyushu Q1W1-K "Lorna" (1943)
Mitsubishi K3M "Pine" (1930)
Yokosuka K5Y1 "Willow" (1933)
Yokosuka MXY-7K-1 "Kai" (1944)
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa

Nakajima E4N
Nakajima E14Y
Nakajima E8N "Dave"
Mitsubishi F1M "pete"
Kawanishi E7K
Kawanishi H6K
Kawanishi E11K
Kawanishi K6K
Kawanishi K8K
Kawanishi E15K Shiun
Kawanishi H8K "Emily"
Kawanishi N1K1 "Rex"

Italian WW2 air arm
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano
CANT Z.506 Airone
Fiat RS.14
IMAM Ro.43
IMAM Ro.44
Macchi M5

British Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Blackburn Backburn (1923)
Blackburn Dart (1924)
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Blackburn Shark (1931)
Blackburn Baffin (1934)
Vickers Vildebeest (1933)
Blackburn Ripon (1934)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)
Gloster Gladiator (1938)
Fairey Albacore (1940)
Fairey Fulmar (1940)
Grumman Martlet (1941)
Hawker sea Hurricane (1941)
Brewster Bermuda (1942)
Fairey Barracuda (1943)
Grumman Tarpon (1943)
Grumman Gannet (1943)
Supermarine seafire (1943)
Fairey Firefly (1943)
Blackburn Firebrand (1944)

Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Short Shetland (1944)

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)

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