Tri Sviatitelia (1894)

Russia (1894) Single Battleship

Tri Sviatitelia

The "Three Holy Hierarchs" was an early 1890s pre-dreadnought battleship of the Imperial Russian Navy, the best protected in her class with thick Harvey armour, and first fitted with a radio. She served with the Black Sea Fleet and opposed the mutiny of the Potemkin in June 1905, duelled with the SMS Goeben/Yavuz twice but ended her years in an endless refit in Sevastopol started when the February 1917 revolution broke out. Not exactly a fitting career for arguably one of the best Russian capital ships of the 1890s.

Brasseys diagram of the Tri Sviatitelia

Design and development of the Tri Svititelia

For the black sea fleet, the Russian admiralty in 1890 wanted a repeat of the previous Navarin, but improved on many points. The latter ship served with the Baltic Fleet, and the new battleship was to have much improved armour and armament on a 13,000 tons, 16 knots formula and built at Nikolayev Yards in Crimea.

She was much larger than the Navarin (3,000 long tons more), displacing 13,318 long tons (13,532 t) -over 800 long tons over her designed displacement- while measuring 378 ft (115.2 m) overall (from the bow to the tip of the ram), 73 ft 3 in (22.3 m) in width and a draught of 28 ft 6 in (8.7 m). Overall, the Tri Sviatitelia was quite impressive, the best armed and by far, best protected ship in the while Russian Empire, only hampered by a slow speed.


Ioann Zlatoust and Tri Svyatitelya in small overhaul in 1908-1909 at the admiralty-yards, Sevastopol

Propulsion

These ships were fitted with two three-cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engines. They were built by Humphreys & Tennant and produced a designed output of 10,600 indicated horsepower (7,900 kW) together. Steam came from fourteen cylindrical fire-tube boilers. They worked at a pressure of 128 psi. She driven shafts were connected to four-bladed screw propellers. On trials forced heat allowed to reach an aoutput of 11,308 ihp (8,432 kW), traduced by a top speed of 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). This was acceptable for the black sea, but do compare this with the earlier USS Olympia's 20 knots, which was an armoured cruiser bearing almost the same level of protection.

Tria Sviatitelia speed trials in 1896

Tri Svititelia carried 1,000 long tons (1,000 t) of coal maximum. This provided her with a range of 2,250 nautical miles (4,170 km; 2,590 mi) at the usual cruise speed of 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). In adition to steam power, she had three dynamos (305 kW total), enough to power part of the electrical onboard equipment.

Armament

Like most pre-dreadnoughts of the time, Tri Svititelia presented a collection of ordinance, ranging from the usual twin 12-inch (305 mm) turrets, eight barbette or pivot 6-inch (152 mm) guns, four 4.7-inch (119 mm) guns and to deal with enemy torpedo boats, ten 47-millimetre (1.9 in) and forty 37-millimetre (1.5 in) guns (you read well!) and on top of that the usual close-range 15-inch (381 mm) torpedo tubes, six of them part underwater, part hull-based.

Tri Sviatitelia in peacetime 1896 livery at Sevastopol
Tri Sviatitelia in peacetime 1896 livery at Sevastopol

The main guns were the excellent Obukhov Model 1895, 40-calibre. They had a rate of fire of about one round every two minutes on average (106 second) and can elevate 15 degrees and depress to −5 degrees. They fired a 731.3-pound (331.7 kg) shell at 2,598 ft/s (792 m/s) which made for a range 12,010 yards (10,980 m). 300 shells were stored in all. The secondary 6-inch (152 mm)/45 were all french-built Canet model 1892 mounted in upper deck barbettes. They can be elevated by 20 degrees and fired 91.27 lb (41.40 kg) shells at 2,600 ft/s (790 m/s). Range was even better than the main guns at 12,600 yards (11,500 m) at maximum elevation, allowing the use of combined weaponry at long range -with the problem of distinguishing between water plumes.

Tri Sviatitelia date unknown
Tri Sviatitelia, date unknown, with all white livery.

The lighter artillery comprised intermediary 4.7-inch (119 mm)/45 Canet model 1892, an unusual choice to deal with torpedo boats, but they had an excellent field of fire, being mounted on the corners of the superstructurefired a still large 45.15-pound (20.48 kg) round, at 15 rpm but quite fast at 2,700 ft/s (820 m/s). They had the reach, range and explosive power to make mincemeat of any torpedo boat at a distance, way before coming into effective torpedo range and probably a good choice on paper. However this combination of calibers was a nightmare from a supply perspective.
The ten 47 mm (1.9 in) of the Tri Svititelia tertiary armament were Hotchkiss guns and placed on the upper deck superstructure and embrasures in the aft hull. They fired a puny 3.3-pound (1.5 kg) shell at 1,476 ft/s (450 m/s) but up to 20 rpm, although at a more limited reach, close-quarters, of 2,020 yards (1,850 m). Next the 37 mm (1.5 in) also Hotchkiss guns (same rate of fire) were much lighter and therefore mounted on the fighting tops, upper superstructure, but also lower, in small hull embrasures. Their 1.1-pound (0.50 kg) shells could reach 3,038 yards (2,778 m) at the same relatively low velocity.

Tri Sviatitelia 1914
Tri Sviatitelia in 1914

Armour of the Tri Sviatitelia

While speed seemed not the priority of the design, armament was impressive, but protection was even better-looking on paper and certainly the best of all three. It was all made of Harvey armour (in fact she was the first Russian ship with such armor, both in quality and thickness, a record at the time), with a quite impressive belt thickness of 16–18 inches (406–457 mm) on 75 m and 8 feet (2.4 m) in height. The ship however was overweight and the belt was submerged instead of the intended above the waterline position. It was closed by 14–16-inch (356–406 mm) transverse bulkheads.

There were 2–3 inches (51–76 mm) plates for the deck with wooden planking above. The turrets were covered by a formidable 16 inches (406 mm) on the walls and the Conning tower looked almost thin in comparison at 12 inches (305 mm). This Harvey steel (the name was applied liberally to various foundries using the same recipe, such as Vickers in the UK or Schneider and Saint Chamond in France. Overall, the Tri Sviatitelia was more than a match for the Turkish Ottoman navy at the time. She was head and shoulders above anything the old Empire can throw at her.

Black sea fleet battleships
Black sea fleet battleships

Tri Sviatitelia 1915
Tri Sviatitelia in mission with the Black sea fleet, 08/03/1915

Career of the "Three Holy Hierarchs" (1896-1923)

She started her carrer in 1896 after completion at Sevastopol, close to the arsenal, about five years after her keel was laid down (15 August 1891) and three years after she was launched, 12 November 1893. After she made her sea trials in September–October, she became the first Russian ship, and even the world's first ship fitted with a radio, created by Russian physicist Alexander Stepanovich Popov. However range was ludicrously inadequate at the time, 3 miles (4.8 km), which made this little more than an experiment. She became the flagship of Rear Admiral F. F. Vishnevetskii during the mutiny of famous battleship Potemkin. She was the lead ship of a small fleet detached on 30 June 1905 to try to capture her.

Tri Sviatitelia 1917
Tri Sviatitelia 1917

1911 refit

While her forward fighting top was removed in 1908, from November 1911 until August 1912, Tri Sviatitelia entered the drydock for a complete reconstruction. It was at first envisioned to replace her harvey armpur by Krupp one and replace the armament, but because of budget constraints this never happened. Instead, masts were lightened, fighting tops replaced, all the light guns and torpedo tubes removed. Just two 47 mm remained as saluting guns. The intermediary 4.7-in were also replaced to standardize secondary armament, by four shielded 6-inch guns, placed on upper casemate, which was modified to house two extra 6-in guns. Following the lessons of Tsushima, the superstructure were reduced. The main guns mounts and loading systems were revised so to elevate 25° more while the rate of fire jumped twofold at a round every 40 seconds. Her displacement slimmed by 100 long tons, stability progressed, and she was still capable of 16 knots despite the age of her machinery that remained untouched.

The great war

Tri Sviatitelia was based at Sevastopol, together with the Evstafi, the fleet's flagship, Ioann Zlatoustand Panteleimon, renamed after her mutiny, and Rostislav. These ships made a sortie to shell Trebizond on 17 November 1914. They were caught when returning home by SMS Goeben and Breslau the following day on their return voyage to Sevastopol, the battle of Cape Sarych. The ships at first missed themselves in the fog. During this battle, the Russians were experimenting a fire coordination ship, with the Ioann Zlatoust as master ship. She spotted thee Goeben first and passed commands to the line ships, firing at at 4,000 yards while Tri Sviatitelia received wrong data and missed.

Tri Sviatitelia and Rostislav returned later to shell Ottoman fortifications at the Bosphorus entrance on 18 March 1915, delivering 105 rounds before returning to their cover force. The following day heavy fog prevented a second raid, while on 3 April, the Turkish navy raided Odessa, forcing the Russian fleet to bail out and met them. Goeben was chased but never caught. On 25 April Tri Sviatitelia and Rostislav raided the Bosporus forts again and Panteleimon joined them for more actions on 2-3 May. On 9 May 1915, Tri Sviatitelia and Panteleimon made another raid with a cover, but the latter were intercepted straight away by the Goeben. Both sides exhanged fire briefly, scoring no hits.

Meanwhile Tri Sviatitelia and Pantelimon sailed back to the cover when they spotted the Goeben and scored two hits, before both sides broke off although they chased the battlecruiser for six hours. Back as Sevastopol, Tri Sviatitelia received a pair of modern 63.5 mm AA guns placed on turret roofs and funnel screens to protect from light bomb drops. In August 1915 all the battleships became the 2nd Battleship Brigade while the new Imperatritsa Mariya class replaced them. In 1916, the Russian battleship shelled and patrolled the Anatolian coast but without notable event.

1917 refit

Tri Sviatitelia entered Sevastopol drydock as second time just when the February Revolution of 1917 started. As workers fled to join the movement, she layed uncompleted there for some time, to be captured by the Germans in May 1918. They in turn handed over to the Allies in December 1918 because of the Armistice. The British forced had her engines scrapped in 1919 when the Crimea was about to fall to the advancing Red army. But the stationary battleship was captured by the White Russians after the Blosheviks, and recaptured after they fled in November 1920. She was was scrapped in 1923, and stricken in 1925.

Tri Sviatitelia 1917
Tri Sviatitelia 1917

Tri Sviatitelia and the black sea fleet as Sevastopol 1918
Tri Sviatitelia and the black sea fleet as Sevastopol 1918

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
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Buffel class turret rams (1868)
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Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
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Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
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Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
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Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
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Frigate Apurimac (1855)
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Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
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G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
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Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
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Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
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HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
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Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
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Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
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Destructor class (1886)
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TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
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Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
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Amphitrite class (1876)
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USS Vesuvius (1888)
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USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
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WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
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HMS Dreadnought (1906)
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Orion class (1911)
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HMS Erin (1915)
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WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
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HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
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ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
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Apollo class (1890)
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'C' class series (1914-1922)
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'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
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WW1 British Destroyers
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✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
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Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
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Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
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WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
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Nevada class (1914)
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Tennessee Class (1919)
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Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
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Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
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Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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