rwd-table

Gangut class (1911)

Petropavovsk, Sevastopol, Poltava

The first and last Russian Dreadnoughts

Gangut class

A long Development

These ships were the first Russian Dreadnoughts. They were ordered by Tsar Nicholas II in person, and this despite a very agitated Duma (the revolt of 1905 was still fresh and these new ships were considered as a new expensive madness). The navy was also still tainted by the discredit of the Russo-Japanese war. Nevertheless, these ships were programmed as early as 1906, at the launching of HMS Dreadnought took place. However their plans were long prepared and debated.

The admiralty tender issued in 1906 yielded 51 plans, from 6 national shipyards, among which 21 foreigner contractors, and many from individual engineers. Eventually, the choice was made of a mixture between plans Blohm & Voss blueprints and Vittorio Cuniberti ideas, the inspirer of the Dreadnought. The latter's own plans were finally rejected on the grounds that he proposed a secondary armament in turrets and not in barbettes as specified. In fact it was his ship was a close copy of his own Dante Aligheri (1911) design...

Colorized photo Poltava

Final design of the Gangut

Eventually the Russian admiralty opted for a unique configuration at the time quite original: That of the main artillery placed at the same level (no superfiring turret) and all composed of triple turrets, all in the centerline. The German plans had been reworked with the assistance of engineers of John Brown NyD, but also the advice of Cuniberti. The unlikely international team arrived at an original compromise known then as the "dreadnought of the Baltic", in which armor was sacrificed to speed.

The order of construction which was to have been initially passed in Germany, met a strong opposition of the parliament, but also from France, by the voice of its ambassador. The Admiralty was forced by the prime minister to order the ship to the two major shipyards of St. Petersburg and the Admiralty shipyards of the Baltic, tailored with two large drydocks each. These four ships, Gangut, Petropavlovsk, Poltava and Sevastopol, were started at the same time on June 16, 1909, and accepted in service in November and December 1914.

Armament of the Gangut class

Having twelve 12-inches guns (305 mm) from the excellent Obukhov arsenal, all on the base level provided a low center of gravity, on a long hull tapered to the extreme. This made for a good, stable firing platform and low silhouette. This was compounded by a still impressive 12 piece battery rather rare at the time while being quite fast, before the apparition of the super-dreadnoughts. Barbette guns were Russian, hence the particularly light caliber, and were not satisfactory in service. They were too low, wet, obscured by water foam in heavy weather, and lacked effectiveness in range and hard-hitting power. Due to the imposing presence of the four turrets, superstructures were spartan, reduced to a few bridges stacked around armored towers and projectors wrapped around the funnels.

Propulsion of the Gangut class

Powerplant-wise, The very light boilers were from the new Yarrow model, allowing a gain in size and weight. Top speed was excellent, the Poltava on trials reaching 24,5 knots in light displacement, her machinery in forced heated was pushed to produce 52,000 hp. Another originality was that they were to be equipped with lattice poles of the model developed for the battleship Pervozvanni (a bit like slimmed-down versions of the American typical corbel masts), but in the light of models tests and excessive vibrations of the structures on these two battleships, they were finally replaced by reinforced single masts.

Protection, armour scheme of the Gangut class

The icebreaker bow, a Russian specificity, was preserved. Unfortunately, when the war broke out, none of these excellent ships were ready. Their arrival into service in 1912 would have constituted a formidable potential threat for the Hochseeflotte. But problems with the hull's longitudinal strength, associated with procrastination between the design office and Admiralty, the heaviness of Imperial administrative system made the completion dragging for more than two years while their unit cost rose to two million rubles at the time.

Operational Career: WW1

Operational early 1915 they were already obsolete, outclassed by the new battleships aligned by Germany and the Royal Navy. Moreover, these ships had a quarry confined to the Baltic, closed by the German fleet, and rather disappointing. All four were assigned to the 1st battleship brigade based in Helsingfors (the current Helsinki). Apart from the Gangut and Petropavlovsk, which provided cover for the mine anchors near Gotland, the other two remained in the coastal waters in defense of the entrance to the Gulf of Finland. All except the Gangut were rearmed in 1916-17 by receiving 4 AA 47 mm pieces, one on each turret, then in 1917 on the four, two 76 or 63 mm AA pieces on the front and rear end turrets. Their ASW nets were also removed and they received a new firing director. Their active career changed dramatically with the outbreak of the 1917 revolution:

In July-August 1917, the crews led by the Bolsheviks moved to the "red" side. They did not make an exit, based in Helsingfors, but the demobilization of the army in 1919, they had to flee in April and take refuge in Kronstadt to avoid the threat of hand-putting of the British. Petropavlovsk alone had enough experienced officers to carry out cover sorties to protect the passage of the rest of the Red Fleet at Kronstadt. His big pieces kept the English destroyers at bay. On August 17, 1918, however, he was the victim of a night attack in good standing of British stars including the CMB 31 and CMB 88 who gave him their 4 torpedoes on purpose.

Poorly protected, the Petropavlovsk sank and landed on the bottom. The other three battleships suffered from a lack of maintenance which caused a devastating fire on the Poltava at the wharf in November 1919. Too much damage, it was left to dock until 1925, when it was expected to use its hull for testing shooting. Renamed Frunze the following year, it was decided to repair it to make it operational, which finally only came very slowly. In 1936, this project was abandoned, and it remained docked as a utility hull (sunk in 1941). The other three were renamed in the 1920s and rebuilt. They were renamed, Petropavlovsk becoming the Marat (an homage to the French XVIIIth century revolutionary), Sevastopol, Parizhkaia Kommuna ("Paris commune", about the 1870 communist revolt), and Gangut, Oktyabrskaya Revoluciya. They were the spearhead of the new Soviet navy on the eve of the Second World War.

Battleship Gangut
Battleship Gangut in 1914. Author's illustration

Specifications 1914

Displacement: 23,360 t standard, 25,850 t. FL
Dimensions: 181.20 x 26.6 x 9.2 m
Propulsion: 4 shaft VTE, 25 Yarrow boilers, 42,000 hp. 23 knots.
Armor: Blockhaus 254, Belt 230, Turrets 203-127 mm, Bridges 76 mm, Barbettes 203 mm;
Crew: 1126 men.
Armament:
12 x 305 mm (4x3) (12 in)
16 x 120 mm (5 in)
4 x 47 mm
4 x 457 mm TTs (sub)

The Oktyabrskaya Revoluciya in the interwar

Marat 1937

The only ships of the Soviet fleet in 1941 were these reconstructed dreadnoughts, a solution adopted in most navies. The initial Gangut class provided for the construction of four units, the first Russian dreadnoughts. The Poltava had been severely damaged during the civil war and remained in a sorry state, never put back into service and while she was renamed Frunze, whe was only maintained later to be cannibalized for the benefit of the other three. In 1925 she has been deleted from the lists. The other three were rebuilt from top to bottom.

Marat was the lead ship for reconstruction, which happened between 1928 and 8 April 1931.
-Superstructure enlarged (new bridges)
-Guns were all replaced
-Turrets completely overhauled (for better range and loading)
-Anti-aircraft armament augmented with 75 mm and 37 mm guns plus 12.7 mm twin DshK heavy machine-gun twin mounts.
-Fire-control equipment modernized.
-Boilers converted to fuel oil only.
-Enough steam was produced that the forward three boilers were removed.
-Former forward boiler room turned into AA magazines and new compartments.
-Forward funnel angled to the rear, extended to deflect exhaust fumes out of gunnery rangefinders.
-False bow and forecastle for sea-keeping.

Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya was rebuilt afterwards, avoiding many of the mishaps of the first reconstruction as it took place between 1931 and 1934, on the same general lines but with some significant differences:
-Boilers were replaced by a dozen modern oil-fired boilers (from the same battlecruiser Izmail).
-Longitudinal watertight bulkhead was placed on the freed space, improving internal protection.
-Tubular foremast was replaced by a semi-conical mast.
-Brand new aft structure was built, front of the rear conning tower, and mainmast moved forward.
-Forward funnel was curved out of the bridges.
-Turret roofs received 152 mm (6.0 in) of armor.

Parizhskaya Kommuna was refitted in 1928 in preparation for her transfer to the Black Sea Fleet with an open-topped false bow for sea-keeping. But while she sailed through the Bay of Biscay, she was hit by heavy storm which damaged her bow, and has to be repaired in Brest. After her repairs she began a two-stage reconstruction in 1933 along the lines of Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya with some differences:
-Guns and turrets improved for rate of fire (2 rpm) and better range range
-Light AA guns installed
-Forward funnel with a more pronounced curve to deflect exhaust fumes.
In 1938 she was to be done with these, but returned to drydock from December 1939 until July 1940 for the fitting of a new armored deck plus bulges. This cured new found stability problems due to the new heavy superstructures, at the expense of a bit of speed.
It should be added that they all kept their secondary artillery of 152 mm (6 in) guns in barbettes.

Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (Formerly Gangut) after her modernization
Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya (Formerly Gangut) after her modernization.

They were all in service in 1941 and suffered the shock of the German offensive. Before that, the Revoluciya and the Kommuna carried out coastal bombing on the Finnish front. The Marat was assigned to him in the Black Sea. The first two lost their catapult, their crane in favor of an additional AA armament. By priority, these three ships were assigned as floating batteries, embossed, losing a few pieces of 120 mm in barbettes, sent in coastal batteries, and with a third of their crew (gunners). The Marat was badly hit by the Luftwaffe and sank in the harbor of Kronstadt, on the bottoms however high enough to continue to serve as a floating battery and was not bailed out after the conflict.

Marat in Gdynia 1934

The Revolucya, also present in Konstadt, was less damaged and brought to Leningrad for repairs. It was bombed again in 1942, but repaired again, it was used on the offensive of winter 44. Its armament was reinforced and it received more effective fire control equipment and radar. It served as a training ship after the war, until 1959. The Kommuna participated in the coastal bombing but was badly damaged by the Luftwaffe bombers and taken to Poti for repairs. It did not come out again until the end of the war and was demolished in 1957.

Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya
Oktyabrskaya Revolutsiya

Marat (Petropavlovsk) after her modernization.
Marat (Petropavlovsk) after modernization.

Parizhskaya Kommuna (Sevastopol) after her modernization.
Parizhskaya Kommuna (ex-Sevastopol) after modernization.

Marat 1939
Battleship Marat in 1939. Author's illustration

Oktyabraskaya 1944
Battleship Oktyabraskaya in 1944. Author's illustration

Specifications 1941

Displacement: 24,000t, 27-28,000t FL
Dimensions: 181.20 x 26.80 x 9.20 m
Propulsion: 4 shaft geared turbines, 25 Yarrow boilers, 42,000 hp. 23 knots max.
Armor: 230 to 254 mm max.
Crew: 1130
Armament: 12 x 305 mm (4x3, 12 in)
10 x 120 mm (4.7 in)
6 x 76 mm AA (3 in)
8 x 37 mm AA (2 in)
8 x 12.7 mm (0.5 in) DShK MGs
4 x 533 mm TTs (21 in) sub.

Read More:

Conway's all the worlds fighting ships 1906-1921
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangut-class_battleship
http://www.fr.naval-encyclopedia.com/1ere-guerre-mondiale/marine-russe1914.php#cuirasses

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WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
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Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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