Tromp class cuisers (1937)

The Netherlands - Tromp, Jacob van Heemskerck

The first modern Dutch cruisers

The Tromp class of the Royal Netherlands Navy (design Argonaut 600) were "flotilla leaders", conceived as backbones of a squadron of modern destroyers built alongside. Ordered in 1935 they were launched in 1937 and 1939, completed just as the war broke out, the second on 10 May 1940, just as the invasion of the west started.

HrMs Tromp only had time to sail to safety to the Dutch East Indies. Her sister-ship was still fitting out at Den Helder but escaped to the United Kingdom. There she was completely rearmed and served with other Free Dutch ships in the Royal Navy, being sent in the Far East at the end of the war. Amazingly both survived the war, decommissioned in 1955 and 1969, respectively.

Genesis of the design

HrMs_Tromp_1_1936
HrMs Tromp in 1938

At the end of the 19th century, Japan developed rapidly and this caused some concerns for the Dutch East Indies governor, about the Japanese Empire expansionism. In 1902, conviction grew that Japan could risk an attack on the Dutch colony, the question was when. Japan and Great Britain just concluded a cooperation treaty, and the RN moved to the North Sea, leaving the Dutch with no allies.

In 1913, the Dutch colony government esteemed that nine battleships were needed to defend it against the Japanese, but WWI disrupted these scheme, followed by an acute economic crisis. Add to this, a strong pacifist movement made suspicious for the Dutch population any grand naval plan and any fleet expansion.

However after 1920, the House of Representatives admitted Japanese militarism and aggressive in Asia needed urgent countermeasures. In May 1920, the budget was increased radically, notably unlocking the construction of two Java class cruisers while a special committee worked on the design of a fleet capable of defending the Dutch East Indies, issuing a 1922 report for a construction programme aimed at 1928. It notably urged the procurement of 4 cruisers and 24 destroyers plus 32 submarines, and a fleet of auxiliaries and aviation plus the strengthening of naval bases, fortifications and air bases.


Tromp in 1951 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.

The governor-general of the Dutch East Indies embraced the plan, but it was still blocked by the House of Representatives, due to economic issues and strong pacifism, and this persisted even in 1923, when the plan was halved. Eventually strong lobbying made a vote 49 vs 50 times (against) due to an absent Parliament member. It was submitted again in the early 1930s, and rejected for the same reasons. However by the late 1930s, the Dutch government realized the situation needed to implement the plan in a hurry, and the two cruisers specified became those of the future Tromp class. It also implied on the long run, new gunboats and the Seven Province class cruisers, light cruiser De Ruyter, 1047 battlecruisers.


Tromp plans, as reconstructed from the original blueprints - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.

Initially, both cruisers were planned as large destroyers, as destroyers squadron leaders. Their armament was quite massive, but they were classed as light cruisers due to their low tonnage. Both were designed for service in tropical waters, and much attention was paid to ventilation, extraction systems and many portholes, electric refrigerators and drinking water coolers and other fittings in the accommodations to reduced heat fatigue of the crew.

General characteristics


Tromp 1938 and 1944

Tromp 1938 general appearance HD
Tromp 1938 general appearance HD

Hrms Jacob Van Heemskerck 1942
Hrms Jacob Van Heemskerck 1942

By their general appearance, both cruisers looked like a bit like large destroyers, with a long forecastle, a bridge with superfiring artillery and strong torpedo armament. The hull was designed was to displaced 3,350 long tons (3,404 t) standard for 131.95 m (432 ft 11 in) in length, 12.43 m (40 ft 9 in) in beam and a draft of 4.32 m (14 ft 2 in). It was still small, even for a light cruiser (the Washington standard was rather 5000 tonnes), but despite of this, aviation was carried onboard, which greatly extended reconnaissance and artillery spotting capabilities. The crew varied, 380 on HrMs Tromp as completed and 420 on Jacob van Heemskerk during the war.

HNKML Tromp in Sydney, Australian War Museum
HrMs Tromp in Sydney, Australian War Museum.

Propulsion

The powerplant was modern, comprising of course two Parsons geared steam turbines, fed by four Yarrow boilers, driving two shaft propellers. Total output was 56,000 shp (41,759 kW) and top speed 32.5 knots (37.4 mph; 60.2 km/h), sufficient to lead destroyers. Due to her weak length/width ratio of less than 1:10 the cruisers were nimble and fast, but not very agile. On trials, Tromp achieved a speed of 35.1 knots under calm sea conditions, over a total output of 45,672 kW, which was a rather good performance for a cruiser, far better at any rate than the 1920s Java class.

Tromp making her sea trials in 1938
Tromp making her sea trials in 1938

Protection

It was the "poor parent" of the design, naturally lowered to achieve the best speed possible. The Belt was protected by 15 mm (0.6 in), the protective deck received 20 mm armored plates (0.8 in), the conning tower had walls 25 mm (1 in) thick and a stray of the same thickness protected the vital ammunition magazines.

Armament

2 views Tromp Jacob van
2-views montage showing Tromp and Jacob van Hermseerck as completed, the first as intended, the second as a British standard AA cruiser.

Tromp's primary armament comprised six 150 mm Bofors guns in three twin-mount (non-armored) small, cramped turrets. The mounts were solidary (no independent elevation). They had 60 degrees elevation for better range and some AA capabilities. Range was 17,500 meters, maximum, not optimum. The secondary armament comprised an AA battery composed of four 75 mm AA guns and four twin 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns located aft on the superstructure roof, with a dedicated fire control. Third, the ship were fitted two triple torpedo tube banks either side after the forecastle. These were standard 21 inches (533 mm) antiship models, of British origin. Tromp was also completed with a Fokker C.XIW floatplane for reconnaissance but no catapult. It was just stored aft of the rear mast on a chariot, and handled by side cranes. Deposed at sea to take-off and retrieve the same way.

Tromp 1942
Tromp in her 1942 camouflage (AWM)

The case of Heermserck:
Jacob van Heemskerck was caught when fitting out by the German invasion of May 1940. At that stage the fire control for her primary armament was still in Amsterdam, and the ship had to sail in emergency to UK. There, the 150 mm guns were replaced by five British standard twin 102 mm guns dual purpose models, usable against small ships and air targets, and their own fire control. The torpedo tubes were also removed to provide a base for mounting the lateral guns.

Indeed two guns took place in place of the superfiring pair, A and B, and "X" deck position aft, plus the two on side platforms. Therefore the space below was plated-over, making the forecastle extending longer aft. The masts were also modified: A larger tripod mast was fitted aft. Provision was made to mount radars also. These were fitted along with a Huff-Duff when the fore mast was thickened.

The aft twin 40 mm Bofors AA guns were removed but the fire control remained and a single four-barrel 40 mm "Pom-pom" was installed instead and four single 20 mm Oerlikon were placed either side of the aft gunnery control tower, and abreast aft tripod mast. This provided arguably a greater fire density, albeit less accuracy.


Tromp in service, circa 1939 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.


Tromp Launch in trials, 1938 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.


Tromp Launch in 1937 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.

The Tromp class in action

HrMs Tromp


HrMs Tromp in Australia, 1942, with a three Grey tone livery, modeller's preferred. In 1944 she has like many RN ships a dark blue-grey band, and was in overall grey again in 1946.

By the time she was completed, HrMs Tromp became the most powerful ship of the Dutch Navy, packaging a heavy armament and capabilities in a small package. Until early January 1939 after her trials, and many exercizes, Tromp left Rotterdam for her Mediterranean cruise, stopping at Lisbon on 15 January and colliding with the German liner SS Orinoco. She was back home in April 1939 to participated in the Scheveningen fleet review and made a cruise to Norway, halting at Oslo. In July J. W. Termijtelen took command, replacing Captain L.A.C.M. Doorman and departed for the Netherlands East Indies in August. The war broke out soon after she arrived.

By mid-September she started a serie of search and destroy mission against German merchant ships off Padang and stopped at Surabaya for maintenancet. In 1940 she escorted ships of the Netherlands East Indies Squadron and on the Java to New York Line convoy route, and to the Gilbert Islands (Feb. 1941). Captain J.B. de Meester took command in July 1941 and at the end of the year, a war with Japan was a more and more probable scenario. By November, Tromp looked for Vichy French merchant vessels and until the 7 of December 1941, she patrolled the western Java Sea trying to locate HMAS Sydney, meeting the German raider Kormoran but vanishing without a trace.

After December 7, Tromp joined the Combined Striking Force class ABDA Command. On 18 February 1942, Tromp fought in the battle of Bandung strait. She was badly damaged after being hit by eleven 5-inch (127 mm) shells from the Japanese destroyer IJN Asashio. She hit hit two Japanese destroyers in return but successfully evaded and sailed to Australia for repairs. They took place in February 1942 after a stop at Fremantle. From a drydock in Sydney, she emerged in May 1942.

After short sea trials she joined an ASW patrol force operating off Newcastle. The Soviet steamer Wellen was signalled attacked, but no subamrine was spotted and on 18 May she teamed up with HMAS Arunta to escort the convoy "ZK.8" off Sydney. It was mainly composed of Dutch merchant vessels, Bantam, Bontekoe, Van Heemskerk and Van Heutsz, intended to carry troops and supplies to Port Moresby, the Australian 14th Brigade. Until early June she went on escorting other ships, departing from Sydney or Fremantle, staying there at her return until October 1942, and then Sydney harbor to receive her first modern radar. She departed for New Zealand and back to Australia, escorting a British troopship, SS Nestor.


Tromp in the far east, 1945 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.

By February 1943, Tromp was assigned to the US Seventh Fleet, escorting convoys between Australia and the Indian Ocean, and the Dutch cruiser in October saw captain F. Stam taking command. By January 1944 she was dispatched to the British Eastern Fleet in Colombo, Ceylon. She departed to operate next from Trincomalee, participating in the raid on Sabang in April 1944, and the assault on Surabaya in May 1944. In between she escorted more convoys, until sent to Sydney for drydock maintenance. She emeged in February 1945, and sailed to Trincomalee. From there she will make other convoy escort missions, and supported in the final months of WW2 to the invasion by the 7th Division's of Balikpapan, part of the Borneo campaign.

After the war ended, Tromp joined the British Pacific Fleet and Jakarta, landing marines tasked to disarm the local Japanese garrison. She carried back Dutch OPW between Singapore, Bangkok and Sydney in a few trips and was in Sydney until February 1946. She then departed for hom, carrying 150 former Dutch POW. Soon after arrival in May 1946, she underwent a deep refit and reconstruction lasting until may-june 1948,to serve as a training and accommodation ship. She was stricken in 1955, sold and scrapped in 1969.


Tromp in Australia, January 1945 - Fotoafdrukken Koninklijke Marine Coll.




Tromp as rebuilt in 1946

HrMs Jacob Van Heemskerck

Jacob Van Heemskerck was supposed to start her sea trials the same day as the Germans invasion took place, so the admiralty ordered her to sail out and took refuge in UK to prevent her capture. She left without armament with a skeleton crew and the skills of her captain, but fortunately was not attacked by the Luftwaffe en route. She arrived in Portsmouth and was interned. Later, a larger crew was constituted with other Dutch volunteers that fled the occupation, and the Royal Navy decided of her fate. As a recent ship, valuable, it was decided to equip her as an AA cruiser to perform escort duties.

It was decided to fir her with dual purpose 103 mm guns standard for AA cruisers (mostly WW1 era), a quad "pom-pom" and 20 mm Oerlikon guns were added later during the war. But she first received depth charge from the old torpedo boats G13 and G15. On 18 May 1940, Queen Wilhelmina visit the cruiser, which joined HrMs Sumatra to carry Princess Juliana and her family to Canada for safety. She arrived at Halifax on 11 June.


HrMs Jacob Van Heemskerck was back in Portsmouth in July 1940 where she entered the drydock to be armed. Work was completed on 17 February 1941 and she made sea trials, until the end February, departing afterwards for her first convoy escort mission in the Atlantic, affected to the Irish Sea Escort. In January 1942, after many missions, she was sent to the Dutch East Indies, trying to reinforce the composite allied fleet fleet, but she missed the fateful battle of the Java Sea and was reassigned to the Eastern Fleet in instead, in 1942. By September 1942 she was part of operations 'Stream' and 'Jane', part of the invasion of Madagascar. In October she sailed to Fremantle in Australia and join the Allied Naval Forces Western Australia for more convoy escort.

By November 1942, she sailed with HMAS Adelaide to catch the recently spotted German blockade runner Ramses. When the latter spotted bith cruisers, the captain ordered to be scuttled in the Indian Ocean. In December 1943, Jacob Van Heemskerck joined the Eastern Fleet and then joined the Mediterranean Sea for more convoy duties, until a drydock maintenance in UK in June 1944.

She resumed her convoy escort missions afterwards, until 26 July 1945 when she was present at liberation day in Amsterdam, the first Dutch warship in harbour since the invasion. She would later return to the Dutch East Indies, patrolling until 22 July 1946 and back to the Netherlands with troops in August 1946. She was put in reserved and in March 1951 became a barracks ship for naval cadets at Vlissingen and other harbours. She was eventually decommissioned on 20 November 1969, struck from the lost the next year, and sold for scrap.



Van Heemskerk camouflage in the fear east (circa 1944) - AWM

Read More
Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1906-1921 & 1922-1947
https://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/Tromp.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tromp-class_cruiser
http://www.navypedia.org/ships/netherlands/nl_cr_tromp.htm
Teitler, G. (1984). De strijd om de slagkruisers. Dieren: De Bataafsche Leeuw.
van Dijk, Anthonie (1989). The Drawingboard Battleships for the Royal Netherlands Navy. Part II
//marineschepen.nl/dossiers/waarom-we-de-javazee-niet-moeten-vergeten.html
Grobmeier, Alvin H.; Stroh, Stan; Visser, H. & Wetherhorn, Aryeh "Question 14/00: Characteristics of Dutch Tromp Class Cruisers". Warship International
Mulder, Jantinus; Mulder, Frits (2012). Destroyer Leader HrMs Tromp.
Kimenai, Peter (May 30, 2011). "Lichte kruisers van de Tromp-klasse"
More photos on the official Royal Netherland Navy site

Models Corner:
-Kombrig 1/700 Tromp 1942
-1/700 Niko Models HrMs Tromp 1942

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Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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