Monmouth class armored cruisers (1901)

Monmouth, Bedford, Essex, Kent, Berwick, Cornwall, Cumberland, Donegal, Lancaster, Suffolk.

The other County Class

These armoured cruisers bearing County names answered to the concern of well-armed and well-protected but cheaper ships, especially compared to previous Drake. The concern was to produce a series of armoured cruisers for half the price of a Drake-class.

Therefore a design was prepared and later sanctioned by the admiralty, voted, and a total of ten were ordered and aid down in various shipyards in 1899-1901, the largest armoured cruiser series worldwide at that time and a true symbol of the British Navy, and British industry might.

Unfortunately in this race for budget cuts, and to remain below the 9800 tons treshold, many sacrifices were made in terms of armor and armament, opening to many criticisms afterwards. So much so that they came to be regarded as second-class armoured cruisers, evident from the too easy destruction of the Monmouth in a duel with the German Scharnhorst, supposed to be in the same category.

HMS Suffolk
HMS Suffolk

Monmouth-class design

The Monmouth were much smaller than the drake, and recoignisable to their three funnels, sufficient for their reduced machinery. Ambitions were capped on these.

Contrary to usual armoured cruisers that were intended to fight in naval battles and bring supplementary artillery support or replace battleships in distant stations, these were given the role of protected cruisers, expected only to fight light cruisers and armed merchant ships. Therefore their main artillery was constituted only of 6 in guns, not the two usual pairs of 9.2-inch guns.

Instead of the usual heavy caliber turrets, both were given twin BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk VII guns in turrets, the rest was spread between barbettes, two stages fore and aft and single ones in the center. For torpedo boats, ten single QF 12-pounder (3 inch, 76 mm) 12 cwt guns and three QF 3-pounder (47 mm) Hotchkiss guns were arranged in the superstructures and decks.

For close-quarters, two single 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes were fitted, one on each side, submerged. They were propelled by two shafts connected to two four-cylinder triple-expansion steam engines fed by 31 water-tube boilers rated for 22,000 hp, and a top nominal speed of 22 knots. Protection comprised a belt 2–4 in (51–102 mm) thick, 0.75–2 in (19–51 mm) decks, 5 in (127 mm) barbettes, 5 in (130 mm) turrets, while the Conning tower was 10 in (254 mm) and the Bulkheads: 5 in (127 mm) thick.

Criticism

One of the numerous criticisms about these cruisers-on-a-budget, also the cause of the HMS Monmouth loss, was the inefficiency of the lower barbette guns, totally unusable in heavy weather. Electrical guidance was one of their innovations, but finally proved a mistake. The twin turrets were too heavy and cramped. The configuration of the armour was inspired by that of the Cressy but reduced in places, especially on the decks, which made them sensible to long-range plunging fire.

The weight of the turrets compared to their hull height and lower draft gave them also a higher roll than expected. But in the end they were also recoignised as good steamers, very marine ships, and only three units did not not reached their trials nominal speed.

Suffolk managed to reach 24.7 knots. In a general way these ships for the most had relatively cushy careers, spent in convoy escort and hunting German merchantmen turned trade raiders. Only Monmouth, sunk in action, and Cornwall, that avenged her by sinking the SMS Leipzig in the return engagement at the Falklands, did fought in battles.



Monmouth class diagram - Janes
Monmouth class diagram - Janes

HMS Monmouth

HMS Monmouth served in China, then was based in Pernambuco in August 1914. she was quickly assigned to Sir Charles Cradock's squadron in the Falklands and participated in the Battle of Coronel on 1 Nov. 1914. Her secondary artillery was totally ineffective in the heavy weather and she was sunk by Von Spee's squadron without any survivors.

HMS Bedford

HMS Bedford

HMS Bedford served in China from 1907 to 1910, and was lost at that time by hitting the reef of Quelpart Island in the China Sea. 18 men were lost during the rescue, and his hull was demolished some time later. HMS Berwick crashed into HMS Tiger in 1908 during night exercises near the Isle of Wight. (He spurred and squeezed it) After a refit at Portsmouth, he rejoined the East Indies base at 4 Wing Cruisers.

He then rocked as a training ship from the base of North America from 1912 to 1914. At the time of the declaration of war, he began patrols in the South Atlantic and as of September captured the German freighter Spreewald. He then patrolled and escorted until the end of the war and was reformed in 1919.

HMS Cumberland

HMS Cumberland

HMS Cumberland was sent to the declaration of war in West Africa. Based in Douala, he captured 10 German freighters. He spent the rest of his career starting in January 1915 in France, conducting patrols and escorts with the 6th Squadron of Cruisers in the North Atlantic.

HMS Donegal served in China and ran aground on a shallow reef off Suez. Repaired to Chatham in metropolitan France, he was then based in Devonport until 1909 before leaving for Gibraltar with the 4th Squadron of Cruisers. He collided with a freighter and destroyed one, the Volturno, with his artillery for training. He was based at the time of the war in Sierra Leone with 3 Wing. In January 1915 he joined the 6th Squadron with the Grand Fleet. Then he sailed in November with the 7th Squadron escort convoys to Arkhangelsk. During the Battle of Jutland, he was posted to 2 Wing and then 9th, and in 1917 was escorting in the North Atlantic.

HMS Essex

HMS Kent leaving Portsmouth
HMS Essex served in the West Indies in 1914.

She was then sent to the North Atlantic until Nov. 1916, capturing two German cargo ships, and then returned to the West Indies Station. From January 1916 he was based at the Canarias Islands, capturing another cargo ship, and remained there until the end of the war.

HMS Kent

HMS Kent served in China and was based in the Malvinas within Admiral Cradock's squadron in August 1914. He was seconded from it but took part in the second battle of Coronel on 8 December, flowing KMS Nürnberg. Patrolling in search of the Dresden, he flushed it out and sank it off Mas a Fuera in Chile.

Later based in China, he returned to China in May 1915 and escorted him to the end of the war, returning to China. He then supported in 1919 the Japanese-American operations against the Blochevicks in Vladivostok. He returned to Hong Kong until his retirement in 1920.

HMS Suffolk

HMS Suffolk served for a long time in the Mediterranean. On the eve of the war, he was based in the Falklands at 4 Wing Sub, under the orders of Rear-Admiral Cradock, whose mark he bore.

In August he passed to Pernambuco, and participated in the hunt for the cruiser KMS Karlsruhe. From 1915 to 1916 he was based in the Pacific and then in China until 1918. In 1919, he was sent to support the Japanese-American forces in Vladivostock against the Russian Bolsheviks. Back in France, he served until 1920 as a training ship.


HMS Lancaster

// Aft 6 in port casemates Aft 6 in port casemates. In heavy weather the lower ones proved unusuable, as shown by HMS Monmouth duel with the Scharnhorst.


The HMS Lancaster served in the Mediterranean and the West Indies before 1914. In January 1915 she joined the 7th squadron of the Grand Fleet in metropolitan France. From 1916 to 1918 she was then based in the Pacific, then grounded in 1919 at Birkenhead.

HMS Berwick

HMS Berwick

HMS Berwick was named after a Scottish county, was laid down by Beardmore, Dalmuir shipyard on 19 April 1901, launched on 20 September 1902 and completed on 9 December 1903. She was assigned to the 2nd Cruiser Squadron, Channel Fleet, and later transferred to the Home Fleet in March 1906. On 2 April 1908 she tragically rammed by accident the destroyer Tiger (which sank with 36 lives) during a night exercise in the Channel, off the Isle of Wight.

After a refit at Portsmouth until April 1909, she joined the 4th Cruiser Squadron, North America and West Indies Station. In September 1914 she captured the SS Spreewald, and patrolled for German raiders and escorted convoys until the end of the war. Her last station was with the 8th Light Cruiser Squadron in 1919.

HMS Donegal

HMS Donegal
HMS Donegal, was built at Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering, Govan shipyard, completed on 5 November 1903. She joined the 1st Cruiser Squadron, Channel Fleet. Then she headed for the China Station, but ran aground at Suez en route, and had to return to Chatham for repairs.

She was afterwards assigned to the Home Fleet in 1907, transferred to the 4th Cruiser Squadron (North America and West Indies Station), but collided with the merchant ship SS Malaga at Gibraltar in December. In 1912 she served with the Training Squadron of Home Fleet and was assigned to the reserve Third Fleet in August 1914.

After a new refit she was assigned to the 5th Cruiser Squadron, Sierra Leone, for convoy protection, then transferred to the 6th Cruiser Squadron, Grand Fleet in January 1915. At the fall of the year she was assigned to the 7th Cruiser Squadron, to escort convoys to Archangelsk.

In March 1916 she joined the 2nd Cruiser Squadron, and then the 9th Cruiser Squadron for Atlantic convoy escort. She was then affected to the 4th Cruiser Squadron again in 1917 to patrol the western Atlantic, and went on escorting convoys up to the end of the war, sold for scrap in July 1920.

HMS Cornwall

HMS Cornwall

Cornwall was launched at Pembroke Royal Dockyard, Wales, and completed on 1 December 1904, assigned to the 2nd Cruiser Squadron (Channel Fleet). In the fall of 1906 she underwent a refit and became a cadet training ship in January 1908, with 4th Cruiser Squadron (North America and West Indies).

In 1911 she ran aground on Pinnacle Rock, Sable Island (Nova Scotia) while assisting HMCS Niobe, which also just had run aground too. Cornwall was repaired at Halifax and in 1913 was refitted in Devonport, completed in January 1914. She visited ports from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia, and participated in the July 1914 Fleet review followed by a short refit, and assigned to the 5th Cruiser Squadron for trade protection on the Easten Atlantic route as the war started.

The German collier SS Syra was her first prize on 5 August. Transferred to the Brazilian coast in September she joined the infamous Vice-Admiral Christopher Craddock's 4th Cruiser Squadron. However she was soon reassigned to patrol the River Plate and missed Cradock's search for the German East Asia Squadron off the Chilean coast and subsequent destruction in the Battle of Coronel on 1 November.

Therefore HMS Cornwall proceeded to the Falkland Islands, joining the new squadron led by Vice-Admiral Doveton Sturdee, and participated in the Battle of the Falklands. The appearance of two German ships at 07:30 caught Sturdee's ships by surprise but the predreadnought battleship Canopus kept the at bay on 09:20. Cornwall therefore had time to warm her boilers, raise steam and prepare for battle stations, before even started to recoal.

The squadron left the harbour anyway by 10:30 for the "general chase" lef by Sturdee's two battlecruisers. Being catched up and before the empeding doom Von Spee chosen to scatter his ships, turning his two armoured cruisers for duelling, allowing his three light cruisers to disperse. Cornwall and her sister ship Kent, plus the the light cruiser Glasgow went into a hot pursuit of these three cruisers.

Glasgow engaged the SMS Leipzig. Then Cornwall came down to 7,000 yards (6,400 m) at 18:00 and set the Leipzig ablaze. Five minutes later, she ceased fighting and the Cornwall approached to 5,000 yards (4,600 m) to observe the scene when a last gun open fire just as the Leipzig refused to strike her colours.

Then both cruisers fired more salvos. Even when the German captain mustering what left of his crew to strike the colours the ship's flag area was engulfed in flames and could not be reached therefore the shelling went on until two green flares were fired at 20:12, signifying surrender.

The British armoured cruiser then closed within 500 yards to rescue the Germans, sending her own boats. Only a total of 18 men were rescued, sadly, in the darkness. Cornwall had been hit by the German cruiser 18 times, but apparently without a single loss, apart those injured. Cornwall searched afterwards for the remainder of German ships and later departing for home on 3 January 1915.

After a short refit at Devonport and in Avonmouth she sailed for South Africa on 23 March 1915. She arrived to Kibondo Island off the German East African coast in April to blockade the SMS Königsberg in the Rufiji River. She later headed north to the Dardanelles on 10 May. Afterwards she made her way to to the China Station at the end of the year and was based in February 1916 at Singapore, undergoing a longer refit until May. She patrolled the the Dutch East Indies, then joined the French Indochina on July.

In October she joined Hong Kong and patrolled the Chinese coast , being back to Singapore on December and then sailed to South Africa for escort duties. Some of her 12-pounder guns were removed and transferred on troopships. She was later refitted at Liverpool and paid off on 7 March, recommissioned on 4 August 1917, escorted one troopship to Halifax and later returned to the North Atlantic and West Indies Station. After her convoy service until the end of 1918 she went back as a cadet training ship from January 1919 and was paid off for good on 21 August, sold for scrap on 7 June 1920.

Camouflaged Monmouth class cruiser
A British Monmouth class cruiser with an interesting camouflage (alamy photos)

Specifications

Dimensions: 141,2 x 20,12 x 7,6 m (463 x 66 x 25 ft)
Displacement: 9100 t, 9800 Ton Fully Loaded
Crew: 678
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 TE 4 cyl., 31 Belleville boilers, 22 000 hp
Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph)
Armament: 14 x 152 mm, 10 x 76 mm, 3 x 47 mm, 2 x 457mm TTs (sub)
Armor: Belt 102, Barbettes 120, Turrets 120, Blockhaus 280, Deck 51 mm.


Monmouth class
HMS Monmouth, Author's illustrator

Royal Navy 1914
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Links, sources, read more

Brassey, T.A. (ed)The Naval Annual 1905 and 1906
Corbett, Julian. Naval Operations to the Battle of the Falklands.
Friedman, Norman (2012). British Cruisers of the Victorian Era.
Massie, Robert K. (2004). Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea
wikipedia - Monmouth class cruiser
Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1860-1905

Naval History

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WW1

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British ww1 Royal Navy
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Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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