United Kingdom (1898) Formidable, Irresistible, Implacable, London, Bulwark, Venerable, Queen, Prince of Wales.

The improved Canopus

This "superclass" of eight pre-dreadnought battleships was a same time very close to the Majestic and Canopus, yet they had true turrets and were enlarged Canopus essentially. Design changes were made during construction, so that two-subclasses appeared, the London sub-class, and the Queen sub-class. The Formidable class are often described as improved Majestics, were more enlarged Canopus, but also using Krupp armour in their construction allowing a better protection without speed loss. They were much better protected than the Majestics and faster than the Canopus. Unlike the latter class however, their armour belt ran all the way to the stern, 66 m long, and 4.6 m deep, 230 mm thick. The main battery turrets (Krupp) were 10 inches (250 mm) thick.
The main and secondary armament was also improved, from 35-calibre to 40-calibre for their 12-inch (305 mm) guns and 45-calibre for their 6-inch (152 mm) guns. The main artillery could be loaded at any bearing and elevation and a split hoist with a working chamber beneath the guns reduced chance of a cordite fire spreading out to the magazines. Their improved hull form made them better steamers, and they had inward-turning propellers (reduced fuel consumption). This was however at the expense of manoeuvrability at lower speeds.

Due to service problems with the water tube Belleville boilers the original plans were changed during construction, and HMS Queen was fitted with Babcock & Wilcox cylindrical boilers instead. Her nearly identical sister ship Prince of Wales was fitted with the problematic watertube Belleville boilers. Queen and Prince of Wales were the last battleships for which Sir William Henry White had sole design responsibility. Like all pre-dreadnoughts, they were outclassed by the dreadnought battleships that began to appear in 1906, although they took on some front-line duties early in World War I.

HMS Formidable

HMS Formidable class battleship Brassey's 1906
HMS Formidable class battleship Brassey's 1906

HMS Formidable was commissioned on 10 October 1904 at Portsmouth Dockyard, intended for Mediterranean Fleet at Gibraltar. Refitted in Malta in 1904-1905, she was back home, joining the Channel fleet in 1908 and was paid off at Chatham in 1908, she served with the 1st Division, Home Flee (Nore) and served later with the Atlantic Fleet. in 1912 her crew was reduced and she joined the 5th Battle Squadron, Second Fleet (Nore) up to 1914. She was noted then for serious machinery problems. Based in Portland she patrolled the English Channel, covered the British Expeditionary Force travel to France and manded the Portsmouth Marine Battalion in Ostend. By November she served from Sheerness (possible German invasion of Great Britain) but returned later to Portland in december.

With Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly from the 5th Battle Squadron on board she participated in gunnery exercises on 1st January 1915 and despite submarine activity had been reported, rough sea and wind seemed to prevent any such threats to even happening. The battleship was steaming at 10 knots at the rear of the squadron, off Portland Bill bu was struck at 02:20 by a torpedo from U-24. She was hit at number one boiler, port side and by 02:40 listed about 20° to starboard and was to be abandoned while darkness was falling. However at 03:05, she was struck by a second torpedo on the starboard side. 80 men were rescued and by 04:50, she rolled over and sank quickly, Captain Loxley remaining on the bridge. She carried with her to the bottom 35 officers and 512 men (from 780). She was the third British battleship to be sunk by then.

HMS Irresistible

HMS Irresistible
HMS Irresistible was commissioned at Chatham, February 1902 for the Mediterranean Fleet service based at Gibraltar. From May 1902 she visited Augusta (Sicily) and the Piraeus (Greece) but suffered a collision with the Norwegian merchant steamer SS Clive on her way to commission in March 1902 and ran aground at Malta in October 1905, refitted there two times. She was back home to served in 1908 with the Channel Fleet, colliding with a schooner and was later assigned to the Nore Division in 1909, reduced to a nucleus crew by May 1910 and paid off at Chatham. Refitted, she served with the 3rd Division, Home Fleet, Nore. and the 5th Battle Squadron at Portland, patrolling the Channel, coering the Plymouth Marine Battalion landing at Ostend, bridgehead and hinterland operations.

By the fall of 1914 she was attached to the Dover Patrol, shelling German advance along the Belgian coast and the on the East Coast Patrols (Gorleston Raid), and then back to the Channel Fleet in November 1914. She was transferred to Sheerness in November and was back to Portland but by February 1915 she was transferred to the Dardanelle as flagship of the British Dardanelles Squadron until March 1915. She bombarded numerous forts and knocked out two 9.4 in (240 mm) guns at Fort Orkanieh on 25 February, ater relieving the battleship HMS Vengeance as second flagship, British squadron by February until March and supported other landing. On 18 March, she bombarded the Narrows of Çanakkale and Kilitbahir but was badly damaged when pulling off, stricking one mine at about 16:16, woth 150 dead, some drawn and others blast off by Turkish gunners later.

With her starboard engine room flooded, power lost, her midship bulkhead collapsed, badly listing to starboard, down by the stern, she drifted into range and drawn indeed heavy artillery on her for long hours. However her surviving crew except for the captain and volunteers were evacuated on HMS Wear, a detached destroyer. The battleship HLS Ocean tried but failed to tow her being temporarily grounded in the attempt while Irresistible drifted nearer the shore and after the remaining crew was evacuated she was abandoned. Ocean would later struck a mine at 18:05 while withdrawing, but most of ther crew survived and she was also abandoned. The destroyer HMS Jed later torpedoed and sink the two abandoned battleships to prevent their capture.

HMS Irresistible abandoned March 1915

HMS Implacable

HMS Implacable in Egypt
HMS Implacable was commissioned at Devonport by Prince Louis of Battenberg, 10 September 1901. She served on the Mediterranean Statio, being refitted three times at at Malta and joining Alexandria for coronation festivities. She visited Nauplia (Aegean) but suffered a fatal accident on 12 July 1905 (boiler explosion) and another on 16 August 1906. She was refitted at Chatham in 1908-1909, joined the Channel Fleet, Atlantic Fleet and 5th Battle Squadron (Second Home Fleet at the Nore by 1912. in 1914 her unit was transferred to the Channel Fleet at Portland. She was attached to the Dover Patrol and bombered the coast of Belgium in support of Allied forces. Transferred to Sheerness she was transferred to the Dardanelles in March 1915 and served throughout the Dardanelles Campaign. She left England on 13 March 1915 and arrived at Lemnos on 23 March 1915. She supported the main Allied landings at X Beach at Cape Helles on 25 April 1915, and thereafter supported the campaign until May, covering actions on 25 April 1915 and following weeks.

Together with HMS London, Prince of Wales and Queen, she became part of the 2nd Detached Squadron, Adriatic Sea and reinforced the Italian Navy after war was declared against the central powers, based at Taranto, Italy, from May 1915. In November she was transferred to the 3rd Detached Squadron (Salonika) to defend the Suez Canal and assist the French Navy in blockading Greece and Bulgari, and later was based at Port Said, Egypt. She departed for UK, being refitted at Plymouth and later joined the 3rd Detached Squadron at Salonika and by June 1917 was present at Athens during the abdication of King Constantine I. From July she returned to the UK, and paid off at Portsmouth. Her four main-deck casemates on each side were replaced by two 6-inch (152-mm) guns (battery deck) but she was laid up and in March 1918 served as a depot ship (Northern Patrol, Lerwick, Kirkwall, Buncrana). After the war she was paid off, sold and scrapped in 1921.

HMS Venerable, the bad-powered

HMS venerable

The battleship encountered many delays, due to difficulties with her machinery contractors. Commissioned on November 1902 she became Second Flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet but later ran aground outside Algiers harbor. Refitted at Malta in 1906–1907 she replaced HMS Prince of Wales as flagship until 1908, and was paid off at Chatham, but recommissioned in January 1908 for the Channel Fleet refitted extensively afterwards in 1909. By October she served with the Atlantic Fleet and by May 1912 was transferred at the Nore, 5th Battle Squadron with a nucleus crew. She later served from Portland in the summer of 1914, was full commissioned again and patrolled the English Channel, then Dover Patrol, bombarded German positions along the Belgian coast to support Allied troops off Westende and Lombardsijde. Flagship of the Commander-in-Chief Rear Admiral Sir Horace Hood until October 1914 she was later detached to support the East Coast Patrol (Gorleston Raid), and moved afterwards to Sheerness in November 1914 then back to Portland in December, and again bombarding Westende in March and May 1915. By then she was sent to the Dardanelles, replacing HMS Queen Elizabeth and in August supported supported the assault on Suvla Bay. At Gibraltar for a refit in November-December she joined the Adriatic Sea at Tarento. Back at Portsmouth in December 1916, she was laid up and later in February-March 1918 refitted as a depot ship, based at Portland to assist minelaying trawlers, Northern Patrol, and Southern Patrol. By December 1918 she was disposed of, sold and scrapped in 1921.

HMS London

Sub-Class london

The London were similar but had a thinner deck armour and some other detail changes to the armour scheme plus a lower displacement.

Aquarel of HMS Formidable
Aquarel of HMS Formidable

These three battleships were very close to the Formidable, varying only by armor details. The front framework protection was lowered in favor of the flanks, the reinforced belt at the front and shortened at the rear. On the other hand, the thickness of the main deck was reinforced throughout the length of the ship, but the intermediate decks were reduced. The ships differed significantly between them: The Queen and Prince of Wales had an open battery for their 76 mm pieces unlike the others. In addition, the boilers of this same HMS Queen were Babcock & Wilcox. They were operational in 1902-1904. Their career was carried out first in the Mediterranean, then these 6 ships returned to the territorial waters.

HMS Bulwark, the cursed battleship

HMS Bulwark
HMS Bulwark

Bulwark entered a long refit after completion for the installation of a modern fire control, commissioned at Devonport in March 1902. She served in the Mediterranean Fleet from Gibraltar, relieving HMS Royal Oak and later became the new fleet flagship on 20 May 1902 in place of HMS Renown. In August 1902 she toured the Agean sea, and was refitted at Malta in 1905–1906, returned and paid off at Devonport in February 1907. She was recommissioned as Flagship of Nore Division, Home Fleet but grounded near Lemon Light on 26 October, and spent monthes at Chatham Dockyard in until 1908. After which she had Robert Falcon Scott of Antarctic as captain, the youngest battleship commander of the fleet. She served with the Channel Fleet, 2nd Division of the Home Fleet and was refitted again in 1909 and in March 1910 was at the reserve at Devonport, and was refitted again at Chatham in 1911. She grounded twice on Barrow Deep (Nore) in May 1912 and her repaired lasted until June 1912, joining afterwards the 5th Battle Squadron. She served from Portland in 1914, hosted the court martial of Rear-Admiral Sir Ernest Charles Thomas Troubridge (Goeben and Breslau escape) and later was based at Sheerness for a possible German invasion of England. On November 26, 1914, an ammunition barge was carried out in Sheerness, which turned to drama when a charge of black powder exploded, the battleship's bunkers catching fire and exploding in their turn. HMS Bulwark was literally disintegrated as a result, with only 12 miraculously escaped alive from the inferno.

HMS London

HMS London in Malta, 1915
HMS London in Malta, 1915

HMS London commissioned at Portsmouth in June 1902 for service in the Mediterranean Fleet stopped at Gibraltar and arrived at Malta on in mid-July. She was refitted at Malta in 1902–1903 and 1906 and by March 1907 joined the Nore Division, Home Fleet, then Channel Fleet as flagship (Rear Admiral). Refitted at Chatham in 1908 she served from 1910 as Second Flagship, Atlantic Fleet. She was part later of the Second Home Fleet (Nore), crew reduced, and 3rd Battle Squadron. She collided with SS Don Benite in May, then was transferred to the 5th Battle Squadron. There, she received a ramp over her forecastle to launch planes, one being flown by Charles Rumney Samson (first British takeoff from a moving ship in May 1912). The 5th Battle Squadron was assigned to the Channel Fleet, Portland. She covered the British Expeditionary Force and a number of experimental paint schemes were tried this August, although she went back later to battleship grey. She was based at Sheerness but returned to Portland by December 1914 and March 1915 was transferred to the Dardanelles, based from Lemnos in 23 March 1915. She covered the actions at Gaba Tepe and Anzac Cove. Later with HMS Implacable, Queen, and Prince of Wales she joined the 2nd Detached Squadron guarding the Adriatic Sea from Taranto, Italy. Refitted at Gibraltar in October 1915 she returned home by the fall of 1916. Paid off at Devonport, inactive, she was refited as a minelayer in 1916–1917 at Rosyth. These conversions works consisted into the removal of her 12-inch (305-mm) guns, antitorpedo nets, 6-inch (152-mm) gun, and fitting of a minelaying equipment on her quarterdeck. With rails for 240 mines she had also a concealing canvas screen. From April to 18 May 1918 HMS London was recommissioned at Rosyth and served with the 1st Minelaying Squadron, laying some 2,640 mines in the Northern Mine Barrage.

HMS London in may 1918 as a minelayer
HMS London in may 1918 as a minelayer. from 1914 ger records included patrolling the channel, patrolling with the 5th Squadron, shelling the Belgian coast, covering the Dardanelles operations (relieving HMS Queen Elisabeth), blockading the Adriatic from Taranto, before being converted as a minelayer, operational in January 1918 after conversion, she served until the armistice. She tested a very specific, famous camouflage

Sub-Class Queen

Queen and Prince of Wales were the last of the class, making some sort of sub-class identical except for their open 12-pdr gun batteries relocated on the upper deck amidships and lower displacement, plus minor details.

HMS Prince of Wales

HMS Prince of Wales 1912 - HMS Prince of Wales also patrolled the Channel with 5 Wing and then rallied the Dardanelles in 1915. She supported ANZAC landings on 25 April. In May 1915 he was sent to the Adriatic until the beginning of 1918, and on her return she was reduced to a port service at anchor, like her sister-ships.
HMS Prince of Wales 1912

HMS Prince of Wales was the fifth of this name in the Royal Navy, completed in March 1904. but only fully commissioned in May for service with the Mediterranean Fleet. She however collided with the merchant steamer SS Enidwen off Oran en route by July 1905 and in April 1906 suffered an engine room explosion. She returned later to the UL for a refit, and at Malta as well. She was transferred to the Atlantic Fleet, flagship by February 1909, damaged by an explosion in a stokeholds by July. Rear-Admiral John Jellicoe hoisted his flag on HMS Prince of Wales by December 1910 and she was refitted at Gibraltar, transferred to the Home Fleets in May, flagship of the 3rd Battle Squadron, First Fleet, and second flagship, Second Fleet, Portsmouth. As part of the 5th Battle Squadron she was accidentally rammed by HMS C32 while during exercises She became flagship of the 5th Battle Squadron in May 1911. By 1914 she served with the Channel Fleet, based at Portland, patrolling the English Channel. She protected the transfer of the British Expeditionary Force, patrolled the eastern end of the Channel, covered the cruiser squadron at the western entrance, covered the Portsmouth Marine Battalion landings at Ostend, and was provisionally based at Sheerness.

She was transferred from 19 March 1915 to the Dardanelles and supported the landings of the 3rd Brigade, Australian Army (Gaba Tepe, Anzac Cove in April 1915. She later reinforced the Italian Navy under orders from Admiral Paolo Thaon di Revel which kept her and Italian modern battleships at Taranto to blockade the Adriatic Sea. She only went to Gibraltar for a refit and returned here until February 1917. She was placed in reserve on arrival, and became an accommodation ship.

HMS Queen

HMS Queen in 1915 - HMS Queen was also assigned to the 3rd Fleet Line of the 1st Fleet in 1914, having served in the Mediterranean and Atlantic. After the Channel, like the Prince of Wales she was sent to the Mediterranean, Dardanelles, covering the landings of ANZACs and was sent to the Adriatic to support the Italians, roughed up by the Austro-Hungarians. In Taranto, four of her 152 mm guns were transferred to the Italian Navy. She then returned to France.
HMS Queen in 1915

HMS Queen was commissioned in April 1904 at Devonport to served with Mediterranean Fleet, refitted at Malta in 1906–1907, and became Fleet Flagship; returned home to be paid off and recomissioned for the Atlantic Fleet. She collided with the Greek merchant steamer SS Dafni at Dover in February 1909, was refitted at Devonport, transferred to the 3rd Battle Squadron, First Fleet the 5th Battle Squadron, Second Fleet and became a gunnery training ship at Portsmouth. From August 1914 she served with the Channel Fleet, Dover Patrol, shelled the coast of Belgium, East Coast Patrol (Gorleston Raid), was based for a tile at Sheerness and eventually by March 1915 transferred to the Dardanelles. She served as Flagship of the 2nd Squadron, covering the ANZAC landings at Gaba Tepe. She was later transferred to the Adriatic Sea on 22 May 1915, based in Taranto. She was refitted in December 1916 - February 1917, a depot ship for the personnel of the Adriatic anti-submarine net barrage patrol. Her crew returned to the UK and she was gradually disarmed, most of her 6-inch (150 mm) deposed in April 1917 and later her 12-inch (300 mm) were deposed and used by the Italian army by October 1917. HMS Queen served as flagship of the British Naval Forces at Taranto until February 1918.

HMS London
Artist's Rendition of HMS London

Majestic specifications

Dimensions131.6 x 22.9 x 7.9 m (ft)
Displacement14,500 t, 15,400-15,700 t FL
Crew714 Peacetime
Propulsion2 propellers, 2 TE engines, 3 cyl., 20 Belleville boilers, 15 000 ihp.
Speed18 kn ()
Armament4 x 305, 12 x 152, 16 x 76, 6 x 47, 4 x 457 mm TTs SM.
ArmorBlockhaus 330 armor, belt 230, internal bulkhead 305, turrets 280, casemates 152, bridges 60 mm.

Sources/Read More

Friedman, Norman (2011). Naval Weapons of World War One. Barnsley: Seaforth
on dreadnoughtproject.org
Burt, R. A. (2013) [1988]. British Battleships 1889–1904. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing
Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press
Formidable-class on Wikipedia

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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