From the Meiji Era to 1911

The Boshin war

Nihon Kaigun, the Japanese Navy, originated in the opening of the Meiji era at the end of the 19th century. In 1853, Commodore Perry arrived in Japan, in the Bay of Uraga, and forced this still feudal country to trade with Western great powers. The civil war between nationalist and traditional clans and the Shogunate, the government, ended in 1869. A small force consisted of disparate ships: Adzuma, former CSS Stonewall built in Bordeaux, too late to take part in Confederate operations, captured and resold by the Union to the Shogun. This was the first Japanese ironclad. Another ship built for the Confederates in Scotland was the Ryujo.
WW1 Japanese Battleships
Ironclad IJN Chin Yen (1882)
Fuji class battleships (1896)
Shikishima class battleships (1898)
IJN Mikasa, battleship (1900)
Kashima class battleships (1905)
Tsukuba class Battlecruisers (1905)
Satsuma class Battleships (1906)
Ibuki class battlecruisers (1907)
Settsu class battleships (1910)
Kongō class Battlecruisers (1912)
Fusō class Battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class battleships (1919)
Kaga class battleships (1921)
Akagi class battlecruisers (planned)
Kii class battleships (planned)
N°13 class battlecruisers (planned)

WW1 Japanese Cruisers
Naniwa class protected cruisers (1885)
Protected Cruiser Unebi (1886)
Matsushima class protected cruisers (1889)
IJN Akitsushima (1892)
Suma class (1895)
Chitose class protected cruisers (1898)
Asama class Armoured Cruisers (1898)
IJN Yakumo (1899)
IJN Adzuma (1899)
Tsushima class (1902)
IJN Otowa (1903)
Kasuga class (1902)
IJN Tone (1907)
Yodo class (1907)
Chikuma class cruisers (1911)
Tenryu class (1918)

WW1 Japanese Destroyers
WW1 Japanese submarines
WW1 Japanese Torpedo Boats
WW1 Japanese gunboats
IJN Wakamiya seaplane carrier (1905)
Natsushima class minelayers (1911)
IJN Katsuriki minelayer (1916)
Japanese WW1 auxiliaries
Battle of Hakodate
Battle of Hakodate. This decisive event in May 1869 for the Boshin war between the Tokugawa shogunate navy (rebel Ezo Republic) and the newly formed Imperial Japanese Navy (which won).

The Fujiyama was a mixed frigate, the Kasuga a wheeled frigate, the Tsukuba a screw corvette, the Chiyodogata, Dai Ichi and Dai Ni Teibo, Moshun, and Hosho were mixed gunboats. From this embryo blooded in the Boshin war, was born a new fleet relying in burgeoning industries. However, shipyards lacked experience and did not deliver their first ships until 1875, except for the small Chiyodogata. Ships of the line and battleships were still built in Great Britain until 1906.

Stonewall Kotetstu
Koketsu, frmer CSS Stonewall

The 1880s and 1890s

For its armoured battleships, Japan first appealed to the French engineers. The latter built the Adzuma, Unebi, the three Matsushima, the Chishima. The Germans, in addition for supplying their excellent Krupp guns, also delivered the Yakumo, and the Sai Yen. The Italians supplied the two Kasugas. The others were of British, American, or of local origin: Yokosuka, Kure, or Kobe. But Yokosuka Yard held the vast majority of orders thanks to its British configuration, British-formed engineers and shaped like Armstrong, Elswick.

IJN Yaeyema
Cruiser Yaeyama

IJN Ironclad Fuso
IJN Fusō, the first Japanese sea-going ironclad

The battle of Yalu 1894

This was the decisive battle of the Sino-Japanese war, for the domination of Korea. Although the Japanese Navy has a slight disadvantage compared to the regional Beyiang fleet - Read more

IJN Unebi
Unebi in Le Havre, 1886

The battle of Tsushima - 1905

In 1905, the Japanese navy was already of a substantial tonnage, but it was barely enough (certainly not on paper) to face the heavyweight of the east then, Russia. Japanese officers then demonstrated the excellence of their tactics modelled on British ones, but with a very aggressive approach, and shut all critics about this "purchased navy" held so far (Article to come soon).

Tsushima was also a spectacular geopolitical revelation, the door that the archipelago sought to enter the concert of the great naval powers and imperial powers of the time. This became a national yearly celebration and turn tables: After 1898 showed Europe has now to count with the new world, it was Asia's turn to blew up European supremacy on seas. No wonder these two navies counted so much in WW2.

IJN Yoshino
Light cruiser Yoshino

The Japanese Navy in 1907

At that time, Japan's energy and resentment for its humiliating forced opening, and the emergence of a nationalist after the Boshin war, tried to achieve parity with the Western powers. She counted a British-trained, British-equipped, pitted against still potential enemies: Tsarist Russia although weakened remains one in 1907, China being out of the game since the 1894 victory, albeit two others were present, the US Navy in the Philippines and Guam, France in Indochina and the Netherlands in Indonesia. However diplomatically the USA remained the most active to bar Japan's hegemony in the area.

Cruiser Itsukushima
Cruiser Itsukushima

Local French influence, very present in the Boshin war and in the 1880s lost some appeal after the loss of two French designed ships and awkwards Young School ideas. The new government turned to the British at the end of the 1890s, an alliance was set up as well as influx in all areas. UK became the naval empire after which Imperial Japan modelled itself, while the Army was modelled after the Prussians (after France's defeat in 1870). Navaly Academia, Eta Jima, was modelled after Darthmouth and it was current that officers formed themselves in the RN at the same time, at least once. Even naval aviation will be created in Japan after the British Semphill mission in 1921. That powerful influence was such that until 1930 bridge orders were often given in English and metric system was not adopted before 1921, British measurements being used before. Cruiser Kasagi at Kobe, 1899 Cruiser Kasagi at Kobe, 1899

The Japanese Navy in 1914

Strategic level

From 1902, by force of a mutual assistance treaty and alliance, a worried British Empire by the rise of the Hochseeflotte could delegate the French Navy in the Mediterranean and did the same with Japan in Far Eastern waters. This explained why Japan entered the war on the allied side, despite tempting possessions still controlled by Russia. But default of allied ships in the area, japan took rapidly operations in hands against German possessions in the area, starting with the seizure of Tsin Tao and chasing of Graf Spee's squadron our of the pacific (See below for Japanese operations in the great war); Japan saw this conflict in an opportunity to test large scale operations, although without an enemy to content with.

Battleship Tokiwa, colorized
Battleship Tokiwa, colorized

Economical concerns

Despite of this, Japan's economic indicators were not so good in the meantime. The deception of the 1894 war in results, the ensuring stepped-up military program before 1905 weakened the economy, largely financed by a Chinese war indemnity. The 1900 Boxer rebellion expedition was good for national prestige but a costly affair. By 1905 an embargo prevented the delivery of war materials and equipment. After 1905 Japan was barely able to bear fruit of the result of the war, being bankrupt while Russia could still muster large armies. Japan emerged from its debt in 1910, only to feel the world economic depression surged in.

IJN Mikasa
The battleship Mikasa was arguably the world's most powerful pre-dreadnought of its time when launched.

It seems also shipbuilding was largely inefficient, costing as much as five times the amount consecrated to the Royal Navy, most of these finds being spent abroad. By 1906 High quality steel, ordnance and turbines were still deficient and had to be purchased abroad. 61% of the new battleship Satsuma was in this case. Some ships had to wait for completion of were even put into service without guns. Kure's delivery were then few in numbers. Soon the government emphasized industrial independence over all other concerns, Mitsubishi and Kawasaki purchasing licences by droves. This situation gradually improved in 1913 though. But prior to 1919, all major ships were still British-designed, with many British imports. Japanese engineers only gained maturity for true tailored designs after 1919.

Cruiser Suzuya at Kure, 1908
Cruiser Suzuya at Kure, 1908


The fiscal year 1912 included the most ambitious shipbuilding plan: 7 battleships, 2 battlecruisers, but soon the cabinet reduced it to 3 battleships, no battlecruisers. Eventually in 1914 the new program called for a 8-4 plan (8 battleships, 4 battlecruisers) approve din the diet. An expansion was proposed in 1917 to 8-6.

The Japanese fleet was reinforced by units captured in the Russo-Japanese war: 6 battleships, 4 cruisers, 3 destroyers, and 2 coastguards, which still inflated one-quarter of its already substantial tonnage. Widely inferior to Russia in 1905, the Japanese Navy entered the war in 1914 with a fleet that was almost double. In addition to the catches of 1905, two pre-dreadnoughts Kashima, four dreadnoughts of the Satsuma and Settsu classes, four battlecruisers (Tsuku and Tsukuba) were added to the list, as well as a new class of four battle cruisers built in Great Britain, the famous Kongo.

Captured Cruiser Soya, 1907
Captured Cruiser Soya, 1907.

This class will soon be followed by the three more, of fast battleships. Added to this were the cruisers Tone, Yodo, and the two Chikuma. This completed a fleet of destroyers by more substantial units, the Asakaze class, of which 32 were issued. Subsequently, the yards devoted themselves to heavier destroyers, destined to the role of squadron leaders: The 4 Umikaze and Sakura.

She could also count on the old cruiser Chiyoda, the Yakumo, the Adzuma, the two Asama, the two Kasuga, cruisers of the Suma, Chitose, Tsushima, Akitsushima and Otowa classes. In addition, the two Matsushima (1890) kept in reserve were used for training. It also operated 17 old destroyers, Ikazuchi, Murakumo, Akatsuki, Shirakumo, Harusame, as well as first-class Hayabusa torpedo boats (15 ships), second class ships, 21-67 (29 units) 1-59 (30). Numbering matches have nothing to do with it.

Battleship Sagami at Yokohama, 1908
Battleship Sagami at Yokohama, 1908

War prizes
The Sagami and Suwo (ex-Peresviet and Pobedia, Peresviet class), the Hizen (ex-Retvizan), the Tango (ex- Poltava, Petropavlovsk class), and the Iki (formerly Nikolai I, class Imperator Alexander II), as a coastal defense ship. It also used ex-Russians cruisers, such as Aso and Tsugaru (ex Bayan and Pallada, Bayan class), Soya (ex-Varyag), and Suzuya (ex-Novik); Coastal defense battleships such as the Mishima and Okinoshima (Admiral Ushakov class), the Fumizuki, Yamabiko and Satsuki destroyers (Puilki and Boiki classes). The operative modifications consisted in systematically replacing the Russian artillery pieces by Armstrong models, standard of the Japanese navy. For battleships, the armored masts were also laid for simpler masts. The highest superstructures were lowered.


Pre-dreadnoughts: Fuji (2), Shikishima (2), Kashima (2), Asahi, Mikasa. Ex-Russians: Iwami, Hizen, Tango, Sagami; Suwo, Iki. Coasters: Mishima (2), former Russians.
Dreadnoughts: Satsuma (2), Settsu (2).


Armoured cruisers: Tsukuba (2), Ibuki (2), Kongo.
Armored frigates: Chiyoda, Asama (2), Idzumo (2), Yakumo, Adzuma, Kasuga (2), ex-Russian Aso (2), Soya, Suzuya.
Takachiho, Matsushima (2), Akitsushima, Suma (2), Chitose (2), Tsushima (2), Otowa, Takao, Tatsuta, Chihaya, Tone, Yodo and Chikuma.

Torpedo vessels

Classes Ikazuchi (6), Murakumo (6), Akatsuki (2), Shirakumo (2), Harusame (7), Asakaze (32), Umikaze (2) and former Russians.
Torpedo Boats:
High sea TBs: Classes Hayabusa (15)
Coastal TBs: 2nd class N ° 21-67 (29) and 3rd class N ° 1-59 (30).
N° 1-7 (Holland), No. 8-12 (Vickers).


High sea: Saga. Coastal: Uji. Fluvial: Sumida, Fushimi, Toba.
Minesweepers: Natsushima Classes (2) -11 during the Great War.

A detailed poster of all types of Japanese Ships in 1914-18

Tonnage in August 1914
Battleships: 20
Battlecruisers: 5
Cruisers: 34
Destroyers: 62
Torpedo Boats: 74
Submarines: 11
Miscellaneous: 2

War construction program

During the conflict, the exponential construction curve accelerated further. It was clear that the Archipelago wanted to enter the field of naval superpowers. On paper, in 1918, it surpassed all the traditional marines and ranked third behind Great Britain and the USA. This was confirmed by the Treaty of Washington.

IJN Satsuma Nearly the world's first all-big guns Battleship, Satsuma and Aki were good examples of "semi-dreadnoughts".

Battleships: Largely inspired by the Kongo Battle Cruiser, built in Great Britain, the Fuso class, begun in 1912, was completed in 1915 and 1917. The next two Ise, completed in 1917 and 1918, were their repetition. Finally, the two Nagatos, begun in 1917-18, were completed only in 1920 and 1921, too late for the conflict but soon enough to escape the dark cuts of the Washington Treaty.

Battle Cruisers: The completion of the three other units of the Kongo class (1914, and 1915) is noted. The Hiei, completed on the 4th of August, was in a period of trial. Others were under study, but they were undertaken too late (see below).

IJN Haruna at Yokosuka
Haruna at Yokosuka, 1916

Cruisers: None were built early enough to participate in the conflict. As part of the plan for the Nagato, they were completed in 1919 for the first two (Tenryu), 1920 to 1925 for the other 9 Kuma and Nagara classes.

IJN Hosho
Hosho launch in 1921. This was the world's first purpose-built commissioned aircraft carrier worldwide.

Aircraft carriers: The Japanese Navy was one of the first to use it: In 1914, it converted a former British cargo vessel captured in 1905, then under the flag of Saint-André. Renamed Wakamiya and carrying two Farman bombers, launched from a small platform, this ship participated in operations against the German colony of Tsing Tao. The Hosho, much more famous, was in fact the first aircraft carrier in the world conceived from the start in this role (preceding the British Hermes HMS). Consequently, completed in 1922 alone, it was able to constitute after the war the nucleus around which the Japanese navy would build its naval strategy leading to December 7, 1941.

Destroyers: The war production was not at the level of those of the RN and the USA: In the 10 Kaba, succeeded the 4 Momo, the 6 Enoki, the 4 Isokaze, the 2 Urakaze, the 2 Tanikaze. All saw the conflict. On the other hand, his plan of 1918 planned to catch up with the allied navies, and saw the construction from 1919 to 1924 of Minekaze, Momi, Wakatake and Kyokaze.

2nd class destroyers
Isononome 2nd class destroyers


Aware of the potential of this new weapon, the headquarters detached a commission of study from the British, American, and French engineering offices. The first submersible Nippon dates back to 1905. It is the excellent model built by John Holland, now common to both the Americans and the British. N ° 1 to 5 (1905), bought from the Americans in spare parts, will be secretly transported to Japan by train and boat, and assembled at Yokozuka. They will be followed by N ° 6 and 7 built in Kobe and Kawasaki under supervision of Holland.

Holland N°1, first Japanese Submarine
Holland N°1, first Japanese Submarine purchased right after the Russo-Japanese war

The next stage consisted in 1909 of calling on Vickers-Barrow for the N ° 8 and 9, built entirely in Great Britain and brought back to Japan by cargo (C1 Vickers). The Vickers No. 10, 11 and 12 will be transported in prefabricated sections to Kure for final fitting in 1911. The C3s (No. 16 and 17) will in fact be built in 1916, but were already out of date at launch.

First IJN submarines
Japanese's first submarines

These attempts resulted in the VK (Vickers-Kawasaki) type, the No. 13 completed in 1912. Meanwhile, orders were placed in France for Schneider-Creusot units, but the first completed version was seized by the France and reincorporated to its fleet under the name of Armide. N ° 15 and N ° 14 (second, the other was Armida not delivered) were the first real submersibles Nippons, type K or Kaigun. They were integrated into the Japanese fleet in 1917 and 1918.

During the Great War the Japanese appealed to the Italians for their class F (F1 and F2, N ° 18, 21, 31-33), put into service late in 1919. All the others will be part of the mass naval plan of the years 20: The "L" class, inspired by Vickers-Kawasaki (9), K, "Kaigun" specifically Japanese on a design based on the Schneider-Laubeuf model, more modern in their eyes. These were K1 (2), K2 (3), K3 (10), K4 (3), and KS minelayers types (4) built between 1917 and 1924. None participated in the operations of the Great War.

IJN HA-7 off Kure, 1916
HA-7 off Kure, 1916

It should be noted that the Japanese received German units as war damages after the war: Coastal U46 and 55 (O2, O3), two small high-seas UBs (O6, O7), three UC miners (O1 , 4, 5). But especially they obtained the plans of the U-Kreuzer of 1917-18, formidable oceanic submarines which inspired largely the types built from the mid-1920s: The I-1 was virtually a copy of the U 142 .


None during the conflict but The only high seas gunboat built afterwards will be the Ataka (1922) and the 4 Seta river.


Minesweepers: Class Natsushima (11), continuation of the series injected in 1911, the minesweeper Katsuriki (1916), and 10 armed cargoes requisitioned during the Russo-Japanese war and reactivated, as well as 12 gunboats from Of requisitioned vapors, and a hundred trawlers armed in 1914-18, of which 33 were kept in service until the Second World War. The first Japanese VLTs were bought after the war from the British Thornycroft CMB (1920).

Wartime shipbuilding Tonnage: Battleships/Battlecruisers: 7
Cruisers: 0
Destroyers: 28
Submarines: 4
Miscellaneous: 17+122

The Japanese Navy at war

The seizure of Tsingtao was a major amphibious operation planned by Vice-admiral Baron Kamimura, landing 23,000 Japanese and 1396 British troops but the base only fell on November 1914. Because of the base formidable defences, the Japanese lost the cruiser Takachiho, destroyer Shirotaye, TB 33. She also used its first seaplane carrier, the converted Wakamiya that fleet performed observations but also bombing missions over the town and was credited for the accurate naval support fire all along the operation. Japan's 1st fleet also took the German possessions in northern Micronesia, Marshall and Caroline Islands early on (at the outbreak of the war) to cut off all possible retreats for Von Spee's squadron.

IJN Wakamiya
Seaplane carrier Wakamiya. Japan did the world's first successful sea-launched air strikes.

Japanese vessels of the third fleet helped escorting Australian troops all the way to the middle east, and despite the fall of Tsintao and departure of Spee's ended all threats on trade in the whole pacific, the Japanese Navy remained active, at least by doing patrols and large scale exercizes. At one point in February 1915 they helps the British to tame a rebellion in Singapore. By 1917 however the battle of the Atlantic meant allied ASW was stretching thinner by the day. A desperate British Admiralty went on to call the IJN for help there, especially destroyers. These were committed in the Mediterranean first, and a whole fleet arrive at Malta comprising the cruiser Asahi, and the 10th and 11th destroyers divisions (8 ships), on April 13.

Later in Autumn they were joined by the Nisshin and 15th destroyer division (Momo class). Improved Momo types were even ordered by the admiralty with these ASW duties in mind while the french, also desperate, purchased 12 Kaba-type destroyers (called "Arabe" class). This went as far as the Admiralty, headed by John Jellicoe, asked the Japanese to loan all four Kongo class battlecruisers, which was flatly refused. Japanese ships secured traffic between Marseille, Taranto, and ports in Egypt until the end of the War, escorting 788 allied transports. One single loss, destroyer Akashi, was by a German U-Boat 11 June 1917.

Nisshin in Malta
Nisshin from the Japanese 2nd Squadron anchored in Malta, 1917 (Imperial War Museum)

There is still today a small commemorating plaque in Malta. Also cruiser Azuma escorted troopships in the Indian Ocean between Singapore and the Suez Canal. This help was rewarded after the war through reparations taking the very helpful shape of seven German submarines of various types, including large oceanic cruiser ones, which were carefully studied. In light of this, all interwar Japanese submarine development is a product of this reverse-engineering.

Japan's ambitions in Asia also received a default greenlight, without interference by any naval power at the time. In 1915, under her big gun's threat, Japan imposed China a special status. On April 1918, hoping some gains in Eastern Russia as well, Admiral Kando landed 500 marines in Vladivostok to help secure allied interests against the Bolsheviks. On August, 3, a whole contingent of 70,000 was also landed, which remained there until 1922. This created a sense of legitimacy over claims in this area and the Sakhalin Islands. It was thought in many HQs that the Japanese deliberately had the intention of using the revolution' vacancy of authority to seize the whole of Eastern Siberia for herself. However their only resisting force in that area since 1915 has been the US.

The latter refused any hegemonic extensions from 1915 and also questioned their alliance with UK which would have presented serious issues in case of an open conflict. So as part of the Washington treaty in 1921-22 a new agreement between the US and UK (which bring them parity in tonnage) also ended the British-Japanese alliance, compounded by a lower tonnage authorized, which was deeply resented. Also following this the UK made serious provisions and foresight for a possible Japanese will to seize British possessions in Asia. The roots of 1941's Japan entering the war were forged there.

Post war naval construction

Few units valid outside the line ships were produced; It was not until 1919 that the great program of mass construction was launched. In just four years, until the Washington treaty, the Nipponese navy moved up to the level of the biggest, USA and Great Britain, with the firm intention of possessing an Asian empire. This rise in power resulted in the placement at Pearl Harbor of the best units of the US Navy, the five brand new dreadnoughts of the battleship row.

The most astounding construction programs concern the ships of the line: Of purely Japanese design, with the long experience of a British design, the plans envisaged the exit of the 2 Kaga to succeed the Nagato 406 mm, 40,000 tons), begun in 1920, launched in 1921, but whose completion was abruptly stopped early in 1921 because of the Treaty. The 4 Kii were even more remarkable, 250 meters long for 48,000 tons at full load, they could theoretically spin 30 knots, predicting the battleships of the late 30s.

Launch of the Tosa, 1919
Launch of the Tosa, 1919

The battle cruisers, with sufficient protection, could be considered as truly modern, fast battleships for ww2 standards: These were the four Amagi, armed also with ten 406 mm pieces, and four more (unnamed) armed with eight 457 mm pieces, a caliber that emulated the British St Vincent and the Americans Lexingtons. The two most advanced of these, Kaga and Akagi left unfinished and planned to be broken, became the first large carriers to follow the Hosho.

Tosa in construction 1922
Tosa construction stopped in 1921.

Tensions grew rapidly with the US, on the question of Eastern Siberia occupation, which became the #1 regional threat for Japan and new ambition plans were passed for a 8-8-8 program (including fast and "very fast" battleships and battlecruisers) FY 1928, that Washington's treaty ended. At that time also the new government nationalistic fever never matched the economical realities of the country, which spent a staggering one third of its global yearly budget on the navy alone...

It was even compounded by the fact Japan did not respected limitations and therefore could built even costlier ships, without restrictions and armament and tonnage. In the meantime, its merchant marine grew from a million in 1905 (1300 steamers, 3500+ mixed/sailships) to 3,350,000 in 1921 mostly modern, large steamships. She double the number of enlisted sailors at 64,000 in 1916 and more than 35,000 in reserve in 1919. At that time she counted many new naval bases/shiypards, Kure, Yokosuka, Sasebo, Maizuru, Ominato, Ryojun (Pt Arthur), Daison, Chinkai (Korea) and Bako (pescadores islands).

Model of the Kaga
Model of the planned Kaga class battleship, an improved Nagato.

As for the plans for mass construction, they set up the strength of the future fleet of 1941: More than three-quarters of the units deployed during the Pearl Harbor attack dated from that time. We know what happened next.


Sources, to go further

timesofmalta.com about the IJN 2nd spec squadron there Malta connection with IJN under study Japanese MTBs ww2: www.ptboatworld.com/PT_Boat_Info/JapaneseMTBs.htm www.naval-history.net/WW1NavyJapanese.htm owlcation.com/humanities/World-War-1-History-Japanese-Navy-in-the-Mediterranean thediplomat.com/2014/06/the-imperial-japanese-navy-and-the-first-world-war/ japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/06/16/reference/japans-gambit-wwi-set-stage-dark-future/ (pdf) Anglo-Japanese Naval cooperation ww1 IJN development 1914 Conway's all the world's fighting ships 1865-1905, 1906-1921 J.J.Antier la premiere guerre mondiale sur mer

Naval History

❢ Abbrev. & acronyms
AAW// warfare
AASAmphibious Assault Ship
AEWAirbone early warning
AGAir Group
AFVArmored Fighting Vehicle
AMGBarmoured motor gunboat
APArmor Piercing
APCArmored Personal Carrier
ASMAir-to-surface Missile
ASMDAnti Ship Missile Defence
ASW// Warfare
ASWRL/// rocket launcher
ATWahead thrown weapon
avgasAviation Gasoline
awAbove Waterline
AWACSAirborne warning & control system
bhpbrake horsepower
BLBreach-loader (gun)
BLRBreach-loading, Rifled (gun)
BUBroken Up
CAArmoured/Heavy cruiser
CalCaliber or "/"
CGMissile Cruiser
CICCombat Information Center
C-in-CCommander in Chief
CIWSClose-in weapon system
CECompound Expansion (engine)
ChChantiers ("Yard", FR)
CLCruiser, Light
CMBCoastal Motor Boat
CMSCoastal Minesweeper
CNOChief of Naval Operations
CpCompound (armor)
COBCompound Overhad Beam
CODAGCombined Diesel & Gas
CODOGCombined Diesel/Gas
COGAGCombined Gas and Gas
COGOGCombined Gas/Gas
COSAGCombined Steam & Gas
CRCompound Reciprocating
CRCRSame, connecting rod
CruDivCruiser Division
CPControlled Pitch
CTConning Tower
CTLconstructive total loss
CTOLConv. Take off & landing
CTpCompound Trunk
CVAircraft Carrier
CVA// Attack
CVE// Escort
CVL// Light
CVS// ASW support
DADirect Action
DASHDrone ASW Helicopter
DCDepht Charge
DCT// Track
DCR// Rack
DCT// Thrower
DEDouble Expansion
DEDestroyer Escort
DDE// Converted
DesRonDestroyer Squadron
DFDouble Flux
DPDual Purpose
DUKWAmphibious truck
EOCElswick Ordnance Co.
ECMElectronic Warfare
ESMElectronic support measure
FCSFire Control System
fpsFeet Per Second
FYFiscal Year
GMMetacentric Height
GPMGGeneral Purpose Machine-gun
GRTGross Tonnage
GUPPYGreater Underwater Prop.Pow.
HAHigh Angle
HCHorizontal Compound
HCR// Reciprocating
HCDA// Direct Acting
HCDCR// connecting rod
HDA// direct acting
HDAC// acting compound
HDAG// acting geared
HDAR// acting reciprocating
HDMLHarbor def. Motor Launch
H/FHigh Frequency
HF/DF// Directional Finding
HMSHer Majesty Ship
HNHarvey Nickel
HNCHorizontal non-condensing hp
HPHigh Pressure
HRHorizontal reciprocating
HRCR// connecting rod
HSHarbor Service
HS(E)Horizontal single (expansion)
HSET// trunk
HTHorizontal trunk
HTE// expansion
ICInverted Compound
IDAInverted direct acting
IFFIdentification Friend or Foe
ihpindicated horsepower
IMFInshore Minesweeper
KCKrupp, cemented
KNC// non cemented
LALow Angle
LCLanding Craft
LCA// Assault
LCAC// Air Cushion
LFC// Flak (AA)
LCG// Gunboat
LCG(L)/// Large
LCG(M)/// Medium
LCG(S)/// Small
LCI// Infantry
LCM// Mechanized
LCP// Personel
LCP(R)/// Rocket
LCS// Support
LCT// Tanks
LCV// Vehicles
LCVP/// Personal
LCU// Utility
locolocomotive (boiler)
LSCLanding ship, support
LSD// Dock
LSF// Fighter (direction)
LSM// Medium
LSS// Stern chute
LST// Tank
LSV// Vehicle
LPlow pressure
lwllenght waterline
MA/SBmotor AS boat
MGMachine Gun
MGBMotor Gunboat
MLMotor Launch
MMSMotor Minesweper
MTMilitary Transport
MTBMotor Torpedo Boat
HMGHeavy Machine Gun
MCM(V)Mine countermeasure Vessel
MLMuzzle loading
MLR// rifled
MSOOcean Minesweeper
NCnon condensing
nhpnominal horsepower
nmNautical miles
NBC/ABCNuc. Bact. Nuclear
NSNickel steel
NTDSNav.Tactical Def.System
NyDNaval Yard
OPVOffshore Patrol Vessel
PCPatrol Craft
PDMSPoint Defence Missile System
psipounds per square inch
PVDSPropelled variable-depth sonar
QFQuick Fire
QFC// converted
RAdmRear Admiral
RCRreturn connecting rod
RFRapid Fire
RPCRemote Control
rpgRound per gun
SAMSurface to air Missile
SARSearch Air Rescue
SBShip Builder
SCSub-chaser (hunter)
SSBNBallistic Missile sub.Nuclear
SESimple Expansion
SET// trunk
shpShaft horsepower
SHsimple horizontal
SOSUSSound Surv. System
SPRsimple pressure horiz.
SSSubmarine (Conv.)
SSMSurface-surface Missile
sfsteam frigate
SLBMSub.Launched Ballistic Missile
spfsteam paddle frigate
STOVLShort Take off/landing
SUBROCSub.Fired ASW Rocket
tton, long (short in bracket)
TACANTactical Air Nav.
TBTorpedo Boat
TBD// destroyer
TCTorpedo carriage
TETriple expansion
TER// reciprocating
TFTask Force
TGBTorpedo gunboat
TGTask Group
TLTorpedo launcher
TLC// carriage
TSTraining Ship
TTTorpedo Tube
UDTUnderwater Demolition Team
UHFUltra High Frequency
VadmVice Admiral
VCVertical compound
VCE// expansion
VDE/ double expansion
VDSVariable Depth Sonar
VIC/ inverted compound
VLFVery Low Frequency
VQL/ quadruple expansion
VSTOLVertical/short take off/landing
VTE/ triple expansion
VTOLVertical take off/landing
VSE/ Simple Expansion
WTWireless Telegraphy
xnumber of
BuShipsBureau of Ships
DBMGerman Navy League
GBGreat Britain
DNCDirectorate of Naval Construction
EEZExclusive Economic Zone
FAAFleet Air Arm
FNFLFree French Navy
MDAPMutual Def.Assistance Prog.
MSAMaritime Safety Agency
RAFRoyal Air Force
RANRoyal Australian Navy
RCNRoyal Canadian Navy
R&DResearch & Development
RNRoyal Navy
RNZNRoyal New Zealand Navy
USSRUnion of Socialist Republics
UE/EECEuropean Union/Comunity
UNUnited Nations Org.
USNUnited States Navy
WaPacWarsaw Pact

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class Arm.Ram (1870)
Tonnerre class Br.Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br.Monitors (1876)
Tonnant ironclad (1880)
Furieux ironclad (1883)
Fusee class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm.Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class (1892)
Bouvines class (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1942)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1921)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1940)
Zuiho class (1937)
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class CBBs (1918)
Interwar Swedish CBB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies

naval aviation Naval Aviation
Latest entries

USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U/O3U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman FF (1931)
Grumman F2F (1933)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935)
Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939) Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1946)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

Japanese WW2 naval aviation
Mitsubishi 1MF
Mitsubishi A5M
Nakajima A4N
Mitsubishi A6M "zeke"

Mitsubishi B1M
Aichi D1A "Susie" (1934)
Aichi D3A "Val" (1940)
Aichi B7A "Grace" (1942)
Mitsubishi B5M (1937)
Nakajima B5N "Kate" (1937)
Nakajima B6N "Jill" (1941)
Yokosuka B4Y "Jean" (1935)
Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" (1942)
Yokosuka MXY-7 "Baka" (1944)
Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" (1935)
Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" (1941)
Yokosuka P1Y1 "Frances" (1943)

Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan (1943)
Kyushu K10W1 "Oak" (1941)
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942)
Kyushu Q1W1-K "Lorna" (1943)
Mitsubishi K3M "Pine" (1930)
Yokosuka K5Y1 "Willow" (1933)
Yokosuka MXY-7K-1 "Kai" (1944)
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa

Nakajima E4N
Nakajima E14Y
Nakajima E8N "Dave"
Mitsubishi F1M "pete"
Kawanishi E7K
Kawanishi H6K
Kawanishi E11K
Kawanishi K6K
Kawanishi K8K
Kawanishi E15K Shiun
Kawanishi H8K "Emily"
Kawanishi N1K1 "Rex"

Italian WW2 air arm
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano
CANT Z.506 Airone
Fiat RS.14
IMAM Ro.43
IMAM Ro.44
Macchi M5

British Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Blackburn Backburn (1923)
Blackburn Dart (1924)
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Blackburn Shark (1931)
Blackburn Baffin (1934)
Vickers Vildebeest (1933)
Blackburn Ripon (1934)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)
Gloster Gladiator (1938)
Fairey Albacore (1940)
Fairey Fulmar (1940)
Grumman Martlet (1941)
Hawker sea Hurricane (1941)
Brewster Bermuda (1942)
Fairey Barracuda (1943)
Grumman Tarpon (1943)
Grumman Gannet (1943)
Supermarine seafire (1943)
Fairey Firefly (1943)
Blackburn Firebrand (1944)

Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Short Shetland (1944)

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)

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