The Greeks at sea in WW1

Birth of the Greek Navy

Ancient Greece has been the cradle of naval power in the Mediterranean, inventing most of warships types of the antiquity like the diere and famous triere and the first naval tactics were codified. The Hellenistic states founded by the Diadochi, successors of Alexander the Great would also built the largest galleys ever put at sea. However the country was subjected to Rome, before getting its revenge through the Byzantine Empire up to 1453.

Athenian Trieris
A classic Greek Triere. The great thallassocracies (the terms is greek) were Hellenistic and Carthaginian, before Rome stepped in with unconventional solutions.

After the fall of Constantinople, Greece passed under Ottoman rule. An embryo of Greek Navy emerged from the Independence war of 1821-29, official in 1828. This was a hotchpotch of converted ships, Xebec-like bricks and wooden gunboats, but nothing up to the scale of a Turkish 3-decker. Against ships of the line, Greek sailors used fire ships, with heroes like Andreas Miaoulis. However only the help from western powers and in particular Russia (and its traditional links to the Byzantines through Orthodox Christianity) turned the tables entirely at the Battle of Navarino in 1827, the last with massive numbers of sailing ships of the line and one of the most decisive.

Growth until the Balkan war

But the navy really began its buildup from 1850 onwards. Its flagship was for long a Frigate, the Hellas. A second phase of growth began under King George I of Greece, especially after the 1878 nearby Russo-Turkish war. A large naval base was established at Faneromeni of Salamis and a Naval Academy founded, soon under strong influence from the french doctrine. In 1889 indeed, Greece's first battleships Hydra, Spetsai, and Psara were ordered from France. This new fleet was seriously tested in the Greco-Turkish War of 1897. It helped establishing its dominance in the Aegean Sea, despite the situation on land. In 1907, the Hellenic Navy General Staff (Γενικό Επιτελείο Ναυτικού) was founded. In response to the Ottoman Fleet own acquisitions and purchased, a new naval race began, Greece ordering from Italy the cruiser Georgios Averof, for long its most potent asset. By 1910, the English style of management, organization and training was adopted, under supervision of Admiral Tuffnel.

Elli (Hellas), a Cruiser built in the USA, initially for China. By 1941 she has been reclassified as a destroyer

From a Balkan war to another: The drama of Greek Navy

Facing his old enemy the Ottoman fleet, the Greek fleet was of little weight. Too weak in 1821-29, it was still weak in 1866-68, and during the first crisis of the Balkans in 1885. In 1897 during the war of Thessaly, it was reinforced and now enjoyed the advantage of the canal of Corinth, a cyclopean trench cut from the rock, inaugurated in 1893. The Turkish navy this time did not intervene, as its own state of disrepair condemned it to inaction. With the help of the Europeans, the Greek fleet was considerably reinforced in 1906, France doing a large part of it. From 1911, foreign consultants were employed and the British were preferred for the navy, shaping it.

Battleship Psara
Battleship Psara

The navy thus became considerably stronger as tensions in the Balkans became more acute. So it was the millionaire Giogios Averoff who provately ordered and purchased a powerful ship in Italy on behalf of the Navy (a rare feat in the annals of navies), which gave the Greeks a serious asset against any potential opponent. Meanwhile the three Hydra-class cruisers were rearmed, 6 destroyers were acquired, 2 submersibles and 6 torpedo boats started, 9 cargo freighters were converted into auxiliary cruisers. During the first Balkan war, Admiral Kondouriotis was forced to lead an active defense against the Dardanelles, and to support the troops fighting the Turks in Epirus. Another squadron commanded by Damianos attempted a landing against the Preveza forts in the Gulf of Arta. On October 21, 1912 Kondouriotis' fleet invaded the island of Lemnos, commanding the entrance of the Dardanelles. Other islands of the Aegean Sea were thus occupied without opposition on the part of the Turks.

The Greeks in particular transported the troops of their Bulgarian allies to Thrace and supported them, but the December 3rd armistice with Bulgaria and the other Balkan states allowed Turkey to extend its forces to the Straits. A meeting took place that lasted 40 minutes but was indecisive. Other meetings were held without convincing results (see "the Balkan war"). An ambitious program, with the order of construction at the Vulkan shipyards of a 20,000-ton dreadnought, the Salamis, but also two other battleships (finally bought in the US) and two twins at the Averof was started, but the armistice May 1913 put an end to its developments.

The head of the British Naval Mission became the Director of the Greek Naval Staff, Sir Mark Kerr, and defined a new plan consisting of 3 light cruisers, 34 destroyers, 20 submersibles, 2 airships, 12 seaplanes and naval vessels. support. With the new Turkish ambitions and the purchase of the Rio for the Brazilians then under construction, a new emergency plan on the eve of the war included two 23,000-ton dreadnoughts, 1 cruiser, 4 destroyers and a submarine.

Salamis class battleship final design
Salamis class battleship final design

Finally, to save time, the Greek government ordered a unit of the type of the Bretagne-class in France, a cruiser bought in the USA and an option on two others. Finally, two battleships were bought in the USA in June 1914, giving Greece a complete naval superiority in the eastern Mediterranean, especially against the Turkish fleet. In 1914, its numbers were important. Here is the detail:

5 Battleships: 2 class Kilkis (1905, purchased in the USA in June 1914), and three battlecruisers class Hydra (1889). Project: Dreadnought Salamis commissioned in Germany in 1913, launched in November 1914, but whose construction was stopped in December 1914 due to constant design changes of its sponsors. It was never completed and demolished in 1932 after a long trial.

Lemnos 1919
Lemnos 1919

The Greek Navy in the Balkan War

In 1912, conflict erupted again and Rear Admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis conducted operations to secure at Moudros and Lemnos the Dardanelles straits. The the Aegean Sea followed soon. In 1913, the situation escalated so much that the Greek government ordered more ships, taking delivery of two pre-dreadnoughts, battleships Lemnos and Kilkis from the US Navy and the light cruiser Elli also built in the USA for China first, a 2,600 ton Greek protected cruiser later reclassified as a destroyer. But most importantly the government ordered its first two dreadnoughts, the Bretagne class Vasilefs Konstantinos and the German-built Salamis, conventional design from AG Vulcan, Hamburg. None of them were delivered because of the Great War.

Battle of Elli, 16 December 1912, decisive Greek victory

The Greek Navy at the eve of WW1

In August 1914, Greece remains neutral, exhausted from the Balkan war and weary of a possible takeover of the central powers. At that time, the Hellenic Navy was strong enough to take on the Ottoman navy, by a margin, despite the not receiving its numerous orders.
The head of the British Naval Mission that became the Director of the Greek Naval Staff, Sir Mark Kerr, defined a new plan consisting of 3 light cruisers, 34 destroyers, 20 submersibles, 2 airships, 12 seaplanes and naval vessels. Turkish ambitions has been then clearly shown by the attempted purchase of the Rio de Janeiro for the Brazilians then under construction, and a new emergency plan on the eve of the war in this summer of 1914 included two 23,000-ton dreadnoughts, 1 cruiser, 4 destroyers and a submarine. By the time the two Kilkis class battleships bought in the USA arrived in June 1914, they gave Greece a complete naval superiority in the eastern Mediterranean. Here are the detail of this fleet:

-5 Battleships: 2 class Kilkis (1905, purchased in the USA in June 1914), three armoured cruisers class Hydra (1889). Projects: Salamis (Germany, 1913, launched November 1914, construction stopped in December 1914), purchase aborted of a Provence class sistership.
-3 Cruisers: Armoured cruiser Giorgios Averof (1910), cruiser Helle (1913).
-14 Destroyers: 4 class Niki (1906), 4 class Thyella (1906), 4 class Aetos (1911), 2 class Keravnos**.
11 TBs: 6 Class Aigli***, 5 class NF11 (1885).
32 Miscellaneous: 2 submersibles class Delfin (1911), Minelayers Tenedos (1906), 3 class Aigialeia (1881). 4 Gunboats class Achelaos (1884), 2 class Ambrakia (1881), 2 class Kissa (1884), 3 class Alfa (1880), 2 class Plixavra (1858), training ship Basilissa Olga. And the RHN Nauarchos Miaoulis* (1879).
Also planned later: dreadnought battleships Basileus Konstantinos, Katsonis class cruisers.
*The old Nauarchos Miaoulis (1879) in 1914 he served as a training ship for gunners.
**of the 14 Destroyers, the Keravnos class were purchased from the Germans 1912.
***Among the 11 TBs, the Aigli class were of German construction in 1912

Tonnage 1914: Battleships 5 - Cruisers 2 - Destroyers 14 - Miscellaneous 32

The Greek Navy during the First World War:

Naval operations

With the beginning of the war it became clear that the orders started in Germany and France would never see the light of day. Sir Mark Kerr, tried to get the British to finance a Valiant-type battleship and a Southampton cruiser, with a deferred payment at the end of the war, but without much success. Greece stayed neutral at the beginning of the Great War, but constantly solicited by Churchill to assist the Royal Navy and the French Navy at the Dardanelles, even while Bulgaria was on his side. But internal political turmoil between a pro-German faction in the court of Constantine I and sympathizers of the Allied caused eventually the French to seize the entirety of the Greek fleet on 19 October 1916 to guarantee this neutrality. Some units passed under the French flag and control but with limited crew for maintenance.

Armoured cruiser Giorgios Averoff, named after the Tycoon that financed her for the Greek Government.

After French troops landed at Salonica, a new provisional government hostile to the Monarchy was established, and Alexander I eventually abdicated in favor of his more liberal son Georges II. On July 2, 1917, Greece entered the war against the triple alliance, lending its ports to allied ships. With the surrender of Turkey in 1918, the Greek government saw the means of appropriating lands of the Ottoman Empire. On May 15, 1919, the fleet deployed and Greek troops landed in Asia Minor, seizing Western Anatolia and Izmir. The Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 confirmed the possession acquired in the Aegean Sea, but the Turkish counter-offensive finally forced the Greeks to leave Turkey at the end of 1922.

Averoff in the Bosporus, 1919

RHS Lemnos in 1919, a 1914 acquisition for the US. Both ships would still be in service by 1941.

With the beginning of the war in August 1914, it became clear that dreadnoughts started in Germany and France would never see the light of day. The government, through the voice of the naval minister Sir Mark Kerr, tried to get the British to finance a Valiant-type battleship, and a Southampton cruiser, with a deferred payment at the end of the war, without success. Left neutral at the beginning of the Great War, Greece was constantly solicited by Churcill to assist the Royal Navy and the French Navy, even while Bulgaria was on his side, against the Tuque fleet to open the dardanelles the second expected front. But internal political disturbances between a pro-German faction in the court of Constantine I and sympathizers of the Allied cause led to a forcing of the French who unceremoniously seized the entire Greek fleet on October 19, 1916. The legions passed under the French flag and control while the heavy units saw their crew reduced to little.

Giorgio Averoff, now preserved at Pireus.

After the disembarkation of the French troops at Salonica and aided by a fringe of the population hostile to the Monarchy, a provisional government was established, and the internal disturbances helped by the allied army made Alexander I to leave his throne, abdicating in favor of his son Georges II. On July 2, 1917, Greece entered the war against the triple alliance, lending its ports to allied ships. With the surrender of Turkey in 1918, the Greek government saw the means of appropriating landless important plots of the Ottoman Empire. On May 15, 1919, the fleet deployed and Greek troops landed in minor Asia, seizing Western Anatolia and Izmir. The Treaty of Sèvres in 1920 confirmed the possession acquired in the Aegean Sea, but the Turkish counter-offensive finally forced the Greeks to leave Turkey at the end of 1922.

Kiosk of the Delfin in 1913 (Gallica, CC)

Model of the Delfin in Athens Marine museum (CC)

Read the following part, the Greek Navy in ww2.

Greek Projects

RHN Salamis (1912).

First and second designs of the 20,000 tons Salamis, built in Germany, by Vulkan AG. The ship would eventually be launched in November 1914 but only partially completed when all construction stopped in December. She would never receive her US-built guns, and after a long postwar procedure because the Greek government refuse the incomplete ship, she was awarded to the Shipyard, which eventually have her broken up in 1932.

RHN Salamis, ordered in 1912 to Vulcan yards, should have ruled the Aegean with ease. Not superfast compared to super-dreadnought designed which happened just one year later at 21 knots, she fast enough to work with the modern cruisers Elli and Averoff, and distance the Barbarossa class of the Ottoman navy, but it was merely intended to deal with the recently ordered Sultan Osman I and its fourteen 12-in guns and Reshadieh and her eight 13-in guns. Instead, the Greek battleship was equipped outright with 14-in guns (356 mm) ordered to Bethlehem steel in USA. Ironically, this caliber was larger than what carried any German battleship in construction at the time. Delivery was planned for March 1915 as contracted and when the war brok out, the ship was still month from launching. The war reaffected priorities. Germany needed new battleships fast and therefore, to free the Vulcan's yard slipway occupied by Salamis, so she was launched in emergency when the hull was still incomplete, on 11 November 1914, and by administrative decision all work stopped on 31 December 1914. The hull was brthed nearby in Hamburg, waiting her fate. Negociations with the Greek Government started again in 1918, in a vastly different context, so international arbritration was necessary since Greece already paid 450,000 over the 1,693,000 pounds stated in the 1912 contract, and the abritrators asked Greece to pay another 30,000 pounds to Vulcan while the ship would remain the property of the yard. She was eventually scrapped in 1932. This will be seen in great detail in a dedicated post.

RHN Basileus Konstantinos (1914).

For a second dreadnought, to counter the recently ordered Reshadieh (future Erin in british service), the Greek Government could not asked Germany for a second ship as it was already at full capacity, but France, which announced having a free slipway and plans ready for such eventuality. An agreement was passed for a fast delivery in April 1914 of a clone fo the Provence class, armed with ten 340 mm (14 in), and heavier than Salamis at 23,500 tonnes standard. The only design changed asked for was the replacement of French light artillery by US-pattern 3-inches Bethlehem guns. Work started in Penhöet St nazaire yard on 12 June 1914 (Just Freed from Lorraine, anothr of the class), but stopped in August and never resumed. The unfinished hull was still the yard's property but some payment had been done already. So the yard scrapped and recycled the already assembled material, and freed the basin, but the dispute was only settled in 1925.

Katsonis class cruisers (1914).

To go with the two dreadnoughts in 1915-16, Greece also planned to acquire modern cruisers. For once, they were ordered to Great Britain. A contract was signed with Cammell Laird in June 1914 for two 5,200 tonnes Town class vessels, later known as the "Birkenhead subtype". Indeed, the RHN Katsonis and Kondouriotis were both requisitioned soon after August 1914, purchased on the stocks and completed as HMS Birkenhead and Chester.

Read More/Sources

Conway's all the worlds fighting ships 1860-1905 and 1906-1921.
Paul E. Fontenoy, Sumbarines, ABC-CLIO, 2007
Zisis Fotakis, Greek naval strategy and policy, 1910–1919, Routledge, 2005
Bernd Langensiepen, Ahmet Güleryüz, The Ottoman Steam Navy, 1828–1923, Conway Maritime Press
Lawrence Sondhaus, Naval Warfare, 1815-1914, Routledge, 2001
Ελληνικά Υποβρύχια: 110 Χρόνια Ιστορίας (Sommergibili greci: 110 anni di storia) 1996

Nomenclature of Hellenic ships in WW1

Kilkis class battleships (1914)

Certainly among the best ships Greece had in 1914, and only capital ships, the Kilkis class were the former, and last USN pre-dreadnoughts of the Mississippi class. They were somewhat hybrid ships, with a powerful secondary artillery. Mississippi and Idaho already shown in Greece while in the "great white fleet" before the war. Instead of being sold for scrap, freeing crews for the new dreadnoughts, they were acquired by Greece in June 1914, when war was looming again in the Balkans. It was a bold move for a modest naval power, but understandable given the context of recent Turkish acquisitions. Kilkis and Lemnos saw little service however, had a limited overhaul in the 1920s, used as schoolships or in the reserve coast guard, and ended sunk by the Luftwaffe in the Piraeus in 1941.

Armoured Cruiser RHN Giorgios Averof (1910)

Not a capital ship but probably the best and most famous Greek warship of that era, the world's only armoured cruiser preserved today, in Thessaloniki. RHN Giorgios Averoff was partly privately funded, therefore named after its main benefactor. Built in Italy, it was a repeat of the rather good Pisa-class. But rarely a warship has been given the privilege of a very long career as flagship of an entire navy, nor having such historical significance. RHN Giorgos Averof was ordered in 1908, and fought during the Balkan war in 1912, WW1, WW2 and was still in service in 1952, seeing the early cold war.

Hydra class ironclads (1889)

Relegated as training ships in 1914, these three ships built in France in 1889-90 were coastal battleships, well armoured but armed with 10.8-inches guns (274 mm) Canet gun and a light artillery which had been completely modernized in 1914. They had a two-story battlery forward, accomodating four secondary guns on the lowest deck, and the two longer barrel main guns and shorter one firing over the top of the superstructure floor; Another oddity of the "young school" their military value was dubious in 1914, but their main artillery still packed a punch, being heavier than the Averoff, at least on paper. The cruiser's main arillery was much more modern and better service with a modern fire control system. Plus there three ships were slow, as shown in the Balkan war naval battles, they were just left behind by Averoff. Hydra was in 1914 a gunnery training ship, Psara trained engine-room personnel and they were later reactivated as coastal defense ships, but decommissioned in 1918. All three were sold in 1929.

Hydra class Specifications 1914

Displacement4,800 long tons standard
Dimensions102 x 15.8 x 5.49m (335 x 51 x 18 feets)
Propulsion2 shafts VTE, 8 Normand boilers, 6,700 shp
Speed17 knots, coal 690t
Armament3x 10.8 in/34/28, 1x 3.9in/50, 8x 9-pdr, 4x 3 pdr, 10x 1pdr, 1x 15 in, 2x 14 in TTs
ArmorCreusot Compound Belt 4-12in, Battery 12-14 in, Barbettes 12 in

Cruiser RHN Helle (1913)

Certainly with the Averoff the most recent and best warship in th Hellenic Navy in 1914. She was the ex-US built Fēi Hóng, a Chao Ho clas cruiser built for China, but at the time of delivery, the Chinese revolution made the order cancelled. Greece acquired it also at the time of the Balkan was. For WW2 standards she was more of a destroyer by her general appearance and tonnage, but in WW1 she was certainly better armed than any destroyer afloat. She was also fast with 26 knots, certainly able to team with Averoff.

Elli saw action during the war, despite the "National Schism". In November 1916 she confiscated and operated by the French Navy, for convoy escort and patrol duties in the Aegean until retoceded to the Greeks in June 1917, and was back in the Aegean with Greek crews. A good match would be the Hamidieh and Medjidieh, but teaming against them with Averoff was a sure win. Sunk in 1940 by an Italian submarine, the name Elli was resurrected after WW2 by an ex-Italian cruiser given as war reparation.

Elli Specifications 1914

Displacement2,115 t standard, 2,600 t full load
Dimensions98 x 12 x 4.3m (321 x 39 x 14 feets)
Propulsion3 shafts VTE, 4 BW boilers?, ? shp
Speed26 knots
Armament3x 6 in/54, 3x 3in/50, 3x 2-pdr, 2x 19in TTs, mines
ArmorUnknown, probably 2-in armour deck

2nd class cruiser Nauarchos Miaoulis (1879)

No longer "active" but still enlisted in 1914 was the very old Miaoulis, a master unprotected cruiser built in France in 1879. She was stricken in 1912, hulked as gunnery TS and static seamen's TS after WW1, sold in 1931.
Quick specs: Displacement Standard 1,820 tons, 75 x11 x 4.4m m (246 x 36 x 14 ft), one shaft VTE 2,400 shp (1,800 kW), 13.5-knot (25 km/h), crew 180. Armed in 1914 by the same original artillery: Three sponons guns 6.7 inches 173mm/22 RK L/25 C/74, one 173mm/17 RK L/20, six 37mm/20 Hotchkiss revolver, 3x 356mm TT (1 bow, 2 beam).

Destroyers class Niki (1906)

350 tonnes boats built at Vulcan, Stettin: Niki, Doxa, Aspis, Velos, ordered at the same time as the Thyella class in UK. Doxa was sunk by UB 47 off Sicily. Two were rebuilt and fought in WW2. Also, former German destroyers from Vulcan, V5 and V6 built in 1912 were in sevrice in 1914: Purchased when completed, they became Keravnos and Nea Genea. They mostly served in French hands 1917-18 and were sold in 1919.

Two more 800 tonnes destroyers were also ordered to Schichau in 1914 and requisitioned, becoming S35 and S36 in German service.
Displacement350 t standard, 370t full load
Dimensions67 x 6.6 x 2.7m (219 x 21 x 8 feets)
Propulsion2 shafts TE, 4 navy boilers, 6500 shp, 30 kts
Armament2x 12 pdr, 4x 6pdr, 2x 18in TTs

Destroyers class Thyella (1906)

Same specs but ordered at Yarrow: Thyella, Nafatoussa, Lonchi, Sfendoni. Nafkatoussa was wrecked on Milos island. Two were refitted 1926 with German 88 mm guns and fought in WW2.
Displacement328 t standard, 380 t full load
Dimensions67.1 x 6.2 x 1.8m (220 x 2 x 6 feets)
Propulsion2 shafts VTE, 4 Yarrow boilers, 6000 shp, 30 kts
Armament2x 3-in, 2x 6pdr, 2x 18in TTs

Destroyers class Aetos (1911)

Much larger vessels ordered in UK, Camell Laird, in 1909 originally by the Argentine Navy and resold in 1912 to Greece: Aetos, Ierax, Panthir, Leon. The "cats" were seized by the french like the others in 1916 then sent back in 1917, except Panthir. They had Bethlehem guns and were all rebuilt in the 1920s, and active in WW2. They were a clear step up, superior to any Turkish destroyer with their turbines, long range QF armament and heavy torpedoes. The even larger Kriti class was also ordered but they were sized while in contruction in 1914 and ended in the British Royal Navy. Greece also obtained as war reparation the ex-Austian 1911 Ulan in 1920, renamed Smyrni.

Displacement980 t standard, 1175 t full load
Dimensions89.3oa x 8.4 x 2.6m (293 x 28 x 8 feets)
Propulsion2 Parsons turbines, 5 WF boilers, 22,000 shp, 32 kts
Armament4x 4in, 4x 21in TTs

Greek Torpedo Boats

In 1914, the Greek Navy had modern eight frontline torpedo boats (TB) and in 1903, seventeen second class vessels, dating back from the 1880s. Of few of the latter were extant. After the war, Greece acquired three ex-Austrian (Panormos class) and three more (Kyzikos class). A dedicated post will be written about them.

Aigli class (1912)

First class TBs built in Germany, in Vulcan, Stettin: Aigli, Alkyoni, Arethousa, Doris, Dafni, Thetis. Completed in 1913 with US Bethlehem guns. Seized by the French in Dec. 1916, back in Greek service in 1917. the same scheme applied to other recent TBs. Quickspecs: 120 tons, 45 x 5 x 1.2 m, 1 shaft VTE 2400 hp, 24 kts, 2x 6pdr, 3x 18 in TTs.

Nikopolis class (1906)

Ex-Turkish Tokat and Antalya sunk by the Italians at Preveza in 1911 and later refloated and repaired by the Greeks in 1912, rearmed with two 1-pdr, one TT, renamed Tatoi and Nikopolis, both stricken in 1916.

V 11 class (1885)

Torpilovo T11-T14, built in Vulcan, Stettin, armed with one 37mm/17 Hotchkiss, 2x 356 TT in the bow and one trainable TT. Two active 1914: No11 was wrecked 13.4.1913 near Mudros Bay, No12 sunk 28.3.1900 by a boiler explosion in the Salamis Channel.

Ionia, Ferenikioi & Samos classes (1881)

French built (La Seyne): 31 tons Sfinx, Ionia, discarded before 1914. Also French built 42 tons Fereniki, Terpsihori, Persefoni, Terpsithea, Kalithea, discarded 1905. And the 40 tons Yarrow built Samos, Khios, Mitilini, Kos, Rodos, Kipros discarded 1910.

Nordenfelt I (1885)

The story of Greek submarines is an interesting one. It started very early in fact with the... bell of Alexander the great but i digress. The first ever Greek submarine was barely one: It was a Nordenfelt I model, purchased in 1885. The Nordenfelt I was a 56-tonne, 19.5-metre long boat that translated the British Reverend G. Garrett own design Resurgam of 1879. Its on-paper range was 240 km, and it had a single torpedo plus a 25.4 mm Nordenfelt machine gun. Bolinders manufactured in in 1884-1885. It was propelled by a 100 HP steam engine, to 9 knots, shut down when diving with sufficient steam remaining for some underwater final approach to the target. Ballasts were managed by steam-driven pumps and added to the action of two vertically screws over the deck. Desmonstrated in Landskrona, famous weapons seller Basil Zaharoff actively marketed it for Greece, and she was sent to the Salamis Naval Base in 1886 to started acceptance trials, that she failed. Therefore she remainded enlisted, but was never used operationally and scrapped in 1901.

Delfin class Subs (1911)

In 1908, Greece has not been repelled for the idea of acquiring submarines and that year, started a survey to find the best provided. Its traditional supplier, France, was naturally chosen, also largely due Laubeuf's design was praised at the time, just adopted for large production in France. Therefore in 1909, two were ordered at Schneider in Châlons, launched in 1911 and 1912 respectively. Called Delfin and Xifias, they had an internal TT in the bow and four external ones, displaced 460 tonnes underwater, were capable of 1.5 knots on surface and of course, were diesel-electric. On 9 December 1912, Delfin ambushed Turkish vessels off Tenedos and fired at them, but missed. That was a first for Greece anyway. The feat was performed by Lt Col. Paparrigopoulos which sighted the cruiser Medjidieh leaving the dardanelles with an escort, fired at 500 mm but the torpedo did not ran properly and missed. Both were captured in 1917 by the French and used until 1918, used by Greece until discarded in 1920. The Greek government already in 1912 ordered two more Laubeuf types (improved), provisionally named X and PS, but they were seized while in construction in 1915 and became Amazone and Antigone in French service. Also in July 1914, the Greek Government approached Germany for the sale of two Kiel Germeniawerft's boats, U-33 and 37, but the sale was cancelled after just one month.
Displacement980 t standard, 1175 t full load
Dimensions89.3oa x 8.4 x 2.6m (293 x 28 x 8 feets)
Propulsion2 Parsons turbines, 5 WF boilers, 22,000 shp, 32 kts
Armament4x 4in, 4x 21in TTs

Tenedos class minelayers (1906/1916)

The largest Greek Minelayers in WW1, they are in the same class for practicity. In reality two different ships. RHN Tenedos was originally ordered in UK in Glasgow, launched 1906, comm. in 1907. She had one funnel, swan bow, two masts schooner rigged, but unarmed apart the 40 mines she carried. She was captured from the Turks in October 1912, and used also as a dispatch vessel and lighthouse tender. She was seized by the French in December 1916 and used until 1918. Still extant in WW2, she was sunk 23 april 1941 by the Luftwaffe in the saronic gulf, refloated and repaired, used as the auxiliary UJ-2106 and sunk in June 1944 by HMS Unsparing off Cape Maleos in the Pelopponese. Quickspecs (1914): 450 tons, 43.3 x 7.3 x 3.4 m (142 x 24 x 11 ft), 1 shaft VTE, 2 boilers, 560 bhp or 13 kts, coal 40 tons.

On her side, Korgialenos was purchased to Rotterdam yard in 1916 by M. Korgialenos, and was used also as dispatch vessel. Captured by the French duiring WW1, sunk by the Luftwaffe 23 April 1941, refloated and rused as UJ-2210 until October 1944, when sccuttled in Salonika. Quickspecs: 380 tons, 45.7 x 6.6 x 3 m (150 x 21 x 10 ft), 1 shaft TE 550 ship 13.5 kts, 35 tons coal, 50 mines.

Also in 1918 the Greeks purchased four trawlers, renamed Y1-Y4, used as minesweepers to clean up the aegean sea at the end of the war and after. These were 140 tons, 10 kts vessels armed with a 12-pdr Krupp. Two were discarded in 1922, the remainder in 1925. Two more auxiliary vessels were also used as minelayer durung the war of 1912: The steamer Aris and Mykonos. The second was returned in 1913 but the first also fought in WWI. They also purchased three admiralty type motor launches (built 1916) in 1920, B1-B3, discarded in 1925, and in 1921 a unique thornycroft 45 feet CMB type motor torpedo boat, experimented until mothballed in 1933.

During the Balkan war of 1912-13 the Greeks operated no less than nine merchant steamers as auxiliaries, armed as AMCs: Sapfo, MThemistoklis, Pelops, Athinai, Makedonia, Esperia, Arkadia, Mikali, Sfakiria. Makedonia was sunk by Hamidieh off Syros. During WW2 the Greeks did the same with other ships: Konstantinopolis (A), Chios (B),Vassilissa Sofia (C), Aigaion (D), Hermis (E), Naxos (F), Adriatikos (H), Aktion (TH), Mykonos (I). These armed merchant cruisers served for the duration of the Greek engagement with the allies in 1917-18 and were back to their civilian duties after the war.

Aigialia class minelayers (1881)

Three vessels, Aigialeia, Monemvasia and Nafplia, built for mine transport but which can lay mines as well. They were used durng the Balkan war and WW1 as well, discarded in 1933. Quickspecs: Displacement 300 tons, 23.0 x 4.00 x 2.60m, 1 shaft VC engine 300 bhp, 9 kts, sole armament: 20 mines.

Achelaos class gunboats (1884)

Achelaos, Alpheos were built by Thames Iron Works, Eurotas, Peneos by Denny. 404 tons, 131 ft 3 in long (40 m), 400 ihp for 10.5 kts, armed with two 3.8 in/26 guns (96 mm), and three 1-pdr QF guns (37 mm).

Ambrakia class armoured gunboats (1881)

Ambrakia and Akteon were originally ordered as Hydra and Spetsai, and renamed to free those for the ironclads. They were built in Thamese iron works, specs 433 tons, 128 ft (39 m) long, 350 ihp for 10 kts, armed with a single 10.2 in/30 (263mm/27 RK L/30 C/84 main gun), and a 5.9 in/30 Vickers guns plus two 1-pdr (Hotchkiss 37 mm) and a 14-in (356 mm) bow torpedo tube. They were also armoured, with the main gun enclosed in an hemispheric casemate protected from small caliber fire and shrapnel. In service until the 1930s.

Ambrakia class gunboats (1880)

Sfaktiria, Mykali, Nafpaktia and Ambrakia were ordered in France, to F C de la Méditerraneé, La Seyne, Toulon. They were small screw gunboats listed as torpedo boats due to spar torpedo carried. Specs: 52 tons, 22 x 4.50 x 1.50m, armed with a a 149mm/24 RK L/26 aft (later two Hotchkiss 37 mm QF guns) and a 356 mm spar torpedo. Renamed Alfa, Beta, Gamma, Delta before WW1 and Gamma was sunk in 1918 off Psyttaleia. The others were discarded in 1920. The Greek navy also had a small coastal gunboat Aidon (1884), wrecked in 1924 off Aegina Island, and the Kichli and Kissa buult in Thames Iron Wks, Blackwall. Displacement 86 tons, 24.2 x 4.88 x 2.13, 1 shaft VC 162 ihp, 10 kts, carried 20 tons of coal. They looked like small schooners. In 1939 Kichli was used as a minelayer and sunk in April 1941 by the Luftwaffe.

Basilissa Olga training vessel (1869)

Here as an ironclad, 1870s

Basilissa Olga was one of the two masted ironclads of the Greek Navy in 1870, with Basileos Giorgios. She was built in Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino in Autria (1869, launched 16-1-1870, completed 21-11-1871), armed originally with two 9-in (230 mm) RMLs and ten to twelve 70 pdr guns (206 mm) on the broadside. Armour comprised a belt 6-in thick an 4ft thick battery walls. Quickspecs: 76 x 11.9 x 5.8 m for 2030 tons, VC engines, 1950 ihp, 10 kts, 240 tons coal, 4800 nm /10kts. Crew 258. In 1894 she was converted in schoolship, rearmed with four 6.7 in/25 and two 6.7 in/20 and four 1-pdr. In 1913 she became an hospital ship, still enlisted in the Hellenic Navy as such during WW1, before being sold for BU in 1925.

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class Coast. Def. ships (1892)
Bouvines class Coast. Def. ships (1892)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts


☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
IJN Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)
Ioshima class (1944)
WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB

⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class CBBs (1918)
Interwar Swedish CBB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies

naval aviation Naval Aviation
Latest entries

USN aviation
Boeing model 2/3/5 (1916)
Aeromarine 39 (1917)
Curtiss VE-7 (1918)
Aeromarine 40 (1919)
Douglas DT (1921)
Naval Aircraft Factory PT (1922)
Loening OL (1923)
Huff-Daland TW-5 (1923)
Martin MO (1924)
Consolidated NY (1926)
Vought FU (1927)
Vought O2U Corsair (1928)
Berliner-Joyce OJ (1931)
Curtiss SOC seagull (1934)
Grumman F3F (1935)
Northrop BT-1 (1935) Vultee V-11 (1935)
Grumman J2F Duck (1936)
Curtiss SBC Helldiver (1936)
Vought SB2U Vindicator (1936)
Brewster F2A Buffalo (1937)
Douglas TBD Devastator (1937)
Vought Kingfisher (1938)
Curtiss SO3C Seamew (1939)
Cessna AT-17 Bobcat (1939)
Douglas SBD Dauntless (1939) Grumman F4F Wildcat (1940)
Northrop N-3PB Nomad (1941)
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer (1941)
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger (1941)
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf (1941)
Grumman F6F Hellcat (1942)
Vought F4U Corsair (1942)
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (1942)
Curtiss SC Seahawk (1944)
Douglas BTD Destroyer (1944)
Grumman F7F Tigercat (1943)
Grumman F8F Bearcat (1944)

Curtiss H (1917)
Curtiss F5L (1918)
Curtiss NC (1919)
Curtiss NC4 (1918)
Naval Aircraft Factory PN (1925)
Douglas T2D (1927)
Consolidated P2Y (1929)
Hall PH (1929)
Douglas PD (1929)
Douglas Dolphin (1931)
General Aviation PJ (1933)
Consolidated PBY Catalina (1935)
Fleetwings Sea Bird (1936)
Sikorsky VS-44 (1937)
Grumman G-21 Goose (1937)
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado (1937)
Beechcraft M18 (1937)
Sikorsky JRS (1938)
Boeing 314 Clipper (1938)
Martin PBM Mariner (1939)
Grumman G-44 Wigeon (1940)
Martin Mars (1943)
Goodyear GA-2 Duck (1944)
Edo Ose (1946)
Hugues Hercules (1947)

Japanese WW2 naval aviation
Mitsubishi 1MF
Mitsubishi A5M
Nakajima A4N
Mitsubishi A6M "zeke"

Mitsubishi B1M
Aichi D3A Navy Type 99 "Val" (1940)
Aichi B7A Ryusei "Grace" (1942)
Mitsubishi B5M (1937)
Nakajima B5N "Kate" (1937)
Nakajima B6N "Jill" (1941)
Yokosuka B4Y "Jean" (1935)
Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" (1942)
Yokosuka MXY-7 "Baka" (1944)
Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" (1935)
Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" (1941)
Yokosuka P1Y1 "Frances" (1943)

Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan (1943)
Kyushu K10W1 "Oak" (1941)
Kyushu K11W1 Shiragiku (1942)
Kyushu Q1W1-K "Lorna" (1943)
Mitsubishi K3M "Pine" (1930)
Yokosuka K5Y1 "Willow" (1933)
Yokosuka MXY-7K-1 "Kai" (1944)
Yokosuka MXY-8 Akigusa

Nakajima E4N
Nakajima E14Y
Nakajima E8N "Dave"
Mitsubishi F1M "pete"
Kawanishi E7K
Kawanishi H6K
Kawanishi E11K
Kawanishi K6K
Kawanishi K8K
Kawanishi E15K Shiun
Kawanishi H8K "Emily"
Kawanishi N1K1 "Rex"

Italian WW2 air arm
CANT Z.501 Gabbiano
CANT Z.506 Airone
Fiat RS.14
IMAM Ro.43
IMAM Ro.44
Macchi M5

British Fleet Air Arm
Carrier planes
Fairey IIIF (1927)
Fairey Swordfish (1934)

Fairey Flycatcher (1922)
Supermarine Southampton (1925)
Blackburn Iris (1926)
Hawker Osprey (1930)
Short Rangoon (1930)
Short Valetta (1930)
Fairey Seal (1930)
Supermarine Scapa (1935)
Supermarine Stranraer (1936)
Supermarine Walrus (1936)
Fairey Seafox (1936)
Short Sunderland (1937)
Saro Lerwick (1940)
Short Shetland (1944)

The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)

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