Bayern class battleships (1916)
SMS Bayern, Baden, Sachsen, Württemberg
Bayern class: The last German dreadnoughts
The battleship "Bayern" represents the culmination of the German Dreadnoughts.
Bayern and Baden, with their very modern designs, perfectly embody the future evolution of this type of building. Responding to British Queen Elizabeth, they have equivalent artillery caliber while being shorter than 15 meters but wider than 3, they have the same displacement, and a slightly lower speed.
Their fire control system, similar to that of the Hindenburg-class battle cruisers, was, however, much more advanced and attracted the greatest interest from the Royal Navy authorities.
The Bayern and Baden in action
Laid down at the beginning of 1914 under the Tirpitz plan, Bayern and Baden were launched in 1915 and entered into service at the end of 1916 and early 1917, too late to participate in major naval operations, including the Battle of Jutland. The Baden jumped on a mine in the Gulf of Riga, regaining Kiel with great difficulty for repairs, and did not leave until 1921 to serve as a target, and Bayern was interned at the surrender of the fleet at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys, and there was scuttled like the rest of the units mutinied on June 21, 1919. The following Sachsen and Württemberg enlarged were never completed.
Author's illustration of the Bayern class
28 070t, 31 700t FL
180 x 30 x 8.50 m
3 shaft Parsons turbines, 14 Schulz-Thornycroft boilers, 48,000 hp and 21 knots.
Belt 350, Battery 170, Citadel 250, Turrets 350, Blockhaus 350, barbettes 300 mm
8 x 380 (6x2), 16 x 150, 8 x 88 mm AA, 5 x 500 mm TTs.
SMS Bayern Illustration at Scapa Flow
WoW' renditions of the Bayern
Conway's all the world fighting ships 1906-1921