WW1 French Destroyers

France (1899-1918), about 90 destroyers

Foreworld

After having turned hundreds of torpedo boats in two decades under the influence of the "Young School", France started creating destroyers in 1900, at first 300 tons, short range ships, but soon from 1908, 500+ tons, and eventually 800 tons ships in 1911, true fleet destroyers with turbines to match its dreadnoughts pace. But WW1 stopped all constructions and left the "Royale" in dire need of destroyers, to the point of ordering some in japan...

French Destroyer development

French destroyer development started logically with the development of torpedo boat warfare, an area which France embraced with passion, by numbers and quality in the wake of the Jeune Ecole (Young school) ideas. In 1900, France indeed had probably the largest topedo boat fleet worldwide, in the concept these can help sinking enough large enemy ships (namely from the Royal Navy at that time) to restore some balance before going on some decisive big gun naval battle, a bit like German early naval thinking with U-boats during WW1.

The first "torpilleurs d'escadre" was replaced at the end of WW1 by "destroyer" and these ships appeared as a development of large ocean going torpedo boats like the Forban (more on this chapter). The idea of large destroyers or "contre-torpilleurs" (the expression was still used during ww2 and even well afterwards) appeared after the end of the war, a reflection on Italian fleet of Torpedo Boats and of the need of destroyer leaders. This led to the classic distinction between the two WW2 french destroyer lineage we known today.

The first of these were 300-tonners ordered in 1898 and built by Normand; by then perhaps the best TBs specialist in Europe. Four were launched in 1899-1900 followed by two other series of four by other yards (St Nazaire, La Seyne and Rochefort) before going on larger series, the 1902 Arquebuse class, 1905 Claymore class, and 1908 Branlebas class, 340 ton ships. This was the start of a tradition of naming destroyers by using weapons and military-related terms. But in 1912 this torpedo boat fleet was obsolescent and gave a boost to the development of large, ocean-going fleet destroyers that were sorely lacking.

The Spahi, Voltigeur and Chasseur classes (1908-1909) marked a clear step in that direction at 520-590 tonnes, but the 1911 Bouclier class were the first to truly match the new requirements for fleet destroyers, with their turbines, this time to escort the new French Dreadnoughts. The last prewar class were the Bisson (790 tons standard). The Great war pretty much stopped all constructions. Constructions proceeded slowly: Two Enseigne Roux (launched 1915), the single Enseigne gabolde (work resumed well after the war, in 1920), requisitioned Argentine ships (four launched in 1911, but completed in 1914 to a revised design) were the only ones out of the yards.

The French navy so badly needed modern destroyers that an order was passed to Japanese shipyards, for the delivery of twelve 685 tonnes destroyers (revised Kaba design) named after colonial peoples (the "Arabe" class) in 1917 to serve in the Mediterranean.

French 300 tonners, early Destroyers (1899-1908)

Durandal class (1899)

Durandal illustration
Author's rendition of the Durandal class, 1/350 scale.

These ships were the four oldest in service by 1914. The class also included the Hallebarde (Halberd), Espingole and Fauconneau. "Durandal" was Roland's legendary sword, Charlemagne's paladin. They were also the first "destroyer" of the French Navy and this serie served as a prototype, built by Normand.

Their machines were long enough to heat. Espingole had an accident and sank in 1903. Very small to the standards of 1914 destroyers, they served however, at dunkerque for the Durandal, Cherbourg for the Fauconneau, then both were sent to the mediterrannean in the company of the Halberd. They will be stricken in 1919, 1920 and 1921 respectively.

Turkish destroyer Samsun
Turkish destroyer Samsun - Yarhishar class, built prior to the war by Bordeaux yard on the same blueprints.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 296 tonnes. FL
Dimensions: 57.50 x 6.30 x 3.17m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 Normand boilers, 4800 hp. 26 knots max.
Crew: 52
Armament: 1 x 65, 6 x 47mm, 2 x 381 TTs mm.

Framée class (1900)

Framee illustration
Framée class by the author 1/750

This class of destroyers derived from the Durandal, but had four boilers and consequently four chimneys. Laid down at St Nazaire and La Seyne in Toulon in 1897, the class included the Framée, Yatagan, Pique and Epée. They had a poorly distributed weight and were therefore were relieved of their firing control system, searchlight and initial masts. They also had difficulty reaching their expected speed at the tests. On August 11, 1900, the Framée struck the battleship Brennus and sank.

The Yatagan suffered the same fate with the steamer SS Teviot in 1916. The Pique operated in the Mediterranean, was modernized in 1916 and struck from the lists in 1921. The Epée also had a career in the Mediterranean and was sold for BU in 1920.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 319 t (314 long tons) standard
Dimensions: 58.2 m (190 ft 11 in) o/a x 6.31 m (20 ft 8 in) x 3.03 m (9 ft 11 in)
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 TE engines, 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)
Range: 2,055 nmi (3,806 km; 2,365 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Crew: 55
Armament: 1 x 65 mm (2.6 in), 6 × 47 mm (1.9 in), 2 × 381 mm (15 in) TTs

Pertuisane class (1900)

Also known sometimes as the "Rochefortais class" these four sihps were build in Rochefort. They were ordered in 8.6.1898, based on Normand plans, laid down between June 1899 and January 1900, very similar to the Fauconnaux, and Espingole, but their funnels were slightly raked. They underwent their trials in 1902/03. They survived the First World War only to be scrapped afterwards.

Technical specifications

As Framée, but 9 tons less, 50 cm less in lenght and other minor differences

Arquebuse class (1902)

pistolet
Arquebuse-class Pistolet, author's illustration

Launched in 1902-04, these excellent light destroyers were the largest class in service before the war, with 20 units. They were faster than the previous ones (28 against 26 knots) thanks to their boilers with high pressure. They were engaged during the great war, in the mediterrannan, and the channel, and struck from the lists in 1919-1921.

The Catapult was sunk in 1918 in the sleeve by an unidentified submersible, and the Mousquet in 1914 in Penang harbor on the way back from patrol, trying to engage the Emden with the torpedo, hopeless (see the Emden odyssey).


Sarbacane ("peashooter"), photo by A. Bougault

Technical specifications

Displacement: 298t. Fully Loaded
Dimensions: 58.2 x 6.40 x 3.17 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 Normand boilers, 6300 hp. and 28 knots max.
Crew: 60
Armament: 1 x 65, 6 x 47, 2 x 457 mm TTs (mobile 1 middle and 1 ar.)

Claymore class (1905)

Fleuret
Fleuret of the Claymore class, author's illustration

These destroyers of the series of 1903, built mainly in Rochefort, they were 50 tons heavier than the previous ones of the series Arquebuse, with yet practically unchanged dimensions otherwise 8 cm in width and 30 in length. their machines developed more power, for a speed unchanged at 28 knots. There will be 13 units built, all surviving the war and will be erased from lists from 1921 to 1931.

obusier
Obusier, Claymore class off St Malo city - Postcard ELD Edition (cc)

Technical specifications

Displacement: 350t. Fully Loaded
Dimensions: 58.52 x 6.48 x 3 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 Normand boilers, 6800 hp. and 28 knots
Crew: 60
Armament: 1 barrel of 65, 6 of 47mm, 2 TLT axis 457 mm.

Branlebas class (1907)

Fleuret
Depiction of the Branlebas class, author's illustration

These 10 destroyers were the last of the series of "300 tonners" initiated with the Durandal of 1899. Attempts were made to reduce their speed by half a knot to lower the pressure of the boilers. The latter were also well protected by a slighty better internal armour arrangement, as well as the entire engine room.

They also had a more solid and spacious walkway. They were all in service during the Great War. The Etendard was sunk in April 1917 (battle of destroyers in the Channel), and the Branlebas in September 1915 (a mine off Nieuport). All these units served in the Atlantic and the North Sea except the Dagger and Sabretache which joined the Adriatic in 1916.

The Oriflamme and Branlebas sank the German torpedo-boat A15, and captured a German seaplane off Ostend. The survivors were removed from service from 1921 to 1932.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 340 tons FL
Dimensions: 58 x 6.6 x 2.4 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 Normand boilers, 6800 hp, 27.5 knots.
Crew: 60
Armament: 1 x 67, 6 x 47 mm, 2 x 450 mm TTs.

French 500 tonners, prewar Destroyers (1908-1909)

Spahi class (1908)

Spahi
This new class called "450 tons" was launched to catch up with international standards. The class included besides the Spahi, the Hussard, Carabinier, Lansquenet, Mamelouk, Ensign Henry and Aspirant Herber. They differed significantly in tonnage and dimensions, coming from different shipyards at different dates.

Apart from the Carabinier which was sunk on November 15, 1918, all these destroyers survived their Mediterranean service and were removed from the lists in 1922-30. The Carabinier was caught in nets in Latakieh (Syria) and bombed for two days by Turkish artillery before being scuttled by her crew. Officially the Ottoman Empire had signed the armistice already.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 530-550t. FL
Dimensions: 64 x 6.5 x 2.3 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 7500 hp, 28 knots.
Crew: 79
Armament: 6 x 65 mm (2.5-pdr), 3 x 450 mm TTs sub.

Voltigeur class (1908)

Voltigeur
The Voltigeur and the Tirailleur were two destroyers of 450 tons modified, with dissimilar dimensions. They had a triple expansion engines mated on their central propeller and two turbines on each of the other two propellers.
This system proved in fact certainly reliable but heavy and not very flexible. Both were launched as experimental training boats in 1908 and 1909 from two shipyards (Atlantic and Gironde) and discarded from the lists in 1920-21.

French DD Voltigeur
French DD "Le Voltigeur" - Postcard, ELD Editions (cc)

Technical specifications

Displacement: 450 - 590t. FL
Dimensions: 63-65 x 6.4-6.8 x 2.9- 3.2 m
Propulsion: 3 propellers, 1 TE engine, 2 Rake turbines, 4 boilers, 7500 hp, 28 knots.
Crew: 77
Armament: 6 x 65 mm, 3 x 450 mm TTs sub.

Chasseur class (1909)

This new class called "450 tons" was launched to catch up with international standards in this area. The class included besides the Spahi, the Hussars, Carabinier, Lansquenet, Mameluck, Ensign Henry and Aspirant Herber. They differed significantly in tonnage and dimensions, coming from different shipyards at different dates.

Apart from the Carabinier which was sunk on November 15, 1918, all these destroyers survived their Mediterranean service and were removed from the lists in 1922-30. The Carabinier was caught in nets in Latakieh (Syria) and bombed for two days by Turkish artillery before being scuttled by his crew. Officially the Ottoman Empire had signed the armistice for a long time.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 530-550t. FL.
Dimensions: 64 x 6.5 x 2.3 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 7500 hp, 28 knots.
Crew: 79
Armament: 6 pieces of 65, 3 TLT 450 mm SM.

French 800 tonners, prewar Destroyers (1911-1915)

Bouclier class (1911)

Bouclier
These 12 destroyers were ordered under the 1908 plan and generally referred to as "800 tons". Modern, equipped with oil-fired turbines and boilers, with a raised stern, they had many advantages, but differed in their machineries and their dimensions, although most of them have Parsons turbines.

They were launched between 1910 (Helmet) and 1912. The Bouclier and Casque differed from the others by having three propellers, and being the fastest of the group, reaching nearly 36 knots in sea trials. Built too lightly however, they tended to be unstable and vibrate. They were modified and their hull was reinforced, the weapons modified during the war: They received a single 75mm/45 AA, two machine guns and 8 to 10 ASW Giraud deep charges.

Their career was very active in the Mediterranean for the most part, and the losses comprised the Boutefeu (mine), Dague (mine), Fourche (torpedoed by the U15), Faulx (collision). The others were dropped from the lists in 1926-33.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 760 - 800 tons PC
Dimensions: 78.3 x 8 x 3.3 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Parsons turbines, 4 Normand boilers, 13,000 hp, 30 knots.
Crew: 83
Armament: 2 x 100 mm, 4 x 65 mm, 2x2 450 mm TTs.

Bisson class (1912)

Bisson
6 destroyers started under the 1910 plan and the 1911 plan. Derived from the Bouclier class, they differed in some details, like the funnels in two separate groups, a raised aft deck, and a rear mast more developed to integrate the TSF antennas. The armament remained the same, the dimensions being slightly higher, the power also, and the radius of action largely improved.

Everything was paid on the scale with nearly 70 tons more. The class included the Bisson, Renaudin, Cdt. Lucas, Protet, Mangini, and Magon. The Cdt. Lucas was operational after the beginning of the war (launched in July 1914). Their career was very active in the Mediterranean (except the Magon who served on the Atlantic and was part of the squadron based in Dunkirk, duelling almost daily with German Destroyers based in Flanders. The Renaudin was torpedoed in March 1916 by the Austro-Hungarian U6 off Durazzo, the others will be disarmed in 1933-36.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 790 - 855 tons FL
Dimensions: 78.1 x 8.6 x 3.1 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Bréguet turbines, 4 Indret boilers, 15,000 hp, 30 knots.
Crew: 83
Armament: 2 x 100, 4 x 65 mm, 2x2 450 mm TTs.

French wartime Destroyers

Enseigne Roux class (1915)

Two Ships of the Enseigne Roux class were started at the Arsenal de Rochefort and launched in may and july 1915, but a third, Enseigne Gabolde was started at Normand, le Have but construction was dropped and she was completed after the war in a completely new design (see below).

These destroyers were ordered under the 1913 program, as enlarged 800-tonners, and fitted with tripod masts, with their armament similar to previous ships but a supplementary 75 mm AA was fitted during the war along with two ASW grenade racks of the guiraud type and one Pinocchio towed torpedo.

Both reached 31 knots in 1916 trials, and served with the Dunkirk flotilla, fighting in May 1917 against German destroyers, and covered the british bombardment of the Zeebruge/Ostende coast by monitors. Mecanicien principal Lestin, joined first the Mediterranean squadron, before moving to Dunkirk. Both ships were stricken in and broken up in 1937.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 850 - 1075 tons FL
Dimensions: 82.3 oa x 8.6 x 3 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Parsons turbines, 4 Du Temple/Guyot boilers, 17,000 hp, 30 knots.
Crew: 81
Armament: 2 x 100mm (3.9 in)/45, 4 x 65mm/45 mod 02, 2x2 450 (17.7in) mm TTs.

Aventurier class (1914)

Aventurier
Author's illustration of the Aventurier type

These four destroyers had been ordered by Argentina, but were requisitioned on August 9, 1914, then finished and awaiting departure for their sponsor. Renamed and rearmed with 100mm Canet French cannons.

Having sorted out their chimneys at the beginning, they experienced such boiler problems that they had to be replaced by a mixed coal / fuel oil system and that they were equipped with four chimneys. They served in the Mediterranean but were disappointing for their speed. After the war, they served in the Baltic to counter the "reds". From 1924 they were again equipped with new boilers and continued to serve until 1933-36.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 930, 1250 tons FL
Dimensions: 88.5 x 8.6 x 3.1 m
Propulsion: 2 propellers, Rake turbines, 5 Forster-Wheeler boilers, 18,000 hp, 32 knots.
Crew: 140
Armament: 4 x 100 mm, 6 x 550 mm TTs (2x2, 2x1).

Arabe class (1917)

Kaba
The french Navy in 1916 desperately needed more fleet destroyers, its own yards being deserted, stripped of manpower and resources, and the British and American shipyards being busy winning the battle of the Atlantic. In the end the only "free" shipyards then able to deliver ships fast with some room to spare, was Japan. So the French admiralty, after seeing some Japanese DDs operating in the Mediterranean, with the Japanese squadron, ordered in early 1917 no les than twelve destroyers.

They were delivered in record time, in five month between the laying of the keel and completion, so all were active before the end of 1917. The “Arabe” class as it was known (all named after peoples living in French colonies) served actively and were scrapped in the 1930s.

However their armament was Japanese, which caused problems with supplies, partially resolved by the presence of other Japanese DDs in the area. Part of these served with the 11th flotilla, making patrols from Tarento, and 3rd division at Mudros, while most were later based at Brest, North squadron. Some also covered military operations during the Rif war in 1924-25.

Technical specifications

As Kaba class: See ww1 japanese destroyers

Enseigne Gabolde (1914-1921)

Enseigne Gabolde

This was an experimental destroyer, suspended on slip after the outbrek of war. She was to be fitted with Parson Turbines geared turbines for greater economy (26,0000 hp and 33 kts), construction was resumed only shortly before the end of the war and taken over for completion to a modified design, taking into account the lessons of the war.

Her boilers were used afterwards by two of l'Aventurier class destroyers. She had four funnels heavenly spaced, and a larger bridge, forward gun superimposed, not a very satisfactory arrangement due to the ship's size.

Technical specifications

Displacement: 835/950 tons
Dimensions: 83.6 oa or 82 wl x 8.2 x 3.1m
Propulsion: 2 shaft Parson geared turbines, 4 Normand boilers, 20,000 hp for 31 knots, 196 tons of oil, range 1300 nm at 14 knots
Crew: 80
Armament: 3 x 100/45 mod 93, 1x 75mm, 1x 75mm AA, 4x 550mm Tts model 23 (2x2)

French Captured Destroyers

One overlooked aspects of French naval operations in WW1 is the Greek campaign, which involved a large portion of the fleet, and large landing of troops. The Greek neutrality cost them an occupation in the hands of the French, the seizure of major harbours and ships: Namely the Three Aetos-class destroyers (ex-Argentinian, ex-Greek), four ex-Niki class destroyers, four ex-Thyella class, and six ex-Doris class all seized in salamis in 1916, which served until the end of the war and were reverted back to the Greek navy afterwards. See the Hellenic Navy in WW2 and Greek Marine in WW1 for more.

French postwar reparation Destroyers

War reparations in the wake of the Versailles treaty clauses granted France a generous supply of cruisers, submarines and detroyers. In detail, these were :
> Ex-Tatra class: The single Matelot Leblanc (ex-Dukla) incorporated in 1920, and which served until 1936.
> Ex-V67, V125: These two Hochseetorpedoboote were renamed Pierre Durand and Buino, respectively. They served until 1933 and 1934.
> Ex-S131 class: The Chastaing, Vesco, Mazaré and Deligny served until 1934 and 1935.
> Ex-H145 class: Rageot de la Touche and Marcel Delage were the former H146 and H147. They served until 1935.
> Ex-S113: Amiral Sénès was the sole S-113, probably the best German destroyer of the war. She was strenghtened and modified for French service and was capable of 32 knots, still in service by 1936.
> Other ex-German destroyers were transferred but in such poor condition that they were never commissioned and soon broken up: These were the V-100, V-126, and V-46.
See the German WW1 destroyers section for more information

M89 1500-ton class destroyer

These ships were planned in the 1913 program but cancelled before either ship could be laid down at the outbreak of the war. They are therefore known by their pennant numbers, M89 and M90. They proceeded from the ambitious 1912 naval plan tht asked for fast battleships and light cruisers as well as larger and more heavily armed destroyers. The plan in detail included fifty-two fleet destroyers, however this number included ships of the 300 and 550 tons type, still in completion for some.

This troubled Vice admiral Pierre Ange Marie Le Bris of the general staff, director of constructions, which estimated the planned Bouclier-class, Bisson-class and Enseigne Roux-class ships, were 800 tonners, still not true "fleet destroyers". So he convinced the board to accept a new new class of 1,500-tonne destroyer, nine to be built in the following years and a further twenty-three to later replace the 300 and 500 tonners. This would have been around the early 1920s, but of course the war broke all these plans.

So what did these "super-destroyers" looked like ?
Naval Constructors Department (Service technique des constructions navales, STCN) work focused on a veritable "destroyer predator", able to defeat any known destroyer class, in speed and armament. Emphasis was quickly put on and expected combat distance of 3,000 m (9,842.5 ft). Therefore as the design work went, 138.6 mm (5.46 in) guns newly developed by Schneider seemed the preferred choice. But in the next spring of 1914, the same company proposed a new 140 mm (5.5 in)/25 gun design with a sliding breech for quicker firing.

Armor scheme is not known but would have included protection by a conning tower, and thick deck armor, possibly also some armor over the engine room and ammo wells. The final design was approved on the 9 June 1914, including, for a 1530 tons (standard) ship, two 140 mm (5.5 in) single mounts fore and aft and two triple 450 mm axial torpedo launchers banks and two single abeam the bridge. Four boiler groups feeding geared steam turbine was to provide a comfortable 25,000–38,000 shp (19,000–28,000 kW) as a top speed of 33 knots (38 mph) was requested. Launch was expected in 1915 and completion in early 1917.

1500-tons project Rebirth:
The project was revived in 1917, in Spring, and thus requirements were officially reiterated, provision was made of wartime experience modifications. Focus was one sea keeping, with references such as the powerful Italian Leone class and British V-class and traduced into a flared bow. The single TTs were eliminated and three 140 mm (5.5 in)/25 guns were to be fitted instead of two. Moreover the new torpedo banks were for 550 mm (22 in) torpedoes and a single 75-mm (3.0 in)/50 AA gun was to be also installed.

The beam was enlarged and crew augmented, enough to need a commodore as commanding officer. Power was also raised to 40,000 shp (30,000 kW) for an expected speed of 35 knots. Also another critic was to be remedied with a range of 3,600 nautical miles (6,700 km; 4,100 mi). Final STCN specs were issued on 28 November 1918.

Ferdinand-Jean-Jacques de Bon placed priority on destroyer construction after the war, which was approved by Georges Leygues, the new minister of Marine. Interestingly enough these were to be called in french "destroyers", and led to the 1924 Bourrasque class, while the French also designed a new class of ships named "contre-torpilleurs" this time to be specifically deployed against the large torpedo-boats built by the Italians. The "torpilleur d'escadre" primary role was to attack the enemy line of battle.

Read more

Couhat, Jean Labayle (1974). French Warships of World War I. London: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-0445-5.
Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921 and 1860-1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
https://www.naval-encyclopedia.com/FR/1ere-guerre-mondiale/marine-francaise.php#dest

Naval History

⚑ 1870 Fleets
Spanish Navy 1870 Armada Espanola Austro-Hungarian Navy 1870 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine
Danish Navy 1870 Dansk Marine
Hellenic Navy 1870 Nautoko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Haiti Koninklije Marine 1870 Koninklije Marine
Dutch Screw Frigates & corvettes
De Ruyter Bd Ironclad (1863)
Prins H. der Neth. Turret ship (1866)
Buffel class turret rams (1868)
Skorpioen class turret rams (1868)
Heiligerlee class Monitors (1868)
Bloedhond class Monitors (1869)
Adder class Monitors (1870)
A.H.Van Nassau Frigate (1861)
A.Paulowna Frigate (1867)
Djambi class corvettes (1860)
Amstel class Gunboats (1860)

Marine Française 1870 Marine Nationale
Screw 3-deckers (1850-58)
Screw 2-deckers (1852-59)
Screw Frigates (1849-59)
Screw Corvettes (1846-59)
Screw Fl. Batteries (1855)
Paddle Frigates
Paddle Corvettes
screw sloops
screw gunboats
Sailing ships of the line
Sailing frigates
Sailing corvettes
Sailing bricks

Gloire class Bd. Ironclads (1859)
Couronne Bd. Ironclad (1861)
Magenta class Bd. Ironclads (1861)
Palestro class Flt. Batteries (1862)
Arrogante class Flt. Batteries (1864)
Provence class Bd. Ironclads (1864) Embuscade class Flt. Batteries (1865)
Taureau arm. ram (1865)
Belliqueuse Bd. Ironclad (1865)
Alma Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1867)
Ocean class CT Battery ship (1868)
French converted sailing frigates (1860)
Cosmao class cruisers (1861)
Talisman cruisers (1862)
Resolue cruisers (1863)
Venus class cruisers (1864)
Decres cruiser (1866)
Desaix cruiser (1866)
Limier class cruisers (1867)
Linois cruiser (1867)
Chateaurenault cruiser (1868)
Infernet class Cruisers (1869)
Bourayne class Cruisers (1869)
Cruiser Hirondelle (1869)

Curieux class sloops (1860)
Adonis class sloops (1863)
Guichen class sloops (1865)
Sloop Renard (1866)
Bruix class sloops (1867)
Pique class gunboats (1862)
Hache class gunboats (1862)
Arbalete class gunboats (1866)
Etendard class gunboats (1868)
Revolver class gunboats (1869)

Marinha do Brasil 1870 Marinha do Brasil
Barrozo class (1864)
Brasil (1864)
Tamandare (1865)
Lima Barros (1865)
Rio de Janeiro (1865)
Silvado (1866)
Mariz E Barros class (1866)
Carbal class (1866)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1870 Osmanlı Donanması
Osmanieh class Bd.Ironclads (1864) Assari Tewfik (1868) Assari Shevket class Ct. Ironclads (1868)
Lufti Djelil class CDS (1868)
Avni Illah class cas.ironclads (1869)
Fethi Bulend class cas.ironclads (1870)
Barbette ironclad Idjalleh (1870)
Messudieh class Ct.Bat.ships (1874)
Hamidieh Ct.Bat.Ironclads (1885)
Abdul Kadir Batleships (project)

Ertrogul Frigate (1863)
Selimieh (1865)
Rehberi Tewkik (1875)
Mehmet Selim (1876)
Sloops & despatch vessels

Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru
Monitor Atahualpa (1865)
CT. Bat Independencia (1865)
Turret ship Huascar (1865)
Frigate Apurimac (1855)
Corvette America (1865)
Corvette Union (1865)

Regia Marina 1870 Regia Marina 1870 Imperial Japanese navy 1870 Nihhon Kaigun Prussian Navy 1870 Preußische Marine Russian mperial Navy 1870 Russkiy Flot Swedish Navy 1870 Svenska marinen
Norwegian Navy 1870 Søværnet
⚑ 1898 Fleets
Argentinian Navy 1898 Armada de Argentina
Parana class Gunboats (1873)
La Plata class Coast Battleships (1875)
Pilcomayo class Gunboats (1875)
Ferre class Gunboats (1880)

Austro-Hungarian Navy 1898 K.u.K. Kriegsmarine

Chinese Imperial Navy 1898 Imperial Chinese Navy
Danish Navy 1898 Dansk Marine

Hellenic Navy 1898 Nautiko Hellenon
Haitian Navy 1914Marine Haitienne
Koninklije Marine 1898 Koninklije Marine
Konigin der Netherland (1874)
Draak, monitor (1877)
Matador, monitor (1878)
R. Claeszen, monitor (1891)
Evertsen class CDS (1894)
Atjeh class cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Sumatra (1890)
Cruiser K.W. Der. Neth (1892)
Banda class Gunboats (1872)
Pontania class Gunboats (1873)
Gunboat Aruba (1873)
Hydra Gunboat class (1873)
Batavia class Gunboats (1877)
Wodan Gunboat class (1877)
Ceram class Gunboats (1887)
Combok class Gunboats (1891)
Borneo Gunboat (1892)
Nias class Gunboats (1895)
Koetei class Gunboats (1898)
Dutch sloops (1864-85)

Marine Française 1898 Marine Nationale
Friedland CT Battery ship (1873)
Richelieu CT Battery ship (1873)
Colbert class CT Battery ships (1875)
Redoutable CT Battery ship (1876)
Courbet class CT Battery ships (1879)
Amiral Duperre barbette ship (1879)
Terrible class barbette ships (1883)
Amiral Baudin class barbette ships (1883)
Barbette ship Hoche (1886)
Marceau class barbette ships (1888)
Cerbere class arm. rams (1870)
Tonnerre class Br. Monitors (1875)
Tempete class Br. Monitors (1876)
Tonnant Barbette ship (1880)
Furieux Barbette ship (1883)
Fusee class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Acheron class Arm. Gunboats (1885)
Jemmapes class C.Defense ships (1890)

La Galissonière Cent. Bat. Ironclads (1872)
Bayard class barbette ships (1879)
Vauban class barbette ships (1882)
Prot. Cruiser Sfax (1884)
Prot. Cruiser Tage (1886)
Prot. Cruiser Amiral Cécille (1888)
Prot. Cruiser Davout (1889)
Forbin class Cruisers (1888)
Troude class Cruisers (1888)
Alger class Cruisers (1891)
Friant class Cruisers (1893)
Prot. Cruiser Suchet (1893)
Descartes class Cruisers (1893)
Linois class Cruisers (1896)
D'Assas class Cruisers (1896)
Catinat class Cruisers (1896)

R. de Genouilly class Cruisers (1876)
Cruiser Duquesne (1876)
Cruiser Tourville (1876)
Cruiser Duguay-Trouin (1877)
Laperouse class Cruisers (1877)
Villars class Cruisers (1879)
Cruiser Iphigenie (1881)
Cruiser Naiade (1881)
Cruiser Arethuse (1882)
Cruiser Dubourdieu (1884)
Cruiser Milan (1884)

Parseval class sloops (1876)
Bisson class sloops (1874)
Epee class gunboats (1873)
Crocodile class gunboats (1874)
Tromblon class gunboats (1875)
Condor class Torpedo Cruisers (1885)
G. Charmes class gunboats (1886)
Inconstant class sloops (1887)
Bombe class Torpedo Cruisers (1887)
Wattignies class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)
Levrier class Torpedo Cruisers (1891)

Marinha do Brasil 1898 Marinha do Brasil
Siete de Setembro class (1874)
Riachuleo class (1883)
Aquidaban class (1885)

Marina de Mexico 1898 Mexico
GB Indipendencia (1874)
GB Democrata (1875)

Turkish Ottoman navy 1898 Osmanlı Donanması
Cruiser Heibtnuma (1890)
Cruiser Lufti Humayun (1892)
Cruiser Hadevendighar (1892)
Shadieh class cruisers (1893)
Turkish TBs (1885-94)

Regia Marina 1898 Regia Marina Pr. Amadeo class (1871)
Caio Duilio class (1879)
Italia class (1885)
Ruggero di Lauria class (1884)
Carracciolo (1869)
Vettor Pisani (1869)
Cristoforo Colombo (1875)
Flavio Goia (1881)
Amerigo Vespucci (1882)
C. Colombo (ii) (1892)
Pietro Micca (1876)
Tripoli (1886)
Goito class (1887)
Folgore class (1887)
Partenope class (1889)
Giovanni Bausan (1883)
Etna class (1885)
Dogali (1885)
Piemonte (1888)
Staffeta (1876)
Rapido (1876)
Barbarigo class (1879)
Messagero (1885)
Archimede class (1887)
Guardiano class GB (1874)
Scilla class GB (1874)
Provana class GB (1884)
Curtatone class GB (1887)
Castore class GB (1888)

Imperial Japanese navy 1898 Nihhon Kaigun German Navy 1898 Kaiserliches Marine
Russian Imperial Navy 1898 Russkiy Flot
Marina do Peru Marina Do Peru

Swedish Navy 1898 Svenska Marinen Norwegian Navy 1898 Søværnet
Royal Navy 1898 Royal Navy
HMS Hotspur (1870)
HMS Glatton (1871)
Devastation classs (1871)
Cyclops class (1871)
HMS Rupert (1874)
Neptune class (1874)
HMS Dreadnought (1875)
HMS Inflexible (1876)
Agamemnon class (1879)
Conqueror class (1881)
Colossus class (1882)
Admiral class (1882)
Trafalgar class (1887)
Victoria class (1890)
Royal Sovereign class (1891)
Centurion class (1892)
HMS Renown (1895)

HMS Shannon (1875)
Nelson class (1876)
Iris class (1877)
Leander class (1882)
Imperieuse class (1883)
Mersey class (1885)
Surprise class (1885)
Scout class (1885)
Archer class (1885)
Orlando class (1886)
Medea class (1888)
Barracouta class (1889)
Barham class (1889)
Pearl class (1889)

Spanish Navy 1898 Armada 1898
Ironclad Pelayo (1887)

Infanta Maria Teresa class (1890)
Emperador Carlos V (1895)
Cristobal Colon (1897)
Princesa de Asturias (1896)
Aragon class (1879)
Velasco class (1881)
Isla de Luzon (1886)
Alfonso XII class (1887)
Reina Regentes class (1887)

Destructor class (1886)
Temerario class (1891)
TGunboat Filipinas (1892)
De Molina class (1896)
Furor class (1896)
Audaz class (1897)
Spanish TBs (1878-87)
Fernando class gunboats (1875)
Concha class gunboats (1883)

US Navy 1898 1898 US Navy
USS Maine (1889)
USS Texas (1892)
Indiana class (1893)
USS Iowa (1896)

Amphitrite class (1876)
USS Puritan (1882)
USS Monterey (1891)

Atlanta class (1884)
USS Chicago (1885)
USS Charleston (1888)
USS Baltimore (1888)
USS Philadelphia (1889)
USS San Francisco (1889)
USS Newark (1890)
USS New York (1891)
USS Olympia (1892)
Cincinatti class (1892)
Montgomery class (1893)
Columbia class (1893)
USS Brooklyn (1895)

USS Vesuvius (1888)
USS Katahdin (1893)
USN Torpedo Boats (1886-1901)
GB USS Dolphin (1884)
Yorktown class GB (1888)
GB USS Petrel (1888)
GB USS Bancroft (1892)
Machias class GB (1891)
GB USS Nashville (1895)
Wilmington class GB (1895)
Annapolis class GB (1896)
Wheeling class GB (1897)
Small gunboats (1886-95)
St Louis class AMC (1894)
Harvard class AMC (1888)
USN Armoured Merchant Cruisers
USN Armed Yachts

WW1

☉ Entente Fleets

British ww1 Royal Navy
WW1 British Battleships
Majestic class (1894)
Canopus class (1897)
Formidable class (1898)
London class (1899)
Duncan class (1901)
King Edward VII class (1903)
Swiftsure class (1903)
Lord Nelson class (1906)
HMS Dreadnought (1906)
Bellorophon class (1907)
St Vincent class (1908)
HMS Neptune (1909)
Colossus class (1910)
Orion class (1911)
King George V class (1911)
Iron Duke class (1912)
Queen Elizabeth class (1913)
HMS Canada (1913)
HMS Agincourt (1913)
HMS Erin (1915)
Revenge class (1915)
B3 class (1918)

WW1 British Battlecruisers
Invincible class (1907)
Indefatigable class (1909)
Lion class (1910)
HMS Tiger (1913)
Renown class (1916)
Courageous class (1916)
G3 class (1918)

ww1 British cruisers
Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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