Type 035 submarines

Chinese PLAN Chinese PLAN (1973) 23 ships

The Ming class: Last Chinese SSG

Type 035 or Ming-class returning from a mission Type 035B, NATO Ming class, returning from a mission - src histamar.com.ar source The 035B was the last version, an hybridation with the next 039 Song class conventional attack submarines.

It could be summarized as the "Chinese Foxtrot", a late, large mass-production serie of a conventional attack submarine. By "conventional" it is heard, non nuclear-powered. The linchpin of the program has been, just like Soviet contemporary SSGs, the reduction of noise level. The Ming class subs formed in the late cold war the bulk of Chinese submarine force. They were gradually retired up to 2019, but still nine Type 035G and 5 Type 035B seems to be active, so 14 total, more than half of the total delivered. No doubt they will end in a reserve status soon, when replaced either by SNAs or updated, stealthy SSGs of the new generation. They were quite different than the "Romeo-class" Type 033 of which about 84 were delivered until 1984.

Type 033 submarines
The rear section of the Type 033. The most striking different is a more "bulky" top section and stern tail for the 035.

Development history of the Type 035

Due to the glaciation of relations with USSR, the 1950 Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance was long forgotten and there was no choice but develop a new generation of indigenous submarine base on the Type 033 Romeo technology in the 1960s. Chinese authorities soon charged 701 Institute, also known as the Wuhan Ship Development and Design Institute to start working on an improved version of the Romeo. The Type 035 was still in some ways, close to the 033, and the first two boats (Type 035 proper) were eventually delivered in 1974, after a record-time two years in development which ended in 1969 and triggered two orders.

Indeed in October 1969, both Wuchang Shipyard and Jiangnan Shipyard started construction of a prototype, which were called the Type 035. The new submarines emerged whereas the Type 033 was still evolving, but this was before China operated a rapprochement to the west, allowing to radically upgrade its ageing submarine designs.

Hull of the Type 035

Type 033
Type 035
Visual comparison of both models.

The hull was 76 m (249 ft) long, for 7.6 m (25 ft) wide, and 5.1 m (17 ft) in draft and 7.6 m (25 ft) in depth as compared to 76.6 m (251 ft 3 in) long for the 033, a beam of 6.7 m (22 ft) and a draught of 5.2 m (17 ft 1 in), for a displacement of 1,475 tons surfaced and 1,830 tons submerged. So the length seemed unchanged, but the hull was much beamier and thus, roomier, whereas the draft seemed slightly lower, but these figures are to take with caution.

External features also diverged considerably between the two: The prow's fixed, passive sonar array was integrated into the nose bulge, some changes in the completely reworked rear tail and rudder part (which still kpt the horizontal tail, included propellers hubs), the underbelly cut (the hull was straight on the previous 033), allowing to save some weight, the vertical rudder, which did not existed on the previous class, still much influenced in design by the Type XXI U-Boats, the flat upper hull (no raised forward part as on the 033) which as also a cost-saving measure, simplifying production, and the kiosk shape, longer, with a lower bulge, and a different conning tower and array of periscopes and sensors.


Blueprint - cutaway of the class. Src unknown.

All in all, apart dimensions, the 035 (named "Ming" by NATO as soon as spotted) was a totally different beast, and truly the first Chinese indigenous submarine, made in total isolation with some ingenuity and original solutions. Nothing is known however of any noise-reduction measures other than reworking the hull shape. Like other domestic classes, it was made in gradual steps, with a first couple of boats, then a prototype for a more advanced serie, and then a large scale upgraded serie in the late 1980s.

Ming class submarine in winter
Ming class submarine in winter - src Navy81.cn

Propulsion of the Type 035

While the Chinese 033 innovated by making a noise reduction of 20 dB and introducing a more capable Chinese Type 105 sonar, and later a H/SQ2-262A model, there is little information about the noise level reduction on the Type 035.

The Romeos were given two diesels rated for 2.94 MW (4000 shp), coupled with two electric drives for the propellers shafts. This was able to propel the boats to 15.2 knots surfaced and 13 knots submerged. The Type 035 was improved in that area, with a couple of type E390ZC-1 diesel engines rated for 5,200 hp (3,900 kW) total, making them capable of 18 knots (33 km/h) submerged (From the Type 035A onwards). This was was quite an improvement, allowing to get out of the path of an USN Frigate of the pre-OH perry class. It should be added that the Ming had a reinforced hull and is claimed able to pass the 300 m (980 ft) depth threshold. The first Type 035 of 1974 however had a single shaft, whereas the following series had two.

Range of the Type 033 was 14,484km (9,000 miles) at 9 knots, but it is unknown for the Ming class. A third boat was completed with two shafts shortly after the first two (ES5D), pennant number 342, which proved unsatisfactory during trials, so much so that the 701 institute was asked to perform a major redesign. The problem was solved and the boat gained an increase in submerged top speed, to 18.5 knots (33.9 km/h; 21.1 mph).

Armament of the Type 035

The Romeos were given eight 533mm (21in) torpedo tubes, six in the bow and two in the stern, with fourteen anti ship or anti submarine torpedoes or 28 mines. With the 033G, the Chinese introduced new acoustic homing torpedoes served by analog computers and with the single G1 ws modified to carry six YJ-1 (CSS-N-4). On the 035 it was unchanged, at least for the first series. The basic 035 or ES5C, pennant numbers 232 and 233, had these original torpedo tubes. From the ES5C onwards, an updated fire control system to launch acoustic homing torpedoes was installed. This was to be the export version, but none was ever exported. Instead, the system was likely passed onto the design of the Type 035A and to upgraded the Type 035. See the notes below.

Production & Variants

Modifications were completed in 1980 and the 342 entered service after two years of furter trials and modifications in 1982. Since it was a clear evolution, the boat was then re-designated Type 035A and three more approved. The 035A also motivated Chinese authorities to order to stop the production of the 033 and swap to the new type. However this has to last until 1987 and then three more 035A, 352, 353 and 354, were ordered.

The first serie was given:
-Type 921-A Golf Ball ESM RWR Radar Warning Receiver (222.2 km range)
-Pike Jaw hull passive Attack Sonar (Range 3.7 km)
-Trout Cheek [Derived from the Soviet MG-10M Feniks-M shared by the November, Romeo and Foxtrot) Active/Passive hull sonar, range 18.5 km.
-Snoop Plate Surface Search Short-Range radar (46.3 km), also soviet-derived (Flag system)
-Acoustic Intercept active warning sonar [Based on the MG-23 Svet-M] (27.8 km)
-They were also equipped with a decoy system, of the 1970s generation, of the noisemaker/Bubble Screen Expendable type (1.9 km)
-They were armed with 8 tubes, 14 Yu-1 Straight Runner torpedoes (1973) range 5.6 km.


A group of three Ming-class ongoing - src. submarine matters

The ES5D was a variant of the above design also tailored for export. It had the capability to launch anti-ship missiles when submerged and was applied to the #342 first (lead boat of the 035A) then ported on the next three and used as an upgraded for the first two 035. More options will be added, often through an export proposal which was ported on older versions as an upgrade:

Type 035G submarine (1989)

The Type 035G inaugurated a new wave of modifications and development started in 1985, likely to integrate now available western electronics. The first boat was released just when the cold war was about to end, launched in 1989 and entering service in December 1990. #356, the lead boat was state certified after numerous trials in 1993, and production of the 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 305, 306, 307 and 308 was sanctioned. All these had extensive anti-submarine (ASW) capabilities for the first time.

The lead ship 356 inaugurated the Yu-3 torpedo, a domestic acoustic homing torpedo capable of firing an anti-ship missile.
Ming class Type 035 at sea

About the Chinese Yu-3 homing torpedo

The Yu-3 development started in 1969 at the Acoustic Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Science and the 705th Institute, and the program was led by Mr. Hou Chaohuan. It was capable of hitting a target at 750 m depth when tested at the 750 Testing Range. Oceanic tests began in 1972, and the design was finalized in 1975, but it would take some more years and about 40 companies to solve other problems that erupted during trials. In the end, the Yu-3 development was finalized by the Yunnan 6th Machinery Bureau, but the project dragged on until December 1977 and went a long way until 1983. Production started in March 1984 and the Han class were the first to receive it, firing some in 1988, and the modified Ming class was the second one to adopt it.

The YU-3 was a 7.8 meter, 21-in torpedo, weighting 1.34 ton with a warhead of 205 kg, and guided with an active/passive acoustic homing device, and propelled by and electrical, silver-zinc battery. Operational range was 13 km at 35 knots, and practical depth lower than 400 metre. A slightly less capable ET32 torpedo was also developed for export.

In addition, these boats were fitted with a French sonar DUUX-5 which was soon reverse-engineered and replaced by a Chinese-built version were used on later units. The Type 035G was further developed into the ES5E for export, but no order came. The latter had the ability to launch wire-guided torpedoes and this came as an upgrade for the G type and earlier versions and it did not applied to a particular submarine, but the whole G serie. It was further enhanced as the 035ET, also for export, this time with a cheaper JP-64 active sonar/Velox passive sonar from the Toti-class submarine. This version also failed to attract customers.

Type 035B Ming (2000)

The 035B was the last serie, with a first batch of four completed 2000-2003 (309, 310, 311, 312), and an additional order with the 313, which was the last of the serie. It was an hybrid between the new 039 Song-class and the Ming, integrating its new Conning tower, while a large portion of the hull was redesigned to be made more hydrodynamic, with a new coating, and a internal arrangement also copied over the Type 039 submarine. This last Ming type was was given land attack cruise missiles, launched from the same 21-in torpedo tubes. The 035B was armed with the Yu-4A 1985 torpedo and ET31, which has a 5.6 km range.

Sensors/Equipments of the Type 035B -Type 921-A Golf Ball - ESM RWR, Radar Warning Receiver (Range: 222.2 km)
-SQG-2B [DUUX 5] Hull Sonar, Passive-Only, from the Han-class, Ranging Flank Array Search & Track (Range: 74.1 km)
-SQC-1 [DSUV 2H + DUUA 2D] - (DSUV 22 from Han class) Active/Passive Hull Sonar (Range: 74.1 km)
-Snoop Tray 2 [MRK-50E Kaskad] Export Radar (ES5F) Surface Search and Short-Range 37 km.
-DUUX 5 Fenelon [TSM 2255] SQB-2 passive Hull Sonar, Ranging Flank Array Search & Track (Range 74.1 km)
-Generic Acoustic Intercept SQB-2, Active Sonar Warning system, range 66.7 km.
-Generic Acoustic Decoy type Noisemaker/Bubble Screen, Expendable with 1.9 km range.
The ES5F was an export version of the 035B with integrated sonar system with separated active and passive ranging but also flank sonar into one single unit.


Type 035 - src thempirestwilight.fandom.com

Bangladeshi Mings

Type 035G delivered to Bangladesh Type 035G delivered to Bangladesh

The Bangladesh government was already a customer of Chinese Armoured Fighting vehicles. Two submarines ordered while in service of the Type 035G in 2013. Bangladesh defence ministry's inter-services public relations directorate (ISPRD) confirmed with IHS Jane's on 15 November 2016. The contract, worth $203 million (BTD16 billion) included a refit in China to be tailored to the Bangladeshi needs and they were to be delivered at Dalian on 14 November 2016 to Admiral Nizamuddin Ahmed. The were the former #356 and 357. These became the very first Bangladesh submarines, named BNS Nabajatra (S 161) and BNS Joyjatra (S 162) respectively, commissioned on 12 March 2017. The press went in detail on these, carrying Yu-4 anti-surface heavyweight torpedo and up to 32 naval mines.

Their electronic suite comprised a H/SQ2-262C active sonar (relativel similar to Pike Jaw MG-100, derived from the French French DUUX-5 passive sonar) and ES5F integrated sonar system. MRK-50 Topol (Snoop Tray) surface search radar is also used, as well as a Magnavox satellite navigation system and Type 921A for electronics warfare. But in overall capability they are quite inferior to the 035B.

BNS Nabajatra
Bangadesh Ming class BNS Nabajatra (S 161) and Joyjatra (S 162) in the background - Press release (unknown).

The Type 035 Ming in service

All boats were active until the end of the cold war, and 15 were registered active on the Northern fleet. Today, it is perhaps 20 with the latest 2000s 035B acquisitions. They are completed by the four Han class SSNs. There is of course little to no information available about their deployments, and possible incidents. But we do have information about the only know which was lost at sea: #361. The initial serie of 1973 has been retired (the two Type 035s) in the 1990s, and followed later by the four Type 035A. Nowadays only the Type 035G and hybrid 035B stays active, probably for the latter, until the 2030s, unless they are replaced faster by the upcoming generation of super-stealthy Chinese SSGs. Indeed the basic design will be nearly 60 years old in 2020 !

The case of 361 "great wall"

The #361 was one of the twelve 035G Ming class (ES5E) in service, relatively recent in the Chinese arsenal. She was was part of the 12th Brigade, North Sea Fleet of the PLAN, based at Lüshunkou (Liaoning Province). According to CNN, intensive training and exercises in the east were taking place to enforce a large scale "sea denial" towards the U.S. Pacific fleet. According to Xinhua, the loss of the submarine and entire crew off the Changshan Islands in the Yellow Sea was due to carbon poisoning when the diesel engine failed to enter in a close loop properly and used up all the oxygen when submerged on April 16, 2003.

The reason why the crew was not able to surface in emergency is still unclear. Among the victims were 13 trainee cadets from the Chinese naval academy. The submarine was localized, salvaged and towed to port at the time for the enquiry when it happened. It has been deriving for ten days and was discovered by a Chinese fishing trawler.

closuep Ming
A closeup of a Ming class at anchor, with female crew - src fyjs.cn (googleusercontent) on defence.pk


Type 035 at sea - src globalsecurity.org

Read More/Src

https://web.archive.org/web/20060614012240/http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/sub/035.asp
https://web.archive.org/web/20060709084621/http://www.china-defense.com/naval/wuhan351/wuhan351.html
https://www.janes.com/article/31886/bangladesh-reported-to-have-signed-submarine-deal-with-china
Modeller's Corner: Hobby Boss Type 035 Ming
http://cmano-db.com/submarine/China/
http://gentleseas.blogspot.com/2013/12/china-selling-two-type-035-ming-class.html
Ming class 3D on turbosquid.com

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Blake class (1889)
Edgar class (1890)
Powerful class (1895)
Diadem class (1896)
Cressy class (1900)
Drake class (1901)
Monmouth class (1901)
Devonshire class (1903)
Duke of Edinburgh class (1904)
Warrior class (1905)
Minotaur class (1906)
Hawkins class (1917)

Apollo class (1890)
Astraea class (1893)
Eclipse class (1894)
Arrogant class (1896)
Pelorus class (1896)
Highflyer class (1898)
Gem class (1903)
Adventure class (1904)
Forward class (1904)
Pathfinder class (1904)
Sentinel class (1904)
Boadicea class (1908)
Blonde class (1910)
Active class (1911)
'Town' class (1909-1913)
Arethusa class (1913)
'C' class series (1914-1922)
'D' class (1918)
'E' class (1918)

WW1 British Seaplane Carriers
HMS Ark Royal (1914)
HMS Campania (1893)
HMS Argus (1917)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Vindictive (1918)
HMS Hermes (1919)

WW1 British Destroyers
River class (1903)
Cricket class (1906)
Tribal class (1907)
HMS Swift (1907)
Beagle class (1909)
Acorn class (1910)
Acheron class (1911)
Acasta class (1912)
Laforey class (1913)
M/repeat M class (1914)
Faulknor class FL (1914)
T class (1915)
Parker class FL (1916)
R/mod R class (1916)
V class (1917)
V class FL (1917)
Shakespeare class FL (1917)
Scott class FL (1917)
W/mod W class (1917)
S class (1918)

WW1 British Torpedo Boats
125ft series (1885)
140ft series (1892)
160ft series (1901)
27-knotters (1894)
30-knotters (1896)
33-knotters (1896)

WW1 British Submarines
Nordenfelt Submarines (1885)
Flower class sloops
British Gunboats of WWI
British P-Boats (1915)
Kil class (1917)
British ww1 Minesweepers
Z-Whaler class patrol crafts
British ww1 CMB
British ww1 Auxiliaries

✠ Central Empires

⚑ Neutral Countries

Europe
Bulgarian Navy Bulgaria
Danish Navy 1914 Denmark
Greek Royal Navy Greece

Dutch Empire Navy 1914 Netherlands
Norwegian Navy 1914 Norway

Portuguese navy 1914 Portugal

Romanian Navy 1914 Romania
Spanish Armada Spain Swedish Navy 1914 Sweden


WW2

✪ Allied ww2 Fleets

US ww2 US Navy
WW2 American Battleships
Wyoming class (1911)
New York class (1912)
Nevada class (1914)
Pennsylvania class (1915)
New Mexico class (1917)
Tennessee Class (1919)
Colorado class (1921)
North Carolina class (1940)
South Dakota class (1941)
Iowa class (1942)
Montana class (cancelled)

WW2 American Cruisers
Omaha class cruisers (1920)
Northampton class heavy cruisers (1929)
Pensacola class heavy Cruisers (1928)
Portland class heavy cruisers (1931)
New Orleans class cruisers (1933)
Brooklyn class cruisers (1936)
USS Wichita (1937)
Atlanta class light cruisers (1941)
Cleveland class light Cruisers (1942)
Baltimore class heavy cruisers (1942)
Alaska class heavy cruisers (1944)

WW2 USN Aircraft Carriers
USS Langley (1920)
Lexington class CVs (1927)
USS Ranger (CV-4)
USS Wasp (CV-7)
Yorktown class aircraft carriers (1936)
Long Island class (1940)
Independence class CVs (1942)
Essex class CVs (1942)
Bogue class CVEs (1942)
Sangamon class CVEs (1942)
Casablanca class CVEs (1943)
Commencement Bay class CVEs (1944)
Midway class CVs (1945)
Saipan class CVs (1945)

WW2 American destroyers
Wickes class (1918)
Clemson class (1920)
Farragut class (1934)
Porter class (1935)
Mahan class (1935)
Gridley class (1936)
Bagley class (1936)
Somers class (1937)
Benham class (1938)
Sims class (1938)
Benson class (1939)
Fletcher class (1942)
Sumner class (1943)
Gearing class (1945)

GMT Evarts class (1942)
TE Buckley class (1943)
TEV/WGT Rudderow classs (1943)
DET/FMR Cannon class
Asheville/Tacoma class

WW2 American Submarines
Barracuda class
USS Argonaut
Narwhal class
USS Dolphin
Cachalot class
Porpoise class
Shark class
Perch class
Salmon class
Sargo class
Tambor class
Mackerel class
Gato Class

USS Terror (1941)
Raven class Mnsp (1940)
Admirable class Mnsp (1942)
Eagle class sub chasers (1918)
PC class sub chasers
SC class sub chasers
PCS class sub chasers
YMS class Mot. Mnsp
PT-Boats
ww2 US gunboats
ww2 US seaplane tenders
USS Curtiss ST (1940)
Currituck class ST
Tangier class ST
Barnegat class ST

US Coat Guardships
Lake class
Northland class
Treasury class
Owasco class
Wind class
Algonquin class
Thetis class
Active class

US Amphibious ships & crafts
US Amphibious Operations
Doyen class AT
Harris class AT
Dickman class AT
Bayfield class AT
Windsor class AT
Ormsby class AT
Funston class AT
Sumter class AT
Haskell class AT
Andromeda class AT
Gilliam class AT
APD-1 class LT
APD-37 class LT
LSV class LS
LSD class LS
Landing Ship Tank
LSM class LS
LSM(R) class SS
LCI(L) LC
LCT(6) LC
LCV class LC
LCVP class LC
LCM(3) class LC
LCP(L) class LC
LCP(R) class SC
LCL(L)(3) class FSC
LCS(S) class FSC
British ww2 Royal Navy

WW2 British Battleships
Queen Elisabeth class (1913)
Revenge class (1915)
Nelson class (1925)
King Georges V class (1939)
Lion class (Started)
HMS Vanguard (1944)
Renown class (1916)
HMS Hood (1920)

WW2 British Cruisers
British C class cruisers (1914-1922)
Hawkins class cruisers (1917)
British D class cruisers (1918)
Enterprise class cruisers (1919)
HMS Adventure (1924)
County class cruisers (1926)
York class cruisers (1929)
Surrey class cruisers (project)
Leander class cruisers (1931)
Arethusa class cruisers (1934)
Perth class cruisers (1934)
Town class cruisers (1936)
Dido class cruisers (1939)
Abdiel class cruisers (1939)
Fiji class cruisers (1941)
Bellona class cruisers (1942)
Swiftsure class cruisers (1943)
Tiger class cruisers (1944)

WW2 British Aircraft Carriers
Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928)
HMS Ark Royal (1937)
HMS Eagle (1918)
HMS Furious (1917)
HMS Hermes (1919)
Illustrious class (1939)
HMS Indomitable (1940)
Implacable class (1942)
Malta class (project)
HMS Unicorn (1941)
Colossus class (1943)
Majestic class (1944)
Centaur class (started 1944)

HMS Archer (1939)
HMS Argus (1917)
Avenger class (1940)
Attacker class (1941)
HMS Audacity (1941)
HMS Activity (1941)
HMS Pretoria Castle (1941)
Ameer class (1942)
Merchant Aircraft Carriers (1942)
Vindex class (1943)

WW2 British Destroyers
Shakespeare class (1917)
Scott class (1818)
V class (1917)
S class (1918)
W class (1918)
A/B class (1926)
C/D class (1931)
G/H/I class (1935)
Tribal class (1937)
J/K/N class (1938)
Hunt class DE (1939)
L/M class (1940)
O/P class (1942)
Q/R class (1942)
S/T/U//V/W class (1942)
Z/ca class (1943)
Ch/Co/Cr class (1944)
Battle class (1945)
Weapon class (1945)

WW2 British submarines
L9 class (1918)
HMS X1 (1923)
Oberon class (1926)
Parthian class (1929)
Rainbow class (1930)
Thames class (1932)
Swordfish class (1932)
HMS Porpoise (1932)
Grampus class (1935)
Shark class (1934)
Triton class (1937)
Undine class (1937)
U class (1940)
S class (1941)
T class (1941)
X-Craft midget (1942)
A class (1944)

WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts
LSI(L) class
LSI(M/S) class
LSI(H) class
LSS class
LSG class
LSC class
Boxer class LST

LST(2) class
LST(3) class
LSH(L) class
LSF classes (all)
LCI(S) class
LCS(L2) class
LCT(I) class
LCT(2) class
LCT(R) class
LCT(3) class
LCT(4) class
LCT(8) class
LCT(4) class
LCG(L)(4) class
LCG(M)(1) class

British ww2 Landing Crafts
LCA
LCP
LCM

WW2 British MTB/gunboats.
WW2 British MTBs
MTB-1 class (1936)
MTB-24 class (1939)
MTB-41 class (1940)
MTB-424 class (1944)
MTB-601 class (1942)
MA/SB class (1938)
MTB-412 class (1942)
MGB 6 class (1939)
MGB-47 class (1940)
MGB 321 (1941)
MGB 501 class (1942)
MGB 511 class (1944)
MGB 601 class (1942)
MGB 2001 class (1943)

WW2 British Gunboats

Denny class (1941)
Fairmile A (1940)
Fairmile B (1940)
HDML class (1940)

WW2 British Sloops
Bridgewater class (2090)
Hastings class (1930)
Shoreham class (1930)
Grimsby class (1934)
Bittern class (1937)
Egret class (1938)
Black Swan class (1939)

WW2 British Frigates
River class (1943)
Loch class (1944)
Bay class (1944)

WW2 British Corvettes
Kingfisher class (1935)
Shearwater class (1939)
Flower class (1940)
Mod. Flower class (1942)
Castle class (1943)

WW2 British Misc.
WW2 British Monitors
Roberts class monitors (1941)
Halcyon class minesweepers (1933)
Bangor class minesweepers (1940)
Bathurst class minesweepers (1940)
Algerine class minesweepers (1941)
Motor Minesweepers (1937)
ww2 British ASW trawlers
Basset class trawlers (1935)
Tree class trawlers (1939)
HMS Albatross seaplane carrier
WW2 British river gunboats

HMS Guardian netlayer
HMS Protector netlayer
HMS Plover coastal mines.
Medway class sub depot ships
HMS Resource fleet repair
HMS Woolwhich DD depot ship
HMS Tyne DD depot ship
Maidstone class sub depot ships
HmS Adamant sub depot ship

Athene class aircraft transport
British ww2 AMCs
British ww2 OBVs
British ww2 ABVs
British ww2 Convoy Escorts
British ww2 APVs
British ww2 SSVs
British ww2 SGAVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Mines.
British ww2 CAAAVs
British ww2 Paddle Mines.
British ww2 MDVs
British ww2 Auxiliary Minelayers
British ww2 armed yachts

✙ Axis ww2 Fleets

Japan ww2 Imperial Japanese Navy
WW2 Japanese Battleships
Kongō class Fast Battleships (1912)
Fuso class battleships (1915)
Ise class battleships (1917)
Nagato class Battleships (1919)
Yamato class Battleships (1941)
B41 class Battleships (project)

WW2 Japanese cruisers
Tenryū class cruisers (1918)
Kuma class cruisers (1919)
Nagara class (1920)
Sendai class Cruisers (1923)
IJN Yūbari (1923)
Furutaka class Cruisers (1925)
Aoba class heavy cruisers (1926)
Nachi class Cruisers (1927)
Takao class cruisers (1930)
Mogami class cruisers (1932)
Tone class cruisers (1937)
Katori class cruisers (1939)
Agano class cruisers (1941)
Oyodo (1943)

Seaplane & Aircraft Carriers
Hōshō (1921)
IJN Akagi (1925)
IJN Kaga (1927)
IJN Ryujo (1931)
IJN Soryu (1935)
IJN Hiryu (1937)
Shokaku class (1937)
Zuiho class (1936) comp.40
Ruyho (1933) comp.42
Junyo class (1941)
IJN Taiho (1943)
Chitose class (comp. 1943)
IJN Shinano (1944)
Unryu class (1944)
IJN Ibuki (1942)

Taiyo class (1940)
IJN Kaiyo (1938)
IJN Shinyo (1934)

Notoro (1920)
Kamoi (1922)
Chitose class (1936)
Mizuho (1938)
Nisshin (1939)

IJN Aux. Seaplane tenders
Akistushima (1941)
Shimane Maru class (1944)
Yamashiro Maru class (1944)

Imperial Japanese Navy Aviation

WW2 Japanese Destroyers
Mutsuki class (1925)
Fubuki class (1927)
Akatsuki class (1932)
Hatsuharu class (1932)
Shiratsuyu class (1935)
Asashio class (1936)
Kagero class (1938)
Yugumo class (1941)
Akitsuki class (1941)
IJN Shimakaze (1942)

WW2 Japanese Submarines
KD1 class (1921)
Koryu class
Kaiten class
Kairyu class
IJN Midget subs

WW2 Japanese Amphibious ships/Crafts
Shinshu Maru class (1935)
Akistu Maru class (1941)
Kumano Maru class (1944)
SS class LS (1942)
T1 class LS (1944)
T101 class LS (1944)
T103 class LS (1944)
Shohatsu class LC (1941)
Chuhatsu class LC (1942)
Moku Daihatsu class (1942)
Toku Daihatsu class (1944)

WW2 Japanese minelayers
IJN Armed Merchant Cruisers
WW2 Japanese Escorts
Tomozuru class (1933)
Otori class (1935)
Matsu class (1944)
Tachibana class (1944)

WW2 Japanese Sub-chasers
WW2 Japanese MLs
Shinyo class SB
⚑ Neutral

Armada de Argentina Argentinian Navy

Rivadavia class Battleships
Cruiser La Argentina
Veinticinco de Mayo class cruisers
Argentinian Destroyers
Santa Fe class sub. Bouchard class minesweepers King class patrol vessels

Marinha do Brasil Brazilian Navy

Minas Gerais class Battleships (1912)
Cruiser Bahia
Brazilian Destroyers
Humaita class sub.
Tupi class sub.

Armada de Chile Armada de Chile

Almirante Latorre class battleships
Cruiser Esmeralda (1896)
Cruiser Chacabuco (1911)
Chilean DDs
Fresia class subs
Capitan O’Brien class subs

Søværnet Danish Navy

Niels Juel
Danish ww2 Torpedo-Boats Danish ww2 submarines Danish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Merivoimat Finnish Navy

Coastal BB Ilmarinen
Finnish ww2 submarines
Finnish ww2 minelayers

Nautiko Hellenon Hellenic Navy

Greek ww2 Destroyers
Greek ww2 submarines
Greek ww2 minelayers

Marynarka Vojenna Polish Navy

Polish ww2 Destroyers
Polish ww2 cruisers
Polish ww2 minelayer/sweepers

Portuguese navy ww2 Portuguese Navy

Douro class DDs
Delfim class sub
Velho class gb
Albuquerque class gb
Nunes class sloops

Romanian Navy Romanian Navy

Romanian ww2 Destroyers
Romanian ww2 Submarines

Royal Norwegian Navy Sjøforsvaret

Norwegian ww2 Torpedo-Boats

Spanish Armada Spanish Armada

España class Battleships
Blas de Lezo class cruisers
Canarias class cruisers
Cervera class cruisers
Cruiser Navarra
Spanish Destroyers
Spanish Submarines
Dedalo seaplane tender
Spanish Gunboats
Spanish Minelayers

Svenska Marinen Svenska Marinen

Gustav V class BBs (1918)
Interwar swedish BB projects

Tre Kronor class (1943)
Gotland (1933)
Fylgia (1905)

Ehrernskjold class DDs (1926)
Psilander class DDs (1926)
Klas Horn class DDs (1931)
Romulus class DDs (1934)
Göteborg class DDs (1935)
Mode class DDs (1942)
Visby class DDs (1942)
Öland class DDs (1945)

Swedish ww2 TBs
Swedish ww2 Submarines
Swedish ww2 Minelayers
Swedish ww2 MTBs
Swedish ww2 Patrol Vessels
Swedish ww2 Minesweepers

Türk Donanmasi Turkish Navy

Turkish ww2 Destroyers
Turkish ww2 submarines

Royal Yugoslav Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy

Dubrovnik class DDs
Beograd class DDs
Hrabi class subs

Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Navy

Taksin class
Ratanakosindra class
Sri Ayuthia class
Puket class
Tachin class
Sinsamudar class sub

minor navies Minor Navies


The Cold War

Royal Navy Royal Navy
Sovietskaya Flota Sovietskiy flot
US Navy USN (1990)


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